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The Saadia Version


of the


Sefer Yetzirah






CHAPTER: 1

1:1    With 32 mystical paths os Wisdom engraved YH, YHVH of Hosts, G~d of Israel, the Living G~d, El Shadai, high and exalted, dwelling in eternity and Holy is name. He created His universe with three books, with script, number and telling. 10 Sefirot of Nothingness, 22 letters: 3 Basics, 7 Doubles, 12 Elementals.

1:2    10 Sefirot of Nothingness, like the number of 10 fingers, 5 opposite 5, with a unitary covenant directly in the middle, as the circumcision of the tongue and mouth. Their measure is 10 which have no end: A depth of beggining and a depth of end, a depth of good and a depth of evil, a depth of above and a depth of below, a depth east and a depth west, a depth north and a depth south. And the Unitary Master, G~d faithful King, dominates them all from His holy abode, until eternity of eternities.

1:3    22 letters, a foundation of 3 Basics, 7 Doubles, and 12 Elementals.
The 3 Basics are AMSh. Their foundation is a pan of merit, a pan of liability, and the tongue of decree deciding between them.
The 7 Doubles are BGD KPRT. Their foundation is life and peace, wisdom and wealth, seed, grace and dominance.
The 12 Elementals are HVZChTYLNSOTzQ. Their foundation is sight, hearing, smell, speech, taste, coition, action and motion, haughtiness, laughter, though, and sleep.

1:4    Through them, YH, YHVH of Hosts, G~d of Israel, the Living G~d, El Shadai, High and Exalted, dwelling on high and Holy is His name, engraved 3 Fathers and their progeny, 7 directors and their host, and 12 diagonal boundaries. A proof of this, true witnesses are the Universe, Year and Soul, a rule of 10, 3, 7 and 12. He appointed them in the Teli, Cycle and Heart.

CHAPTER: 2

2:1    10 Sefirot of nothingness: 10 and not 9, 10 and not 11. Understand with Wisdom, and be wise with Understanding. Discern with them, probe from them, and know, think and depict. Stand a thing on its essence, and make the Creator sit on His basis. And their measure is 10 which have no end. Their vision is like an appearance of lightning, and their limit has no end. His word in them " runs and returns ", they pursue His saying like a whirlwind, and before His throne they prostrate themselves.

2:2    22 letters are a foundation of 3 Basics, 7 Doubles, and 12 Elementals. The 3 Basics AMSh, are a great, concealed, mystical, exalted secret, from which emanates fire, breath and water, from with everything was created. The 7 Doubles function with 2 tongues:

Bei Bhei, Gimel Ghimel, Dalet Dhalet, Kaf Khaf, Peh Pheh, Resh Rhesh, Tav Thav
Hard and soft, they are strong and weak structures. They are doubles because they are opposites. The opposite of life is death, the opposite of peace is evil, the opposite of wisdom is foolishness, the opposite of wealth is poverty, the opposite of seed is desolation, the opposite of grace is ugliness, the opposite of dominance is subjugation.

2:3    7 Doubles, BGD KPRT: Seven and not six, seven and not eight. Six ribs for six orders, with the Holy Palace precisely in the center. Blessed by G~d from His place. His is the place of the universe, and the universeis not His place.

2:4    12 Elementals: 12 and not 11, 12 and not 13. The 12 diagonals peel off to six orders, separating between one direction and another: and east north boundary, an east upper boundary, an east lower boundary; a west south boundary, a west upper boundary, a west lower boundary; a south east boundary, a south upper boundary, a south lower boundary.

2:5    With them YH, YHVH of Hosts, G~d of Israel, the Living G~d, El Shadai, High and Exalted, dwelling on high and Holy is His name, engraved 22 letters and set them in a Sphere. He oscillated the Sphere back and forth, and the Sphere ( continues to ) oscillate back and forth. As a sign of this, there is nothing higher then delight, and there is nothing more evil than plague.

2:6    Proof of this, trustworthy witnesses, are the Universe, Year and Soul. The Sefirot of the Universe are 10; 3 are fire, breath and water; 7 are the 7 planets; 12 are the 12 constellations. The Sefirot of the Year are 10; 3 are the cold, the hot and the temperate; 7 are the 7 days of creation; 12 are the 12 lunar months. The Sefirot of the Soul are 10; 3 are the head, chest and belly; 7 are the 7 gates, 12 are the 12 directors.

CHAPTER: 3

3:1    10 Sefirot of Nothingness: Bridle your mouth from speaking; bridle your heart from thinking. And if your heart runs, return to the place, for it is written, " running and returning ". Regarding this a covenant was made. And their measure is 10 which have no end. Their end is embedded in their beginning, and their beginning in their end, like a flame attached to a burning coal. Know, think and depict that the Creator is One, there is no other, and before One what do you count?

3:2    The 22 letters are a foundation of 3 Basics, 7 Doubles, and 12 Elementals. The 3 Basics, AMSh, are fire, breath and water. The offspring of heaven is fire, the offspring of breath is air, and the offspring of earth is water. Fire is above, water is below, and breath is the decree that decides between them. Mem hums, Shin hisses, and Alef is the decree deciding between them. AMSh is sealed with 6 rings and cocooned in male and female. Know, think and depict that fire upholds water.

3:3    The 7 Doubles, BGD KPRT, funtion with 2 tongues:

Bet Bhet, Gimel Ghimel, Dalet Dhalet, Kaf Khaf, Peh Pheh, Resh Rhesh, Tav Thav
They are soft and hard, a structure that is strong and weak. They are doubled because they are opposites. The opposite of life is death, the opposite peace is evil, the opposite of wisdom is folly, the opposite of wealth is poverty, the opposite of seed is desolation, the opposite of grace is ugliness, and the opposite of dominance is subjugation.

3:4    The 12 Elementals are HVZChTYLNSOTzQ. He engraved them, carved them, permuted them, weighed them and transformed them. How did He permute them? 2 stones build 2 houses, 3 stones build 6 houses, 4 build 24 houses, 5 build 120 houses, 6 build 720 houses, 7 build 5040 houses. From there on go out and calculate that which the mouth cannot speak and the ear cannot hear.

3:5    With these Yah, YHVH of Hosts, G~d of Israel, the Living G~d, El Shaddai, High and Exalted, dwelling in eternity on high and holy is His name engraved.

YaH: is 2 names
YHVH is 4 names
Hosts: (Tzavaot) means that He is a sign (ot) in His host (tzava).

Israel: He is a prince (sar) before G~d (El)
El Shaddai: El is hard. Shaddai indicates that until here it is enough (dai).

High: because He sits in the height of the universe, and is high above all the high.

Exalted: because He upholds and sustains those on high and below. All others who carry something are on the bottom and their burden is above them, but He is on top, and His burden is below Him. He upholds and sustains the entire universe.
Dwelling in Eternity:
Because He is holy, His ministers are holy, and to Him they proclaim,
" Holy, holy, holy "

3:6    Proof of this, trustworthy witnesses, are the Universe, Year and Soul. Twelve are below, seven are above them, and three are above the seven. From these three He founded His abode, and all of them depend on One. As a sign, this is a One that has no second. He is a singular King in His universe, where He is One and His name is One.

CHAPTER: 4

4:1    Ten Sefirot of Nothingness: One is for the Breath of the Living G~d, Life of worlds, His throne is established from eternity, blessed and benedicted is His name, constantly, forever and ever. This is the Holy Breath. ( Ruach HaKodesh )

4:2    Two: Breath from Breath. With it He engraved and carved four directions, ( breaths ) of heaven: east, west, north, and south. And there is a breath in each one of them.

4:3    The twenty-two letters are a foundation consisting of three Basics, seven Doubles, and twelve Elementals. The letters are carved with Breath, engraved with voice, and set in the mouth in five places:

AHChO, BVMP, GYKQ, DTLNTh, ZSTzRSh.
AHChO is pronounced with the base of the tongue and the throat. BVMP is pronounced between the lips and with the tip of the tongue. GYKQ utilizes the first third of the tongue. DTLNTh is pronounced with half the tongue and the voice. ZSTzRSh is pronounced between the teeth with the tongue sleeping.

4:4    The twenty-two letters: He engraved them, carved them, permuted them, weighed them, transformed them, and from them He formed all that was ever formed and all that would ever be formed. How did He permute them? Alef with them all, and all of them with Alef; Bet with them all, and all of them with Bet; Gimel with them all, and all of them with Gimel. All of them oscillate cyclically, and emerge through 231 Gates. As a result, everything spoken and everything formed emerges as one Name.

4:5    He formed substance from chaos, and made thet which was not into that which is. He carved great pillars from air that cannot be grasped.

4:6    Three: water from breath. With it He engraved and carved chaos and void, clay and mire. He made them like a garden plot, He carved them like a wall, and decked them like a ceiling. He poured water on them, and it became dust, as it is written,

" For to snow He said, become earth " ( Job 37 : 6 )
Chaos is the azure line that surrounds the universe. Void consists of the split stones imbedded in the abyss, from between which water emerges. It is thus written,
" He spread over it a line of Chaos and stones of Void " ( Isaiah 34 : 11 )
.

4:7    Four: fire from water. With it He engraved and carved the Throne of Glory and all the host on high. It is thus written,

" He makes His angels of breaths, and His ministers of flaming fire " ( Psalms 104 : 4 )
.

4:8    He chose three Elementals, and set them in His great name. And with them He sealed the six directions.

He seald "above" faced upward, and sealed it with YHV

Six: He seald "below" faced downward, and sealed it with YVH

Seven: He seald "east" faced forward, and sealed it with HVY

Eight: He seald "west" faced backward, and sealed it with HYV

Nine: He seald "south" faced to His right, and sealed it with VYH

Ten: He seald "north" faced to His left, and sealed it with VYH

These are the Ten Sefirot of Nothingness. One is the Breath of the living G~d, two is the breath from Breath, three is the water from breath, four is the fire from water; above and below, east and west, north and south.

CHAPTER: 5

5:1    He made Alef king over breath, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed air in the Universe, the temperate in the Year, and the chest in the Soul, male and female. The male with AMSh, and the female with AShM.

5:2    He made Mem king over water, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed earth in the Universe, the cold in the Year, and the belly in the Soul.

5:3    He made Shin king over fire, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed heaven in the Universe, the hot in the Year, and the head in the Soul.

As male and female, how did He permute them?

AMSh AShM, MShA MASh, ShAM ShMA>
Heaven is fire, air is breath, earth is water. Man's head is fire, his heart is breath, and his belly is water.

5:4    The seven Doubles are

BGD KPRT
He engraved them, carved them, permuted them, weighed them, and transformed them. With them He fromed planets, days and gates.

5:5    He made Bet king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Saturn in the Universe, the Sabbath in the Year, and the mouth in the Soul.

5:6    He made Gimel king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Jupiter in the Universe, the Sunday in the Year, and the right eye in the Soul.

5:7    He made Dalet king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Mars in the Universe, the Monday in the Year, and the left eye in the Soul.

5:8    He made Kaf king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed the Sun in the Universe, the Tuesday in the Year, and the right nostril in the Soul.

5:9    He made Peh king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Venus in the Universe, the Wednsday in the Year, and the left nostril in the Soul.

5:10    He made Resh king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed the " Star of the Sun " Mercury in the Universe, the Thursday in the Year, and the right ear in the Soul.

5:11    He made Tav king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed the Moon in the Universe, the Friday in the Year, and the left ear in the Soul.

5:12    He separated the witnesses and stood them alone, one by one: the Universe alone, the Year alone, and the Soul alone.

CHAPTER: 6

6:1    The twelve Elementals are

HVZChTYLNSOTzQ
He engraved them, carved them, permuted them, weighed them and transformed them, and with them He formed constellations, months and sirections. Two are extreme, two stabilize, two advise, and two rejoice. They are the korkebans, the two hands, and the two feet. He made them like a dispute, and arranged them like a battle.
" And G~d made one opposite another " ( Ecclesiastes 7 : 14 )

6:2    Three : each one is alone.

Seven : are divided, three against three, with one as the decree deciding between them.

Twelve : twelve stand in war, three allies, three enemies, three killers, three lifegivers.

All of them are attached, one to another. A sign of this is the twenty-two objects and one body.

6:3    How did He permute them?

HV VH, ZCh ChZ, TY YT, LN NL, SO OS, TzQ QTz

6:4    He made Heh king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Aries in the Universe, the Nissan in the Year, and the liver in the Soul.

6:5    He made Vav king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Taurus in the Universe, the Iyar in the Year, and the gall bladder in the Soul.

6:6    He made Zayin king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Gemini in the Universe, the Sivan in the Year, and the spleen in the Soul.

6:7    He made Chet king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Cancer in the Universe, the Tamuz in the Year, and the mesess in the Soul.

6:8    He made Tet king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Leo in the Universe, the Av in the Year, and the right kidney in the Soul.

6:9    He made Yud king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Virgo in the Universe, the Elul in the Year, and the left kidney in the Soul.

6:10    He made Lamed king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Libra in the Universe, the Tishrei in the Year, and the korkeban in the Soul.

6:11    He made Nun king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Scorpio in the Universe, the Cheshvan in the Year, and the kivah in the Soul.

6:12    He made Samekh king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Sagittarius in the Universe, the Kislev in the Year, and the right hand in the Soul.

6:13    He made Eyin king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Capricorn in the Universe, the Tevet in the Year, and the left hand in the Soul.

6:14    He made Tzadi king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Aquarius in the Universe, the Shevat in the Year, and the right foot in the Soul.

6:15    He made Kuf king, bound a crown to it, permuted one with another, and with it He formed Pisces in the Universe, the Adar in the Year, and the left foot in the Soul.

6:16    He separated the witnesses and stood each one alone: the Universe alone, the Year alone, and the Soul alone.

CHAPTER: 7

7:1    Air, temperate, chest. Earth, cold, belly. Heaven, hot, head. And this is AMSh.

7:2    Saturn, Sabath, mouth. Jupiter, Sunday, right eye. Mars, Monday, left eye. Sun, Tuesday, right nostril. Venuse, Wednesday, left nostril. Mercury, Thursday, right ear. Moon, Friday, left ear. And this is BGD KPRT.

7:3    Aries, Nissan, liver. Taurus, Iyar, gall bladder. Gemini, Sivan, spleen. Cancer, Tamuz, mesess. Leo, Av, right kidney. Virgo, Elul, left kidney. Libra, Tishrei, korkeban. Scorpio, Mar-cheshvan, kivah. Sagittarius, Kislev, right hand. Capricorn, Tevet, left hand. Aquarius, Shevat, right foot. Pisces, Adar, left foot. And these are HVZChTYLNSOTzQ.

CHAPTER: 8

8:1    With Alef He formed these: Breath, air, temperate, chest, and the tongue of decree.

With Mem He formed these: water, earth, cold, belly, and the pan of liability.

With Shin He formed these: fire, heaven, hot, head, and the pan of merit.

8:2    With Bet He formed these: Saturn, Sabbath, mouth, life and death.

With Gimel He formed these: Jupiter, Sunday, right eye, peace and evil.

With Dalet He formed these: Mars, Monday, left eye, wisdom and foolishness.

With Kaf He formed these: Sun, Tuesday, right nostril, wealth and poverty.

With Peh He formed these: Venus, Wednesday, left nostril, seed and desolation.

With Resh He formed these: Mercury, Thursday, right ear, grace and ugliness.

With Tav He formed these: Moon, Friday, left ear, dominance and subjugation.

8:3    With Heh He formed these: Aries, Nissan, liver, sight and blindness.

With Vav He formed these: Taurus, Iyar, gall bladder, hearing and deafness.

With Zayin He formed these: Gemini, Sivan, spleen, smell and inability to smell.

With Chet He formed these: Cancer, Tamuz, mesess, speech and dumbness.

With Tet He formed these: Leo, Av, right kidney, taste and hunger.

With Yud He formed these: Virgo, Elul, left kidney, coition and castration.

With Lamed He formed these: Libra, Tishrei, korkeban, action and paralysis.

With Nun He formed these: Scorpio, Cheshvan, kivah, motion and lameness.

With Samekh He formed these: Sagittarius, Kislev, right hand, anger and lack of liver.

With Eyin He formed these: Capricorn, Tevet, left hand, laughter and lack of spleen.

With Tzadi He formed these: Aquarius, Shevat, right foot, though and lack of heart, h where it is not.

With Kuf He formed these: Pisces, Adar, left foot, sleep, dead and gone.

8:4    And all of them are attached to the Teli, Cycle and Heart. Teli in the Universe in like on a throne, Cycle in the Year is like a king in the province, Heart in the body is like a king in battle. The general rule is this. Some permute with others, and others permute with these. Some are with others, and others are with these. Some are the opposite of others, and others are opposite of these. Some are the parallel of others, and others are parallel of these. If not some, then not others; and if not others, then not these. And all of them are attached to the Teli, the Cycle, and the Heart.

8:5    And When Abraham our father understood, formed, permuted, probed, thought and was successful, the Blessed Holy One revealed Himself to him, declaring to him,

" Before I formed you in the womb, I knew you, and before and emerged from the womb, I sanctified you. I have made you a prophet for the nations " ( Jeremiah 1 : 5 )
He made him His friend, and made a convent with him and his children forever and untill eternity.







      
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