A literary work can be defined as a branch of literature dealing with words as raw material to create a picture, an idea or a story in a meaningful pattern. Yet words, being the backbone of the pattern, are not really of great importance if they aren't carefully manipulated into good syntactically stractured sentences so as to convey the target idea in an artistic way. By this it is meant that the work is valued as work of art with a literary style which is, of course, different from that we use in colloquy.
The literary work is two types, either a creative writing or the study of what is written. Writing is a creative work that values man as a creator and raises his existance above the world of subsistance, but that work we call "study" is the way (by which) another literate person sees and analyses the work in question. The literary work, as a work of art, can be a drama, a fiction, essays, biography or journalism and so on. Sometimes the author deals with an imaginary world such as in drama, novels and poetry.
As far as the design and the language are concerned, the literary work is written into two different ways depending on the use of language, so it's either in prose or in poetry.
First, prose is a piece of creative writing. Its language is not in verse form, but it has a similar value especially when words are well used in a highly leveled technique. The literary work in prose is sometimes long as in novels, sometimes short as in essays and short stories. The prose writer, or the author, uses different kinds of sentences, long declarative sentences, short ones, questions, exclamatory sentences and so on; frequently supported by a stream of consciousness in order to clarify the required idea or displays the inner psychic of one of the characters in a novel, for instance, through long winding void of punctuation utterances. As he deals with fiction, the author relies essencialy on imagination to depict a society as he sees it or as it ought to be, or describes the sides which people don't usually know or care much about in a specific society .Also to make the reader aware of what goes on in the society; thus reality is not absent after all. Moreover, prose writing can include the author's own experiences as in an autobiography or other's lives as in a biography.
Poetry, on the other hand, is a piece of "prose" writing in an elevated style. Its characteristic is that it is written in verse form to express deep feelings or noble thought in beautiful language, composed with the desire to communicate an experience. Unlike prose, apoem is built in a rhythmic way so that it can penetrate far inside the conscious levels of thought and feelings, invigorating every word in order to use it to express a specific meaning rather than its usual or general one. The poet uses syllables, diverse kinds of feet and stanzas, as well as rhymes so that he reaches the level of those who incarnate the divine messages. In addition to that, poetry relies most on the power of words. And thanks to his well exploitation of powerful expressive words, the poet produces a beautiful tableau we eventually call a poem. The poet also writes stories, parables, and many other literary genres because poetry is a huge recepion for all imaginative writings. Poetry, being in a sense the most literary of all branches of literature, makes the greatest use of the raw material, notably words, simile, metaphore etc.
Thus be it in prose or in poetic style, the literary work provides us with enjoyments and intellectual delight. It gives opportunities to know much more about life. It tackles all facets of human concerns, emotions, behaviours, dreams and so on and so forth. All in all literary work is really exciting to read but not always good to take for example. Choice is sometimes compulsory to avoid those writings about vices: killing, robbery to name only two. Well-read people on the other hand have a critical eye and they deal with literary works in terms of importance.
To put it short, a literary work is a relate part of human experiences, civilisations and evolution. And by reading or better analysing a masterpiece, one widens his scope and knowledge about people in terms of their thoughts, their way of looking at different issues, their experiences, and their beliefs in general!
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