The Principal Basis of Islamic teachings is that collection of the regulations
and code of life which for the guidance and teaching of mankind
Allah ta’ala has revealed to Khatum-un-Nabe’in Hazrat
Muhammed (PBUH). There are two branches of this collection of
the regulations, one is the Belief and other the Action. Belief is related to
man’s heart and mind and belief in seven things is called Faith.
Belief in Allah
Belief in Angels
Belief in Scriptures
Belief in Messengers
Belief in A’khrat
Belief in Fate
Belief in the revival after death on the Day of Judgement
1.Belief in Allah:
It is to believe that Allah is present. He is the Creator of universe,
The Wise, and runs this universe. He is the One, and none is His partner.
And He has excellent attributes. He is free from every defect, and is
The first and fundamental principle of Islamic way of life is Oneness of
God. It means that the creator and sovereign of this universe is Allah.
He has no rival. He is the creator of all objects and He is not dependent
on any one. Every Muslim must acknowledge the Oneness of
Allah and His supreme sovereignty and must follow His orders.
When a Muslim accepts the Oneness of God and believes Him to be
the creator and the Master of universe, he is bound to lead his life within
the limits and principles prescribed by Allah and worship Him only.
It also means that in the eyes of a Muslim all human beings are equal
and there is no distinction based on race or color. The dictates of Allah
have been imposed on all human beings. The rich or the poor, all are
equal before law. A virtuous and pious man has a precedence over
others before Allah.
2. Belief in Angels:
This is to believe that angles are present. Their body is supernatural-serene.
They do not disobey any command of Allah. What ever work is assigned
to them, they perform it. The four main Leaders of the Angles are
Hazrat Jibrieel - The messenger to Prophets, his job was taking the revelation of Allah to them.
Hazrat Meekaeel - The angle of rains and food to the creatures of Allah.
Hazrat Izraeel - The angle of death. Allah has given him the job to
Hazrat Israfeel - The angle to destroy the world on the dooms day.
3. Belief in Scriptures:
It is to believe that the books of Allah revealed for the guidance of
mankind are true. There are four main revelations of Allah on which
we should believe.
1. Taurait Revealed on Hazrat Dawood (ASM)
2. Zubuur Revealed on Hazrat Moosa (ASM)
3. Injeel Revealed on Hazrat Eesa (ASM)
4. The Holy Quraan Revealed on Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH)
4. Belief in Messengers:
It is to believe that the messengers that Allah sent in different areas and
ages for the guidance and benefit of his creation are all true.
The Holy prophet PBUH repeated again was the belief in Messengers.
Allah sent Messengers and Prophets in every nation in every age so that
the message of guidance might reach them to show the right path o
f religion. Makkan Arabs had forgotten the concept of prophecy and
prophet hood. They mostly treated on those olders who were the
partners of big idols: Lat, Manaat, and Uzza. Those olders had fabricated
strange stories about the idols. People mostly believe them and made
fun of the Holy prophet PBUH and even of those who had already
passed away. They neither believed in Christ, nor the Holy Prophet PBUH.
They were proud of this misconception that they were the best in the world.
Christians had gone astray by believing Christ the Son of God.
In short they were ignorant of this fact that Allah by his grace and mercy
had sent those Prophets from their own selves, for their guidance, and to
enlighten their hearts with the light of faith. They taught goodness and
forbade them from evils. All these elders (messengers) are equally
reverend for us. Denial of any one of these is denial of all.
The holy prophet PBUH has specially explained three things of prophet
The prophets of God are the source of guidance and teaching. It is the
blessing of Allah that as He has provided all sorts of things for life, so
he managed for the spiritual guidance of man.
Though the prophets were superior in their religious and intellectual skills
to the mankind, yet they were all human beings. It means that non was the
Son of Allah. All were the blessed one and proud of their devotion to Allah.
Without any distinction it is essential to believe in them with respect,
as all of these were the messengers of Allah.
With this aspects of learning and teaching the Holy Prophet on one side
refined the concept of Prophet hood and made it fully cleared and on the
other side, directed them to believe in all the Prophets and removed the
evils of the prejudices which had divided the mankind in to many
5.Belief in A’khrat:
It is to believe that the Day of judgement will come. After death all will be
revived. Every person will have to justify his deeds. The destiny of
Muslims will be paradise and of Kafirs hell. The guiding point of the life
the Holy Prophet emphasized repeatedly in the Holy Quran, is the belief
in A’khrat. The point is that the concept of A’khrat of other religious was
not clear, and second there was a lot of people in Arab who totally did not
believe in A’khrat. So whenever the Holy Prophet PBUH told them that
they would be brought before Allah for interrogation, they became
stunned, and in surprise they asked how could it be possible that rotten
bones would be alive again. The third reason to believe in A’khrat is that
with out knowing it, neither the value of life can be guessed correctly nor
the sense of responsibility is born in hearts.
The holy prophet PBUH told them that life did not finish with the death in
this world but would get a new form after death. The life depends upon
our faith and righteousness of our action. If faith is true and life is spent
according to the code of Allah then there will be such a reward of life
which will never come to an end. If infidelity takes the place of faith, and
bad deeds greed and evil become the part of character, then there will be
a punishment. Islamic teachings have put an emphasis on this point that
on the Last Day of Judgment, people will have to justify there every act to
Allah. Therefor what ever the plan you make or what ever the way you
adapt, you will be conscious of what will be the end of it in
The other benefits of belief in A’khrat are:
It creates of a sense of responsibility and pity in life
It eliminates the feelings of disappointment that life is limited;
and with death finishes everything.
6. Belief in fate:
It is to believe that Allah knows everything from the very beginning and
is master of everything; and every good or bad is from Him.
7. Belief in the revival after death on the day of judgement:
These beliefs are acknowledged in these words
" I believe in Allah, His angles, his scriptures, and his messengers and the
Last Day: and that every good or bad is in his knowledge and command,
and to be revived after death."