Index Dutch Bronze Age
Index first farmers in the Netherlands
Bibracte, a city of the Gauls (1)
in the first century B.C.E., located on the Mt. Beuvray
The pictures refer to findings that are exposed in the museum
Mont Beuvray is a hill in the mid-east part of France, in the Bourgogne district, close to Dijon, Alésia and the sources of the Seine (see map France below). It is not a large hill; it measures about 1 km by 1,5 km, and is about 820 m. high.
Still, this hill dominates the surrounding area which influenced its economic and political meaning. In the iron age the Celts dominated a large part of Europe, at least that is present days opinion, even defended by a large amount of archaeologic scholars. The Celts themselves, or Gauls as they are called on the European mainland, may never have considered themselves as 1 tribe with 1 ethnic background. Gaul was probably just a large gathering of small tribes (see map "tribes" below), sometimes peaceful but maybe also with conflicts. In the later iron age sometimes with extensive trading contacts with the Romans and Teutons, sometimes with a hostile attitude towards the Romans.
There is something very strange about Bibracte. Although it's located on top of a hill, Mount Beuvray contains 16 natural water springs! This natural advantage, in combination with the mountain, made it an excellent place to live and defend against armies. Especially when one imagines that there were hardly any trees present which attacking armies could use as a camouflage...
The astonishing findings on this location, like the first proof for the use of cellars in Europe, and the first proof for the use of mathematics during the contruction of a
basin, illustrate the vast knowledge of the pre-Roman Celts/Gauls.
Bibracte, Parc archéologique - centre archéologique européen -