French overseas territory (colony)
Columbus visited in 1502. It was inhabited by Caribs at that
time. It has been a French colony since 1635. From 1762-3 British
occupied it and also during Napoleonic wars.
Famous for destruction of the town of St Pierre when the volcano
Mont Pelee exploded in 1902 and killed 30,000 people with a pyroclastic
There is an independence movement but the French intend the
island to remain a colony.