Chapter 4 - Animal Consciousness and Higher Mental States
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SUMMARY of conclusions reached
The dolphin Akeakamai (now deceased) displayed an ability to understand symbolic references to absent objects.
Photo courtesy of the Belgian website Dauphins Libres et Dauphins Captifs
NOTE: For a more up-to-date and more sophisticated treatment of the different varieties of consciousness, the reader is welcome to read my online thesis.
Part A: Phenomenal Consciousness in Animals
Phenomenal Consciousness in Animals: Summary of the Evidence and Ethical Implications
Appendix A: findings relating to phenomenal consciousness
Part B: Rational Agency in Animals
Are non-human animals capable of rational agency?
Appendix B: Higher-order consciousness and language in non-human animals?
Part C: Moral Agency in Animals
Are non-human animals capable of moral agency?