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Extreme temperatures around the world The most reliable and updated collection of extreme temperatures on the WEB!

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Metereology & Weather Radar Links

Maximiliano Herrera Meteorological Studies includes the national extreme temperatures with dates, worldwide monthly extreme temperatures, snowfalls by country, list of countries without recorded frost and more coming....

Maximiliano Herrera's Human Rights Site is a international political and human rights site which includes the following statistics:

Electoral Calendar which includes general, presidential, municipal, regional, administrative, legislative elections and referendums in all the countries.

Electoral Democracies which ranks all the independent countries in three categories: Electoral Democracy, Pseudo Democracy and Dictatorship according to their electoral system. It also includes a list of the countries without elections.

Freedom in the World and Freedom in the Territories which contain a list of all independent countries and related non independent territories in the world with their political freedoms and their civil rights.

World Rank and World Rank in the Territories which contain a list of all independent countries and related non independent territories in the world ranked according to their living standard. It means incomes, political situation, health system, social situation,etc....

A World in Trouble which shows the perception of the risk of a coup or conflicts for every independent country.

New Countries which shows the possibilities of some territories reaching the independence and of some independent countries to be annexated into other countries.

FOR THE EXTREME TEMPERATURES IN THE UNITED STATES CLICK HERE!


RECORDS REGISTERED BETWEEN 2002 AND 2007 - CLICK HERE! 


Latest Records registered during 2008:
  • Telfer (Australia) max. 48.1
  • Onslow (Australia) max. 49.2
  • Onslow Airport (Australia) max. 48.9
  • Ma'an (Jordan) min. -8.4
  • Nekhel (Egypt) min. -8.8 New national record low for Egypt
  • Palmyra and Deir El Zor (Syria) min. -10.4
  • Hassakah (Syria) min. -11
  • Rekna (United Arab Emirates) min. -1
  • Trung Khanh (Vietnam) min. -3
  • Catania Sigonella (Italy) min. -5
Note: celsius degrees are used. Click here to open the 

Celsius-Fahrenheit degrees Converter

                    MIN  MAX

AFGHANISTAN
Kabul             -25.6  40
Kandahar          -12.2  46.5
Jalalabad          -7.8  48.9*   * questioned
Mazar al Sharif     -24  48.1
Andkhoy                  48.5
Ghazni              -31  37
Zaranj                   51*     * dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Shahrak           -52.2
ALBANIA
Tirana            -10.4  42.1
Durres               -6  38.6
Shkoder           -12.6  40.5
Elbasan            -7.5  42.2
Cerrik             -9.4  43.2
Kucova                   43.9
Kukes               -22  42.5
Sheqeras          -25.8
ALGERIA
Algiers              -4  47.5
Oran                 -3  44.2
In Salah           -3.3  50.6
Adrar              -4.5  50
Ouargla            -6.7  50
Biskra             -2.4  49.4
Batna               -20  40.3
Constantine        -8.8  45.5
Tamanrasset          -7  41.6
ANDORRA
Andorra La Vella         38.5
Les Escaldes        -18  36
Hidroelectrica      -16  36
Engolaster Lake     -21  33
Ransol              -23  36
Ordino                   35
De la Casa Pass     -32
ANGOLA
Luanda             13.9  36.7
Ondjiva            -3.8  40.6
Silva Porto          -5  31.7
Chitembo           -8.7  39.5
Dondo                    43.5
Cabinda              12  34.4
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
Saint John's       15.6  34.1
Botanic Station    15.6  35
Codrington (Barbuda)17.2 35
ARGENTINA
Buenos Aires       -5.4  43.3
Cordoba           -10.3  45.6
Bahia Blanca        -12  44
Mar del Plata      -9.3  40.2
Mendoza            -9.2  44.4
Rosario           -11.1  43.9
Bariloche           -21  35.5
Rivadavia          -7.2  48.9
Santiago del Estero -10  48.1
Catamarca            -9  48.1
Tucuman              -6  44.2
Villa de Maria           49.1
Sarmiento         -32.8  38.3
Ushuaia           -21.1  29.4
Maquinchao          -35  38
Pato Superior Valley-39
ARMENIA
Yerevan             -31  41.8
Kumairi             -35  36.2
Stepanavan          -34  35
Megri               -22  43.1
Shurabad (Paghakn)  -46  31
Aragats Highland    -39  21
AUSTRALIA
Canberra            -10  42.2
Brisbane Airport   -0.1  39.6
Brisbane City       2.3  43.2
Darwin             10.4  38.9
Adelaide City      -0.4  46.1*   * 47.6 also recorded at the West Terrace Station in February 1939
Adelaide Airport   -2.6  44
Sydney Airport     -0.1  45.2
Sydney Observatory  2.1  45.3
Perth Airport      -1.3  46.7
Perth City         -0.7  46.2
Albany             -0.2  45.6
Esperance           1.1  46.7
Carnarvon           2.4  47.8
Broome              3.3  44.8
Alice Springs Airp.-7.5  45.2
Cairns Airport      6.2  40.6
Mackay              4.4  39.4
Townsville          1.1  44.3
Melbourne City     -2.8  45.6
Hobart             -2.8  40.8
Birdsville         -1.7  49.5
Wilcannia            -5  50
Mardie                   50.5
Oodnadatta         -2.6  50.7
Charlotte Pass      -23  33.5
Norfolk Island AP   6.2  28.4
Kingston (Norfolk)       31.7*   * very dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Cocos Island AP    18.3* 32.4    * an old and unofficial temperature of 17.8C also recorded
Willis Island      16.4  35.2
Christmas Island   14.1  31.8
Heard Island      -10.6  21.6
AUSTRIA
Vienna            -25.3* 38.9    * unofficial -27C also recorded in February 1929
Klagenfurt        -27.8  37
Linz              -27.2  38
Salzburg          -31.1  37.7
Graz              -28.8  38
Innsbruck           -30  37.7
Dellach im Drautal       39.7
Sonnblick         -37.4  15
Grunloch          -52.6*         * unofficial, recorded in February 1932 in a frost hollow
AZERBAIJAN
Baku              -12.8  40
Zakataly          -22.8  38.9
Mingechevir         -10  42
Goytapa                  47.4
Great Caucasus Stat.-42*         * an unofficial reading of -45C also recorded
Ordubad (Nakhichivan)-33 46
Julfa (Nakhchivan)  -33  46
Stepanakert (Nagorno K.) -19  40
BAHAMAS
Nassau              5.2  36.5
Freeport              3  36
BAHRAIN
Manama Intl Air.    2.8  47.5
Awali              -0.5*         * questioned
BANGLADESH
Dhaka               6.1  42.2
Borga Thana           3  43
Rajshahi                 45.1
Srimangal           1.7  41.1
Jessore             2.2  42.8
Chittagong          7.2  38.9
BARBADOS
Bridgetown City    16.1  35
Gibbons Boggs        15
BELARUS
Minsk             -39.1  35
Gomel               -35  36.9
Vasilevichi         -36  38
Tolochin          -42.2
BELGIUM
Brussels          -20.5  37.4
Ostend            -16.8  36
Antwerp           -16.7  36.1
Gent              -20.6  37.6
Liege               -21* 38.4    * -24.4C also recorded in December 1783
Haacht            -25.5  38.7
Rochefort         -30.1
BELIZE
Belmopan              7  36
Belize City         7.8  37.8
Douglas Da Silva St.  6
Cayo College of Agricul. 42
BENIN
Porto Novo           16  37.5
Cotonou              17  36.7
Kandi               8.5  46
BHUTAN
Thimphu             -10  31
Punakha                  37.5
Phuentsholing            40
Bathpalathang       -12  27
Hurchi              -12
BOLIVIA
La Paz Downtown      -6  27.2
La Paz El Alto    -15.2  23
Charana           -23.8  26.2
Oruro             -22.4  26.4
Potosi            -14.1  24
Cochabamba           -7  35
Sucre                -5  32
Tarija               -8  39.3
Camiri             -5.2  44
Cobija                7  39.2
Santa Cruz          1.8  41.6
Uyuni             -25.7*         * unofficial temperature of -30C also reported
Villamontes          -7  46.7
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Sarajevo          -26.4  40
Mostar              -15  43.1*   * a questioned 46.2C of 1901 was likely taken in not proper conditions
Banja Luka (Sprska R.)  -27.4  41.4
Veliko Polje      -43.5
BOTSWANA
Gabarone           -6.5  43.9
Francistown        -6.5  41.1
Ghanzi             -8.5  42.2
Tshane               -8  41
Tsabong             -15  42.6
BRAZIL
Brasilia            2.1* 34.5*   * extreme temperatures of 1.6C and 36.0 were recorded at the Airport station
Sao Paulo Downtown -2.1* 35.3*   * extreme temperatures of -3.9C and 37.5C were recorded in other parts of the city
Rio de Janeiro      4.8  43.2
Salvador de Bahia  15.3  35.5
Recife               17  35.4
Fortaleza          17.6  35.8
Belem              18.4  37.6
Teresina           14.6  40.8
Manaus             17.2  39
Belo Horizonte      2.2  37.1
Porto Alegre         -4  40.7
Curitiba           -6.3  36
Campinas           -1.5  38.9
Foz do Iguacu      -4.1  40
Florianopolis        -1  38.8
Campo Grande       -3.4  40.1*   * a temperature of 42.0C was recorded at Airport Station
Orleans                  44.6
Bom Jesus do Piaui       44.8*   * questioned
Fazenda Descalvados      44.8*   * unofficial and questioned data recorded in November 1901
Sao Joaquim         -10  31.4
Xanxere           -11.6  39.9
Cacador             -14* 36.2    * unofficial
Sao Jose dos Ausentes -17*       * unofficial
Morro da Igreja   -17.8*         * unofficial
BRUNEI
Bandar Seri Begawan 18.4 38.3
BULGARIA
Sofia             -31.2  40.2
Plovdiv           -31.5  45
Varna             -24.3  41.4
Sadovo                   45.2
Mussala Peak      -31.6  20
Veliko Turnova      -38  43
Trun              -38.3
BURKINA FASO
Ouagadougou         8.5  46.2
Dori                5.7  47
BURUNDI
Bujumbura            11  36.1
Kisozi              4.6
CAMBODIA
Phnom Penh         12.8  40.5
Siam Reap             9  40
Battabang            10  41
Stoeng Treng          9  41.4
Sisophon            8.6  40.2
Val d'Emeraude        8
CAMEROON
Yaounde              11  35.7
Douala               18  37.7
Garoua               10  45.5
Maroua                8  45.9
Kousseri            9.7  47.7
Ngaoundere          3.2  38
Adamawa               3
Fako Peak          -2.7*         * unofficial
CANADA
Ottawa            -38.9  37.8*   * 38.9C also recorded in the old Observatory
Toronto City      -32.8  40.6
Montreal            -42  37.6
Quebec City       -36.7  36.1
Halifax           -29.4  37.2
Saint John's      -29.4  31.5
Calgary             -45  36.1
Edmonton          -49.4  37.2
Vancouver         -18.3  33.3*   * 35.0C also recorded in the Kitsilano station in July 1965
Victoria          -15.6  36.3
Regina              -50  43.9
Winnipeg          -47.8  42.3
Churchill         -49.4  36.9
Dawson            -58.3  35
Yelloknwife       -53.9  32.5
Sachs Harbour     -52.2  24.2
Eureka            -55.3  20.7
Alert               -50  20
Cape Dorset       -42.8  25
Midale            -48.3  45
Yellow Grass      -45.6  45
Snag              -62.8
Mount Logan       -77.5*        * unofficial
CAPE VERDE
Praia              13.3  37.2
Sal                  10  35.2
Monte Velha           5
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
Bangui               11  40.4
Bangassou          10.4  41.2
Birao               3.1* 45      * suspicious
CHAD
N'Djamena           7.2  47.8*   * a suspcious reading of 49.0C was also recorded in 1908
Faya                2.6  49.7
CHILE
Santiago           -6.8  37.5
Valparaiso            2  36
Arica                 1  33.6
Puerto Montt       -6.4  32.9
Temuco             -8.1  39
Traiguen           -5.8  40.6
Los Angeles        -5.7  41.6
Punta Arenas      -16.4  30
Balmaceda         -27.7  33.4
Monturaqui          -26  26
Ollague             -37
Coyhaique Alto      -37
Puesto Viejo        -40*         * unofficial
Evangelista Island -7.2  18.8    
Mataveri(Easter Isl.) 8  31.1
CHINA
Beijing           -27.4  42.6
Shanghai          -12.1  40.2
Nanjing           -16.9  43
Fuzhou             -1.7  41.7
Guangzhou (Canton)    0*  39.1   * unofficial record of -5.0C was set in January 1893
Shenzhen            1.6  38.7
Chongqing            -3  44
Chengdu            -5.9  40
Kunming            -7.8  32.2
Wuhan             -18.1  42
Xian              -20.6  42.9
Haikou              2.8  42
Shenyang          -33.1  39.3
Harbin            -41.4  39.2
Urumqi            -41.5  42.1
Lhasa             -16.5* 29.9    * questioned old readings as low as -20C have not been officialized by China
Turpan            -28.9  49.6
Mohe              -52.3  38
Hong Kong Observatory 0  36.1
Hong Kong Airport        37.4
Ta Kwu Ling (Hong Kong)  37.7
Tai Mon Shan Peak(H.Kong)-5.3
Macao              -1.8  38.9
Nansha Dao         20.1  39.2
COLOMBIA
Bogota Downtown    -1.5* 25*     * absolute records of -4C and 26C were recorded in different stations of the city
Bogota Airport     -6.4  25.2
Funza              -7.2
Medellin             10  33.6
Pereira              10  34.6
Cali               13.4  36.5
Barranquilla         18  39.2
Valledupar         18.4  40.6
Arauca             17.1  40.6
Baranoa              16  41
Barrancabermeja      16  41.5
Sierra Nevada del Cocuy  -9.8  22.8
San Andres Island    17  34.5
COMOROS
Moroni             13.6  35.6
Nzwani (Anjouan)   13.7  33.8
CONGO BRAZZAVILLE
Brazzaville        10.3  37.6
Ouesso             11.9  41
Pointe Noire       12.4  34.8
Sibiti              8.9
CONGO KINSHASA
Kinshasa           11.2  36.6
Lubumbashi          0.6  37.2
Kisangani          14.8  38.6
Sakania            -1.5
Katanaga Highlands   -4*         * unofficial
Noqui                    39.5
Yahila                   41
COSTA RICA
San Jose City       8.1  33.6
Alajuela             11  35.2
Liberia            12.8  40.1
Puntarenas           17  43*     * dubious
Canas                    42
Puerto Limon         17  34
La Fortuna           15  37
Poas Volcano         -6  27
Mount Chirripo       -9  24 
COTE D'IVOIRE
Yamoussoukro        8.2  40.3
Abidjan            14.7  36.2
Bouake                7  40
Odienne               8  41.7
Man                   6  39.4
CROATIA
Zagreb            -27.3* 40.4    * an unofficial temperature of -30.5C also recorded in February 1929
Dubrovnik            -7  39.4
Split                -9  38.6
Rijeka            -12.8  40
Osijek            -27.1  40.6
Karlovac                 42.4
Ploce                    42.8
Varazdin            -29  39.3
Gospic              -36* 36.1    * unofficial, questioned
CUBA
Havana Bay            6  36.2
Havana Rancho Boyero  0* 38.1    * unofficial reading recorded in 1939
Bainoa              0.6  36.3
Camaguey            7.2  37
Santiago             12  38
Guantanamo         11.9  38.6
Jucarito                 38.8
Manzanillo               38.8
CYPRUS
Nicosia            -5.6  44.4
Larnaca              -3  41.1
Prodromos         -10.2  35.5
Kyrenia (N.Cyprus)   -4  41
Lefkonico (North Cyprus) 44.2
CZECH REPUBLIC
Prague            -27.6  37.8
Prague Uhrineves    -29  40.2
Brno              -26.4  37
Budwels             -40
Litvinovice       -42.2
DENMARK
Copenhagen          -25  33.8
Aalborg           -27.2  34
Ronne             -20.5  32.6
Holstebro                36.4
Slagelse                 35.8
Klemensker               35.1
Horsted/Thy       -31.2
Nuuk(Greenland)   -29.5  24.2
Upernavik(Greenland)-41  20
Nord (Greenland)  -51.1  17
Northice(Greenland)-66.1
Summit (Greenland)-63.3  1.8
Kangerlussuaq (Green.)-47.2 25.5
Ivigtut (Greenland)-28.9 30.1
Torshavn (Faroe)  -13.5  22.1
Vaga Floghavn (Faroe)-12.3  26.3  
DJIBOUTI
Djibouti City        15  47.2
Djibouti Serpent         49.5*    * questioned
Tadjourah                49.5
Lac Assal                52.3*    * unofficial
Ali Sabieh         12.5
DOMINICA
Roseau             15.6  36.7
Roseau Botanic Gar.14.4* 37.2*    * suspicious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Melville Airport   16.1  34.3
Canefield Airport    18  35.4
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
Santo Domingo        13  37
Santo Domingo Airp.11.4  36
Puerto Plata       10.6  39.8
Santiago           11.2  39.8
Duverge            10.2  42.8
Constanza            -1  32.5
Valle Nuevo        -3.5
Duarte Peak          -8*         * unofficial
ECUADOR
Quito                 0  27*     * 29.9C was recorded at the Airport station
Guayaquil            14  37.3
La Libertad        15.6  39.6
Cuenca             -2.9  28
Tiputini             14  38
Zamora                6  35
Riobamba           -3.6  28.3
Hacienda Romerillos  -8
Chimborazo Volcano  -15*         * unofficial
San Cristobal (Galapagos)13.2  33.8
EGYPT
Cairo               0.8* 47.8    * a lowest reading  of -3.3C was recorded at Giza Station in 1920 
Alexandria          2.2  45.1
Kharga             -2.1  50.3
Aswan               1.6  48.9*   * questioned readings of 50.6C and 51C were recorded in the city early in the XX century
Luxor                -2  50
Port Said             0  45
Sharm El Sheik        5  45
Nekhel             -8.8  42.2
Jabal Katrinah      -15*         * unofficial
EL SALVADOR
San Salvador        8.2  38.5
San Salvador Airport  7  40.5
Acajutla           15.1  40.2
La Union             13  42
San Miguel         10.2  44.8
Montecristo         0.1  24
Los Naranjos       -3.1  32
Los Naranjos Valley  -4*        * unofficial reading of -6.1C was recorded in 1956
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Malabo               16  35.3
Bata                 15  35
Moka Valley           8
ERITREA
Asmara             -1.1  31.1
Massawa              10  48
Nokra                    49.1*  * suspicious, likely taken with not proper instruments
ESTONIA
Tallin            -34.4  34.3
Tartu             -38.6  35.2
Voru              -43.4  35.6
Jogeva            -43.5
ETHIOPIA
Addis Abeba Obser.    2* 31*    * extreme temperatures of -3.5C and 34.0C were recorded in other parts of the city
Jimma                -8  38
Sanetti Plateau     -15  26
Dire Dawa             3  42
K'elafo                  47.2
Dallol                   48.9
FIJI
Suva                 12  37.2
Nadi               11.7  36
Nacocolevu               39.4
Nadrau              6.5
Rotuma Island        17  34.1 
FINLAND
Helsinky Ilmala     -36  33.1
Helsinky Vantaa    -35.9 32.1
Helsinki Kaisaniemi-34.3 31.6
Turku             -35.5  35.9
Joensuu             -40  32
Tampere             -37  33.1
Jyvaskyla         -38.5  35
Inari             -48.7  34.7
Rovaniemi           -47  30.6
Kittila-Pokka     -51.5  30
Oulu              -41.5  33.3
Lappeenranta        -38  33.5
Lahti               -40  33.6
Kuopio              -41  33.7
Sodankyla         -49.5  31.7
Marienhamn (Aland)-32.9  31.3
FRANCE
Paris Downtown    -23.9  40.4
Paris St.Maur     -25.6
Paris Orly        -16.8  40
Nice               -7.4  37.7
Marseille         -16.8  39.7
Strasbourg        -23.4  38.5
Lille             -19.5  36.6
Bordeaux          -16.4  40.7
Perpignan           -11  40.5
Lyon              -24.6  40.5
Auxerre           -20.2  41.1
Caen              -19.6  38.9
Grenoble          -27.1  39.5
Limoges           -21.7  37.2
Nantes            -15.6  40.3
Montpellier       -17.8  37.5
Toulon               -9  40.1
Toulouse  Airport -19.2  40.7
Tolouse City             44*     * questioned
Conqueyrac               44.1
Saint Christol les Ales  44.1
Chamonix            -31  37.2
Mouthe              -41
Ajaccio            -8.1  40.3
Bastia               -5  38.3
St Pierre (St Pierre Miq.)-22.5  28.4
Cayenne (Fr.Guyana)     17.2  36
Maripasoula (Fr. Guyana)16.9  38.8
Saul (French Guyana)    12.2  36  
Fort de France(Martinique)13.4 35
Saint Pierre (Martinique)      37
Fonds-St-Denis (Martinique) 12
Camp Jacob (Guadeloupe) 12.1  33.4
St-Claude (Guadeloupe)   9.8
Basse Terre (Guadeloupe)  15  35
Anse Bertrand (Guadeloupe)    36.4
Gustavia  (Saint Barthelemy)  15.6  35.2
Orleans (Saint Martin)    17  36.4
Papeete (French Polynesia)14.9  34.5
Takaroa (French Polynesia)19.5  35.6
Rikitea (French Polynesia) 11   34.6
Rapa (French Polynesia)    8.5  31.6
Noumea (New Caledonia)    11.1  37.4
Boulouparis (New Caledonia)     39.9
Bourail (New Caledonia)    2.3
Hihifo (Wallis)           17.5  33.3
Maopoopo (Futuna)           19  34.9
Saint Denis (Reunion I.)  12.8  34
Port (Reunion I.)               36.9
La Plaine des Cafres (Reun.)-4
Dzaoudzi (Mayotte)      15.6  35
Tromelin Island         13.5  34.6
Glorioso Island         11.9  35.1
Juan de Nova Island       16  36
Europa Island            9.4  35.5
Port Aux Francais (Kerguelen) -9.4  23
Crozet Island           -4.5  22.8
Amsterdam Island         1.8  31.1
GABON
Libreville         16.1  35.1
Franceville          12  36
Lambarene          13.9  36.8
Mouila             12.7  37.2
Mekambo              10
GAMBIA
Banjul              7.2  43.6
Fatoto                   45.1
GEORGIA
Tbilisi           -24.4  40.6
Batumi             -9.5  40
Sukhumi (Abkhazia)  -14  41
To Psku (Abkhazia)  -27  41
Tskhinvali (S.Ossetia)-28 36
Kutaisi             -17  42
Chiatura            -20  42.5
Mt Kazbegi Met.Stat.-42  17
GERMANY
Berlin            -31.9  37.8
Bonn                -25  38.5
Frankfurt         -23.8  38.7
Munich            -31.6  37.1
Hamburg           -29.1  38.8
Stuttgart         -25.8  37.7
Essen               -24  36.6
Bremen            -23.6  37.6
Dresden           -30.5  36.9
Hannover            -26  38.1
Koln              -23.4  38.8
Leipzig           -25.1  37
Dusseldorf        -20.8  38.5
Karlsruhe         -25.4  40.2
Landesbut           -45*         * unofficial
Funtensee         -45.8*         * unofficial, questioned
Hull              -37.8
Zugspitze         -35.6  17.9
Freiburg im Breisgau-22.4  40.2
Garmersdorf              40.2
Perl-Nenning             40.3*   * originally 40.8C ,was later officialized with this value
Roth bei Nurnberg        40.4*   * unofficial, likely taken with not proper instruments
GHANA
Accra                15  37.8
Kumasi             10.6  38.9
Dormaa-Ahenkro      8.9
Navrongo                 43.9
GREECE
Athens Hellinikon    -4  42
Athens Votanikos  -10.4  44.3
Elefsina             -5  48
Tatoi              -8.8  48
Thessalonik         -14  44
Patras             -6.5  43.5
Heraklion (Crete)  -0.8  44.4*   * a questioned 45.7C was recorded in the city station in 1916
Rhodes Airport       -4  42
Larissa           -21.6  45.4
Ptolemaida        -27.8
GRENADA
Saint George's Airp. 18  34
Richmond Hill            34.4
Grand Etang          13
GUATEMALA
Guatemala City      4.2  34.5
San Jose             12  40
Flores                9  42
Estanzuela            7  45
Puerto Barrios       11  39.6
Coban               0.8  34.2
Chichicastenango   -8.5  31.4
Huehuetenango      -5.5  34
Quetzaltenango      -11  33
Labor Ovalle      -11.5
GUINEA
Conakry            16.1  38.2
Labe                3.8  40
Bareing             2.5
Boke                9.2  43.3*   * a dubious reading of 46.5C also recorded under not proper conditions
GUINEA BISSAU
Bissau Downtown    12.2  41.1
Bafata               10  43.6
Farim                 7  43.2
GUYANA
Georgetown         16.6  37.2
Mazaruni             15  37.8
Kaieteur Falls       13
Ebini                    39
Lethem                   39
Mount Roraima         0*        * unofficial
HAITI
Port au Prince       15  38.2
Turgueau                 40.3
Fort des Pins         1
Seguin                1
HONDURAS
Tegucigalpa         3.9  37.8
San Pedro Sula       10  43.3
Santa Rosa de Copan 4.8  35.5
La Esperanza       -0.6
HUNGARY
Budapest Downtown -23.4  40.6
Budapest Airport  -26.4  40.7
Debrecen          -31.6  40.2
Szeged            -29.1  39.8
Pecs                -27  41.3
Csongrad                 41.6
Bekescsaba               41.7
Kiskunhalas              41.9
Miskolctapolca      -35
ICELAND
Reykjavik         -24.5  24.8
Akureyri            -33  29.4
Teigarhorn        -22.9  30.5
Grimsstaoir         -38
Moorudalur          -38
INDIA
New Delhi          -0.6  47.2
Mumbai Airport      7.4  43.3
Mumbai Downtown    11.7  40.6
Kolkata (Calcutta)    5  43.9
Chennai (Madras)   13.9  45
Bangalore           7.8  41
Allahabad          -0.7  48.8
Lucknow              -1  47.7
Jaipur             -2.2  48.5
Nagpur                4  48.6
Hyderabad           6.1  45.5
Jammu               0.6  47.2
Chandigarh            0  46.5
Bikaner              -4  49.4
Ganganagar         -1.1  50
Alwar                    50.6
Pachpadra                50.6
Cherrapunji         0.6  30.6
Srinagar          -14.4* 38.3    * a questioned -20.0C also recorded in February 1895
Leh               -28.6  33.9
Dras                -45* 33      * Dras temperatures were taken under not standard exposure conditions
Siachen Glacier     -55*         * unofficial
Sia La              -55*         * unofficial
Minnicoy Island    16.7  36.7
Port Blair (Andaman)14.6 37.2
Car Nicobar (Nicobar)18.9 35
INDONESIA
Jakarta Observat.  18.9* 36.7    * a lowest of 17.4C recorded at the Soekarno Airport
Jakarta Perdanakusuma 16.9 
Surabaya             17  38.8
Semarang             17  38.7
Medan              17.2  36
Ujung Pandang      14.4  38.4
Den Pasar (Bali)     17  37.5
Bandung            11.3  34.4
Bima                     39.2
Cirebon Jatiwangi        39.5
Diyeng              0.5
Mount Pangerango    0.5  20.7
Puncak Jaya          -8*         * unofficial
IRAN
Tehran            -20.6  42.8
Abadan               -5  51.8
Ahvaz                -7  52.2
Omidieh                  52.5
Jask                  5  45
Esfahan           -19.4  43.3
Shiraz              -14  43.2
Tabriz              -25  42
Mashad              -28  43.8
Saqqez            -36.1
IRAQ
Baghdad            -8.5* 50.4   * unofficial temperature of -12.2C also recorded
Basra              -4.7  51
Ash Shu'aybah      -7.2  51.7
Kirkuk               -7  49.5
Nassirya Airport   -7.2  50
Najaf              -7.2  51.2
Mossul            -17.6  51.1
Ad-Diwaniyah       -8.3  51.7
IRELAND
Dublin            -15.6  30.6
Cork               -9.4  29.4
Shannon           -11.9  31.6
Valentia           -7.3  29.8
Kilkenny Castle     -14  33.3
Markree Castle    -19.1  29.4
ISRAEL
Tel Aviv City      -1.9  46.5
Jerusalem          -6.7  42.2
Haifa                -3  43.7
Ramat David       -11.5  44
Beer Sheva           -5  46.2
Eilat               0.9  47.4
Sedom                 3  48.8
Qalya (West Bank)        51.2
Jericho (West Bank)   0  50.5
East Jerusalem (West Bank) -6.7  44.4
Hebron (West Bank) -7.1
Gaza (Gaza Strip)    -2   45.9
Tirat Tsvi                53.7
Bet Netofa        -13.7
Mount Avital      -14.3*          * an unofficial -18.5C was also recorded in 1981 on the bottom of the crater
ITALY
Rome City          -8.2  42
Rome Ciampino Air.  -11  40.6
Rome Fiumicino Air.-7.8  38.6
Milan City        -17.2  39.8
Turin City          -21  41.4
Turin Airport     -21.8  37.4
Florence City       -13  42
Florence Airport  -23.2  42.6
Venice            -13.5* 36.6    * -17.5C were recorded in January 1709
Genoa                -8  37.8
Bologna           -18.8  39.8
Perugia           -15.8  40
Naples               -5  40
Bari               -5.9  45.6
Palermo Observatory-0.5  44.6*   * a questioned 45.5 also recorded in August 1885
Cagliari           -4.8  43.7
Catenanuova              48.5
Plateau Rosa      -34.6  17
Mount Rose          -41  7.3
Gran Gioves         -42
Livigno             -38* 29      * unofficial reading of -43C was claimed in February 1956 in the lowest parts of the town
JAMAICA
Kingston           13.3  36.4
Montego Bay        12.8  36.2
Bodles                   37.2
Castleton Gardens        37.8*   * suspicious
Mandeville           10
Blue Mount.Range    0.7  23.3
JAPAN
Tokyo City         -9.2  39.5
Osaka City         -7.5  39.1
Kyoto              -9.4  38.6
Sendai            -11.7  36.8
Sapporo             -25  36
Yamagata            -20  40.8
Tajimi                   40.9
Kumagaya                 40.9
Mount Fujiyama    -35.5  18.2
Asahikawa           -41  36
Nagoya            -10.3  39.9
Nagasaki Airport     -7  37.6
Hiroshima            -9  37.9
Naha (Okinawa)        5  35.6
Iwo To Island        12  34.4
Minamitorishima Is.12.8  36
JORDAN
Amman              -6.5  43.4
Aqaba               0.6  48.8
Ma'an              -8.4  42.5
Shoubak             -12
KAZAKHSTAN
Astana            -51.6  42.2
Almaty            -37.7  43
Atbasar           -44.8  42.2
Semey             -51.4  42.1
Kazalinsk           -40  44
Pavlodar          -47.2  41
Karamola            -33  47
Turkestan         -38.6  49.1
KENYA
Nairobi               2  32.8
Mombasa              14  38.9
Garissa            13.9  41
Wajir                    42.6
Eldoret             1.1  30.6
Chagaik Estate     -2.2
Teleki Valley       -11
Mount Kenya         -19*         * unofficial
KIRIBATI
Bonriki (Tarawa)     21  35.3
London               19  33
Butaritari         18.9  35
Arorae             20.7  36.8*   * suspicious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Tabuareran         18.3
Christmas Island   18.9  34.4
Beru               20.3  34.7
Banaba               20  35.6
KUWAIT
Al Kuwait Airport    -4  51.3
Kuwait City        -4.4*         * unofficial
Al Wafra                 51.5
Abdaly                   51.9
KYRGYZSTAN
Bishkek             -34  43.8
Chuy                     44
Ak Say            -53.6  23.5
LAOS
Vientiane           2.4  41.1
Luang Prabang         0  44.8*   * dubious, likelt taken with not proper instruments
Savannakhet           4  42
Xiang Khoang       -3.2  37
LATVIA
Riga              -34.9  35
Liepaja           -32.9  33.7
Aluksne           -37.4  33.3
Daugavpils        -43.2  36.4
LEBANON
Beirut Observatory -1.1  43.2
Beirut Nazareth    -1.5  44
Tripoli            -2.3  39.6
Ksara             -18.3  41.2
Yammoune          -22.7
Haouch ed Dahab          47 
LESOTHO
Maseru              -10  38.5
Lets'eng-La-Draai   -21
LIBERIA
Monrovia Downtown    18  36.5
Roberts Int.Airport 12.8 36.7
Sikombe                  40.6
LIBYA
Tripoli Airport      -1  48.5
Misurata              0  48.9
Benghasi              0  45.6
Ghadames             -8  48
Murzuk               -1  49
Hon                  -9  48.5
LIECHTENSTEIN
Vaduz               -26  36
LITHUANIA
Vilnius           -37.2  35.4
Kaunas            -36.3  35.1
Zarasai                  37.5
Utena             -42.9
LUXEMBOURG
Luxembourg        -23.1   37.9
Larochette          -23   37
Wiltz             -24.3
Clemency          -24.3
MACEDONIA
Skopje            -25.6  43.2
Bitola            -29.4  41.2
Berovo            -31.5  39
Demir Kapija             45.7
MADAGASCAR
Antananarivo          1  35
Toamasina (Tamatave)11.3 38.6
Toliara             6.1  42.2
Arivonimamo          -1  32.4
Nanokeli           -8.5
Mount Andringitra   -11  30
Andringitra Massif  -16*         * unofficial
Behara                   44.4
Tranoroa                 46.5*   * suspicious
Diego Suarez Island  15  37
MALAWI
Lilongwe           -0.5  38.9
Blantyre            6.5  38
Zomba                 7  35
Mzuzu                -2*         * unofficial
Nsanje (Port Herald)     43.9
Makhanga                 44.5
MALAYSIA
Kuala Lumpur       17.7  37.2
Penang               18  37
Kuching            17.5  39.5
Chuping                  40.1
Cameron Highlands   7.8* 26.7    * an unofficial lowest of 2.2C was recorded in January 1937
MALDIVES
Male               17.2  36
Kadhdhoo                 36.8
MALI
Bamako              6.1  46.1
Kayes               8.8  48.1
Gao                 6.5  48
Timbuctu            4.8  48.5
Nioro du Sahel           48.8*   * dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Kidal               0.5  47.8
MALTA
Valletta            1.1  40.5
Luqa Airport        1.4  43.8
Balzan              2.6  43.1
Ta'Qali            -1.7*         * questioned
MARSHALL ISLANDS
Majuro               20  33.3
Kwajalein            20  33.3
Eniwetok                 34.4
Ujelang                  35
Jaluit               20  36.7*   * very dubious
MAURITANIA
Nouakchott          3.9  47
Bir el Moghrein       1  49.1
Akjoujt                  50
Moudjeria                50*     * dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
MAURITIUS
Port Louis         11.5* 37.5    * 9.9C recorded at the Pamplemousse Botanical Garden
Agalega Island     16.9  35.1
Rodrigues Island   14.5  34
Cargados Island    15.9  35.1
Vacoas              7.7  31.6
Belle Rive          6.5	
MEXICO
Mexico City        -4.4* 33.9    * -9.6C was recorded on the hilltops of the city in January 1941
Acapulco             11  40.5
Manzanillo         12.2  39.4
Guadalajara        -5.5  39.6
Puebla               -5  37.8
Monterrey City     -8.5* 46.5    * unofficial -15C were recorded in February 1895 in the highest parts of the city 
Tijuana            -3.3  40
La Paz             -0.6  43.1
Tampico            -2.5  44
Ciudad Victoria    -6.1  46
Cancun              7.2  38.9
Merida                5  43.1*   * a record of 45.0C was reported in the city northern station
Mexicali             -8  52
Chihuahua           -15  41.2
La Rosilla        -26.2
San Juanito         -27
Balerio           -28.5*         * unofficial
MICRONESIA
Palikir            18.3  36.1
Joy Island           18  35
Truk                 19  36.1
Yap                17.8  35.1
MOLDOVA
Chisinau          -31.5  39.4
Bratuseni         -35.5
Ialoveni                 41
Cahul                    41
Slobodzya (Transnistria) 41.9
Tiraspol (Transnistria) -32  41
MONACO
Monaco Ville
Monte Carlo         -2.3  34
Monaco Observatory    -3
MONGOLIA
Ulaan Bataar        -49  38.6
Buyant-Uhaa         -37  40
Khongor                  44
Uvs Lake            -56
MONTENEGRO
Podgorica Downtown -9.6  44.8
Podgorica Airport   -12  42.3
Rozaje              -32  36
MOROCCO
Rabat Sale         -3.2  48
Rabat Ville          -1  47.8
Casablanca         -2.7  43.5
Fez                -7.9  47.1
Tangier            -4.2  43.5 
Agadir             -2.6  48.9*   * a 51.6C record of August 1940 was likely taken with not proper instruments
Marrakech            -5  46.6*   * a questioned 49C was likely taken with not proper instruments
Ifrane            -23.9  37
El Aaiun(W.Sahara)  2.8  47.2
Semara (W.Sahara)   2.8  50.7
MOZAMBIQUE
Maputo              6.5  45.5
Pafuri                1  46
Maue               -2.8  37.4
Umbeluzi                 47.1
Zumbo               3.5  48.8*   * dubious
MYANMAR
Naypydaw *           10  41.1    * scattered data of  Pyinmana are used
Yangon (Rangoon)    9.2  42
Mandalay            5.5  45.6
Minbu                    45.8
Magwe                    46
Lashio             -2.5  41
Haka                 -6
NAMIBIA
Windhoek           -3.9  39
Gobabis            -6.9  39
Walvis Bay          3.4  36
Walvis Bay Airport    0  40.5
Luderitz Point      0.2  42.9
Noordoewer               47.8
Stampriet         -10.5
NAURU
Yaren              18.9  35.9*   * a record of 37.2C in 1898 was taken under not proper exposure conditions
NEPAL
Kathmandu          -3.5  37.8
Pokhara             1.8  38
Chisapani                46
Dhangadi                 46.4
Thakmarpha          -26
NETHERLANDS
Amsterdam           -24  36.8
The Hague           -25  37
Vlissingen        -19.6  35
Eindhoven           -20  36.4
Maastricht        -20.2  38.4
Rotterdam         -20.3  36.5
Warnsveld                38.6
Winterswijk       -27.4
Curacao Airp.(Net.Ant.)   20  38.3
Willemstad (Net.Ant.)     17  38.9
Bonaire (Net.Antilles)  18.9  36.7
Saint Marteen (Net.Ant.)  17  35.1
Saint Eustatius (N.Ant.)16.4  34.3
Oranjestad (Aruba)      18.9  37.2
Queen Beatrix AP (Aruba)20.3  36.5
NEW ZEALAND
Wellington         -1.9  31.1
Auckland           -0.6  34.4
Kaitaia             -1   30.5
Christchurch        -10  42*     * highest temperature  was recorded in the Gardens Station
Dunedin            -8.8  36
Invercargill         -8  32.2
Ruatoria                 39.2
Rangiora                 42.4
Jordan                   42.4
Chateau Tongariro -13.6  30
Ophir             -21.6
Raoul Island        7.2  29.8  
Chatam Island      -1.6  23.6
Campbell Island    -6.7  21
Alofi (Niue)           11.5  34
Vaipapahi (Niue)       10.7  34.3
Niue Airport (Niue)    10.9  33.1
Aitutaki(Cook Islands) 12.8  35.6
Mauke  (Cook Islands)  13.1  34.8
Avarua-Rarotonga(Cook)  8.9  33.9
Penrhyn (Cook Islands) 15.6  37.3*  * questioned, likely taken with not proper instruments
Pukapuka (Cook Islands)17.8  37.2*  * questioned, likely taken with not proper instruments
Atafu (Tokelau)              37.9*  * suspicious
Nukunono (Tokelau)           35.5
Fakaofo (Tokelau)        19*        * a highly suspicious reading of 16.7C was recorded in August 1952
NICARAGUA
Managua              14  39
Jinotega            8.9  34.2
Ocotal              7.7  39
Chinandega           10  42
Leon                 13  40.1
Rivas              16.3  36.6   
Bluefields         16.1  39.4
NIGER
Niamey              8.3  47
Agadez             -1.1  46.1*   * a suspicios reading of 48.5C also recorded in May 1940
Bilma                -3  48
Tillabery             6  48.5
NIGERIA
Abuja                 8  41
Lagos              13.9  37
Port Harcourt      13.9  37.2
Ilorin                9  40
Kano                  5  43.3
Sokoto              7.2  47.2
Hadejia                  47.2
Dumjeri                  48.9*   * very dubious
Jos                 4.4  34.4
NORTH KOREA
Pyongyang         -30.2  37.7
Chunggangjin      -43.6  38
Wonsan                   39.6
NORWAY
Oslo Airport        -26  34.2
Oslo Observatory    -29  35
Bergen            -16.3  31.8
Trondheim         -26.1  35
Tromso            -18.4  30.2
Hammerfest          -21  28
Nesbyen           -35.5  35.6
Roros             -50.3  30
Kautokenio        -50.3
Karasjok          -51.4  32.4
Bjornoya Island   -31.6  23.6
Hopen Island      -36.9  17.8
Jan Mayen Island  -28.4  18.1
Longyearbyen(Svalbard)   -46.3  21.3
Gronfjorden (Svalbard)   -49.4
OMAN
Muscat              9.4  49
Salalah              10  47.2
Adam                     50.2
Fahud                    50.3
Buraimi                  50.8
Saiq               -3.6
Jabal ash Sham       -5*         * unofficial
PAKISTAN
Islamabad          -4.3  46.6
Lahore City        -2.2  48.3
Karachi               0  47.8
Sibi                     52.6
Jacobabad          -3.9  52.8
Peshawar           -3.9  50
Quetta            -18.3  42
Sakardu           -22.2
Astore              -26
PALAU
Melekeok
Nekken Forestry    18.9  34.4
Koror                20  35*     * suspicious :next highest record is 34.4C 
PANAMA
Panama City        17.5  38
Puerto Colon       18.9  36.1
San Francisco            40
Bajo Grande           2
Baru Volcano         -6*         * unofficial
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Port Moresby       14.4  37.2
Lae                17.3  38.7
Erap                     38.9
Goroka              6.1  30.6
Tambul             -2.3
Kieta (Bougainville) 18  36
PARAGUAY
Asuncion  Airport    -1  42
Asuncion Center    -1.7  43.3
Ciudad del Este      -3  40.2
Encarnacion          -6  42
Concepcion         -2.8  42.6
Pedro Pena               44.8*   * unofficial 46C also recorded
Prats Gill         -7.5  44.4*   * unofficial 46C also recorded
PERU
Lima Airport        8.7  33.9
Iquitos            12.2  39
Cuzco                -9  30
Arequipa             -4  30
Tacna                 0  36.1
Neshuya                  41.1
Chuapalca         -28.2
PHILIPPINES
Manila Downtown    14.5* 38.6    * 13.5C also recorded in February 1767
Iloilo Island        18  37
Tuguegarao         12.2  42.2
Baguio                3  29.7
Mount Pulog          -8*         * unofficial
Davao (Mindanao)   16.2  37.3
Cotabato (Mindanao)16.1  37.2
Ge.Santos (Mindanao)18.5  38.5
POLAND
Warsaw            -33.7  36.4
Lodz              -30.3  37.6
Krakow            -29.9  36.7
Poznan            -28.5  38.2
Proszkow (Opole)         40.2
Siedlce             -41  35.5
Rabka             -42.2*         * unofficial, temperatures as low as -46C also reported nearby in 1929
PORTUGAL
Lisbon             -2.8  43
Porto                -5  40.1
Faro               -1.2  44.3
Amareleja                47.3
Penhas da Saude     -16
Miranda do Douro    -16
Funchal (Madeira)   4.4  38.5*   * a questioned reading of 39.4C also recorded
Arieiro Peak (Madeira)   -3.9
Porto Santo (Madeira) 5  35
Cerrado dos Bezerros (Azores) 0.3  26.5
Santa Maria (Azores)4.8  30.7*   * a record of 32.2C was reported in a island's inland station
Horta               4.3  31.1
Santa Cruz das Flores    31.1
QATAR
Doha Airport        3.8  49.6
ROMANIA
Bucharest           -32  41.6
Timisoara         -35.3  41
Iasi              -36.6  40.1
Cluj              -34.2  38
Constanta           -25  38.5
Galati            -28.6  40.5      
Ion Sion                 44.5
Bod               -38.5
RUSSIA
Moscow            -42.2  36.7
St.Petersburg     -35.9  34.6
Nizhniy Novgorod  -41.4  36.4
Kaliningrad       -33.3  36.5
Archangelsk       -45.2  34.4  
Murmansk          -39.4  32.9
Novosibirsk         -50  38
Omnsk               -49  40.4
Pechora             -56  34.9
Ust'Schugor (Europe)-58.1
Elista              -34  42.9
Grozny (Chechnya) -31.5  41.4
Sochi               -15* 39      * -24.3C also recorded in the Agro Station in January 1881
Astrakhan           -33  41
Krasnoyarsk       -52.8  36.2
Irkutsk           -49.7  37.2
Verkhojansk       -69.8* 37.3    * questioned, accurate figure must have been -67.6C
Oymyakon          -67.7* 33.3    * an extrapolated data of -71.2C also on records
Yakutzk           -64.4  38.3
Vladivostok Airport -36  36
Vladivostok Port  -31.4  33.6
Yuzhno-Kuril'ske  -20.3  30.5
Aleysk (Asia)       -46  41.6
Golomjannyj Island-48.9  13
RWANDA
Kigali                9  35.4
Butare              9.5  31.4
Ruasa                 7
ST KITTS AND NEVIS
Basseterre           17  35.1
Golden Rock Airport16.1  33.7
Charlestown (Nevis)  18  32.7
ST LUCIA
Soufriere          13.9  36.1
Castries           15.6  35.6
Hewanorra Airport  17.4  33.1
ST VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
Kingstown Airport    18  35.6
Camden Park              35.6
Kingstown Downtown 16.7  33.9
SAMOA
Apia               16.1  34.9
Alaufa             15.3  34.9
Asau               16.8  35.3
Afiamalu           11.1  29.2
SAN MARINO
San Marino City   -12.9  39.9
Serravalle               38.9
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
Sao Tome           13.3  36
Sto Antonio(Principe)15.6 33.4
Roca                8.7
Mount Cafe            5*         * unofficial
SAUDI ARABIA
Ryad               -7.2  48.9
Jeddah                9  49
Yenbo               6.3  49.5
Medina               -1  49
Makkah                7  49.8
Abqaiq                   51.7
Dhahran            -0.6  51
Turaif              -12  47.8
SENEGAL
Dakar              11.6  42.7
Saint Louis           6  45
Matam               6.8  48.8
Kaolak              7.9  46.6
Ziguinchor (Casam.) 7.8  45
Tambacounda         7.2  47
Diourbel            4.2  47.5
SERBIA
Belgrade          -26.2  43.6
Novi Sad          -30.7  41.6
Kraljevo          -27.1  44.3
Smederevska Palanka-32.6 44.9
Cuprija           -28.4  44.6
Nis               -23.7  44.2
Sjenica             -38  35.6
Karajukica Bunari   -39
Pristina (Kosovo) -26.3  40
Prizren (Kosovo)  -23.4  42
Gnjilane (Kosovo) -32.5
SEYCHELLES
Victoria           19.4  34.9
Aldabra Atoll      19.5  36.3
SIERRA LEONE
Freetown Airport     15  38.6
Bo                   12  38.5
Makene                9  39.5
SINGAPORE
Singapore Downtown 18.9  36.1
Singapore Airport  19.4  36
SLOVAKIA
Bratislava          -36  38.6
Kosice              -27  39
Komarno                  39.8
Hurbanovo                40.3
Viglas Pstrus-Dolina -41
SLOVENIA
Ljubljana         -26.4  38.8
Kocevje             -32  38
Murska Sobota       -31  39.8
Maribor           -25.8  38.8
Crnomelj                 40.6
Babno-Polje       -34.5
Lepa Komna        -41.7*         * recorded in an experimental station
SOLOMON ISLANDS
Honiara            16.6  35.6
Tulaghi                  35.6
Lata                     35.6
SOMALIA
Mogadishu            15  39.8
Kisimayo             18  37.8
Baidoa             16.1  38.9
Bosaso                   45
Laasa Jaddad          6
Berbera (Somaliland)14.4 47.7
Hargeysa (Somaliland)2.7 37.7
Erigavo (Somaliland)-3.3*        * very dubious, like taken with not proper instruments
SOUTH AFRICA
Cape Town Observ.   1.4  40.9
Cape Town Wingfield-2.2  41.3
Pretoria City      -6.1  38.2
Pretoria Airport   -1.4  37.9
Bloemfontein      -12.2  39.3
Johannesburg       -8.2  35.4
Durban              2.6  41.9
Port Elizabeth     -0.5  40.7
Sutherland          -16  35.5
Buffelsfontein    -18.6  35
Komatiport               48
Vioolsdrif               48.8
Marion Island      -6.8  23.8
SOUTH KOREA
Seoul             -24.4  38.4
Incheon Airport   -20.9  38.9
Pusan               -15  36
Pyongjang-dong      -29  37
Taegu             -20.2  40
Cheju                -5  36
Koryong           -30.6
Yangpyong         -32.6
SPAIN
Madrid Observat.  -12.5  44.3
Madrid Airport    -14.8  42.2
Barcelona Observat. -10  39.8
Barcelona Airport  -7.2  37.3
Seville            -5.8  47
La Coruna            -3  39.6
Valencia             -8  42.5
Alicante           -6.2  41.6
Grenada Airport   -14.2  42.6
Malaga City        -0.9  43.3
Leon              -17.4  38.2
Bilbao Observatory -8.6  42.5
Ibiza                -3  36.6
Albacete Los Llanos -24  42.6
Murcia             -5.5  47.8
Estany Gento        -32
St Mauricio Nat.Park-34*         * unofficial
Ceuta               1.3  38.5
Melilla               0  41.8
Tenerife South AP (Canary)7  44.8
Sabinar Lomo Negro(Canary)   49
Izana (Canary)     -9.8  30.4
Pico de la Teide (Canary) -16.8  25.8
Canada de la Grieta (Canary) -21*     * unofficial 
SRI LANKA
Colombo City       15.2  36.2
Trincomalee          16  39.8
Anuradhapura             39.9
Nuwara Eliya       -2.7  27.3
SUDAN
Khartoum            5.2  47.7
Port Sudan           10  47.5
Wadi Halfa            3  49
Zalingei           -1.2  42.7
Dongola             2.7  49.7
Juba (Sout.Sudan)  11.1  43.8
Kosti (Sout.Sudan)  7.5  46.2
El Fasher (Sout.Sudan) 0.6  46
SURINAME
Paramaribo Airport   15  37.8
Placers L en F de Jong 17 39.3
Sipaliwini         14.8
SWAZILAND
Mbabane            -6.1  37.2
Manzini               0  40
Sidvokodvo (Dearn)       46
SWEDEN
Stockholm Observ.   -32  36
Stockholm Bromma  -32.8  35.3
Goteborg          -26.4  34.1
Malmo               -28  34
Linkoping           -32  34.6
Vasteras          -36.5  36
Malilla           -33.8  38
Ultuna                   38
Uppsala           -39.5  37.4
Lainio              -45  34
Karesuando          -49* 32.5    * an unofficial reading of -54C was recorded in the churchyard of the town
Jokkmokk            -46  34
Sveg                -42  36
Lule                -41  32.2
Pite              -41.5  34.9
Nikkaluokta       -49.4  28.5  
Vuoggatjalme      -52.6
Malgovik            -53*         * very questioned, recorded with private equipments
Buttle (Gotland Is.)-32.8  35.2
Ekerum (Oland Is.)  -29.2
Mossen (Oland Is.)         34.5
SWITZERLAND
Bern              -23.3  37
Geneva            -19.9  38.3
Zurich Observat.  -24.2  37.7
Zurich Airport    -24.8  38
Basel             -24.1  39
Roveredo                 39.3
Grono               -13  41.5*   * faulty data, recorded with not proper instruments: highest estimated was 40C
Lugano              -14  38
Saentis             -32  21
Jungfraujock      -35.4  12.7
La Brevine        -41.8  33.7
Glattalp          -52.5*         * unofficial,recorded in a hollow frost
SYRIA
Damascus Airport  -13.5  45.8
Aleppo            -12.8  47
Palmyra           -10.4  48.3
Deir El Zor       -10.4  47.2
Abukmal                  49
Hassakah            -11  49.4
Tel Abiadh        -16.5
Sirghaya          -18.5
TAIWAN
Taipei             -0.2  38.8
Taitong             7.4  39.7
Chenggong                40.2
Taichung             -1
Alishan           -11.5  25.5
Yushan North Peak -18.4
TAJIKISTAN
Dushanbe            -29  44
Khorog              -32  38.2
Rangkul           -33.9
Murghob             -47  28
Shaymak           -51.6  27
Eastern Pamir       -63*         * dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Qurghonteppa             46
Isanbay                  47
Kolkhozabad              47
Shaartuz                 47
Nizhniy Pyandzh     -20  48*     * dubious
TANZANIA
Dar es Salaam Air. 12.8  35.9
Dodoma              7.6  36.7
Tanga              15.5  35.2
Mbeya                -2  32
Shume (Neu Hornow) -2.1
Moshi                 8  38.9
Kilimanjaro Airport   6  38.7
Kisauni (Zanzibar)   16  39.4
Wete (Pemba)       15.6
Mount Kilimanjaro  -22*          * unofficial
THAILAND
Bangkok             9.9  40.8
Pattaya            14.6  37.3
Phuket Town        16.9  37.8
Krabi              17.9  39.1
Koh Chiang           15  36.9
Koh Lanta          19.1  38.5
Koh Samui          18.6  36.5
Surat Thani        12.4  39.7
Narathiwat         17.1  39
Chiang Mai          3.7  41.8
Chiag Rai           1.5  41.3
Udon Thani          2.5  43.9
Ubon Ratchathani    7.6  42.4
Sakon Nakhon       -1.4  42.3
Uttaradit           4.5  44.5
Doi Inthanon         -8
Mt.Luang Chiang Dao  -9*         * unofficial
TIMOR LESTE
Dili               11.8  36.7
Bazar-Tete           16  36
Viqueque             12  38
Liquica                  41.1*   * very dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Aileu               8.3
Hato Builico          1  25
TOGO
Lome               14.3  37.6
Sokode               10  41.2
Mango              10.1  44.4
Palime              9.8
TONGA
Nuku'Alofa           10  33.1
Fuaamotu            8.7  34
Keppel Island      11.1  34.6
Vava'u             14.1  35
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
Port of Spain      15.6  36.5
Tobago Airport     18.5  34
Chaguaramas              37.8
Penal                15
TUNISIA
Tunis                -2  48
Bizerte              -2  47.7
Djerba                0  48
Gafsa              -6.1  49.5
Kebili               -5  50
El Borma                 50.1
Burj al-Hattabah     -9
TURKEY
Ankara Downtown   -24.9  40
Ankara Airport    -31.2  41.2
Istanbul          -16.1  40.5
Izmir             -11.1  43.2
Erzurum             -40  36.2
Antalya            -7.7  45.2
Diyarbakyr        -24.2  46.2
Sanliurfa         -12.4  46.8
Dalaman                  48.5
Agri (Karakose)   -45.6
TURKMENISTAN
Ashkabad            -26  46.7*   * unofficial reading of 48C also recorded
Krasnovodsk       -21.9  44.7
Repetek Reserve     -31  50.1
Kushka            -33.8  46
Chesme              -35  49
TUVALU
Funafuti             20  34.4
Nui *              19.5  35.2
UGANDA
Kampala              10  36.2
Kabale              2.8  30
Arua                 10  38
Kitgum                   39.4
Soroti                   40.1*   * dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Rwenzori Range     -7.7*         * unofficial
UKRAINE
Kyiv              -32.2  39.4
Simferopol        -25.2  39.3
Yalta             -17.8  39
Sevastopol          -22  38
Odessa              -29  39.3
Dnepropetrovsk    -29.7  40.1
Kherson             -33  41
Sarata                   41
Pavlohrad                41.2
Lukhansk          -41.9  41
Playi               -42*         * unofficial
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Abu Dhabi           5.4  49.2
Sharjah             2.5  48.4
Dubai               7.4  47.5
Fujirah            10.8  48.4
Ras al Khaimah      4.4  48.8
Liwa                     50.3
Rekna                -1
Ra'alat al-Jees      -5*         * unofficial
UNITED KINGDOM
Greater London    -18.8* 38.1    * - 21.1C also recorded in December 1796 and January 1795
London Greenwich  -16.1  37.5
Birmingham        -20.8  34.9
Liverpool           -14  35
Manchester          -24  33.9
Aberdeen          -19.3  30
Glasgow           -18.7  31.1
Edinburgh         -17.4  31.4
Cardiff           -16.7  34.5
Belfast           -12.8  30.8
Lossiemouth         -27  31
Blackadder          -31*         * unofficial and  questioned reading recorded in December 1879
Brogdale (England)       38.5*   * questioned
Hawarden Bridge (Wales)  35.2
Greycrook (Scotland)     32.9
Knockarevan (N.Ireland)  30.8
Newport (England)       -26.1 
Braemar (Scotland)      -27.2
Altnaharra (Scotland)   -27.2
Rhyader (Wales)         -23.3
Magherally (N.Ireland)  -17.5
Jersey St Louis      -10.3  36
Jersey Airport       -10.9  35
St.Aubin (Jersey)      -11
Guernsey Airport      -7.2  34.3
Saint Peter (Guernsey)-8.4
Isle of Man Airport   -9.1  28.9
Douglas (Isle of Man)-11.7
Kirkwall (Orkney)     -7.8  25.6
Lerwick (Shetland)    -8.9  21.9
Stornoway (Hebridean)-12.2  26.3 
St.Mary's (Scilly Is.)  -7  27.8  
Gibraltar             -2.9  40.6
Hamilton (Bermuda)     6.1  34.9
Prospect (Bermuda)     3.9*         * unofficial    
Plymouth (Montserrat) 16.7* 36.1*   * extreme temperatures of 15.0C and 36.7C were likely taken under not proper conditions
Grand Turk (Turks C.) 15.6  35.6
Georgetown AP(Cayman I.)12.2  34.7
West Bay (Cayman I.)    11.2
The Valley (Anguilla) 17.9  33.6
Tortola (Virgin Is.)  15.6  35.6
Stanley (Falkland I.)-11.1  25
Mount Pleasant (Falkland I.)     26.9
Grytviken(South Georgia)  -19.4  23.5
South Thule Is.(S.Georgia)-29.8
Jamestown (St Helena) 14.4  33.9
Mount Actaeton (St Helena)8
Wide Awake F.(Ascension)19  32.2
Georgetwon (Ascension)  20  34
Residency (Ascension)   16  30.6
Tristan da Cunha Is.   2.4  27.6
Gough Island          -2.7  26.4
Diego Garcia Island   18.3  37.2
Adamstown (Pitcairn)    10  29.9
Henderson Isl.(Pitcairn)    35
URUGUAY
Montevideo         -5.6  42.8
Salto              -5.3  42.2
Rocha              -5.8  41.5
Artigas            -5.2  42
Mercedes           -7.9  42.8
Rivera               -5  44
Paysandu           -7.4  44
Melo                -11  42.8
UZBEKISTAN
Tashkent          -29.5  44.6
Termez              -20  47
Tamdy             -30.1  48.4
Mubarek                  49
Samarkand         -25.4  42.4
Kulkuduk            -37  47
Karakalpakiya       -40  46
VANUATU
Port Vila Airport   8.5  34.5
Port Vila Downtown       36.2*   * dubious
VATICAN CITY*        -8.2  42    * data from the nearby Collegio Romano station is used
VENEZUELA
Caracas Downtown    7.1  35
Caracas Airport    16.1  36.5
Maracaibo            18  41
Ciudad Bolivar     17.7  40.4
Coro                 18  41
Judibana                 42*     * unofficial, questioned
Merida                6  34
El Aguila Peak       -7
Apartaderos          -8
VIETNAM
Hanoi               2.7  42.8*   * Vietnamese old records were taken in not standard exposure conditions
Ho Chi Min City    13.8  41.7*   * Vietnamese old records were taken in not standard exposure conditions
Hai Phong           4.5  41.5*   * Vietnamese old records were taken in not standard exposure conditions
Vinh                  4  42.4*   * Vietnamese old records were taken in not standard exposure conditions
Lao Cai             2.2  42.8*   * Vietnamese old records were taken in not standard exposure conditions
Tourane              11  40
Da Nang             7.2  41.1
Muong Bu             -2  32
Sa Pa                -2  32.8
Trung Khanh          -3
Mau Son Peak         -5*         * unofficial
Truong Sa (Spratly)17.4  35.8
YEMEN
Sanaa                -3  34.4
Aden               14.1  43.3
Ryan               13.8  43.9
Seiyoun                  46.3
ZAMBIA
Lusaka              1.1  39.6
Livingstone        -3.7  41.1
Mfuwe                    42.3
Sesheke            -7.1
Nalisa               -8
ZIMBABWE
Harare             -1.2  35.3
Bulawayo             -4  38
Beitbridge         -1.1  44.4
Kariba                   45.6
Matopos Nat.Park   -9.4
ANTARCTICA
Vostok            -89.2 -12.2
Amundsen-Scott    -82.8 -13.6
Mc Murdo          -50.6  13.4
Base Orcadas        -44  15.2
Base Marambio     -38.3  15.2
Base Esperanza    -32.3  14.8
Base San Martin   -41.2  8.7
Base Belgrano II  -46.4  8
Luis Carvjal        -44  9
Vanda Station            15
Mawson              -36  10.6
Casey The Tunnel    -41  9.2
Davis             -41.8  15
Macquarie Island   -9.4  14.4
Byrd Camp         -63.3  5
Signy Island             19.8

MARS

Viking Lander 2   -107
Viking Lander 1          -17.2


FOR THE EXTREME TEMPERATURES IN THE UNITED STATES CLICK HERE!

Special Notes: -The registers of temperatures have been taken during different periods of time, so while for certain stations data are available since the begin of the modern era in 1850 and even before, for other stations data are available only for some decades. In the case of doubt ,please contact the editor. -Some temperatures are aproximated to the round figures. -Some cities or town data, whose stations have been moved or there are many without significant microclimatic differences, have been threated as large urban areas and records of the different stations have been merged. -Data have been checked by daily and hourly (synops/metars) basis, in many cases with extensive quality controls, weather maps, satellite maps, etc... -Many people have helped me by providing information and data for my site. I would like to thank some of them (sorry if i forget somebody, there are really dozens of people who helped me !). Let me know if i missed to include your name in the following list: Tomi Eronen, Roland Bert, Bob McDavitt, Tucker Barnes, Natalija Curic, Luis Felipe Miguel, Gustavo Zago Basilio, Philippe Rouzaut, Simone Pietrosanti, Neil Arvanitis, Giuseppe Caridi, Francisco (of meteored.com), Ross Marsden, Doug McGuinn, Willy De Taddeo, Karel Zverina, Jan Isler, Horacio y Agur (from Bilbao),Ivan Jaramillo, Steven Fung, Adam Shaheen, Antonio Joyette, Christopher Burt, Luca Rao, Fiorentino Marco Lubelli, Garth Sampson, Coleen de Villiers, Wang Zhiyong, Ismael Marin, Enzo Giudice, Graham Pearce, Massimiliano Simola, Stefano Zerauschek, Joe Meilak, Wendy (from Pretoria), David Shohami, Ernesto de Lara, Massimo Aceti, Stefano Di Battista, Franco Lopes, Jose Angel Nunez, Marina Zuccoli, Ron Anderson, Witold Mizerski, Andre Eid, Alessandro Mandelli, Raul Rodas, Riedner (from Zambia), Musoni Didace, Rosa Maria Araujo, An Willems, Malehloa (from Lesotho), Pierluigi Randi, B.Pathak (from Mauritius), Pavel Stastny, Bernard Duguay, Kreso Pandzic, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research of New Zealand, Kevin Mc Gill, Howard Rainford, Brandt Maxwell, Joel Caceres, Stuart Burgess, James of the Customer Centre of British Met Office, Harve Beller, Mr.Le Chatran, Radim Tolasz, Martin Rowley, Anthony Pallot, Sam Giloi, Meteorological Services of Andalucia Occidental (Spain), T.C. Lee, Jeff Taylor, Juan Abel Miranda, Leonel Alvarez, Judith Ley Garcia, P.Goolaup, Enrique Davalos Gonzalez, Martin Gustincic, Adams Chavula, Brian Kolts, Sheryl LeBlanc, Thomas Auguste, Alan Olson, Mercedes Bullon Fernandez, Taiwan Meteorological Services, Mark Mc Laughlin, Ahmad Zaki Mohamad Saad, Seccion Climatologia del CMT Canarias Oriental,Anahit Hovsepyan, Sverker Hellstrom, Steve Donahue, Gloria Leon, Cayman Met.Service, Susan Watler, Anselmi Elddy, Manel Cascante Torrella, Halina Lorenc, Stelios Pashiardis, Leandro (from Brazil), Vesselin Alexandrov, Peter Ivanov, Boniface (from Zambia), Kate Strachan, Ismail Gizouli, Willis Mills, Liri Mucaj, Lori-Rae Alleyne, Mariano Gutierrez, John Nicolaou, Inger Marie Nordin, Muhammad Ibrahim, Bruno Renon, Renato Sansone, Simone Lussardi.

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