Information of places to trek and visit in Peru, with emphasis on information on trekking in the Incatrail system, Cordillera Blanca, Huayhuash and other new routes in the Andes.
Our organization has dedicated to investigate new routes, the last 12 years, so you can have new places to visit. At the moment we have explored the following trails:.............. Yanahuanca - La Union, Huari - Yauya, Yauya - Pomabamba, Chavin - Huanucopampa and the Huarochiri - Yauyos trail. We have in project the Inca trail of the North Coast and the last part of the Chinchaysuyo trail. So if you are into adventure travel, let us know and perhaps you can join one of our future expeditions.
ALONG THE PERUVIAN TRAILS
FOLLOWING EL CAMINO REAL DEL INCA
By Miguel Chiri Valle
El Camino Real del Inca
Around 500 years ago the Incas created the biggest empire of all the American civilization. It took them about three generations to build up an empire that started at the north in Colombia and ended in Argentina.
In order to keep this empire together the most important factor was their network of roads that went from north to south, forming El Camino Real. This road went through the Andes and part of the coast, having side roads that connected with the main artery.
These roads were known by the Inca culture, since they represented the government and its presence in the Tawantinsuyo (Inca Empire). The first Europeans who traveled in the Andes saw that the roads were bigger and better made than the ones used in Europe, even superior to the Roman roads. Some experts have said that this network of roads created by the Inca Empire is the major archaeological monument in the Americas.
The Incas organized the construction of the roads through a system called LA MITA, an obligation of the population to work a couple of weeks a year in state constructions. The maintenance of the roads was continuous to keep them in good condition and prevent erosion and damage from frequent use.
Along the roads they built warehouses called Tambos (Tampu). In these buildings were stored food, clothing, and weapons. The overseer of the Tambo would supply goods and lodging to the imperial officials who were traveling throughout the empire.
In some parts of the Andes the Incas found a network of roads built by pre-Inca civilizations. These roads were included in their system, many not needing additional construction.
In other areas they had to build their own routes, because there were no formal roads or because the local routes did not go where the people wanted to go. The construction of the road varied according to the composition of the ground. the topography, the utilization of the land, the amount of traffic, and the effects of rain and snow.
In some parts the royal road was between three and eight meters wide, being more narrow in steep places. There were places with stairs, stone-paved stretches, and a variety of retaining walls that were part of the roads. In the deserts of Perú the roads were marked by sticks and by rock piles.
The hanging bridges in the road were also famous, made of plant material forming strong ropes across great canyons like the ones found crossing the Pampas and the Apurimac river. Some other bridges were made of rock. These usually crossed small streams.
This network of roads was used primarily to keep open the communication within the Tawantinsuyo. The imperial army used the roads continuously as did the Imperial officials and the Chasquis, who were the messengers of the empire. These runners, the Chasquis, were able to take messages from Cusco to Quito in a week or less. To control the flow of the people using these roads, there were sentry posts in strategic places, mostly near bridges.
The principal roads were mainly in the Andes in Peru, running from Cusco to Quito; on the coast they ran from Nasca to Tumbes. Also the roads continued throughout Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina and Chile.
SPECIAL SUMMER PROGRAM|
Join us the 18th - 20th of March to see the last Sunset of the Summer Solstice and the first Sunrise of the Autumn Equinox in the Southern Hemisphere in Peru. Read More......
The TREKKING & BACKPACKING CLUB PERU, offers tours to this destination on a 3 Days / 2 Nights trip, you pick
your date, make your reservation, receive the confirmation and you are ready to
A Program of 10 Days / 09 Nights.
Visit these great pre-Inca cultures that are located in the North of Peru. It
includes tours, 8 nights in Hostels, entry fees to the sites and museums, the
meals are on your own. Also you will have a Trip Leader Guide (English
speaking), the whole way around, making you participate closer to the local
people and travel more secure.
PLEASE FEEL FREE TO ASK FOR ANY ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.
Trekking & Backpacking Club Peru... An excellent source of advice for backpacking and offers comfortable travel for archaeological tours and trekking in Peru. Based in Lima Peru....
Inca Trails Explorer Peru...Offers an incredible experience to travel, this is, to follow the the Royal Inca Trail along the principal road of communications in the Tahuantinsuyo...
Nautic Friend...The Ultimate Water Sports Directory: The Best Links about sailing, scuba diving, Fishing, yachting, boating, sailing vacations and much more...
Vertigo Construction - Rope Course Constructions, Courses on Rope Training and Adventures. ...From a simple low ropes course on the ground for children and nervous grownups, to zip wires high up in the air and climbing like a commando for the adventure seekers.
Long Beach Arena Hotel,CA ...Find hotels near the Long Beach Arena - book your Long Beach Arena hotel online and save.
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|Last Update: 17/Jan/2015 (C) COPYRIGHT 2003 - 2015 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED|
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