MYTHOLOGY OF ATLANTIS
CORROBORATING EVIDENCE ON THE REALITY OF ATLANTIS
Many critics of Atlantis insist that, besides Plato's dialogues, Timaeus
and Critias, there is no other independent evidence provided by
ancient authorities on the matter. Nothing could be farther away from the
truth. Indeed, the ancient myths and traditions of most nations center
on the legend of the Flood and on the destruction of Paradise, the original
focus of Civilization that is no other than Atlantis.
the Terrestrial Paradise and not the Celestial one, by the way is the Garden
of Eden where Man originated and first rose above the beasts of the field.
However, we agree that the Terrestrial Paradise, despite its unequivocal
reality, has been spiritualized by many, and hence can hardly be invoked
as "hard" proof of the former existence of Atlantis.
that purpose, we gathered in the present chapter some passages of ancient
historians who wrote on Atlantis and related matters, hausting from sources
and traditions independent of the ones utilized by Plato. We do it in a
schematic, listed way, in order to facilitate the comparison. Of course, the concise style adopted here impossibilitates any explanations, and the themes touched are more study guides than anything else. The reader
interested in further details is encouraged to quest the original sources
or, if incapable of that, to read the more detailed accounts in other works
The Pillars of Atlantis
Proclus, a commentator of Plato's works, affirms
that Crantor too visited Sais, in Egypt, as Solon had done 300 years before.
There, the Egyptian priests showed him a golden pillar inscripted with
hieroglyphs that recorded in detail the history of Atlantis exactly as
they had told it to his famous predecessor.
Manetho, the Egyptian chronicler, confirms
the existence of such pillars and claims that, shortly before the Flood,
Thoth-Hermes inscribed in stelae (pillars) the epitome of the ancient wisdom,
so that the ancient knowledge should not be lost in the cataclysm.
- Josephus, the Jewish historian contemporaneous
with Christ, reports that Seth (Thoth?) "in order that wisdom and astronomical
knowledge should not perish in the cataclysm.. made two pillars, one of
stone the other of brick in which he inscribed this knowledge for posterity,
said pillars existing in the land of Siriad to this day".
- Herodotus (Hist. II:58) personally
saw, in Tyre (Phoenicia), in a temple of Hercules, "two pillars, one of
pure gold, the other of emerald, which shone with great brilliancy at night."
Such Pillars of Hercules were erected by the Phoenicians just about everywhere
they settled. But they did it particularly at crucial straits linking two
seas, as was the case of Gibraltar, the Bosphorus, etc. The twin pillars
commemorated, according to experts, the two founders of Atlantis, Hercules
- Alexander, the Great, personally saw and inspected,
according to his historians, many such giant pillars of gold bearing strange
scripts in the extremities of India. He went beyond the pillars of Hercules
and Dionysus as the limits of their exploits towards the Orient (the Indies),
and even left his own pillars as a testimony of his feat. Now, Dionysus
is the divine alias of Atlas, the elder twin of Hercules. So, just as we
had the Pillars of Hercules and Atlas in Gibraltar, marking the western
extreme of their ancient exploits, we also have their eastern counterparts
in the extremities of the Indies, marking the true site of Atlantis.
Plato affirms, in his Critias, that
the Atlantean kings inscribed in golden pillars their laws, edicts and
judicial decisions, in a strange ritual involving the sacrifice of a bull
dedicated to Poseidon. This type of ritual is characteristic of the Indies,
where it is called Gomedha This sacrifice commemorates the death
of Paradise (Gomeda-dvipa), which seems to be no other than Atlantis
itself. A well-known instance of such inscribed pillars in India is the
Pillar of Delhi, erected by King Ashoka, to commemorate his victory over
his enemies. Though made of steel, the Pillar of Delhi is a peerless technological
feat of antiquity, one that many experts associate with Atlantis. The pillar
is forged from a single piece of steel, and is stainless, having defied
the centuries without any oxidation at all. No one in antiquity could have
matched this feat of the Hindus, which certainly obtained this sophisticated technology in Atlantis.
Another puzzling technology that proves the
superior metallurgical skill of the Atlanteans is the "orichalch" that
Plato mentions as covering the walls of Atlantis. Rather than the foolish
idea of "mountain copper" for copper ores, as indeed most metals, normally come
from the mountains the true etym of the name is as in the Latin spelling
aurichalcum, that is, "golden copper", or "golden bronze". In reality
the word pertains to brass, an alloy of copper and zinc that resembles
gold, just as Plato states. Brass was only developed again in modern times,
due to insuperable technological difficulties. And the secret of its technology
was passed on by the Hindus, who got it directly from Atlantis, where else?
The fact that Plato knew of it, and attributed its technology to Atlantis
can, hence, hardly be doubted.
The Date of 11,600 Before Present
Plato tells how the walls of Atlantis were clad with gold, silver, bronze, tin and orichalch. This fact attests Atlantis' enormous mineral wealth, at an epoch when no one else had yet developed these sophisticate technologies. Bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, was used in enormous quantities during the Bronze Age. The sources of these metals and, particularly, tin, have never been adequately identified. The Koltepe mines in Anatolia (Turkey) were a puny affair, those of Tartessos (Spain) were purely legendary, and those of Cornwall (England) were discovered only after the Bronze Age had declined. All that tin traditionally came from the legendary "Islands of Tin", the Cassiterides. These mysterious islands were also called Tarshish, Tartessos, "Islands of Metals", etc.. Their existence is stated in the Bible and other sources which are hard to doubt. As we detail elsewhere, Tarshish was in reality the same as Punt (Indonesia), even today the world's greatest supplier of tin. So, if Plato is indeed right, we are led to conclude that Atlantis was in fact Indonesia.
Plato affirms that the demise of Atlantis
took place "9,000 years before the times of Solon". Now, Solon visited
Egypt at about 600 BC, which adds to a total of about 11,600 BP (Before
Present). Now, this is precisely the date of the cataclysmic ending of
the Pleistocene Ice Age, as given by the geologic record. So, we are led
to conclude that Plato's date is correct, and that the Greek philosopher
indeed knew what he was talking about.
Strabo, the Greek geographer and historian,
tells us that 2,600 years before his time, certain navigants crossed beyond
the Pillars of Hercules, and dealt with the Tartessians. Now, these Tartessians
who are often identified with the Atlanteans had, he affirms, written
records of their history that amounted to 7,000 years before their own
time. Again, this adds to a date of about 11,600 BP, precisely as preconized
by Plato for the Atlantean cataclysm, for Strabo flourished in the times
Arnobius, a Christian bishop of the fourth
century AD, told in one of his sermons concerning the catastrophes that
have previously destroyed human civilization, that "ten thousand years
ago, a vast number of men burst forth from the island which is called Atlantis
of Neptune, as Plato tells us, and utterly ruined and blotted out countless
nations." Again, the date given by Arnobius turns out to be precisely the
one of 11,600 BC. Though Arnobius' relation seems to be based on that of
Plato, he had access to sources now lost that apparently confirmed Plato's
disclosure in an independent way.
Manetho, the Egyptian historian, places the
start of the dynasty of the "Spirits of the Dead" 5,813 years before Menes,
the first king of unified Egypt. Now, Menes flourished between 3,100 and
3,800 BC or perhaps, even earlier, as some specialists claim. Again, this
gives a date between 11,000 and 11,600 BC, in close agreement with the
one given by Plato. It is quite probable that the "Spirits of the Dead"
of Manetho were indeed the survivors of the Atlantean cataclysm, the same
dead ancestors that the Romans called Lemures or Lares.
The Hindu traditions on the Yugas,
as well as the similar ones of the Persians, hold that the eras of mankind
last about 12,000 years each. On the other hand, these and other traditions
maintain that we now enter, in the year 2,000, the final millennium of
the present era, which started just after the demise of Atlantis. So, once
again, we are led to the conclusion that the Atlantean cataclysm took place
between 11,000 and 12,000 years ago.
The Codex Troano of the Mayas, translated
by Augustus le Plongeon, the celebrated Mayanist, recounts the tragedy
of Lemurian Atlantis, which sunk away in a terrible cataclysm. It tells
that millions of people died in the cataclysm, and that the event took
place "8,060 years before the writing of this book." Supposing that the
codex was written at about 1,500 BC, the start of the pre-classic Era,
when the Mayan (Olmec) civilization sprung, we get a date for the cataclysm
of about 11,600 BP. This is in perfect agreement with the date given by
Plato. As is known, the Mayas originally came to America from an overseas
paradise called Aztlan which sunk away underseas. Aztlan in visibly no
other thing than Plato's Atlantis. Except that Aztlan was located beyond
the Pacific, rather than the Atlantic Ocean.
The Ramayana the book that tells
the destruction of Lanka by Rama and Hanumant affirms that this war took
place some 10,000 years before its own times. Now, the experts agree that
the Ramayana was written at about 300 BC by Valmiki. Thus, the destruction
of Lanka which is no other thing than the one of Atlantis took place
at about 12,000 BP or so, in fair agreement with the date given by Plato.
Hindu traditions affirm that the first sangham
(poetic academy) lasted for 4,400 years. The second one for 3,700 years.
And the third and last one, which ended at about the start of the Christian
era, lasted for 1,850 years. This yields at total of 11,900 BP for the
start of the sanghams which, tradition holds, began shortly after
the Flood. Considering that the Flood corresponds to the cataclysm that
destroyed Atlantis, this Hindu tradition on the poetic academics confirms
the date of Plato with excellent accuracy.
The end of the Pleistocene Ice Age the date
of whose closely coincides with the one of 11,600 BP given by Plato for
Atlantis' demise also marks the rise of agriculture, of city-building
and of the Neolithic both in the Old and the New Worlds. According to a
universal tradition, civilization was brought just about everywhere by
white, blond, blue-eyed, titanic giants. These giants are no other than
the Atlanteans fleeing their destroyed Paradise and moving into their new
homelands in order to make a fresh start. As if to confirm this worldwide
tradition, it is at this date that we start to find fossil skeletons of
Cro-Magnoid men, so often equated with the Atlanteans. And these are found
precisely the sites connected with the rise of the Neolithic and of Civilization
Arthur Posnansky the German-Bolivian archaeologist who
long studied Tiahuanaco, the site of origin of the Incan civilization of
Peru and Bolivia concluded that this region of the Andes was formerly
a seaport which suffered an uplift of about 3,000 meters. This cataclysm
happened at about 11 or 12 thousand years ago, precisely the epoch of the
Bruce Heezen, the famous oceanographer of
the Lamont Geological Observatory, showed that sea-level underwent a rise
of about 100 to 150 meters worldwide at about 11,600 BP. This rise resulted
from the meltwaters of the Ice Age glaciers that covered a substantial
portion of the continents in the temperate regions of the world and which
were up to a few kilometers in thickness. Heezen also pointed out that
this rise of sea-level was sufficient to drown most low-lying coastal regions
of the planet. In particular, the region that now forms the South China
Sea averages under 60 meters or so in depth. Thus, this region precisely
the one which we preconize to have been the site of Atlantis got submerged
by the rising waters, just as affirmed by Plato.
Turning to Egyptian traditions, the source
on which Plato bases his legend of Atlantis. The famous zodiac of Dendera
which was copied from far older versions whose origins are lost in the
night of times indicates that the constellation Leo lay at the vernal
point in the epoch of its start. Now, the era of Leo centers at about 11,720
BC, in close agreement with the date given by Plato for the end of Atlantis
and the start of the present era. What event but the cataclysmic end of
the Pleistocene Ice Age and the consequent demise of Atlantis could better
serve for the new start of times marked in that famous zodiac?
Makrisi, a famous Arab historian of Egypt,
affirms that "fire issued from the sign of Leo to destroy the world." This
conflagration apparently confirms the above connection between the star
of Dendera's zodiac and the Atlantean cataclysm disclosed by Plato. The
Arabs conquered Egypt, and inherited its magnificent culture and traditions,
and it is quite likely that Makrisi was basing himself on them.
Cataclysms Directly Related to Atlantis
A Coptic papyrus indicates the same date for
the Atlantean cataclysm. According to it: "the Flood will take place when
the heart of the Lion (Aldebaran) enters the start of the head of Cancer".
In other words, the papyrus affirms that when the vernal point coincided
with the center of Leo an event that took place some 11,600 years ago
the Flood took place, destroying Atlantis and ending the Pleistocene
Ice Age, which had lasted for some 2.5 millions of years. In the terrible
event, a great many species of mammals and other creatures became extinct
all over the world. This fact attests the universal character of the tragedy.
The Oera Linda book a collection
of Frisian traditions related to the Flood describes a terrible cataclysm
of cosmic scale that took place in the far past and which destroyed "Atland".
In its own words:
the whole summer, the sun hid itself behind the clouds, as if unwilling
to shine upon the earth. In the middle of the quietude, the earth began
to quake as if it was dying. The mountains opened up to vomit forth fire
and flames. Some of them sunk under the earth while in other places mountains
rose out of the plains... Atland disappeared, and the wild waves rose so
high over the hills and dales that everything was buried under the seas.
Many people were swallowed up by the earth, and others who had escaped
the fire perished in the waters.
The Mayas tell, in their myths of origin,
of a mysterious island or continent called Aztlan whence they originally
came. They were driven out by the volcanic cataclysm that destroyed their
land. Their homeland later sunk underseas, forcing them to leave. They
came by sea, via the Pacific Ocean, in their rafts and catamarans, stopping
for several years in islands of that ocean. Their voyage is recorded in
documents such as the Codex Boturini, as well as in many other registers.
There can be very little doubt that Aztlan is anything other than Atlantis.
Furthermore, the western location of Aztlan, and the volcanic nature of
the cataclysm that sunk it away leave no room for doubt that if it is indeed
Atlantis, the lost continent was situated in the Far East, probably in
the Indonesian region.
The Hindu traditions speak of Atala, a sunken
Paradise lying in the Far East. Atala is one of the seven paradisial Hells
(lokas) of the Hindus. These were the archetypes of the Seven Isles
of the Blest of the Greeks and of the Seven Atlantic Islands of Medieval
Traditions. Atala is often identified with Sutala ("the Foundation Land")
which is the name the Hindus gave to their pristine Paradise. Its name
means, in Sanskrit, "nowhere" or, yet, "sunken land". This etym is the
same as the Greek one of Utopia or Erewhon of Gnostic traditions. In other
words, traditions of a sunken Paradise such as the Elysium (or Isles of
the Blest) of the Greeks, the Amenti or Punt of the Egyptians, the Eden
of the Jews and the Dilmun of the Babylonians all spring from that of the
Atala or Sutala of the ancient Hindus.
The ancient and the Medieval maps of the world,
just as those of the Age of Navigations, invariably showed a group of islands
called "Atlantic Islands". These islands were usually seven, and were often
equated with the Seven Islands of the Blest of Greek traditions or with
the Seven Dvipas ("Paradisial Islands") of the Hindus. In reality, these
islands correspond to the remains of sunken Atlantis. They are the volcanic
peaks of the sunken continent that remained emerse when the rest of that
land foundered in the seas. The Occult traditions of the ancient navigants
derived from those of the Phoenicians and other ancient nations that did
a regular commerce with the Indies in antiquity, and that guarded the naval
route to the Indies as the best kept secret ever.
The Atlantic Ocean derives its name from the
Atlanteans who, alone of all nations, dared to navigate these far off waters.
Only the Atlanteans mastered the secrets of Celestial Navigation that are
a basic requirement for this kind of undertaking. In contrast to its present
acception, the name of the Atlantic Ocean (or "Ocean of the Atlanteans")
embodied the whole ocean that encircled the ancient world (Eurasia and
Africa). It consisted of the union of the coterminous Atlantic and Indian
Oceans. The Atlantic Ocean of the ancients was also dubbed "Outer Ocean",
"Kronius Ocean", "Mare Oceanum", "Mare Magnum" or "World Encircling Ocean",
names that indeed disclose its circular nature.
Not only Plato, but other contemporary writers
such as Herodotus, Aristotle, Hecateus of Miletus and Skylax of Carianda
explicitly utilized that name of "Atlantic Ocean", which indeed dates from
before the times of Plato. Plato specifically acknowledges the fact that
the name is due to Atlas and the Atlanteans. Earlier authors such as Homer
and Hesiod spoke of the Circular Ocean that surrounded the whole (ancient)
world and which was the site of some sunken islands or a continent vaguely
associated with Atlantis. The notion had come to Greece and Egypt from
Indian traditions concerning the Açayana ("World Encircling
Ocean") and the paradisial sunken realms such as the "White Islands" (Saka-dvipa).
Hindu traditions speak of partly sunken islands
of the ocean called by names such as Atala, Patala, Shveta-Dvipa ("Pure
Land") or Saka-Dvipa ("White Islands"). These paradisial islands were the
remains of a vast sunken continent which they called Rutas. This sunken
continent they sited somewhere in the outer ocean that encircled the (ancient)
world. The sinking of this vast continent was ascribed to the collapse
of its Holy Mountain, called Meru or Atalas. This collapse also caused
the skies to fall and to asphyxiate that paradisial land which subsequently
sunk in the (Indian) ocean. It is from this myth of Atala and its Holy
Mountain, Atalas, that the Greeks got their myths on Atlas and on Atlantis.
Greek myths tell the legend of the Atlantides,
the seven beautiful daughters of the Titan Atlas, the founding father of
Atlantis. The Atlantides are also called Pleiades or Hesperides, and personify
the seven Islands of the Blest, which the Greeks obscurely placed in the
Outer Ocean (Atlantic). These Islands of the Blest became vaguely confused
with the Canary Islands. But after these islands were discovered and proved
rather barren, the Atlantic Islands receded to remoter regions, and figured
just about everywhere in the ancient maps. But they kept the ancient tradition
on the seven islands which were the remains of sunken Atlantis.
References to Atlantis in Worldwide
In Greek myths, the Seven Pleiades (or Atlantides)
were turned into the famous constellations after they drowned in the Outer
Ocean, preferring death to dishonor in the hands of their cruel persecutor,
Orion, the Hunter. As the Hesperides, the seven sisters were the guardians
of the Seven Islands of the Blest, where stood the Gardens of Atlas, their
father. The Garden of the Hesperides was placed, according to Eustatius,
in agro Atlantis "in the fields of Atlas" (or Atlantis?), in the
neighborhood of Mt. Atlas. More exactly, this fabulous garden was the Garden
of Eden of the Judeo-Christians. It was also the Garden of Avalon of the
Celts, the Garden of Idun of the Germans, the Hades (or Islands of the
Blest) of the ancient Greeks, etc. All these were indeed disguises of Plato's
Atlantis which, after its sinking, became the Realm of the Dead, the paradisial
islands that we now equate with Hell.
As we said above, the Greeks copied their
legends on Atlas and Atlantis from the Hindu ones on Atalas (Shiva) and
on Atala, the sunken paradise of the Hindus. As in the Greek traditions,
Atalas whose name is Sanskrit and means "Pillar" was deemed to be the
"Pillar of the World", just as was Atlas in Greece. Atala was, like Atlantis,
a sunken continent destroyed by a fiery cataclysm, and which lay in the
Outer Ocean. Since the Greek legend is of Hindu origin and was simply transferred
to their western region when the Greeks moved to their present whereabouts,
it is idle to quest for Atlantis in the ocean nowadays called Atlantic.
Instead, we must seek Atlantis in the ocean which the Hindus called "Ocean
of the Atlanteans" or "Western Ocean", and which is none other than the
The Hindus have many traditions on a sunken
continent that was the paradisial region where mankind and civilization
first originated. One such was Tripura, "the Triple City". When we recall
the fact that Atlantis was, like Tripura, a triple city with metallic walls
and golden palaces, we cannot but conclude that the two traditions, if
indeed based on actual fact, refer to the one and same thing. Moreover,
as happened with Atlantis, the inhabitants of Tripura were originally extremely
pious. But, with the passage of time, they also became evil and perverse,
and were destroyed by Shiva. It is because of this feat that Shiva got
the epithet of Tripurantaka ("Destroyer of Tripura"). As with Lanka (see
below) and Atlantis, Tripura was built upon a mountain so lofty, that it
was said to reside in the skies.
Another Hindu legend on a sunken empire that
was the archetype of Atlantis concerns Lanka, and is told in detail in
the Ramayana. The saga of the destruction of Lanka by Rama and Hanumant
was the original on which Homer's Illiad was based. Just as the
Ramayana tells the story of Lanka and the rescue of Shita, the spouse
of Rama kidnapped by the evil Ravana, the Illiad recounts the destruction
of Troy and the rescue of the fickle Helen, kidnapped by Paris. Troy, with
its bronzy walls and golden palaces was just one of the many allegories
of Atlantis. In contrast to the small village discovered by Schliemann
in Turkey, the true Troy lay in the Outer Ocean. It was a magnificent capital
and sank into the ocean after its destruction and incending in the great
war with the "Greeks" of an earlier age. The parallels between Troy and
Atlantis are too many to be discarded. And those between Plato's Atlantis
and the Lanka of the Hindus show, in an unequivocal manner, that it is
in the Far Orient and the underseas, and not in the Mediterranean region,
that we must quest for the real Troy and the real Atlantis.
The Mahabharata, the other great Hindu
classical saga that completes the Ramayana, tells of the mighty
empire of Krishna and its destruction in the great war between the Lunars
and the Solars (the Kurus and Pandus). This great war is, like the one
of Lanka or that of Troy, the true archetype on which Plato based his history
of Atlantis. Hastinapura, the capital of the Pandu empire, was the "City
of the Pillars" (Hastina-pura) or, yet, the "City of the Nagas".
These two are epithets associated with the Atlanteans and with the Pillar
of Heaven in the Far East. The Mahabharata also tells of Dvaraka,
the capital of Krishna, located in an island in the middle of the seas.
Krishna's capital, Dvaraka, sunk underseas when the divine hero died in
the great war, more or less in the way Atlantis went under, according to
Dravidian traditions speak of a vast sunken
continent towards the south-east of India called Rutas. The Dravidas claim
to have moved to India from that continent when it sunk away underseas,
in a great cataclysm. The name of Rutas apparently relates to the Sanskrit
radix rudh ("red"), and the Dravidian ruta ("to be red",
"to burn"). These etyms evoke the "Island of Fire" and may be an allusion
to the fabulous "Land of the Reds" that was one of the many mystic names
of Atlantis in the ancient traditions. Indeed, the Dravidas claimed to
have been Kshatryias ("Warriors"), an Indian caste whose heraldic colour
is the red one.
The Phoenicians whose name also means "reds"
in Greek claimed, like the Dravidas, to have come from an "Island of
Fire" located beyond the Indian Ocean (or Erythraean) overseas. That means
the Indies, indeed located in this "Ocean of the Reds" (Erythraean).
Hence, the Phoenician homeland seems to be originally the same as the Rutas
(or "Island of Fire") of the Dravidas. The Egyptians too called themselves
"Reds" (Rot or Khem, in their tongue). And they also claimed
to have come from this "Island of Fire" in the Indian (or Erythraean) overseas.
Would all the traditions of these virtuous nations be lying? Or is it that
we interpret their myths erroneously?
The Celts, like so many nations, claimed to
have come from a land in the overseas which foundered in the seas by virtue
of a terrible cataclysm. This Paradise they called by many names such as
"Isle of Glass" (Ynis Wydr), "Island of the Women", "Avalon", Emhain,
Ys, etc. The legend of the sinking of Ys, in particular, is closely reminescent
of the sinking of Atlantis in the volcanic conflagration reported by Plato.
The Celts also called their sunken land by the name of Cantref Gwaelod
meaning "Country of the Bottom" according to Jean Markale, the eminent
Celtist. Now, this is precisely the meaning of the name of Atala,
the sunken Paradise of the Hindus that we commented above. Atala was the
archetype of Plato's Atlantis, whose name (a-tla) also embodies
the same signification in Greek.
In the Mabinogion, the Celtic book
of origins, it is stated that the Celts originally came from "the island
of Defrobani, the Country of Summer and land of the Cimmerians". Now, "Defrobani"
can only be the island of Taprobane, as many experts concluded. Taprobane
that the ancient authors equated with the site of the Terrestrial Paradise
and of the fall of Adam is no other than the island of Sumatra which
is indeed the site of Atlantis.
The Cimmerians, who are deemed to have been
the ancestors of the Celts, are the "peoples of the haze" that Homer equates
to the somber region of Hell. They figure in numerous ancient traditions
and the "somber haze" that covered their region are indeed a reference
to the cloud of volcanic smoke that covered Atlantis for a long time after
its destruction. Cimmeria is the same as the dark Tartarus or Erebus (Erebodes
= "Darkness") of Hesiod and Homer, which equated it with the Abode of the
Dead. In Homer, the Scheria of the Phaeacians, a sort of Paradise, is placed
just beyond the dark mists of Mount Erebus and the currents of the circular
Oceanus which closely corresponds to the analogous features of Atlantis.
Accordingly, the Egyptians spoke of the mysterious Hanebut
(or Haunebut), a people who lived beyond the Indian Ocean, in the region of Amenti
(or Punt). The name of the Hanebut means "People of the Haze" or "People of the Pillar [of Atlas]" (Hau-nabha in Sanskrit and Dravida, the t ending merely marking out the feminine gender in Egyptian). This enigmatic people was said to live under a dark haze which the light of the sun never penetrated, just as in Cimmeria. As for Punt and Amenti, the Egyptians affirmed that the region of the Hanebut was real and could indeed be visited, as they often did. As we show elsewhere, the elusive Hanebut were indeed the same as the people of Punt who, as the Gerzeans, invaded and conquered Upper Egypt in pre-Dynastic times, and who were later expelled when Egypt was unified by King Menes, "the Greek". Not impossibly, this great prehistoric war was the same one mentioned by Plato as the "War of Atlantis", when the Egyptians and the "Greeks" united to expell the Atlantean invader.
Most ancient nations spoke of a similar region
in the overseas covered by a dark haze or mist that can only be volcanic
smoke. Thus, the Polynesians spoke of Hawaiki, a large island or
continent to the west, beyond the ocean (Pacific). Hawaiki was said to
be their destroyed homeland, in Indonesia, and was deemed to have been
a veritable Paradise before its destruction by a huge volcanic cataclysm. This cataclysm
sunk away most of its land, and smothered it in cinders and smoke. The
destruction of Hawaiki took place during a great war, just as was the case
The remains of Hawaiki, the Polynesian Paradise,
became equated with a sort of Hades or Hell, as in Greek and other legends.
It is interesting to note how, in the Western traditions, Paradise and
its remains are located towards the East and the Orient, whereas in the
Far East and in Oceania, the opposite is true, and these are located towards
the West and the Occident. In other words, the universal traditions concur
that Paradise and its infernal remainders are located in a region that
can be no other than Indonesia, the true "Navel of the World". The American
Indians who lay in an intermediate position were confused about the
issue. Those on the Pacific coast pointed towards the West, whereas those
of the Atlantic coast pointed to a region beyond the Atlantic Ocean and
probably further away, across the Indian Ocean as well, in Indonesia.
The Romans or, rather, their predecessors,
the Etruscans had traditions concerning their coming from an overseas
land submerged under the seas in a cataclysm shortly after or during a
great war. They were led by Aeneas, and came in a great fleet of ships
from a region located outside the Pillars of Hercules. The itinerary of
Aeneas is unclear, as is often the case of the heroes provenient from Atlantis.
Aeneas is said to have come from sunken Troy, in the outskirts of the ocean,
leading the Romans to their Promised Land. Alternatively, he is said to
have come from Mt. Ida, that is the primordial Paradise of the Greeks and
Romans, and which seems to be the same Eden of Judeo-Christian traditions.
One should keep in mind that the true Troy
(see above) lay not in Turkey as archaeologists pretend, but beyond the
Ocean (Indian), as is clear from the texts of Homer, Virgil and others.
To start with, Troy lay "beyond the ocean", which is not the case of Hissarlik.
Secondly, it was a great walled metropolis, and not the shoddy village (several)
found by Schliemann in Turkey. Thirdly, Homer's Troy like that of Aeneas, but in contrast to Hissarlik lay on the coast, and was indeed a seaport attacked from the seasby the Greeks. The true Troy sunk away under
the seas, and should not be expected to be found that easily, on dry ground.
The same is true of the "Sicily" from where
Aeneas departed a second time. This is indeed the Thrinacia of the Outer
Ocean visited by Odysseus, by the Argonauts and other heroes of the ancients.
Its name means "Trident", an allusion of the Triple Mountain of Lanka (Mt.
Trikuta), and not indeed to the roughly triangular shape of Sicily. It would have
been stupid of Virgil to claim that Aeneas departed from Sicily and crossed
the entire ocean in order to get to Rome, only a few kilometers away.
The legend of this primordial Thrinacia was
transferred by the Greeks and the Romans to Sicily, with disastrous results
such as the one just mentioned. It was there that the famous duel
of Zeus and Typhon was held to have taken place. This same duel is told,
in the Vedas, as the formidable combat of Indra and Vritra, which
the Greeks adapted into that of Zeus and Typhon. Again, the Hindu myth
was turned into the combat of Hercules and the giant Caccus, and into the
war of the Gods agaisnt the Giants. As in India, these formidable combats
are an allegory of the war of Atlantis.
More exactly yet, the combats mentioned above,
and others such, allegorize the foundering of Atlantis, and the war of
the elements in fury. Atlantis was destroyed by Fire (Volcanic) and Water
(Oceanic), and the event is universally commemorated as the Cosmogonic
Hierogamy of Fire and Water. In India, Vritra represents the Fiery element,
whereas Indra represents the Watery one. In Greece, Poseidon (or Typhon,
his alias) represented the Watery element, whereas Zeus and his thunder
represented Celestial Fire. This combat led to the destruction of the world
and the start of a new era. Hence, the event is universally commemorated
at the start of the New Year, a ritual equivalent of the New Era.
The Greeks too, like so many ancients nations,
claimed to have originally come from an overseas Paradise that can be no
other than Atlantis itself. Plato tells of a primeval, ante-Diluvian "Athens"
that also sunk in the Atlantean cataclysm. This cataclysm forced the Atlanteans
to emigrate, probably into India and Egypt at first and, later, into the
Mediterranean region. These traditions of
the Greeks are supported by the Hindu ones on the Yavanas ("Greeks",
"Aryans") who once lived in the island of Yava (Java) and with whom the
Dravidian races were in constant war.
The Yavanas were also called
Yonas, a name that closely evokes the one of the Ionians or Greeks. It may
well be the case that these Yonas were the same as the Oannés
who civilized the Babylonians, or as the peoples of Aeneas (*Oaeneas?) and other Civilizing Heroes of the ancient nations. Ultimately, this word derives from the Sanskrit Yoni and the Dravida Ya-vanna, a term designating the Great Mother and, more exactly, the Cosmic Womb. The Great Mother (Dana, Danu) is the eponymous goddess of the Danaans (= Danavas = Greeks ) and of the Tuatha Dι Danaan. The Great Virgin Mother is an allegory of Lemurian Atlantis, and Earth's Vagina allegorizes the giant chasm (the Vadava-mukha or "Submarine Mare") that engulfed Lemurian Atlantis, just as the Great Father (Shiva) and his giant phallus are allegorized by Mt. Atlas.
Plato speaks of Gadeiros, the twin brother
of Atlas. Gadeiros ruled over one of the ten Atlantean realms and apparently
revolted against his elder brother in the famous war of Atlantis. Gadeiros
is no other than Hercules, and both these names mean "cow-herder". The
allusion is to the tenth labor of Hercules, where the Hero leads the cattle
of Geryon from the sunken island of Erytheia. Erytheia means "the Land
of Sunrise". From there the Greeks originally came, led by Hercules, into
their new Promised Land, that of Greece. The "cattle" driven by Hercules
is indeed the Greek people. And the Greek hero is no other than one of
the Hindu twins, Nakula and Sahadeva. These twin gods were also the true archetypes
of "twins" such as Hercules and Atlas, Castor and Pollux, the Ashvins,
and many others, everywhere.
The Indians of the Brazilian Amazon jungle
Tucanos, Desanas, Barasanas, etc. claimed to have come from a sunken
Paradise, destroyed and submerged by the Flood. This Paradise they called
by many names such as Yvymaraney ("Evil-less Land" or "Pure Land"),
or Emekho Patolé ("Navel of the Universe"). They affirm to
have come in ships not unlike the Ark of Noah and to have crossed an "Ocean
of Milk" (Diá Alpikun Dihtalu) which is closely reminescent
of the ocean of the same name of the Hindus. The Hindus called their primordial
Paradise by names such as Shveta-dvipa ("Pure Land"), in close correspondence
with their counterparts in the Americas. In their legends, the Hindus also
hold that the Ocean of Milk was the site of Paradise destroyed and sunken
in the war of the Gods against the Devils (see next entry).
Shveta-dvipa, the Hindu Paradise, was placed
in the Ocean of Milk (Dugdha Samudra), just as in the Amerindian
myths. This "milk" or "cream" is actually the scum of pumice stone which
covered the seas of Atlantis, rendering then "inavigable", just as reported
by Plato. The Hindu myth entitled The Churning of the Ocean of Milk
allegorizes the sinking of Atlantis in the Flood. In this allegory Mt.
Mandara (or Meru) replaces Mt. Atlas. The Turtle (Kurma, the second avatar
of Vishnu) that dives to the bottom of the waters represents Atlantis sunken
in the Ocean of Milk. Likewise, Vasuki (or Shesha, the King of the Nagas),
the serpent that serves as the churning rope, represents Atlas in his serpentine
avatar. In other words, the myth of The Churning of the Ocean of Milk
is a Cosmogony, a poetic licence telling the destruction of Paradise (Atlantis)
and the rebirth of the world from the fragments of the former one, destroyed
in consequence of the war of the Gods and the Devils (Devas and
All over the world from the Amazonian jungle
to the plains of Babylon and to the sandy deserts of Egypt and the Near
East we find allusions to sunken golden realms that are often likened
to Hell or Hades. Such hells are the Realm of the Dead. They are, most
often, felicitous regions where the dead ancestors spend a carefree, perpetual
existence. All such traditions ultimately derive from Atlantis-Eden, the
continent submerged by the Flood and lost in the Far Orient since the dawn
of times. Such golden realms very real and are no other than Atlantis itself.
They comprise, among others, the Suvarna-dvipa ("Golden Isles")
of the Hindus, the Chryse Chersonesos ("Golden Peninsula") of the
Greeks, the Aigeia of Poseidon, the Aiaia of the Argonauts,
the Eldorado of Amerindian traditions, the Apsu or, rather
"House of the Apsu" (Ezuap) of Babylonian traditions, the subterranean
Vara (or "fortress") of Yima, the Flood Hero of the Persians, etc.
Rather than sheer legends, all such traditions are true, holy history.
They all derive, quite directly, from the myth of Atlantis. And their true
source are the Hindu traditions such as those recounted in the Ramayana
and the Mahabharata (see above).
According to Cel. Braghine, who wrote a famous
book on Atlantis (The Shadow of Atlantis, Northants (USA), 1980),
certain Venezuelan Indians called Paria lived in a region called Atlan.
The Parias were white-skinned and possessed traditions of a great cataclysm
that destroyed their original homeland. This was a huge island or continent
beyond the ocean inhabited by a very advanced, saintly race not unlike
the Atlanteans. The Toltecs, who were the predecessors of the Mayas, also
spoke of a similar sunken continent which they called Aztlan, as we discussed
further above. The Nahautls, the Mayas and the Aztecs also spoke of White
Civilizing Heroes that came from this sunken region, and whom they named
Quetzalcoatl, Kukulkan, Gucumatz, Bochica, etc. These names mean, in their
tongues, "Feathered Dragon", an etym that literally translates that of
Naga (or "Dragon") which we encounter in the legends of the Old World
and, above all, of the Far East.
The myth of the Celestial Jerusalem, told
in the Book of Revelation, stems directly from the Hindu traditions
on Lanka, the "Queen of the Waves". Lanka, whose history is told in the
Ramayana, was the actual archetype of Plato's Atlantis, as well
as Homer's Troy. Lanka was built upon a lofty mountain (Mt. Trikuta = Mt.
Atlas or Meru), and was said "to fly in the air, scratching the belly of
heaven". Hindu myths also tell how Lanka, with "its towers and walls of
stone clad with metal" was pulled out of the summit of the Holy Mountain
(Meru) by the North Wind (Vayu) and thrown into the seas, where it drowned
with all its vast population. Interestingly enough, the same myth, with
Atlas (i. e., Atlantis) substituting for Lanka, is also encountered in Greece. Atlas, often
identified with Hesperus, the Evening Star, was thrown into the ocean by
Boreas, the North Wind who is the Greek counterpart of Vayu. There Atlas
drowned, and was to be found no more, just as happened with Lanka and, indeed, with Atlantis.
Other Hindu legends tell of Agartha (or Shambhalla),
the subterranean realm of the King of the World. According to this tradition,
it is from Shambhalla that is to surge Kalkin, ("the White Knight") for the final battle of the end of times. Kalkin, the White Knight, is to lead
his hosts, the Sons of Light, to victory against the Sons of Darkness.
The myth of Shambhalla is the archetype from which were copied the similar
ones of the Essenes and of the Christians. Again, as with the Celestial
Jerusalem of St. John's Revelation, the myth of Kalkin prefigures
the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. Many experts have correlated the traditions
of Agartha and Shambhalla with those of Atlantis and the Celestial Jerusalem.
In fact, Atlantis too will resurge in the end of times (now?) in precisely
the same manner prescribed for the Celestial Jerusalem of the Book of
Revelation. Then, will the Golden Age be restored to the world, for
Atlantis is truly the Paradise Lost we all have been expecting for so long.
Celtic traditions often speak of an "Island
of the Lions". This mysterious island appears in Hindu traditions as Saka-dvipa
or Simhala-dvipa ("Island of the Lions", in Sanskrit). This "Island
of the Lions" also figures in many other different traditions. In Celtic
traditions, the Island of the Lions also called Avalon. The name of Avalon
has been interpreted both as "Land of the Apple Trees" and as "Island of
the Lions" (Ava-lon). This paradisial island is also called Lyonesse
(Lyon-ys or "Island of the Lions") or Llyn Llion ("Lake Lion"),
the lake which reputedly overwhelmed the whole world with its waters when
it overflowed, causing the Flood.
The "Island of the Lions" just mentioned (see
above item) is no other than the Simhala-dvipa (or Serendip)
of the Hindus. Serendip is indeed the "Island of the Seres" (Seren-dip),
which is the same as Taprobane (Sumatra). The Seres are "the people of
the silk" (serica = "silk", in Latin). They are described as a blond,
blue-eyed, tall people by Pliny, Solinus and others. As we just said, Serendip
is the same as Taprobane or Sumatra, and should not be confused with Shri
Lanka (Ceylon), its Indian counterpart. The word "lion", in India, is synonymous
with "hero" (gandha or simha in Skt., singa in Dravida,
etc.), so that the name of Simhala-dvipa indeed means "Island of the Heroes".
And these "Heroes" of old are no other than those of Atlantis, destroyed
in the Flood, as mentioned in the Book of Genesis (ch. 6).
Several ancient authors also identify Serendip
with the Hevilat of the Bible, one of the four regions of Eden. The region
of Hevilat (or Havila) was famous for its gold and for being encircled
by the river Phison. Josephus, the famous Jewish historian, identifies
the Phison with the Ganges river, in a way that leaves no doubt about its
Indian location. The bdellium and the gemstones produced in Hevilat and
which are Indian exclusivities in antiquity are also telltale of its
true location in the Indies. The geography of the region of Paradise is
also identical to that of the Indian region under discussion, and which
is that of South India and neighboring Burma. Hence, it seems safe to conclude
that Eden was indeed located in the Indies.
As a matter of fact, "Eden" and "India" are
synonymous and derive from a Sanskrit radix ind (or endh and,
hence, edhen), meaning "fire". Eden is the famous "Island of Fire"
of so many ancient myths. This Island of Fire is quite often identified
with Atlantis and, obscurely, with Eden itself, as in the famous text of
Ezekiel mentioned further above. It was also identified with the
"Atlantic Islands" which, as we already said, are indeed the "Seven Islands
of the Atlanteans". This Island of Fire was also often called "Brazil"
or "Ys Brazil" by the Celts and other nations. The name was later applied
by mistake to the country of Brazil, after the Americas were discovered.
But this legendary Atlantic island appeared in all Medieval maps of the
Atlantic region far before the discovery of the Americas by Columbus. The
name of Brazil derives from an ancient root, bras, meaning "fire",
"firebrand", "ember", being the legendary "Island of Fire" of the ancient traditions.
The river Phison that, in the Biblical account of Paradise, encompassed Hevilat, closely
recalls the River Oceanus that encircled Hades, according to Homer and
Hesiod. It also recalls the circular canal which, according to Plato, also
encircled the whole of Atlantis. In fact, some authorities identify the
River Oceanus with the triple circular canals surrounding Atlantis. This
idea is literally taken from the Hindu Dvipas ("Paradise-Islands"),
which are similarly enclosed. Moreover, the idea of a river that surrounded
Paradise which, later, after its destruction, became the Realm of the Dead is
also of Indian origin, and dates from Vedic times. The Rig Veda
and other Hindu traditions of high antiquity tell of the Vaitarani ("Encloser"),
the river that surrounded the destroyed Paradise of the Asuras. As in the
traditions of Atlantis reported by Plato, or in those of Paradise reported
by other authorities, the Vaitarani formed an impassable barrier around
In the Bible, a legend related to the one
of Avalon (see above) tells of Kadesh, also called Kadesh, the Holy (Kadesh
Barnea). In Kadesh Barnea there was a lake or fountain that overflowed
and flooded the whole region, destroying Paradise. Kadesh is no other than
the Cades or Gades that, in Phoenician traditions is the alias of Atlantis.
Kadesh (or Gades or Gadeiros) is also the name of Hercules, here identified
with the twin brother of Hercules, and co-ruler of Atlantis. The name of
Gadeiros is an epithet of Hercules that means, just as the name of the
hero, "Cow-herder". This is a Phoenician translation of the name of Govinda
(Krishna), the great god of the Hindus. The epithet commemorates the role
of Hercules as the "cow-herder" that led the Greek people away from Atlantis,
as we mentioned further above.
Agastya is one of the most celebrated of Hindu
rishis ("sages"). He was the son of Varuna, just as Atlas was the
one of Poseidon. Poseidon, the oceanic God of the Greeks and the founder
of Atlantis, is the counterpart of Varuna, the marine god of the Hindus.
Agastya is the great Civilizing Hero of the Dravidas of South India, just
as Atlas was the one of the Greeks. A celebrated Hindu myth tells how Agastya
once humbled a lofty mountain that rose too high, disturbing the gods in
heaven. Another Hindu myth tells how Agastya jumped into the Southern Sea and drowned,
becoming a marine deity. The name of Agastya, in Sanskrit, means "the mountain
that sunk (underseas)", precisely the idea conveyed by the myth of Atlantis.
In other words, Agastya is a Hindu alias and predecessor of Atlas, the
mountain that collapsed and sunk underseas, taking the realm of Atlantis
Agastya is also as a personification of the
star Canopus, the main one of the constellation Argonavis. The Argonavis
is one of the most important constellations in the southern hemisphere.
Its main star, Canopus, is second only to Sirius, its twin, which is the largest star
in the whole sky. And the Southern Sea where Agastya-Canopus-Atlas drowned
is the Indian Ocean, the eastern extension of the Atlantic Ocean of the
ancients. Canopus was deemed an alias of either Hercules or Atlas, the
twin kings of Atlantis represented by Sirius and Canopus, the two Celestial
"dogs". So, as we see, the myth of the Argonavis, the one of Sirius and
Canopus, and that of the quest of Paradise are indeed allegories of Atlantis-Paradise,
and of its foundering in the dawn of times, when our sacred myths were
Moreover, Canopus was the (Southern) Pole
Star of the epoch of Atlantis, some 12,000 years ago. This means that Canopus
was indeed the "Pillar of Heaven" in the times of Atlantis, for the skies
turned upon it as an axis or "pole". Indeed, certain icons of Atlas, such
as the famous Farnesian marble, represent Atlas supporting the world precisely
from the position of Canopus, in the Argonavis constellation. This fact
confirms the identification Atlas = Canopus, the Pillar (or "Pole") of
the Skies. Osiris too, and Agastya, and other personifications of Atlantis
and of the star Canopus, were often identified with the "Pillar of Heaven".
The myths of the Polynesians tell how they navigated by the star Canopus,
the (southern) "Pole of the Skies" in those Atlantean times.
Canopus and Osiris were later identified with the
Canopic jars, where the mummified viscera of the dead were buried in Egypt.
These Canopic jars, with their holes plugged with wax, were the equivalent
of the "Magic Calabashes" that the Polynesians used in their stellar navigations
to the distant isles of Paradise. The Magic Calabashes were indeed, as
some researchers have recently found out, ingenious clepsydras, sextants
and compasses used in the determinations required for Celestial navigation.
Indeed, the word "Canopus" means "measuring device" in Greek, attesting
its true function in Celestial navigation. This fact is further attested
by the use of Canopic jars in casting oracles such as directions in the
high seas. In this they resembled the "talking heads" with which the Canopic jars were
usually topped. Their use in mummification where they were
said to guide the pharaoh in his return trip to Paradise is again suggestive of the pristine role of Canopic jars as "Magic Calabashes", used in the Celestial navigation required for the return trip to Paradise.
The superior technology of the Magic Calabashes
of the Polynesians and the Canopic Jars of the Egyptians for Celestial
navigation is clearly an Atlantean legacy, as so many. And the art of Celestial
Navigation kept secret for obvious reasons was invented by the Atlanteans,
according to tradition. It is the product of a superior technology which
only the Atlanteans could have developed so early in time. The Egyptians,
as the Polynesians, inherited it from Atlantis, and used them in their
oceanic navigations to Paradise, that is, to Punt in ancient Egypt, and
to Hawaiki in Polynesia. In both cases, this means Indonesia, the true
site of Paradise, as all traditions tell us.
Canopus was the pilot of the Argo ship, a
role he still plays in the Celestial Ship represented by the Argonavis
constellation. The Argonavis ("Ship Argos") was the ship of the Argonauts
in their expedition in the quest of the Golden Fleece. And the Golden Fleece
is an allegory of Eden, Avalon, Idun, and other such Paradises. There grew
the Golden Apples which Diodorus explains as synonymous of the Golden Apples,
for in Greek melon means both "apple" and "sheep". Moreover, the
Golden Apples served for the fabrication of the Elixir of Life, the contents
of the Holy Grail. Hence, all these quests of Paradise are indeed the one
of the Elixir of Life and, more exactly, of Atlantis, its true name. Such
is the reason why we all are so charmed with the search of this Paradise
of which all traditions speak, from the dawn of times.
The Celestial Ship of the Argonauts, the Argonavis,
is represented in the skies as a sunken ship, in the very bottom of heaven. It is an allegory of sunken Atlantis,
likewise lost in the bottom of the (Indian) Ocean. Canopus is often identified
with Argus, and is identified with the pilot (or the admiral) of the Argonavis,
so called in his honor. He is also said to have been the pilot of Osiris
in his expedition to the Indies (Paradise!). Canopus was also the pilot of Menelaos,
in his return trip from sunken Troy (Atlantis!).
Other legends make of
Canopus-Argus the co-ruler of Osiris in primordial Egypt. He ended by usurping
Osiris' throne, and kidnapping Isis, the queen. But he was ultimately defeated
and killed by the outraged king. All this is, indeed, but a confused, obscure copy of the plot
of the Ramayana. And the primordial "Egypt" in question is no other
than Lanka, "the Queen of the Waves". Golden, proud, invincible Lanka; Lanka, the Beautiful; Lanka, the Queen of the Waves; Lanka, the Bride of the King, was the true archetype of Atlantis and of the Celestial Jerusalem. Lanka was also Paradise, the birthplace of Humanity and Civilization, the true "Land of the Gods" of so many mythologies.
- According to Noel, the French mythologist,
"Canopus" means "Island of Gold" in Egyptian. But that is precisely the
meaning of the name of the Hindu Paradise, called Suvarna-Dvipa
in Sanskrit. Suvarna-Dvipa was, as is so often the case, located in Indonesia,
the true site of Eden. Canopus is also a name of Hercules in some traditions.
And Hercules was Gadeiros, the twin brother and co-ruler with Atlas of
the Atlantean empire. Again, the most diverse traditions concur to validate the equation Paradise = Eden = Atlantis = Indonesia.
To end this summary exegesis of several myths
on Atlantis from many parts of the world, a concluding word seems in order.
When we compare the above and other accounts, we see that they all
concern a primordial Paradise where humanity and civilization first started.
And it is clear that this Paradise is far more than a fable. We are
fully convinced that anyone who studies our work in detail with an open mind and heart will not fail to be convinced that Atlantis was in fact the same as Eden
We also believe that the dedicated student will find that
Plato only briefly lifted the hem of the veil of Isis, and that the Atlantean
tradition was the subject matter of the ancient Mystery Religions. These
mysteries passed into Judeo-Christianism in a highly distorted
form, becoming a mere chimaera. But myths, the superb legacy of our
elders, are founded on actual fact. And that fact is the reality of Atlantis
and its ineluctable location in the now sunken plains of the South China Sea, in the
region of Indonesia. There lies Paradise Lost, which can be reborn if only we dare to believe in its reality. The time is now, when Aquarius is already dawning.
And who is Aquarius, pray? He is the Golden Boy, of whom Virgil speaks in his famous IV Eclogue, perhaps the most superb of all prophecies of the Millennium. Virgil's poem starts with the (Latin) phrase: Iam redit et Virgo! ("See! The Virgin returns!"). Yes, Aquarius is both the Golden Boy and the Golden Girl, for he is the Androgyne. The fusion of the two sexes indeed represents the reunion of the twin Atlantises separated from each other from the dawn of times. But now, they again reunite, Lamb and Wolf, to enjoy the last thousand years yet alloted this age, and to cause the Golden Age to revive. Prophecies do come true only because they are self-fulfilling. They are the "personifications of desire", the egregoras and kamarupas that only exist if we believe in them. Too bad for those who dont, for we will not allow them to take Aquarius away from us.
|Copyright © 1997 Nunes dos Santos, Webmaster: Bernardo
de Pádua dos Santos.