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State

Capital

St. Helena*

Jamestown

Currency unit

British pound

Connections

Ascension

Atlantic

Empire

Tristan

 Politics

 Economics

 Green

 Rights

 Climate

History

One of the three British island colonies on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

It was uninhabited when first discovered by the Portuguese in 1502. The English first visited it in 1588. The Dutch occupied it from 1645-51. The English East India Company took it over in 1659 as a port of call for water and provisions on the route to India. Slaves were brought there from Africa.

Famous for being the place of exile and death of Napoleon Bonaparte, St. Helena was chosen by the British government as it was thought impossible for Napoleon to escape from. His previous exile had been on the island of Elba, just off the coast of Naples but he had easily escaped to the mainland, which led to a new war ending in Waterloo. The British Royal Navy controlled the Atlantic. He died there in 1821.

Since then the islanders have lived on their agriculture and on decreasingly frequent ships calling there. Sociologists will be interested to study the introduction of television in 1994.

Languages

English

 History

 Economics

 Green

 Rights

Politics

British governor with an elected assembly.

The governor is also responsible for Tristan da Cunha and, theoretically, for Ascension Island.

 History

 Politics

 Green

 Rights

Economics

 History

 Politics

 Economics

 Rights

Green/Ecology

 History

 Politics

 Economics

 Green

Human Rights

Islanders were awarded full British citizenship in 21 May 2002. However, British citizens do not have the right to move there.

Climate effects

Last revised 2/8/06


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