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State

Capital

Bhutan

Tinphu

Currency unit

Ngultrum Indian rupee

Connections

India

Nepal

South Asia

Tibet

 Politics

 Economics

 Green

 Rights

 Climate

History

A kingdom in the buffer area between India and China (or Tibet).

There is a majority Nepali population ruled by a minority Drukpa population, originating from Tibet. The majority are agitating for change. There are also Tibetan refugees.

The Kingdom is more or less an absolute monarchy. But the hereditary monarchy was founded only in 1907. Previously the ruler had been elected by the governors of the provinces and served with a religious leader, the Dharma Raja, who was rather like the Dalai Lama . But in 1907 on the death of the last Dharma Raja no reincarnation was found so the office ceased to exist.

India may take it over, as it did Sikkim. There are signs that some of the Nepalis would prefer an Indian takeover. During British days it was not a protectorate in law but in fact was "under guidance" from 1865-1949, following which it made a treaty with India under which the Indian government controls external relations as did the British.

Languages

Nepali

Tibetan

 History

 Economics

 Green

 Rights

 Climate

Politics

Absolute monarchy with an advisory assembly.

However, elections have been called for 2007 and the king has decided (December 2005) to abdicate in favor of his son, who will probably become more of a Constitutional Monarch.

 History

 Politics

 Green

 Rights

 Climate

Economics

Tourists are restricted to a few hundred visitors per year to prevent cultural change.

The king has declared the aim of policy is "Gross National Happiness" rather than GNP.

 History

 Politics

 Economics

 Rights

 Climate

Green/Ecology

 History

 Politics

 Economics

 Green

 Climate

Human Rights

Hindus treated badly by majority Buddhists, leading to refugees. There is potential conflict between the Nepali and Thibetan peoples.

Climate effects

Last revised 9/12/07


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