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Meet Ramses II

I am Ramses II, the mightiest Pharaoh in all of Egypt! I am the third ruler of the 19th dynasty; My Father is Seti I. When I was ten my father made me Commander-in-Chief of the Egyptian Army. I often accompanied him on his Military Campaigns to western Asia. My Father died when he was about 50 years of age, thus making me the new Pharaoh of Egypt in the summer of 1279 B.C.E. I was about 20 at the time. They say I am tall for an Egyptian, I stand about 58 feet tall, I have naturally red hair that sets me apart from other Egyptians(See picture), Red is a symbol of the god Seth. I have Amunhotep III as a role model, he built the Collosi of Memnon, I built the temple at Abu Simbel, Which has 4 such statues. Also, in my 30th year as Pharaoh, I had my first Sed-Festival (A festival celebrated in the 30th year of Pharaoh and every 3 years after that) After that, In my monuments, I am Shown wearing the Sheybu Collar, a symbol of Osiris, god of the dead, Amunhotep III did as well. I also won the battle of Kadesh, my victory is recorded on the rock walls of the Rammeseum in Thebes (Which is now Luxor)

Later in my life, I had terrible tooth decay; I had lots of cavities. My death was not unexpected, I lived longer that most of my children, I died around the age of ninety, I ruled for 67 years. During my reign, I had the most wives and the most children, over 100, more than any other Pharaoh. I added to the temple of Amun at Karnack, built a mortuary temple known as the Rammeseum, built a temple at Abu Simbel, and a temple for my chief wife, Nefertari. I also built the largest tomb every found in the Valley of the Kings for my many sons, it has over 150 rooms, and those are only the ones you people have discovered so far!! the Tomb is known a KV5, or "The Lost Tomb," and is being Excavated by Dr. Kent R. Weeks. I hope you has a good time, Farewell

To learn more, you may want to read these books:

Ramses II: Magnificence on the Nile (In the series Lost Civilizations, published by Time Life Books)

The Lost Tomb, By Kent R. Weeks, Ph.D.( Also by Kent Weeks, X-Raying the Pharaohs)

Egypt: Land of the Pharaohs ( In the series Lost Civilizations, published by Time Life Books)


A colossal statue of Ramses II at Luxor (Modern day Thebes)

Ramses II as Osiris in the tomb of his Sons, KV5

YOu can't tell from this picture, but the statue is wearing the Sheybu collar (for more information, you could read The Lost Tomb, by Dr. Kent Weeks).

The Mummy of Ramses II

Even though Ramses II's mummy is 3,000 years old, his hair is still red!