AMANDX PRESENTS


MORSE CODE AND PHONETIC TABLE


THE INTERNATIONAL MORSE CODE
A didah .- 1 didahdahdahdah .---- B dahdididit -... 2 dididahdahdah ..--- C dahdidahdit -.-. 3 didididahdah ...-- D dahdidit -.. 4 dididididah ....- E dit . 5 dididididit ..... F dididahdit ..-. 6 dahdidididit -.... G dahdahdit --. 7 dahdahdididit --... H didididit .... 8 dahdahdahdidit ---.. I didit .. 9 dahdahdahdahdit ----. J didahdahdah .--- 0 dahdahdahdahdah ----- K dahdidah -.- L didahdidit .-.. . didahdidahdidah .-.-.- M dahdah -- , dahdahdididahdah --..-- N dahdit -. ? dididahdahdidit ..--.. O dahdahdah --- - dahdididididah -....- P didahdahdit .--. = dahdidididah -...- Q dahdahdidah --.- : dahdahdahdididit ---... R didahdit .-. ; dahdidahdidahdit -.-.-. S dididit ... ( dahdidahdahdit -.--. T dah - ) dahdidahdahdidah -.--.- U dididah ..- / dahdididahdit -..-. V didididah ...- " didahdididahdit .-..-. W didahdah .-- $ didididahdididah ...-..- X dahdididah -..- ' didahdahdahdahdit .----. Y dahdidahdah -.-- ¶ didahdidahdidit .-.-.. Z dahdahdidit --.. _ dididahdahdidah ..--.- @ didahdahdidahdit .--.-. (Note 1) ! See Note 2 below + See Note 3 below Error didididididididit ........ (Note that this is sometimes abbreviated to three or four dots sent at a much slower speed than that currently being used in the message)

Notes

1. Originally, there was no code group for the e-mail address "at" sign (@) in the International Morse Code, but didahdahdidah .--.- (À) was often used in French speaking countries.  However, in December 2003, the ITU recommended that didahdahdidahdit .--.-. (AC) should be adopted for international use.  With the agreement of all member states, this new code group has now been added to the official International Morse Code character set.

2. There is no code group for the exclamation mark (!) in the International Morse Code, but dahdahdahdit ---. (the code originally used over landlines in the USA and Canada) is sometimes also used over radio links in those countries. Some years ago, the Heathkit Company were advocating the use of -.-.-- (KW) for the exclamation mark. 3. Although not included in the official listings, didahdidahdit .-.-. is often used to represent the plus sign (+). 4. When sending numbers having integer and fractional parts, the fractional part is preceded and followed by hyphens. (e.g. 2½ would be sent as 2-1/2-). 5. Amateur Radio operators often use the letter "R" (didahdit .-.) to represent a decimal point, but this convention is not generally followed by other Services.

LETTERS USED IN THE RUSSIAN ALPHABET (CYRILLIC)
А didah .- Р didahdit .-. Б dahdididit -... С dididit ... В didahdah .-- Т dah - Г dahdahdit --. У dididah ..- Д dahdidit -.. Ф dididahdit ..-. Е dit . Х didididit .... Ё dit . Ц dahdidahdit -.-. Ж didididah ...- Ч dahdahdahdit ---. З dahdahdidit --.. Ш dahdahdahdah ---- И didit .. Щ dahdahdidah --.- Й ditdahdahdah .--- Ъ dahdididah -..- К dahdidah -.- Ы dahdidahdah -.-- Л didahdidit .-.. Ь dahdididah -..- М dahdah -- Э dididahdidit ..-.. Н dahdit -. Ю dididahdah ..-- О dahdahdah --- Я didahdidah .-.- П didahdahdit .--.

LETTERS USED IN THE GREEK ALPHABET

    Α  (alpha)   didah         .-            Ν  (nu)      dahdit         -.
    Β  (beta)    dahdididit    -...          Ξ  (xi)      dahditditdah   -..-
    Γ  (gamma)   dahdahdit     --.           Ο  (omicron) dahdahdah      ---
    Δ  (delta)   dahdidit      -..           Π  (pi)      didahdahdit    .--.
    Ε  (epsilon) dit           .             Ρ  (rho)     didahdit       .-.
    Ζ  (zeta)    dahdahdidit   --..          Σ  (sigma)   dididit        ...
    Η  (eta)     didididit     ....          Τ  (tau)     dah            -
    Θ  (theta)   dahdidahdit   -.-.          Υ  (upsilon) dahdidahdah    -.--
    Ι  (iota)    didit         ..            Φ  (phi)     dididahdit     ..-.
    Κ  (kappa)   dahdidah      -.-           Χ  (chi)     dahdahdahdah   ----
    Λ  (lamda)   didahdidit    .-..          Ψ  (psi)     dahdahdidah    --.-
    Μ  (mu)      dahdah        --            Ω  (omega)   didahdah       .--
 

LETTERS USED IN THE HEBREW ALPHABET

    א  (alef)    didah         .-            ל  (lamed)   didahdidit     .-..
    ב  (bet)     dahdididit    -...          ם  (mem)     dahdah         --
    ג  (gimel)   dahdahdit     --.           נ  (nun)     dahdit         -.
    ד  (dalet)   dahdidit      -..           ס  (samekh)  dahdidahdit    -.-.
    ה  (he)      dahdahdah     ---           ע  (ayin)    didahdahdah    .---
    ו  (vav)     dit           .             פ  (pe)      didahdahdit    .--.
    ז  (zayin)   dahdahdidit   --..          צ  (tsadi)   didahdah       .--
    ח  (het)     didididit     ....          ק  (qof)     dahdahdidah    --.-
    ט  (tet)     dididah       ..-           ר  (resh)    didahdit       .-.
    י  (yod)     didit         ..            ש  (shin)    dididit        ...
    כ  (kaf)     dahdidah      -.-           ת  (tav)     dah            -
 

LETTERS USED IN THE ARABIC ALPHABET

    ا  (alef)    didah         .-            ض  (dad)     dididitdah     ...-
    ب  (beh)     dahdididit    -...          ط  (tah)     dididah        ..-
    ت  (teh)     dah           -             ظ  (zah)     dahditdahdah   -.--
    ث  (theh)    dahdidahdit   -.-.          ع  (ain)     didahdidah     .-.-
    ج  (jeem)    didahdahdah   .---          غ  (ghain)   dahdahdit      --.
    ح  (hah)     didididit     ....          ف  (feh)     dididahdit     ..-.
    خ  (khah)    dahdahdah     ---           ق  (qaf)     dahdahdidah    --.-
    د  (dal)     dahdidit      -..           ك  (kaf)     dahdidah       -.-
    ذ  (thal)    dahdahdidit   --..          ل  (lam)     didahdidit     .-..
    ر  (reh)     didahdit      .-.           م  (meem)    dahdah         --
    ز  (zain)    dahdahdahdit  ---.          ن  (noon)    dahdit         -.
    س  (seen)    dididit       ...           و  (waw)     didahdah       .--
    ش  (sheen)   dahdahdahdah  ----          ي  (yeh)     didi           ..
    ص  (sad)     dahdididah    -..-             ('ayn)    dit            .
 
ACCENTED LETTERS USED IN EUROPEAN LANGUAGES OTHER THAN ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN
    Ä, Ą        didahdidah      .-.-        Ö, Ó  dahdahdahdit     ---.
    Â, À, Á, Å  didahdahdidah   .--.-       Ñ     dadahdidahdah    --.--
    Ç, Ć        dahdidahdidit   -.-..       Ü     dididahdah       ..--
    É, Ę        dididahdidit    ..-..       Ż     dahdahdidit      --..
    È           didahdididah    .-..-       Ź     dahdahdididah    --..-
    Ê           dahdididahdit   -..-.       CH, Ş dahdahdahdah     ----
ACCENTED LETTERS USED IN ESPERANTO
    Ĉ           dahdidahdidit   -.-..       Ĵ     didahdahdahdit   .---.
    Ĝ           dahdahdidahdit  --.-.       Ŝ     didididahdit     ...-.
    Ĥ           dahdidahdahdit  -.--.       Ŭ     dididahdah       ..--
PROCEDURAL SIGNALS
           __
    Wait  (AS)   __                      didahdididit              .-...
    Understood  (SN) __                  didididahdit              ...-.
    End of message__(AR)                 didahdidahdit             .-.-.
    End of work  (SK) __                 didididahdidah            ...-.-
    Starting signal  (KA)                dahdidahdidah             -.-.-
    Invitation to transmit (K)           dahdidah                  -.-
    Short pause (for thought?) (II)      didit didit               .. ..
    General call to any station  (CQ)    dahdidahdit dahdahdidah   -.-. --.-
    Closing down (CL)                    dahdidahdit didahdidit    -.-. .-..
 
The following procedural signals are not used by the Amateur Radio Service:-
 
                      _____
    Break-in signal  (TTTTT)   __        dahdahdahdahdah           -----
    Executive message signal  (IX)       dididahdididah            ..-..-
    Interrogatory signal  (INT)__        dididahdidah              ..-.-
    Emergency silence signal  (HM)       dididididahdah            ....--
    Emergency Distress signal  (SOS)     didididahdahdahdididit    ...---...
    This signal replaced the original
    distress signal CQD, which was
    used in the early years of the
    twentieth century.         ___
    Relay of distress message (DDD) dahdididahdididahdidit -..-..-..

An interesting point to note is that reporters, when using the American land-line telegraph system, were in the habit of sending "30" to indicate the end of a story.  They would have been using the land-line code (see below) where "3" is ...-. and "0" is ——— (a long dash).  Therefore, "30" would be sent as ...-.——— which becomes ...-.- when sent with standard Morse Code timing, which is the normal "end of work" signal SK.


ABBREVIATED NUMBERS

These abbreviated numbers are not legal for use in callsigns and should only be used where there is agreement between operators and when there is no possibility of confusion. Their main use by the Amateur Service is as a time saver when sending reports during contest operation or "pile-ups". For obvious reasons, the most commonly used abbreviated numbers are those for "5" and "9".
    1   didah        .-                  6   dahdidididit   -....
    2   dididah      ..-                 7   dahdididit     -...
    3   didididah    ...-                8   dahdidit       -..
    4   dididididah  ....-               9   dahdit         -.
    5   dit          .                   0   dah            -
Just as an aside if you take the words "the Morse Code" and rearrange them you will get "Here Come Dots". The Phonetic alphabet used by most radio operators is as follows:
All the letters from A Alpah to Z Zulu.
A - Alpha (AL fah) B - Bravo (BRAH VOH) C - Charlie (CHAR lee) D - Delta (DELL tah) E - Echo (ECK oh) F - Foxtrot (FOKS trot) G - Golf (GOLF) H - Hotel (hoh TELL) I - India (IN dee ah) J - Juliet (JEW lee ETT) K - Kilo (KEY loh) L - Lima (LEE mah) M - Mike (MIKE) N - November (no VEM ber) O - Oscar (OSS cah) P - Papa (pah PAH) Q - Quebec (keh BECK) R - Romeo (ROW me oh) S - Sierra (see AIR rah) T - Tango (TANG go) U - Uniform (YOU nee form) V - Victor (VIK tah) W - Whiskey (WISS key) X - X Ray (ECKS RAY) Y - Yankee (YANG key) Z - Zulu (ZOO loo)




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