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biographical perspective

or i don't know if that link works.. so.. i'll post it here too.. but it's not formatted.. please change anything you would like..

Biographical Perspective

Looking at literature through the biographical perspective is taking into consideration the background of the author. Biographical information can add to a reader・s appreciation of the story by knowing the writer・s struggles or difficulties in creating it. They can better interpret the works since the facts about author・s experiences can help readers decide how to interpret those works. Readers can better assess writers・ preoccupations by studying the ways they modify and adjust their actual experience in the literary works. For example, by knowing that Shakespeare and Moliere were actors who performed in the plays they wrote or that Ernest Hemingway・s story :The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber; derives from experiences he had in Africa, readers can see how the life of authors and their works relate.


1. What influences V persons, ideas, movements, events V evident in the writer・s life does the work reflect?
2. To what extent are the events described in the work a direct transfer of what happened in the writer・s actual life?
3. What modifications of the actual events has the writer made in the literary work? For what possible purposes?
4. Why might the writer have altered his or her actual experience in the literary work?
5. What are the effects o the differences between actual events and their literary transformation in the poem, story, play, or essay?
6. What has the author revealed in the work about his or her characteristic modes of thought, perception, or emotion? What place does this work have in the artist・s literary development and career?