Index Dutch Bronze Age
Index first farmers in the Netherlands
Gaulish tribe names
Source: B. Cunliffe, The Celtic World, 1979.
I hereby also wish to thank mr. J. Mascitelli
for his research and contribution to these sites.
Aedui (France) -
"Paramount tribe in central France occupying
the territory around Autun. By virtue of their position close to
the Rhone trade route, they adopted elements of classical
culture. By Caesar's time, because of intertribal fighting, their
position of supremacy was in decline, but by aligning themselves
with Rome they soon restored their former importance."
Arverni (France) -
"Powerful tribe occupying the Massif Central
in Caesar's time. They were violently opposed to Rome."
Vercingetorix was an Arvernian.
Boii (Germany, Hungary, Italy) -
"The Boii were one of the
more mobile of the Celtic tribes. In the fifth century a
substantial number migrated from north of the Alpes and settled
in the Po valley, the rest staying in the traditional
territories in Bohemia. The north Italian group suffered under
the Roman advance, while those in Bohemia later migrated westward
into France, forced out by the Cimbri and Teutones."
Eravisci (Hungary) -
"Tribe occupying much of Transdanubia (in modern Hungary) with one of their principal settlements on the
Danube at Budapest. It is possible that they moved into the
region from the north in the first century C.E. Eraviscan
culture remained strong throughout the early part of the Roman
occupation: Celtic dress and jewelry continued to be worn even
by the rich families as is witnessed by tombstone reliefs."
Gallaeci (Spain) [Celtiberians]
Nervii (Belgium) -
"One of the Belgic tribes of northern Gaul
living in central Belgium, east of the Scheldt. They put up
powerful resistance to Caesar and were virtually annihilated by
Parisii (France, Britain) -
"A tribe living in the region of
modern Paris. Their chief city, Lutetia, was the predecessor of
Scordisci (Yugoslavia) -
"After the migration into Greece had
failed, many thousands of Celts poured back into central Europe
to find land to settle. One group, the Scordisci, led by
Bathanatos settled between the rivers Drava and Sava with an
oppidum on the site of Beograd. They were a powerful force in
the subsequent settlement in the rest of Transdanubia."
Treveri (near Trier, Germany)
Veneti (France) -
"Maritime tribe living in the southwest of the
Amorican peninsula. They were traders and acted as middlemen in
shipping goods from Britain to the south. In 56 B.C.E. they
rebelled against Caesar but were soundly beaten in a sea battle
at Quiberon, and as a result all the leading men were executed
and the rest sold as slaves."
Volcae Tectosages (Germany) -
"The Volcae were originally neighbors
of the Boii in central Europe. An offshoot of the tribe probably
contributed to the Volcae Tectosages, one branch of whom settled
in southern Gaul while the other moved into Anatolia. The
Gaulish group possessed a vast treasure of gold and silver
which was pillaged by the Romans in 106 B.C.E."
Some more place names:
Vindobona = Vienna, Vindonissa (Switzerland)
Noreia (Hungary) (watch note below).
Some tribes near AlÚsia and
According to Sigmund J Lofstedt M.D., Sweden:
"Noreia was the capital of the state Noricum
in to-days South Austria with a disputed position. Most
researchers seem to believe it was situated somewhere north of