Declaration of Principles and States Policy
Section 1. The Philippines is a democratic and republican state. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.
Section 2. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts a generally accepted principles of the international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation and amity with all the nations.
Section 3. Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over military. The Armed Forces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the State. Its goal is to secure the sovereignty of the State and the integrity of the national territory.
Section 4. The prime duty of the government is to serve and protect the people. The government may call upon the people to defend the state, and in the fulfillment thereof, all citizens may be required under conditions provided by law, ot render personal, military, or civil service.
Section 5. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, the promotion of the general welfare of the people are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy.
Section 6. The separation of Churh and State shall be inviolable.
Section 7. The state shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relation with the other state the paramount consideration shall be the national sovereignty, the territorial integrity, the national interest and the right to self-determination.
Section 8. The Philippines, consistent with the national interest, adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapon in its territory.
Section 9. The state shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nations, free the people form poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and the improved quality of life for all.
Section 10. The state shall promote social justices in all phases of national development.
Section 11. The state values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights.
Section 12. The state recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic, autonomous, social institution. It shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. The natural and primary right and duty of the parents in rearing of the youth into civic effeciency and the development of the moral character shall recieve support from the government.
Section 13. The state recognizes the vital role of youth in nation-building and shall protect and promote their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual and social well-being. It shall inculcate in youth patriotism and nationalism, and shall encourage their involvement in the public and civic affairs.
Section 14. The State recognizes the role of women in nation-bilding, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men.
Section 15. The State shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them.
Section 16. The State shall promote and advance the right of the people to a balance and healthful ecology in accord with rhythm and harmony of nature.
Section 17. The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress and promota total human liberation and development.
Section 18. The State shall affirm labor as a primary social economic force. It shall protect the right of the workers and promote their welfare.
Section 19. The State shall develop a self-reliant and independent national economy effectively controlled by the Filipinos.
Section 20. The State recognizes the indespensable role of private sector, encourages the private enteprises and provide incentives for needed investments.
Section 21. The State shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform
Section 22. The State recognizes and promotes the right of the indigenous cultural communities within the framework of national unity and development.
Section 23. The State shall encourage the non-governmental community based, or sectoral organization that promote the welfare of the nation.
Section 24. The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building.
Section 25. The State shall ensure the autonomy of the local governments.>
Section 26. The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service, and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law.
Section 27. The State shall maintain honesty and integrity in the public service and take positive and effective measure against grat and corruption.
Section 28. Subject to reasonable conditions prescribed by law, the State adopts and implements a policy of full public disclosure of all its transaction involving public interest.