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Burundi
 

 Antagonists

Hutu (peasants)

Tutsi (aristocrats)

Status

Active

Connections

AfricaWars

Rwanda

Burundi

Explanation

In colonial times (first Germany, then Belgium) a Kingdom ruled by an aristocracy formerly believed to have been the descendants of invaders from the north, the Tutsi, generally taller and cattle herders by occupation ruled over a peasantry, the Hutu. The exact relation of these two peoples is now much disputed. See main article.

Following independence a series of revolts by the Hutus were put down with great brutality in order to maintain a feudal quasi apartheid society.

The assassination of the first Hutu president, Ndadaye, in 1993 ushered in a general revolt of Hutus, being attacked by the Tutsi controlled army with large numbers of deaths and refugees. This has much in common with the even worse massacres going on in Rwanda, next door. Fears that things may get worse.

During 1996 massacres of Hutu by the Tutsi army continued. In 2006 there are still reports of massacres.

Last revised 18/02/10


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