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Ancient Runes Lesson 1

Lesson 1 Second Years

Pagan Beliefs

Pagan groups resemble cults in that their members choose their beliefs and rituals from a variety of sources rather than following a prescribed set of teachings and practices. There are, however, a number of well-defined pagan schools or "paths", including: Druidism, which focuses on the Celtic deities; Asatru, the core of which is the Norse gods; and Wicca, the path of Witchcraft, which worships the Great Goddess and the Horned God. Other more loosely defined groups also worship the Great Goddess, selecting their beliefs and practices from Wicca itself and also from other sources, including the Egyptian, Greek, and Roman pagan traditions.
The different schools or paths refer to the goddesses and gods by different names: Wicca, for example, frequently uses Aradia and Cerridwen for the Goddess, while in Druidism the name Bride is more common, and in the Finnish and Baltic traditions Freya and Fregga are usual. The names Diana and Isis are widely used by many groups, while others refuse to name "Her", and simply speak of "the Goddess" or "She-Whose-Name-May-Not-Be Spoken". Although the pagan pantheon houses a vast number of goddesses and gods, and paganism itself is at one level highly polytheistic in its worship, there is, nevertheless, a widespread belief among pagans that all of their gods are manifestations of a single divine force or power. This divine force or power does not reside "out there" or "above", detached and separate from nature and the material world (as monotheistic traditions tend to assert), but is immanent in the world and permeates nature. Paganism is in this sense pantheistic, fusing the divine with nature and eschewing any dualistic notions of matter and spirit as separate and distinct. To pagans, the Earth (the Great Mother or Gaia) contains the vital creative energy that gives life to and makes sacred all creation. Pagans would also insist that the divine is both inseparable from the material world and also transcends it.


1. What is the pagan school that focuses on celtic deities?

2. What is the pagan school that focuses on Norse Gods?

3. What is the pagan school that focuses on Witchcraft?

4. What is the pagan school which focuses on celtic deities?Norse Gods? and Witchcraft?

5. What are the names of the goddesses in Wicca?

6. What are the names of the goddesses in Druidism?

7. What are the names of the goddesses in Finish and Baltic Traditions?

8. Compare the goddess who is called "She-Whose-Name-May-Not-Be Spoken" to Voldemort

Dont forget, the first student to send me the correct answer to the Trivia question will receive an extra 10pts. for their house.
Assignments will be due on:

Please send your assignments to Professor Parson at the link below. Please click on Flying Harry