Site hosted by Angelfire.com: Build your free website today!

State

Capital

Cape Verde Islands

Praia

Currency unit

Escudos

Connections

Atlantic Islands

Guiné Bissau

Portugal

Sahel

West Africa

 Politics

 Economics

 Green

 Rights

 Climate

History

The islands were uninhabited when discovered by the Portuguese in 1456. First settlers came there in 1462. They became a base for the slave trade. But no other source of wealth was found and the prosperity declined after the slave trade was abandoned in 1876.

The islands have few resources and especially are subject to long droughts as they are offshore of the Sahara. When they were a Portuguese colony they were ruled as a unit with Guiné Bissau but split off at independence in 1975. The state is now a separate republic.

Before the invention of stretched airliners, Sal Island was used as a fueling point for South African airways.

The economic state of the islands is not encouraging unless cheap desalination could be developed, though tourism might help pay for this.

Languages

Portuguese

 History

 Economics

 Green

 Rights

 Climate

Politics

The one-Party state (PAIGC) came to an end in February 1991 when the opposition candidate, Mascarenhas Monteiro, won the election for president. The aid donors demanded democracy.

Since then there have been several chaneges of party in power and the islands could be regarded as a settled democracy.

 History

 Politics

 Green

 Rights

 Climate

Economics

Aid is the main source of income, which means the islands are vulnerable to outside pressure mainly from Portugal and in the past from South Africa.

Europeans are beginning to build houses and buy businesses there and use the islands as a major tourist and recreation (water sports) destination.

 History

 Politics

 Economics

 Rights

 Climate

Green/Ecology

Famines have occurred in the past due to lack of water. The islands are not really viable as an independent state in the absence of rain. One possible solution might be OTEC which could produce both electricity and fresh water if the surface temperature is high enough. This technology might transform the islands. It could make intensive agriculture possible.

They have a high rate of population increase which will make the situation worse. Before the Portuguese arrived no doubt any visitors had concluded they should not stay.

 History

 Politics

 Economics

 Green

 Climate

Human Rights

Climate effects

Last revised 27/12/11


West Africa


Africa


World Info


Home

Return to the top


Since 27/12/11

eXTReMe Tracker