SECHIN THE GREAT WARRIORS AND CHANQUILLO THE OLDEST SOLAR
OBSERVATORY IN AMERICA
SECHIN, the Great Warriors of the Casma Valley.
On the 1st of July of 1937, Julio C. Tello discovers the place
guided by Victor Dueñas. The people of the area knew of the place
and they called it the HUACA DEL INDIO BRAVO (Ruin of the Brave
Indian), because of a human face that was carved in a big rock and
it was 3/4 buried on the ground. Tello finds in the north front,
east and west sides, 98 carved rocks.
The Casma culture, will be conquest by the Chimu culture (XIII
Century A.C.), which will dominate the valley. Finally the Incas,
come into this area in the XV Century A.C., becoming Casma part of
the Inca Empire.
CHANQUILLO, the Oldest Solar Observatory in America.
It was built more than 2,000 years ago, in the coastal area of Peru
and only 400 kms. from Lima located near Casma.
The archaeological place dates III Century B.C. (Final Formative
period). It consists of several circular structures fortified with
thick stone walls and plastered with mud, besides 13 towers from
which it was observed the movements of the Sun, as well as the
solstices and the equinoxes.
Before these investigations Chanquillo was considered a fortress
with eminently military functions and it was related with the
Mochica Culture of the First Regional Development. (200-600. C.).
The Museum has a diversity of objects that were found during the
diggings. The archaeological site, were you are able to see this
sculptures made on rock, decorated by motifs representing the human
drama of the war, being a unique site in Peru.
A fortress of circular structures of rock located on top of a hill
were you can observe the 13 Pillars of the Sun, the oldest solar
observatory of America.
CASMA TOUR PROGRAM
3 DAYS 2 NIGHTS
Day 01.- Leaving from Lima on a Bus to Casma (aprox.7 hours).
Arrival, checking into the Hotel. Overnight.
Day 02.- After breakfast, you will head to Sechin, to see the "Max
Uhle" Museum, that has exhibition rooms with part of the
archaeological materials that were found in the digging of Sechin
and the Archaeological Complex with its Mural Art of sculptures on
stone. The under relief motifs represent the human drama of the war.
The visit will take aprox. 2 hrs.
At mid-day, the visit will continue with a hike to Chanquillo, the
oldest solar observatory in America, which is located in the top
part of a hill, with three ovoid walls with strategic entrances that
lead to well elaborated passages were the ceilings are made of thick
Algarrobo wood. Across on the east side, its located a hill that has
on its top, 13 towers, that according to the archaeologist Ivan
Ghezzi, the movement of the Sun during the whole year coincides with
one of the 13 towers, been able to define the solstices and
equinoxes. Return to Casma. Overnight.
Day 03.- Return to Lima. Transfer to your Hotel. Arrival time aprox.
NOTE: From here on, you can continue to
Huaraz or Chimbote to head towards Trujillo (this is on your own).