This is a German line of our family. There is not very much here to go on, but I do hope that it will grow in time!
Johann Carl Mehlman was a farmer from the Palatine area of Germany. His date of birth is not known, but he is listed as being 25 years old in 1752. His wife was Dorothea. Her maiden name is unknown, as is their date and place of marriage.1
In June 1752, Johann and Dorothea, along with son John Carl, journeyed down the Rhine to Rotterdam, in the Netherlands. There they would embark on a journey to a new world..... and a new life.
On 9 June, they boarded the ship Gale. Ocean passage in that day and age was primitive; meager rations that became stale and putrid over time and drinking water that turned foul. This particular crossing was rough, with violent gales. Some of the seamen died on this voyage, and their was a lot of sickness. The Gale would land in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada about 3 September 1752; but due to the sickness on the boat and the barracks not being complete for the passengers, they could not disembark until 26 September.2
Why leave Germany in the first place?
Johann and Dorothea were part of a group of "Foreign Protestants" that were enticed by the British government to come and settle Nova Scotia after the few settlers that they were able to recruit from London did not work out. The British needed hardworking men and women of sturdy stock to settle this rugged terrain; men who were used to working the land. The native Londoners were not used to that sort of work, not built for it and, in the end, not very inspired by it. Besides, it was too bloody cold.
The British enlisted the help of one John Dick of Rotterdam as procurer. To this end, Mr. Dick posted handbills and posters with information about the new Canadian settlement, Nova Scotia. You can be sure that they glossed over the cold climate, the Indian attacks and rocky soil (the Canadian Encyclopedia estimates that only about 10% of Nova Scotia's land is suitable for farming). There was one catch: Protestants only; no Roman Catholics were welcome. Thus the nickname "Foreign Protestant".2,3
That there was an area of the world that not only welcomed but preferred them was good news for the Protestants. The previous 100 years or so had not been easy for them. War after war--from the Thirty Years' War on down to the War of Spanish Succession--was fought in and around the Palatine. With the French as the aggressors, one of the goals was to install Catholicism as the primary religion and stamp out Protestantism. A country that would embrace them because of their religion instead of trying to persecute them for it must have seemed like an answer to a prayer.4
One of the provisions provided to the new settlers was that there would be food provided for them until they could become self-sustaining. The type and amount of food provided to each family was tracked on "victualing lists". The food was usually obtained from a local shopkeeper who would be reimbursed by the British government. These lists have apparently been lost. What remains are the handwritten notes of Winthrop Bell, author of "The Foreign Protestants' and the Settlement of Nova Scotia". From those notes, researchers have been able to cobble together victualing lists. The lists can be found here and also here.5,6
John and Dorothea were given allotments of food at Halifax from 19 February-15 April 1753.
On 26-27 December 1753, Carl Mehlman was listed in the Lunenburg Return of Arms as being assigned to the Rudolph Division. This directly corresponded with the Town Lot Division that they were assigned. This page shows that Carl Mehlman was assigned Lot G-3 in Rudolph's Division; according to this page, the lot was located on York Street.5
The Children of Carl and Dorothea
Normally I would list the children of Johan Carl Mehlman and Dorothea in this section. Unfortunately, my research along that line has brought more confusion than answers. And because I strive to have good, clean, documented information on my pages, I feel that the only honest thing that I can do is skip over both their children and their grandchildren and go straight to what I do know.
If there is anyone out there who can shed some light on this little problem, I'd love some help. If you have the names of the children of Johan and Dorothea--along with their spouses and children--and can cite the source and either provide me with a copy of the same or point me in the direction of where to get it myself, I'll put that information up here on the website after I've obtained the source documentation. If all you have are the names and no sources, I'd appreciate those as well, as I can keep them in a database until I can find source citations for them.
Thank you very much for your patience with my sourcing OCD....:)
William is either the grandson or the great-grandson of Carl and Dorothea. He was born 24 July 1811 in Nova Scotia; his parents have not been sorted out yet. William was a lumber merchant by trade.8,10
On 16 October 1841, William married Isabella Mehlman. Isabella was born 28 September 1805; her baptism took place in Lunenberg on 9 November at the Dutch Reformed Church.10 Her parentage is also in question at this time.
William and Isabella had the following known children:
James- Born Christmas Day of 1841. He was baptized 23 July 1842 at Liverpool, Queens Co., Nova Scotia in the Methodist Church.9
Elizabeth- Born 1 March 1847. She was baptized 29 September 1849 at Liverpool in the Trinity Angelican Church.9
William- Born about 9 February 1845 (this calculated from his age at death). He was baptized 21 July 1845 in Liverpool at the Methodist Church. William died 26 February 1851 at age 3 years 12 days old. He is buried in the Old Cemetery in Charleston, Queens Co., Nova Scotia with his sister Isabella.9,11
William- Born 27 April 1851.9
Isabella- Born June 1854 and died 7 October of the same year at age 3 months 11 days. She is buried in Charleston's Old Cemetery with her brother William. Her cause of death reads "Catachist PM River".9
Albert- Born 16 June 1858 in Mill Village, Queens Co., Nova Scotia. His baptism took place in Liverpool's Trinity Angelican Church on 14 January 1859. Albert became a carriage builder by trade. He married Annie Melvin, daughter of James and Mary, on 16 August 1882 in Liverpool. Like his sister Martha, he changed the spelling of the last name to Mailman.10
Isabella Mehlman died 5 August 1859 and was buried in the Old Cemetery in Charleston. Although son James was almost grown, William still had four minor children to be cared for; one still an infant. A bit of a daunting task for two men who were undoubtedly busy earning a living. William needed another wife as quickly as possible....
Enter Miss Caroline Anne Robinson or Robertson. A mere age 23 at their marriage on 7 April 1860 in Liverpool, Caroline was about 25 years younger than her new husband!
Did William deliberately chose a younger woman, feeling she would have the energy needed to care for his young and growing family? I'd imagine that was a consideration. I'd like to believe that he thought highly of her as well.
At any rate, she settled right into her role as wife and stepmother, and very quickly added "Mother" to her crown of achievements when she and William started their own family the following year.
William and Caroline had the following known children:
Minnie- Born 1861 in Mill Village. Minnie married Burton Mack on 18 October 1881 in Caledonia, Queens Co., Nova Scotia. Burton was a census taker for the 1891 Nova Scotia Census. The couple eventually immigrated to America. Minnie died in 1915 and Burton died in 1924. They repose in the Cedarville Cemetery in Plymouth, Massachusetts.10,12
Howard Breton- Born 6 August 1863 in Mill Village and baptized 5 November the same year in Liverpool's Trinity Angelican Church. Howard married Nellie McKenna on 4 June 1895 in Liverpool and supported his family as a farmer. Howard Breton Mailman suffered a cerebral hemorrhage caused by arteriosclerosis and died on 6 October 1920 in Charleston, Queens Co., Nova Scotia. He was buried the next day in the Old Cemetery in Charleston.10,11
Joseph Archibald- Born 6 April 1865.8,11
Caroline- Born 12 July 1872 in Charleston, Queens Co., Nova Scotia.10
Beatrice C.- Married teamster Wesley Croft on 9 March 1895 in Bridgewater, Queens Co., Nova Scotia.8,10
No death information is known for William Mehlman or Caroline Robinson.
1. Nova Scotia Immigrants to 1867 Vol. 1, pages 176-177 at Ancestry
2. To Nova Scotia: The Emigration
3. The Canadian Encyclopedia on Nova Scotia
4. History of the Palatine German Immigration on Olive Tree Genealogy
5. The Wizard's Cove-a treasure trove of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia information.
6. Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia GenWeb page.
7. "Lunenberg-An Illustrated History" by Brian Cuthbertson
8. Census Records
9. Lunenberg & Queens County BMD's (Don Shankle's collection.
10. Nova Scotia Historical Vital Statistics
11. Queens County, Nova Scotia GenWeb Project
12. Sally Mack-photos and information.
Thank you to Chris Young, webmaster of the Wizard's Cove, for permission to use his information. Also thanks to Sally Mack and Steven Mehlman for their assistance.
This page was updated May 2012. .
Noel Family of Brockton, MA by Jolynn Noel Winland is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License
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