The people are related to those of the Solomon
Islands, rather than Papua New Guinea to which the island
is politically joined.
They are in fact 500 miles from PNG but only 50 from Solomon.
There is a rebellion against the PNG government and a desire
for independence. However, the island contains PNG's largest
earner of foreign exchange, one of the world's largest (and most
polluting) copper mines. Secession will not therefore be achieved
easily, though in the long run it seems likely.