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Table of Contents
Introduction | Objectives
| Research Links | Washington
Post Article | Evaluation
"Although it feels solid and hard beneath our feet, the outer surface
of the Earth is a thin crust of fragile rock, fractured like the cracked
shell of an egg. The pieces of the shell are Earth's tectonic plates --
there are 12 major ones --and they float across a layer of soft rock like
rafts in a stream, their motions driven by forces generated deep in the
Earth. At their boundaries, the plates spread apart, converge, and slide
past one another....Hot springs spew out mineral-rich waters, volcanoes
erupt, and earthquakes tremble -- resulting in devastating tsunamis, floods,
conduct real research on earthquakes, volcano's and tsunamis
analyze and intrerpret data and information collected on earthquakes, volcano's
discover, through the collection of scientific data, relationships between
earthquake, volcano, and tsunami activity, land topography, theories, and
Today's task is to conduct real research on volcanoes, earthquakes,
and tsunamis by answering questions and using the research links provided
Interpret the data on earthquakes in Maryland. Describe your theory
of why certain areas of Maryland have more or less earthquake activity.
Support your answer with specific facts of: fault lines, topography, tectonic
plates and actual tremor activity.
Interpret the data on earthquakes and volcanoes in the United States. Describe
your theory of why certain areas of the United States have more or less
earthquake activity. Support your answer with specific facts of fault
lines, topography, tectonic plates, and actual tremor activity.
How do earthquakes and volcanoes effect ecosystems?
What correlation is there between fault lines, tectonic plates, and the
topography (such as mountains, rivers, etc.) of the land?
How is the Japanese theory of the "Giant Catfish" or another cultural theory
related to science explanation of earthquakes?
Describe how you think (see photo in textbook) early earthquake measuring
device predicted and/or measured earthquake tremors. (You may also select
a different piece of equipment such as the seismograph.)
Create a demonstration or visual illustration of an actual earthquake.
Make sure you incorporate as much scientific measurement, data, and actual
events that would take place in a real quake.
Based on your research what are your predictions (in the future) of how
the earth will change due to earthquake activity.
Dr. Jay's Java Earthquake Simulator
"Before there were seismometers which could measure the vibration of the earth caused by earthquakes, scientists used descriptive measures of the effects of the vibration as a means of quantifying their size or severity. One of the first intensity scales was developed by the Italian scientist De Rossi and the Swiss scientist Forel, known as the Rossi-Forrel scale. In 1902 the Italian scientist Mercalli improved this
scale, and in 1931 the American scientists H.O. Wood and F. Neumann adapted the scale for use in
California. The scale is now known as the Modified Mercalli Intensity scale" - Dr. Jay J. Pulli
Click below to experience what it feels like to be in an earthquake!
Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale of Earthquake Damage
A PBS/WNET Production about Volcano's, Earthquakes, and Tsunamis
(some animations and graphics require QuickTime and Flash
Savage Earth: General Links
Geological Survey Home Page
Global Change Research Program -an international source for ground-based
and remotely sensed earthscience data and information used by global change researchers
and contributing to assessments of the potential
effects of global change on society
Rocky Mountain Mapping Center
San Francisco Earthquake - From the Carnegie Report, reprinted
in 1969 with photographs.
San Francisco Earthquake and Fire - Information, statistics and archival
All Stressed Out - from Savage Earth
- Savage Earth: Earthquake Links
Information from the USGS
San Francisco Earthquake - Questions and answers from the United
States Geological Survey
Geological Survey-Geologic Information
National Earthquake Information Center: Earthquake Information for the
Near Real Time Earthquake List
of the Inferno: Volcanoes - Mountains of Fire
Savage Earth: Volcano Links
World -- The Premier Source of Volcano Info on the Web
Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO)
Geological Survey, Volcano Hazards Program
of Destruction: Tsunamis
- Savage Earth: Tsunami Links
Washington Post Article:
Fissures off Va. Coast May Presage Tsunami, Experts
(Reprinted with permission from Washingtonpost.Newsweek
InteractiveCompany and The Washington Post)
|Clearly stated claim, 3 or more supports, conclusion restates claim
||Clearly stated claim, 3 supports may not be clear, conclusion restates
||Clearly stated claim, 2 supports, conclusion may or may not restate
||May or may not have claim (claim is weak), 1 or more support, may or
may not have conclusion (conclusion is weak)
||Each support clearly explains the claim with elaborated details and
evidence from research
||Each supports the claim somewhat with details from the research.
||Each support explained with some reference to research.
||Each support is barely explained with minimal details from research.
||Ideas are well expressed, in a logical manner with clear explanation.
||Ideas fairly well expressed, fairly good logic, with explanations.
||Ideas are expressed but logic and explanations are difficult to follow.
||Ideas are vague and connected with poor logic and few explanations.
||No errors in capitalization, punctuation and spelling.
||A few errors in capitalization, punctuation and spelling occur but
do not interfere with meaning.
||Some errors in capitalization, punctuation, word usage and spelling
occur but do not interfere with meaning.
||Some errors in capitalization, punctuation, word usage and
spelling occur but do interfere with meaning.
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first created April 2000
last updated November 21, 2003
For more information/comments/questions feel free to contact:
Gwyneth Anne Bronwynne
Jones- Library Media/Technology Specialist