Index Dutch Bronze Age
Index first farmers in the Netherlands
Bibracte, a city of the Gauls (4)
Metals (the techniques)
- General information
(2) - The walls and buildings
(3) - The metals (findings)
(5) - Strange trees
(6) - Writing
(7) - Religion , Gallic
(8) - Other findings
(9) - Coins
Center: A red-hot crucible with white melted bronze
The process of making bronze fibulae:
creating a form by casting melted wax in a wooden mould
place clay around the wax
dry the clay and then burn the wax
cast the melted bronze in the form
remove the clay
polish the result
heat the fibulae and bend them to give them
their final shape
The bronze workshop
Iron ingots: "pyramidal" and bars. La Tène, La Saone.
Some archaeologists believe that families outside oppidae had 1 or 2 bars. If
someone needed a tool and the smith passed by, he could make the tool. It is
also possible that farmers could also make their own tools; it's not hard to
The ingots could also easily represent some kind of money.
Bronze-forgers at work. Note the round bellows.
Bellows like these were also used in the early middle ages.
Bronze furnace. I have reconstructed many bronze-casting furnaces like this (the right part of the photo); the furnace itself always matched with the photo. The left part of the photo might
represent either a heater for the moulds and/or a place to cast the moulds or
Another bronze furnace.
The arrows indicate the possible openings for the bellows.
A. This might be the section to heat the mould.
B. This is the furnace where the crucible should be covered
by coal and/or wood.
Information about the writer / editor