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Falklands-Malvinas
 

 Antagonists

Britain

Argentina

Status

Potential

Connections

Argentina

Chile

British Empire

Falklands

Explanation

The islands are claimed as sovereign territory by both Argentina and Britain.

There was a war in 1982 after Argentine forces, during a period of military dictatorship, occupied the islands without warning. They were forced to surrender by a British force, assisted by United States satellite intelligence and supplies of munitions.

At present there is a British garrison. Argentina has at present a civilian regime but its economic policies are still not very successful. A future military regime may attempt to renew hostilities after equipping its forces with modern weapons.

Although Britain's forces are much smaller than at the time of the last war the existence of a modern airfield able to accept long range aircraft means the Islands can be reinforced quickly.

Argentina still (2002) has serious economic problems.

Argentina has filed a claim (2009) for the economic sovereignty of all the sea in the area of the South Atlantic to the Antarctic coast, including the Falklands water.

In February 2010 exploratory drilling for oil in the water about 100 km from the Falklands has provoked protests from Argentina that the waters belong to Argentina's economic zone.

Last revised 23/02/10


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