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American Military Patches, Other Insignia and Decorations of World War Two by Dr. Howard G. Lanham c.2003

Shoulder Sleeve Insignia of State Guards

Second World War

The National Guard, which in time of peace is controlled by the various states of the United States, was called up for federal service on August 27, 1940. This was well before the actual declaration of War. To fill the void created by the this action, an act of Congress passed on October 21, 1940 authorized the states and territories of the United States to form local defense forces. Most states did create these forces and they performed duties during the War. These included maintaining order, guarding coast lines and important installations and assisting in event of emergencies or disasters. I am illustrating examples of insignia worn by some of these units and hope to add other examples as they become available.

California Conn. Georgia Oahu Defense Iowa
California State Guard 1942-1945 Connecticut State Guard 1940-1946 Georgia State Guard 1942-1947 Hawaiian Volunteer Unit
Oahu Defense Volunteers 1942 (1)
Iowa State Guard 1941-1943
Iowa Kansas Maine Dirigo Maine Reserve Massachusetts1
Iowa State Guard 1943-1947 Kansas State Guard 1941-1947 Maine State Guard
1941-1944
Maine State Guard Reserve
1942-1946
Massachusetts State Guard
1941-1947
(Courtesy: Janice M Flagg)
Massachusetts2 Maryland Michigan Minnesota Missouri 1
Massachusetts State Guard
1944-1947
(Courtesy: Lars Kleine)
Maryland State Guard
1941-1947
Michigan State Troops
1941-1947
(Courtesy: Lars Kleine)
Minnesota State Guard
1941-1947
Missouri State Guard
Headquarters
1942-1947
(Courtesy: Jackie Sproat)
Missouri 2 Missouri 3 Missouri 4 Missouri 5 Missouri 6
Missouri State Guard
1st Regiment (2)
1942-1947
(Courtesy: Jackie Sproat)
Missouri State Guard
1st Aero Squadron
1942-1947
(Courtesy: Jackie Sproat)
Missouri State Guard (Field)(3)
1st Regiment
1942-1947
(Courtesy: Jackie Sproat)
Missouri State Guard (Field)
1st Aero Squadron
1942-1947
(Courtesy: Jackie Sproat)
Missouri State Guard (Field)
Headquarters Troop
1942-1947
(Courtesy: Jackie Sproat)
Nebraska New Hampshire New Jersey New York Ohio
Nebraska State Guard
1943-1947
New Hampshire State Guard
1941-1947
New Jersey State Guard
1941-1947
New York State Guard
1940-1947
Ohio State Guard
1941-1947
Pa. minute Pa. 2nd Regt. Pa. 10th Regt. Pa. 1st Cav. Pa. Reserve
Pennsylvania Minute Men
Brassard Insignia
1943-1946
Pennsylvania Guard
2nd Regiment.
1944-1946
(Courtesy: Lars Kleine)
Pennsylvania Guard
10th Regiment.
1944-1946
Pennsylvania Guard
1st Cavalry Sq.
1944-1948
(Courtesy: Lars Kleine)
Pennsylvania Guard Reserve
Puerto Rico Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah
Puerto Rico State Guard
1945-1946 (4)
Rhode Island State Guard
1941-1947
Tennessee State Guard
1941-1947
Texas State Guard
1943-1948
(Courtesy: Lars Kleine)
Utah State Guard
1941-1946
Vermont Washington Wisconsin
Vermont State Guard
1941-1947
Washington State Guard
1941-1947
Wisconsin State Guard
1941-1947

NOTES:

  1. The Oahu Defense Volunteers were organized but not accepted into the Hawaiian State Guard. (John Patton)
  2. Similar patches exist for the 2-4 and the 6th Regiments with those numbers rather than 1.
  3. Missouri had two patch designs for their units one for wear on the service uniform and the other for field uniforms. Similar field patches exist for the 2-4 and the 6th Regiments with those numbers rather than 1.
  4. Puerto Rico was not a state of the United States. Despite that the official name of the local defense force was the Puerto Rico State Guard. This patch was adopted late in 1945 and may be postwar.

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