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The Pyramids of Egypt
The Giza Plateau is the home of the only remaining wonder of the ancient world.  The Pyramids here have stood for millenia.  By the time of Herodotus, the ancient Greek historian, the pyramids were already 2,500 years old.  At the time of the building of these megalithic structures, Woolly Mammoths had been extinct only 700 years! A not-so-well-known fact is that these pyramids stand extremely close to the modern city of Cairo.  The pictures taken of the pyramids are taken on dusty days so that the modern city is not included with grandest buildings of the ancients.  If you look closely and carefully, one can see the city of Cairo in many pictures.  Try it!

It is also important to note that these are not the only pyramids in Egypt. There are many different sites where smaller, or earlier pyramids were built and can still be seen by the bravest of archaeologists and select tourists.  Some of the most famous are the Red Pyramid, the Bent Pyramid, and the Step Pyramid.  Check them out too.
Why the Egyptians Built such magnificent structures has been long debated.  Most scholars believe that they were used as funeral tombs for pharoahs.  There is some discussion about the possiblility that they were never actually used for this purpose.  Some scholars today see the pyramids as a sort of "Training ground" for the Egyptian Afterlife.  They assert that the pyramids are even older than we first imagined and that they were built around 10,500 BC.

There are some fairly convincing clues that point to this conclusion as well.  At this date the pyramids would be completely in line with the belt of the constellation Orion.  The pyramids layout has always seemed a mystery because the pyramids do not form a straight line.  The smallest pyramid is off to the left a few degrees. They are, however, laid out in exactly the same angle as the stars in Orions belt!  This site happens to be directly below the belt in the year 10,500 BC.

This is not the only proof these scholars offer.  If one would trace the sphinx's line of vision.  It should face the constellation Leo, the lion.  This only occurs during the year 10,500 BC.  These two similarities have raised some debate.  Unfortunately, humans are often afraid to challenge pre-set ideas and have not given enough time for the examination of these interesting coincidences.  Further evidence for these theories is found in Asia, where a religious complex was constructed and matches the constellation of Draco.  I'd bet you could guess which year these buildings align perfectly.  That's right, 10,500 BC.
The Building of the Pyramids has always puzzled historians and architects alike.  Some of the limestone blocks weigh as much as two tons.  These blocks were cut from quarries across the Nile river and carried across on rafts or boats.  This task, although incredibly difficult, was the easy part.  The details about this and other enginering mysteries are examined below.

The Egyptians would create huge fires on the stone ledges  to heat the rocks to a high temperature, then they would throw cold water on them to make them crack.  After that they would drill holes with primitive stone and metal drills and insert wooden stakes into holes.  These wooden stakes would be soaked with water until they expanded.  At this point, the expansion would break the blocks into smaller and more workable sections.

These stones would then be rolled on logs using tremendous manpower until they could be shoved or pulled onto boats to ferry them across the river.  As if this weren't enough, the stones would then need to be drug to the work site and hauled up steep inclines that could reach over 400 feet in the air.   How did such an ancient and technologically primitive civilization have done this?  It has to be the shoes.  Or maybe it's the Puppy Chow.  In truth, no one really knows for certian.  There have been many models demonstrating a possible way to accomplish this feat, but none has been tried or proven.  It really is an engineering mystery.

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