Magyars have lived in Transylvania, at present part of Romania,
since they first arrived in Central Europe. Sometimes they have
been part of Hungary and were ruled by the Habsburg Empire. After
the first world war they were made part of Romania, where they
have usually been treated as a more or less inferior minority.
There are signs that, along with the other Balkan conflicts,
this hostility by the Romanians is increasing. Racial attacks
continue. The Romanians may try to emulate the Serbs and try
ethnic cleansing. If they
do, there will be strong pressure on the Hungarian government
to join in, so that a future international war is not entirely
There are also Magyars along the border with Hungary and in
Slovakia and Serbia.
Now that Hungary has joined the EU and Romania also in 2007
this conflict seems unlikely to arise again.