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Ancient Runes Lesson 2

Lesson 2 Second Years

Glossary of Gods, Goddesses and Deities- Part 1

Æsir: A race of gods corresponding to the functions of magic, law and war.

Ask, Askr: The first man

Audhumla: A giant cow that was formed from the dripping rime produced when the world fire met the world ice. She fed Ymir and that licked salty ice blocks to revile Buri.

Bauldar, Balder: Æsir son of Odin and Frigga, who was killed by an arrow made of mistletoe shot by the blind God Hodor (who was tricked by Loki) and resurrected. His wife is Nanna. Known as the Shining God; the Bleeding God. He represents light, advice, reconciliation, beauty, gentleness, reincarnation, wisdom, harmony, happiness. Balder will return from Hel after Ragnarok and will rule as one of the new Gods. His name means "The Bright One".

Bergelmir: He and his wife were the only two Giants to survive the flood of Ymir's blood. In that way he kept the Giant race from dying.

Bestla: Wife of Bor the daughter of a giant named Bolthorn.

Bor: Son of Buri.

Buri: An Androgynous man freed from salty ice blocks by Audhumla.

Embla: The first woman. Fenris Fenris is the monstrous wolf, son of the god Loki who bit off Tyr's hand and will swallow Odin at Ragnarok but will be slain by Odin's son, Vidar. Fjörgvin Father of Frigga.

Forseti: Axe-God of justice, savior of the devout, winner of just lawsuits. Son of Balder and Nanna. He represents justice, good laws, arbitration, peace, fairness, good judgment. Forseti means 'the presiding one'. His hall is called Glitner.

Frey, Freyr: Freyr is the god of sun and rain, and the patron of bountiful harvests. He is both a god of peace and a brave warrior. He is also the ruler of the elves. Freyr is the most prominent and most beautiful of the male members of the Vanir, and is called 'God of the World'. After the merging of the Aesir and the Vanir, Freyr was called 'Lord of the Aesir'. Freyr was also called upon to grant a fertile marriage.

He is married to the beautiful giantess Gerd, and is the son of Njord. His sister is Freya. He rides a chariot pulled by the golden boar Gullinbursti which was made for him by the dwarves Brok and Eitri. He owns the ship Skidbladnir ("wooden-bladed"), which always sails directly towards its target, and which can become so small that it can fit in Freyr's pocket. He also possesses a sword that would by itself emerge from its sheath and spread a field with carnage whenever the owner desired it.

Freyr's shield bearer and servant is Skirnir, to whom he gave his sword, which Skirnir demanded as a reward for making Gerd his wife. On the day of Ragnarok he will battle without weapons (for he gave his sword away to Skirnir), and will be the first to be killed by the fire giant Surt.

Freyja, Freya: Member of the Vanir who lives with the Æsir, daughter of Njord, sister-consort of Frey. Her emblem is the necklace Brisingamen. Hers is the magic of reading runes, trancing and casting spells. She is said to have taught Seidh to Odin. She owns a falcon cloak, takes dove form, rides in a chariot drawn by two cats, or rides a boar. As leader of the Valkyries, she takes half those slain in battle and is traditionally associated with death and sexuality. She weeps tears of gold, which become amber, called "Freyja's Tears". Her name means "The Lady".

Frigga: Frigg is the clairvoyant mistress of Asgardhr. She knows the fates of all men and gods. Queen of the goddesses. Wife to Odhinn.

Heimdall, Heimdal: God of Light and the rainbow, Guardian of Bifrost bridge. He has super-sight and super-hearing. He sleeps less than a bird, he can hear the grass grow and see hundreds of miles away. He is said to be the son of nine mothers. As the god Rig ("ruler"), Heimdall created the three races of mankind: the serfs, the peasants, and the warriors. Heimdall was the keeper of the Gjallahorn, the "ringing" horn, which he was to sound when Ragnarok, the end of the world, was near.

Hel: Daughter of Loki and the giant Angurboda. She is the sister of Fenrir (Fenris-wolf) and Jormungand (Midgard serpent). She is the goddess of the underworld. Her realm was Niflheimr and her hall, Elvidnir (misery). She was described as half white and half black.

Hodor, Hodur: Strong and blind son of Odin and Frigg, who was tricked by Loki into shooting an arrow made of mistletoe at Balder causing his death.

Ing: Ing is the male consort of the earth mother (Nerthus). A fertility God.

Loki: Evil in character, capricious in behavior, cunning, he is known as the trickster God, called "Father of Lies", Shape-changer, Sky-Traveler


1. Which god’s name means, “The Bright One”?

2. Which god is called, “God of the World”?

3. Freyr is the god that rides a chariot pulled by what?

4.This goddess has an emblem that is the necklace Brisingamen. What is her name?

Please click on the link below and go to this site to find the answers to questions 6-10. There will be some searching to do, but it will be fun.

6. Who is, “The Oldest of the Gods”?

7. Who is the “Goddess of Death”?

8. Where did the gods gather in council?

9. Who was the hand maiden to Freya?

10. What is a Gondul?

Don't forget, the first student to send me the correct answer to the Trivia question will receive an extra 10pts. for their house.
Assignments will be due on:

Please send your assignments to Professor Parson at the link below. Please click on Flying Harry