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Conflict: North Ireland

The Northern Ireland conflict stems from opposing viewpoints of Catholic and Protestant Irish that began in the sixteenth century. In 1921, after a war of independence fought by Irish Republicans against British rule, Ireland was partitioned. The Republic of Ireland then became made up of twenty-six countries and was given their own parliament in Dublin. Six of the countries in the north, which are now known as Northern Ireland, established a parliament under British control. The Protestants of the North wished to remain under British rule, and the Catholics of the South supported reunification of Ireland. The minority was Catholic, and they often were discriminated against concerning housing and employment. In the 1960ís there were civil rights protests that led to violence that soon got out of hand. In 1971, the British government assumed direct rule of Northern Ireland. Since then there have been various attempts at peace, with various different agreements, although the conflict has not been resolved and minor violence still continues at reduced levels.

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