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Gaulish tribe names

Source: B. Cunliffe, The Celtic World, 1979.

I hereby also wish to thank mr. J. Mascitelli for his research and contribution to these sites.

Aedui (France) -

"Paramount tribe in central France occupying the territory around Autun. By virtue of their position close to the Rhone trade route, they adopted elements of classical culture. By Caesar's time, because of intertribal fighting, their position of supremacy was in decline, but by aligning themselves with Rome they soon restored their former importance."

Arverni (France) -

"Powerful tribe occupying the Massif Central in Caesar's time. They were violently opposed to Rome." Vercingetorix was an Arvernian.

Allobroges (France)
Arverni (France)
Atrebates (Belgium)

Belgae (Belgium)
Biturges (France)
Boii (Germany, Hungary, Italy) -

"The Boii were one of the more mobile of the Celtic tribes. In the fifth century a substantial number migrated from north of the Alpes and settled in the Po valley, the rest staying in the traditional territories in Bohemia. The north Italian group suffered under the Roman advance, while those in Bohemia later migrated westward into France, forced out by the Cimbri and Teutones." Breuci (Yugoslavia)

Cadurci (France)
Caletes (France)
Carnutes (France)

Daesitiates (Yugoslavia)
Dardani (Romania)
Delmatae (Yugoslavia)

Eravisci (Hungary) -

"Tribe occupying much of Transdanubia (in modern Hungary) with one of their principal settlements on the Danube at Budapest. It is possible that they moved into the region from the north in the first century C.E. Eraviscan culture remained strong throughout the early part of the Roman occupation: Celtic dress and jewelry continued to be worn even by the rich families as is witnessed by tombstone reliefs."

Gallaeci (Spain) [Celtiberians]

Helvetii (Switzerland)

Insubres (Italy)

Lemovices (France)

Marcomanni (Austria)

Namnetetes (France)

Nervii (Belgium) -

"One of the Belgic tribes of northern Gaul living in central Belgium, east of the Scheldt. They put up powerful resistance to Caesar and were virtually annihilated by him."

Osismii (France)

Parisii (France, Britain) -

"A tribe living in the region of modern Paris. Their chief city, Lutetia, was the predecessor of Paris."

Pictones (France)

Remi (Belgium)

Scordisci (Yugoslavia) -

"After the migration into Greece had failed, many thousands of Celts poured back into central Europe to find land to settle. One group, the Scordisci, led by Bathanatos settled between the rivers Drava and Sava with an oppidum on the site of Beograd. They were a powerful force in the subsequent settlement in the rest of Transdanubia."

Senones (Italy)
Sequani (France)

Taurisci (Yugoslavia)
Tectosages (Turkey)
Tevrisci (Hungary)
Tolistobogii (Turkey)
Treveri (near Trier, Germany)
Trocmi (Turkey)

Ubii (Belgium)
Unelli (?)

Veneti (France) -

"Maritime tribe living in the southwest of the Amorican peninsula. They were traders and acted as middlemen in shipping goods from Britain to the south. In 56 B.C.E. they rebelled against Caesar but were soundly beaten in a sea battle at Quiberon, and as a result all the leading men were executed and the rest sold as slaves."

Vindelici (Austria)
Voconti (France)
Volcae Tectosages (Germany) -

"The Volcae were originally neighbors of the Boii in central Europe. An offshoot of the tribe probably contributed to the Volcae Tectosages, one branch of whom settled in southern Gaul while the other moved into Anatolia. The Gaulish group possessed a vast treasure of gold and silver which was pillaged by the Romans in 106 B.C.E."

Some more place names:

Vindobona = Vienna, Vindonissa (Switzerland)
Blucium (Turkey)
Drunemeton (Turkey)
Teutoburgium (Hungary)
Noreia (Hungary) (watch note below).

Some tribes near AlÚsia and Bibracte


note:
According to Sigmund J Lofstedt M.D., Sweden:
"Noreia was the capital of the state Noricum in to-days South Austria with a disputed position. Most researchers seem to believe it was situated somewhere north of Klagenfurt."


Editor

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