|Navy Distinguished Service Medal|
The Congress of the United States established the Navy Distinguished Service Medal on February 4, 1919. The award was originally the Navy's second highest award and was given for both combat heroism and other distinguished service. On August 7, 1942 an Act of Congress placed it below the Navy Cross. The award is made by the President to those who while serving on any capacity with the naval service of the United States shall have distinguished himself by exceptionally meritorious service to the government in a duty of great responsibility.
The decoration was designed by Paul Manship. The decoration is awarded sparingly and commonly to flag officers. A gold star indicates an additional award.