Site hosted by Angelfire.com: Build your free website today!

 

The McNally Genealogy

Loughill and Loughnalong

Tonniscoffey and Drumacruttin

Co. Monaghan

 

 

 

Mac Con Uladh

McNally Family Crest

 

 

 

Compiled by

Dermot McNally

2003

 


Contents

 

 

Page Number

Co Monaghan Surname Map

3

Section 1: Introduction to the McNally Family History

4

Diagram: The McNally Family Tree: Late 1700’s to 2003

5,6,7,8

Section 2: Loughill & Loughnalong, Tonniscoffey Co Monaghan

9

Section 3: The 1st Generation

10

Section 4: The 2nd Generation

11

Section 5: The 3rd Generation

13

Section 6: The 4th Generation

16

Section 7: The 5th Generation

20

Section 8: The 6th, 7th and 8th Generations

26

Section 9: The McAdam Connection

41

Section 10: The Hughes Connection

41

Section 11: The Rackwallace McNally Connection

42

Section 12: Bits and Pieces

43

Section 13: The McNally Memoirs, by Charles McNally (Carlow)

52

Section 14: Assignment 1892: Smyth to Brady to McNally

70

Section 15: Agreement May 1893: McNally & McNally

72

Section 16: Award June 1893: McNally & McNally

74

Section 17: Fair Rent Order 1903: at Tonniscoffey

76

Section 18: Assignment 1919: John McNally to C.F. McNally

77

Section 19: Grant of Administration Intestate 1951: C.F. McNally

79

Section 20: Bibliography

82

Section 21: Pictures

A,B,C…O

 


 

Co. Monaghan Surname Map

 

 

 

 

 

 


Section 1: Introduction to the Family History

by Dermot McNally

 

Over the years we hear stories and anecdotes about the people and times that have gone before us, I for one, always enjoyed these stories. So what began as an informal attempt to record some of the family history has turned into this, a booklet on the mostly unspectacular history of the McNally’s of Loughill and Loughnalong, Tonniscoffey, Co Monaghan and later of Drumacruttin (purchased during the 1890’s by the McNally’s).

 

May I take this opportunity to thank Dan and Hugh – the cornerstones of the project, who provided so much craic, yarns and entertaining chat along the way – not to mention frothy refreshments. Thanks to all other contributors great and small for information, pictures and help of any kind, especially Clare whose photographs taken at Drumacruttin and Loughill are included at the back of the booklet. May I say in advance that every effort has been made to avoid mistakes in dates or detail but if such occur please accept my apologies.

 

The dates and details within this family history are drawn from a variety of sources. Word of mouth provided much of the framework, while other titbits came from history books, internet and old hand written manuscripts in libraries in Monaghan, Dublin and Belfast. A full list of books can be found in the Bibliography near the back of the booklet. The pictures gathered have been put at the back of the history and the pages are lettered A,B,C,D… etc and they are referred to during the booklet.

 

The records confirm without doubt that ancestors of the McNally’s have been living in or near Loughill and Loughnalong (smaller parts of what is now known simply as Tonniscoffey) since at least 1779. It was in 1779 that Cormick McEnally signed a 21 year lease on 6 acres of land belonging at that time to the Dawson Estate. At that time Roger McEnally was leasing land at Loughill but had no lease signed. It is likely that Cormick and his kin had been in that part of Monaghan for much longer - some genealogists have traced the McNally name in Monaghan back some 1000 years, well before the rise of the McMahon clan.

 

I’d like to welcome all members of the ever enlarging McNally family wherever they may be – Monaghan, Fermanagh, Belfast, Dublin, Carlow, throughout England and in the USA. I’d like to give a special welcome to my nephews Ben & Adam McGloin and a hearty congratulations to Oonagh McNally and Sean McGurn who were married recently in Fermanagh.

 

This family history begins with the all important family tree. Next come details on ownership and meanings of the town-lands mentioned and then meanings of the family name itself. The rest of the book details the many generations of McNally who originated in Loughill and Loughnalong, Tonniscoffey and Drumacruttin, Co. Monaghan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page 1 Family Tree


Page 2 Family Tree


Page 3 Family Tree


Page 4 Family Tree

 

 

 

 


Section 2: Loughill & Loughnalong, Tonniscoffey, Co Monaghan

It is believed that Richard Dawson was a soldier in Cromwell’s Army in 1667. He established his seat at Dawson Grove in the town-land of Killcrow. Dawson was granted 4000 acres on the Cavan/Monaghan border but his holding gradually increased to 17,500 acres as English soldiers sold up and moved elsewhere. His grandson Thomas was created Baron Dartrey of Dawson Grove in 1770 and Baron Cremorne in 1797.

Eventually the Dawson Estate encompassed Tonniscoffey (which included the smaller town-lands of Loughill and Loughnalong). According to the Dawson Papers (D/3053/3/4/7) this purchase took place in 1747 when Richard Dawson bought the town-lands of Tetoppa, Tullyshelferty, Tonniscoffey, Corbay, Moyles and Cornacreeve from a Laughlen Daly for 5 shillings sterling. - Laughlen Daly purchased the lands in 1740 from a Michael Fleming and a Sir Thomas Taylor of Meath.

In effect, huge tracts of lands which had been confiscated by English Armies were being bought and sold without, in many cases, the prior knowledge of the inhabitants of these places. Once sold, it was leased back to the native peoples of Ireland – the only change for the Irish was to whom they paid their rents.

These old land sale records written in the 1740’s and 1750’s (D/3053/1/7/10,11) give several spelling variations for each town-land, e.g. “Loughill also Loughgill, Loghill, Loughhill” and “Loughnalong also Loughlong.” In such cases the English land surveyors were trying to make sense of Gaelic words which formed the town-land names.

 

Meanings of the Town-lands

§         Loughnalong coming from: “Loch na Longa”: meaning Lake of the Boat(s) or possibly “Loch na Lon”: where “Lon” means Blackbird. There is no lake in the vicinity although there is a low marshy bog area running through the land which may have dried up centuries ago. The best explanation is that the current word altered over time from “Lough na Léana” which means lake of/by the watery meadow.

§         The meaning of Loughill may seem self explanatory. However it is unlikely that the ancient Irish named the location “Lough Hill” - where the word Lough was a Gaelic word and Hill an English word. It is more likely they named it Loch Cill or Loch Coill (Cill means church and Coill means forest). The most probable explanation was discovered in Donegal where there is a “Lough Caol”, meaning Lake of the Narrow Water (and which was later anglicised to Lough Keel). Note also “Hearth Role Records”, prepared in Ireland in the 1660’s – among the records they list the placenames “Tonniscoffey and Laurphill” – possibly another variation of Loughill. 

§         Tonniscoffey comes from the Gaelic words: “Tamhnaigh Scafai”: which translates as “Hill of the fit man.”

It is impossible to verify any of these theories. However without doubt, words and pronunciations have changed over the centuries and so current spellings are only a phonetic interpretation of what originally existed.

 

The Meaning of “McNally”

The name ‘McNally’ has been recorded in South East Ulster for hundreds of years and is very common today in counties Monaghan, Armagh and Tyrone. Irish surnames (such as McNally) are derived from Gaelic names which were anglicised over time to their present form. Genealogical experts have put forward two possible Gaelic origins for McNally.

1.      In parts of Ulster the name may be derived from the Gaelic “Mac Con Uladh.” This translated literally means Son (Mac) of the Hound (Con) of East Ulster (Uladh).

2.      According to experts such as Lysaght, the name may also be derived from a totally different Gaelic stem – Mac An Fhailghigh, meaning son of the poor man.

In some of the earliest written records available which mention the ancestors of the McNally family (1790, 1802 and 1820’s), the name was spelt “McEnally”. At some stage it was changed in spelling to simply “McNally”. Some people in Monaghan would often still pronounce McNally as McEnally. More detail on this in Section 12.

 

The naming of the eldest son in each family is worth noting. Traditionally the first born son was named after his grandfather on the father’s side. This trend lasts to this very day because of an unusual coincidence. Dan McNally and Mary (neé Leonard) decided to name their first born son after Mary’s brother who had been ordained in the months preceding the birth of the boy. By coincidence Mary’s brother’s name was also Hugh, the same name as the babies Grandfather and so the trend continued. In turn this Hugh McNally and his wife Mary (neé Sheridan) had their first boy baptised Daniel.

 

 

 

 

Section 3: The 1st Generation

Some old manuscripts relating to the Dawson family (who owned and leased Loughill/Loughnalong) are stored in the National Library, Kildare Street - Manuscripts Section. One gives the rental of Viscount Cremournes (i.e. Dawsons) estate in Co. Monaghan for the half year ending May 1790. It includes the following town-lands.

 

Loughill 1790

 

Acres

Roods

Perches

 

Kelly and Hughes

24

3

35

Lease for 21 years dated from 1781

Dan Kelly

7

3

35

Lease for 21 years dated from 1781

Roger Mc Enally +Pts

29

3

15

No lease signed. (Yearly rental of £9, 17, 8)

 

Loughnalong 1790

 

Acres

Roods

Perches

 

Robert Riddle

12

0

5

21 year lease from May 1779

Cormick McEnally

6

1

0

21 year lease from May 1779

Hugh Duffy

13

0

0

21 year lease from May 1779

Rev John Rogers

46

1

30

21 year lease from May 1779

Total

77

3

3

 

 

Listed above are Roger McEnally in Loughill and Cormick McEnally in Loughnalong, possibly brothers or perhaps first cousins. By 1802 Roger and Cormick had probably passed away and may well have been buried in Rackwallace Ancient Graveyard. We assume they had died because in the 1802 records they are no longer named as leasing land. Instead the land is being leased by whom we refer to as the 2nd Generation, more information on this generation on the following pages.

Furthermore we can guess that both Roger and Cormick must have been born around the 1720’s – 1740’s since we know that Dan (who we assume was one of Roger’s sons) had a child named Hugh who was born in 1792. This is explained in more detail in the following section.

 

 

 

 

Section 4: The 2nd Generation

A mixture of information helps piece together what we call the ‘2nd generation’ for simplicities sake. Most records relating to the Dawson family estate – “The Dawson Papers”, are kept in the Public Records Office of Northern Ireland. The extract below (ref. number D/3053/1/7/1-11) lists the tenants in Loughill and Loughnalong 1802.

 

Loughill 1802

 

Acres

Roods

Perches

 

Patrick Hughes

21

3

0

Lease dated 2nd March 1801 for life of William Anketell, son of Mathew Anketell of Trough Lodge

Francis McEnally

9

1

5

Lease dated 2nd March 1801…..

Daniel McEnally

9

1

28

Lease dated 2nd March 1801…..

James McEnally Snr

4

3

12

Lease dated 2nd March 1801…..

James McEnally Jnr + Michael McEnally

7

0

27

Lease dated 2nd March 1801…..

Patrick Murray

Michael Kelly

11

3

0

Lease dated 2nd March 1801…..

Sundries (Bog not in lease)

5

2

26

 

Total

69

0

2

 

 

Loughnalong 1802

 

Acres

Roods

Perches

 

Bryan Peter and Patrick Duffy

13

2

24

Lease dated 2nd March 1801…..

Owen McEnally +

Patrick McEnally

6

1

20

Lease dated 2nd March 1801…..

Sundries (Bog, not in lease)

3

2

10

 

Robert Riddle

12

0

5

Lease dated 2nd March 1801…..

Rev John Rogers

46

1

30

 

Sundries (Bog, not in lease)

5

0

4

 

 

The lands held by ‘Roger McEnally’ in 1790 have been divided, and are now leased by 5 McEnally’s. Roger was probably the oldest male in the household in 1790 and it is likely he died before 1802. We assume that the newly named tenants in Loughill are sons of Roger (in the case of Francis, Daniel, and James Snr) and two nephews (James Jnr and Michael). The land occupied by Cormick McEnally in 1790 is now occupied by an Owen and a Patrick McEnally, who we assume are Cormick’s sons.

Note: The rest of Tonniscoffey was being leased by families such as McWilliams, McKibbin, Harris, McCarroll, Duffy, Clerkin, Nicholas, Francis and Edward Travers, Connolly, Bridge, Irvine, Callaghan and Aleir.

 

The “Tithe Compostition Applotment Books” give further information on the 2nd Generation. These records were produced in the 1820’s and are surveys of land holdings carried out in every parish in order to determine the amount which each occupier was to pay in tithes - the tax on agricultural produce and levied for the support of the established church. However it is not a list of all inhabitants of the parish since it concerns only tithe payers and generally not cottiers, ie labourers holding land in conacre or persons with no land at all.

The “Tithe Applotment” records are held on Microfilm in the County Library in Clones, Co Monaghan and show land in Loughill as belonging to McEnallys once again. However where 5 McEnallys were listed in 1802, only 4 McEnally men are named as leasing land in the 1820’s. At this period the McEnallys were leasing around 46 acres in total. 

 

Loughill 1820’s

 

Acres

Roods

Perches

Jas Hughes

20

1

17

Owen Hughes                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

15

1

1

Dan McEnally

14

3

4

Pat’ McEnally

14

3

4

Jas’ McEnally

11

1

14

Jas’ McEnally

7

2

30

Total

84

0

30

 

In the “Tithe Applotment” records there are no McEnallys mentioned as leasing land in Loughnalong in the 1820’s (however there is now a Patrick in Loughill). And so some of the McEnallys mentioned in the Dawson Papers for Loughill and Loughnalong are no longer mentioned – Owen, Francis and Michael. It is unknown what became of these people.

One possibility is that by the time of the Tithe Applotment Records in the 1820’s they had moved to farmland nearby. Records for the Parish of Kilmore/Drumsnatt list a Francis McNally in the town-land of Aghalisk as having 4a, 1r, 0p. And in the town-land of Lisnalee there is a Michael McEnnally listed as leasing 5a, 0r, 0p.

Those listed in 1802 may have met a much more tragic end however: Livingstone writes in “The Monaghan Story”…….“The famines of 1817, 1821 and 1822 were particularly severe and the 1817 famine was accompanied by a widespread outbreak of typhus which killed thousands.” During the same period the population continued to increase rapidly and rents rose. Furthermore huge changes occurred in the linen industry due to the industrial revolution which would have reduced the need for labour.

 

The Link Forward into the Next Generation

From the “McNally Memoirs”, Section 13, we know that Dan (mentioned in both 1802 and in the Tithe Applotment Records of 1820’s) was father of Hugh and Owen who appear in the “3rd Generation” and this can be clearly seen in the family tree diagram. These memoirs also tell us that Hugh was born in 1792. And so in turn Hugh’s father, Dan, was probably born 20 or 30 years before 1792 at least.

Furthermore Dan’s father Roger was probably born 20 or 30 years before this and therefore we arrive at a date somewhere in the 1720’s – 1740’s for both Roger and Cormick’s birth dates – this is indicated on the family tree.

 

A further note: Charles McNally, son of Hugh (3rd Generation), was born in Loughill in 1845. Charles later lived and taught in Carlow where he wrote the “McNally Memoirs” in 1917. According to his memoirs the McEnally/McNally family had been living in Loughill for as many generations as could be remembered and longer than any other family in the district. Later oral tradition suggests that the McNally’s may have originated in Tyrone but Charles in his “McNally Memoirs”, made no mention of this.

 

 

 

 

Section 5: The 3rd Generation

The “3rd Generation” on which solid information is available is that of Hugh and Owen, sons of Dan McEnally (mentioned in the 1802 and 1820 Tithe Applotment Records). From this generation onwards the surname was nearly always spelt as McNally and not McEnally. Why the name changed is unknown but such spelling alterations were not uncommon in the period.

·         Hugh (b1792) married Anne Owens on the 5th June 1837. Owen McNally and John Owens witnessed their marriage which was officiated by Rev J Caulfield. Anne was from Tandrageebane (a town-land a few miles from Loughill towards Monaghan town). The couple lived in the old house on the drumlin in Loughill. See Pictures A.

They had four sons, the oldest of whom was Dan. A story which has passed down through the years is that Anne ran across the fields to the shelter of a neighbour’s house with the baby Dan in her arms on the "Night of the Big Wind" in 1839. Perhaps their house was damaged in the storm. In all Hugh and Anne had 4 children, all boys. The oldest was Dan, next was John, then Charles (writer of the “McNally Memoirs”) and finally Hugh. Their lives are detailed in the next generation.

Hugh died in 1856 when his third son Charles, the writer of the ‘McNally Memoirs’ was only 11. Anne is mentioned in the Griffith Valuation Records (taken after Hugh’s death in 1856) as being the joint leasor with her brother-in-law Owen, of 16 acres 2 roods and 20 perches of land. Annie died a little over a decade after her husband, on the 16th March 1866.

·        Owen is briefly mentioned in the ‘McNally Memoirs’. He was a brother of Hugh. According to the memoirs he was a good arithmetician although he worked on the farm. As mentioned above, Owen is listed with Anne in the Griffiths Valuation Records of 1856.

 

Other family members – brothers and sisters, may well have existed but we have no record of who exactly they were. Furthermore we have no records as to where Hugh, Anne or Owen (or any of their older kinfolk) were actually buried. Since Tonniscoffey formed part of Monaghan Parish then it is possible that they were buried in the large family plot in the old Latlurcan graveyard since the Rackwallace Ancient Graveyard was being less used at this time but we cannot be sure.

Clearly by the 1850’s much of the land previously occupied by McEnally’s was vacated or ceased to be leased. Livingstone estimates that in the period of the Great Famine, 1845-1847, Monaghan lost up to 40% of its population, and the population continued to drop in the decades which followed.

 

More records that supplement the information for this generation.

Griffiths Valuation Records were compiled for the purpose of levying local taxes. The records provide a list of all occupiers of the land with details of the size of their holdings - the Monaghan section was researched from 1856 onwards and published in 1860. From this period onwards the town-land name Loughill was rarely used in official documents and the area being leased by McNally’s was referred to as a part of Tonniscoffey. Loughnalong too had ceased to be named as a town-land. Anne and Owen are the only two McNally’s mentioned in Tonniscoffey in the Griffith Valuations.

 

More information for the “3rd Generation” was sourced in Theo McMahon’s Geneology Library in Tully, Monaghan. The original manuscripts which detailed the following marriages and births below were poorly kept and certain details and dates are not always mentioned or legible. However between the given details such as names, locations, witnesses and sponsors we can assert that these were relations of the McNally’s of Loughill.

 

The information conclusively shows that many other McEnallys/McNally’s were living in Loughill/Tonniscoffey during the 1830’s and 1840’s – something which Dan McNally, 6th Generation, remembers his father Hugh saying. What became of all these people listed below; where they lived, died or where they were buried is difficult to say for certain. Hugh (who died in 1949) said that other distant cousins on the McNally side existed in the general area – for example in Rackwallace.

 

§         Michael McEnally married Ellen Donnelly on 18th February 1833. Witnesses were Owen McNally and James Donnelly with Rev J Caulfield as officiating priest.

§         A James McNally married Anne Brady 6th May 1833 of Tonniscoffey. Witnesses were James and Philip Brady and Rev J Clarke was the officiating priest.

1.      Patrick baptised 31st 6th 1836, sponsors Denis McGuinness and Catherine Brady

2.      Catherine baptised 15th 3rd 1838, sponsors John Travers and Catherine Brady

3.      Anne baptised 25th 8th 1840, sponsors William Hughes and Mary Sullivan

§         Patrick McEnally married Ellen Duffy 1834. Witnesses Thomas McPhilips and John Brothers with Rev J Caulfied as officiating priest.

§         John McEnally married Margaret Boylan 1834

§         John Lennon of Tullycorbet married Mary McEnally on 9th January 1834. Witnesses were Owen McEnally and Terence Lennon with officiating priest J Caulfield.

§         Richard McNally married Mary Murphy 23rd Jan 1834. Witnesses were John Murphy and Peter McEnnally with officiating priest J Caulfield.

§         Roger McEnally of Tonniscoffey married Anne Fitzpatrick, on 1st 4th 1837.

1.      Anne baptised 3rd July 1838, sponsors James & Anne McEnally

2.      Mary baptised 1840, sponsors Thomas Kelly and Mary Duffy

§         A Hugh McNally married Mary Travers on 30th of April 1840 of Tonniscoffey, with witnesses Francis Travers and John Woods. Officiating priest Rev J Caulfield.

§         Furthermore two children were listed as being from Tonniscoffey but it is unclear who were the parents.

1.      Charles McNally baptised 10-10-1842, sponsors James and Mary McEnally

2.      Hugh McNally baptised 14-4th 1851, sponsor Bridget Duffy

 

Finally in the “3rd Generation”, we return once again to Griffiths Valuation (1856) of Monaghan. It shows many other McNally’s living in different parts of the Monaghan area at that time, some of whom share the same first names as previously recorded McEnally’s of Loughill and Loughnalong. Below are some of these records - we can only speculate whether these McNally’s are related to those in Tonniscoffey.

 

Griffiths Valuation Records: Parish of Monaghan

Cornamunaddy: Hugh McNally plot 14c, house and garden, of Robert Temple

Cornamunaddy: John McNally, of Peter Corr, House and Garden

Legnacreeve (from Sir Wm Verner Bart) Edward and Peter McNally 17 acres

Cormeen: Jane McNally, Lord Rossmore

Tullyard: Philip McNally, Lord Rossmore, 15acrs

Tullyard: Owen McNally, Lord Rossmore, 9acres

Aughnaseda: James and Arthur McNally from Francis Jervis

Aghananimy: Rt Rev Chas McNally, Lord Rossmore 9 acres.

Kilnacloy: Bernard McNally, Henry Rogers

Killygowan: Patrick McNally, James Gormley

Mullaghmonaghan: Bernard McNally, Philip McAnally.

 

 

Griffiths Valuation Records: Parish of Kilmore/Drumsnatt

Aghnamallagh: Sarah McNally from Robert Wright

Roosky: Owen McNally from Francis Hare (house and garden)

Tullynarney: Phillip McAnally: Lord Rossmore, (house, office and land, 7acres, 20perches, water 1 acre, 1 rood, 20 perches.

Lisnalee: James McAnally: Lord Rossmroe. House, office and land, 8a, 1 r, 0p.

 

 

 

 

Section 6: The 4th Generation

These are the children of Hugh and Anne (neé Owens) who are detailed in the previous generation. Although we can say for certain the order in which the children were born there is some confusion as regards exact dates between the “McNally Memoirs” and the available baptismal records.

1.      Dan was the oldest child of this family. Dan McNally was baptised on the 20th April 1838 according to official records. The records indicate that the sponsors at his baptism were Charles and Sara Owens.

Daniel married Bridget McAdam on the 30th October 1877. The service was held in Ballybay Chapel. John McGuinness was the Church Curate who presided. We know that the witness/best man was Patrick Owens and the other witness/bridesmaid was Rose McAdam whose name was marked only with an 'x'.

Bridget, with address given as Corvilla, Tullycorbet was listed as being 24 at the time of her marriage. Daniels address was Tonniscoffey and his age (like most men marrying in this period) was marked as 'full'! The marriage record (held in Roosky ‘Births, Deaths and Marriages’) confirms that Daniels father's name was Hugh and that he was deceased at the time of the wedding as was Bridget’s father Charles. The birth certificate of the couple’s first child, Hugh, is also on record. He was born on the 11th of November 1878.

Dan was said to have been a popular figure and a progressive farmer also. He and his young family eventually changed residence from Tonniscoffey to Drumacruttin (Pictures A) with Dan’s brother Hugh. This happened sometime after 1893 when Dan's oldest son Hugh was about 14 or 15. Dan died in May 1900. Bridget can be seen in Pictures D. Bridget and Dan are buried in the Old Cemetery in Latlurcan in the large family plot.

Bridget lived on to see the birth of some of her grandchildren born. She had a great fondness for her granddaughter Bridget, with whom she shared a common name while she didn’t appreciate the name Eileen which came from her daughter in law’s (Minnie Hughes) side of the family. According to family knowledge Bridget was confined to bed for a long time before she died on the 3rd February 1932 aged 81 years. She was fondly remembered by her son Hugh who spoke of her as a hard working considerate woman who kept her young family together when Dan died in 1900.

2.      John McNally was baptised according to records on 24 November 1839, sponsors were John Owens and Anne Gagan. He died in 1926 aged 86 and it is said that he was never sick in his life once, (not including the removal of a single tooth). A transfer of land document dated 1919 exists and is included later in this booklet showing how John transferred the land in Tonniscoffey to his nephew Charles Francis receiving some payment for this. At this stage Charles Francis moved up to the old farmhouse on the hill. The lands amounted to about 36 statute acres. John finished his days down in the low house in Tonniscoffey. It is said that he had ceased to attend mass for some time before he died. John is buried in the family plot in Latlurcan although he is not named on the gravestone, which was erected in the 1930’s.

3.      Charles Francis (Pictures G) was born 27th July 1845. He wrote the ‘McNally Memoirs’ (included in full in Section 13) in 1917 while sick and incapacitated. Charles taught in Tappa (also spelt Tetoppa) School for 7 years before spending a time in England. He later moved to Carlow in 1871. Eventually he became Professor of English in St Patrick’s College and lived in Carlow for the rest of his life. He notes that in the summer and Christmas holidays of 1871 to 1888 he always returned home to Tonniscoffey.

Charles married Alice Mary Roche on 26th December 1888. She was the eldest daughter of Michael Roche of Grangeford. The couple had two sons, Hugh (born 1891) and Michael Joe (born 1896). Alice died on the 12th of September 1911 aged 42 years.

1.      Michael Joe married but had no children. He may have been in the army and it is thought he died of pneumonia at the age of 27, in 1923. He is buried in the family plot in Grange R.C. Graveyard in Carlow.

2.      Hugh married Bridget (who died 28th march 1963 aged 79 years) and they lived on the Grange, which was the family house. The couple had two children, Kevin and Peg (Alice). See Pictures G and H.

§         Peg married John O’Connell Murphy (who died in late 2002) and had 7 children as outlined in the family chart, Hughie, the second son remains working the farm in the Grange to this day. The other two men - Jimmy and Con work in the local sugar factory. The 4 girls, Noeleen, Kathleen, Marie and Ann are all married and living within a ten mile radius of the home house.

§         Kevin (Pictures H) never married and he died quite suddenly on 18th July 1982 aged 61 having only made his will one month previously, he left his estate to his nephew Hughie Murphy. Kevin used to visit his relatives in Monaghan regularly and on one of his trips he bestowed Charlie (Clones Rd) with a handwritten manuscript belonging to Professor Charles. At a later date Bishop Mulligan had the manuscript bound and gave it the title the “McNally Memoirs.”

Below is the extract on Professor Charles McNally from the local history book on the Grange Parish, Co. Carlow.

 

Professor Charles McNally, J.P. (Justice of the Peace)

Charles McNally was brought up and educated in his native Co. Monaghan, and he first came to Carlow to take up a post in St. Patrick’s College, where he was subsequently appointed professor of natural philosophy. He later married Alice Roche, a member of the once wealthy brewing family in Tullow, who inherited the family home in Rathbawn. Along with his academic career he combined farming, local politics and legal duties as a Justice of the Peace.

His initial interest in politics emerged in the letters’ columns of the national press and provincial newspapers in Monaghan and Carlow. Throughout the 1860s and 1870s he was a prolific contributor, campaigning for land reform measures, the registration of voters, and he went into print with fearless attacks on the attitudes and policies of successive Carlow M.P.s in Parliament.  Referring to reforms during the first half of the 19th century he had this to say in a letter to the Carlow Post in April 1867 – “The Struggle (for change) has been continued by the Irish people with some success, but Carlow remained a negative quantity, contributing to Parliament two of the people’s ablest foes – gentlemen whose hostility to the popular cause is only equalled by their ability.”

The introduction of the secret ballot in place of the old open system of voting under which tenants cast their ballots in the present of their landlords was welcomed by McNally with this observation – “On rejoining the national ranks, the electors of Carlow will find themselves furnished with somewhat improved means of defence.  Formerly they fought naked (open voting); now they have the slender shelter of the ballot which diffuses over a wider surface the wrath that hitherto could be contracted on a few rebellious electors”.

Since 1847 he said vast numbers of labourers’ cabins had been cleared from the big estates under the guise of ‘consolidation’ and this had been carried out to an enormous extent in Co Carlow.  “The once happy, but now deserted homesteads, scattered throughout your county, proclaim more eloquently than words what injustices can be inflicted under the panoply of law.  As a result the occupants of these cabins were compelled to seek refuge in the unhealthy lands and alleyways of the towns and cities.”

Urging support for Nationalist candidates in future elections he added –

“To cure a state of discontent that is gaining in surface and deepening in intensity, Ireland had committed itself of a certain line of parliamentary action. A majority of able, unselfish and thoroughly representative men have been chosen. By increasing this majority we lessen the number of our opponents and hence the necessity for the people of Carlow to be up and doing. They owe a duty to their country and themselves. Patriotism should induce them to support the former; prudence to protect the latter. Since they left the political arena hors de combat, a small instalment of justice has been wrung from a grudging aristocracy.  With this little the people cannot rest secure. They must either insist on getting more, or the landlords will retake with interest, in a very few years, what has cost us near a century to acquire.”

Writing on British rule in Ireland in 1882 Charles McNally said – “The same festering sore is producing outrages and disrespect for law in 1882, that produced them in 1848, and that will produce them in 1900, unless the cause of them is removed.  But is there any hope of a new departure in England’s treatment of this country?  For certain, there is not yet any new departure, notwithstanding all we have heard about conciliation, and the hope of such, I fear is remote – so remote that one is compelled to conclude that England is incapable of learning form the writing of political philosophers or the examples of history.  The doctrine of force before remedy, or rather force without remedy, inspired English statesmen of the past.  Its effect is only temporary; it may subdue for a moment, but it does not remove the necessity of subduing again, and a nation is not governed, which is perpetually to be conquered.  Nations are not normally ruled by laws, much less by violence.”  United Ireland

Surprisingly Charles McNally told readers of the Advocate in Monaghan that he had little faith in letter writing as an instrument towards reform. In the same letter he said – “While discountenancing crime in every form, I say the people of the north are wanting in every noble characteristic of men, if they do not rise in their might and proclaim with all the earnest emphasis of men who know their rights and are determined to have them, that the Land Act administered in Ulster fails to meet the just claims of the tenants. (A reference to the exorbitant rents in Ulster). If they do not join hands with the south the time will come when their puny agitation will have no more effect in moving Parliament than a ripple on the surface of the ocean has on the profound depths beneath.”

Few subjects escaped the attentions of the McNally pen and one of his most eloquent letters published in the Carlow Nationalist in the late 1880’s, dealt with the hunting fraternity – “As you are aware we are threatened with dire consequences, if the farmers persist in their opposition to hunting. In case they object to having their fences broken down  and their fields cut up by a cavalcade of aristocratic idlers and their hangers on, we are to have a universal eclipse – not a mere metaphorical occultation, but a genuine loss of light so far as the limits of poor Ireland extend. But seriously, have we fallen so low, that the withdrawal of a few men, who, though living amongst us, hate and despise us in their hearts, could produce such terrible consequences? I would say ‘a happy riddance to them’. They live among us and eat and squander the fruit of our labour, but are as un-Irish as if they had been born and bred on the planet of Neptune. It is only in Ireland that we witness the phenomenon of a whole population toiling to maintain a class, alien in race, in religion and in aspirations.”

Charles McNally was a staunch supporter of Charles Stewart Parnell and a frequent contributor to his campaign funds. He was a member of the Carlow Board of Guardians and Carlow Co. Council, of which he was Chairman for a time. He had been a local magistrate for 25 years when he resigned the post in April 1918, in protest over the Conscription Act. In his letter of resignation he said - “I anticipate that the enforcement of such a measure on a depleted and dwindling population will arouse an opposition that no self respecting Irishman could hope to allay. As the Commission of the Peace enjoins on all magistrates the duty of keeping and causing to be kept, all the King’s ordinances and statutes and to chastise and punish all persons offending against them, I feel that the application of conscription to Ireland would result in a condition of things for which I refuse to accept responsibility in my district.”

McNally expressed his outright opposition to the 1916 rising when he won support for a proposal condemning the Rising at a meeting of the Co. Carlow Committee for Agriculture and Technical Instruction on May 12th, 1916. He warned – “…the varied forces of anarchy and secret organisations under the guise of high patriotism threaten to upset constitutional and orderly government.” (Extract from local history book, The Grange, Co Carlow.)

 

4.      Hugh was the youngest child of Hugh and Anne. He married but the couple had no children. He worked on the farm but became a ‘monitor’ at Tappa School while his brother Charles was the School Master there. When Charles left for England Hugh was appointed Master and taught in Tappa National School for the rest of his career. He eventually bought the old farm at Drumacruttin (See Section 14). Land indenture documents exist from 1890 and 1892 showing how this land changed ownership between a John Thomas Brady and a Thomas Smyth (a sum of £60 was mentioned) before Hugh purchased it on 14th March 1892. Hugh and his brother Dan later swapped residences and Dan and his young family moved to Drumacruttin while Hugh lived in Tonniscoffey, in the house which was later occupied by his nephew Paddy. While living in Tonniscoffey Hugh lodged a claim for fixture of fair rent against his landlord Lord Cremourne (aka Dawson) in 1903 and this can be seen in Section 17. The document mentions the poor condition of the land and the houses, thatch on the original house and the low house had a slated roof. We know that Hugh did marry, she may have been a Kelly lady. Hugh was committed to St Davnet’s in September 1915 and according to records he was a widower at this time and aged 64 years. It is understood that he had probably suffered from Alzheimer’s or a similar condition. Hugh’s death occurred on the 20th April 1916 around the time of the Easter Rising in Dublin. Hugh’s brother Professor Charles who came down from Carlow for the funeral was delayed in Drogheda due to the trouble in Dublin. As with his brother John, neither Hugh nor his wife are marked on the McNally headstone in Latlurcan although we presume they were buried there. The current headstone was first erected in the 1930’s to mark the death of Joe’s wife Mary.

 

A few legal documents exist that involve this generation: one details the purchase of Drumacruttin by Hugh McNally in 1892 (See Section 14). Another two documents detail a dispute between the McNally’s over rights to property. The first of these, seen in Section 15, is a preliminary agreement and the second, Section 16, is the final award (dated 8th July 1893). The agreement was between the brothers Daniel, John and Hugh and was reached with the help of 3 priests.

Here is a brief extract from the second document: "certain disputes had arisen between the said Daniel McNally, John McNally and Hugh McNally concerning their respective rights and interests in certain farms of land …… and that for the purpose of ending such said disputes and differences all such matters were referred to arbitration and award of us the said Very Rev. Lawrence O'Neill, Rev. George McMeel and Rev. P.J. Lynch"

The agreement concluded that Dan was to have the portion of land at that time occupied by him which included the bog and about 12 1/2 Irish acres. John was to have the original house and 23 acres in Tonniscoffey and finally that the lands at Drumacruttin were owned by Hugh the school teacher.

 

 

Section 7: The 5th Generation

Here we follow Dan and Bridget’s children. The family moved down from Tonniscoffey around 1893 and lived in the old cottage in Drumacruttin. The oldest son of Bridget and Dan was named Hugh, but there were also three other sons by the names Patrick/Paddy, Joseph and Charles Francis.

1.      Hugh (Pictures E) was born in 1878 and died 7th June 1949 aged 70 according to his memorial card. He married Minnie (or sometimes called Mary) Hughes in 1923, who died in 1963. Minnie is shown in Pictures F and in the final photo, which shows Eileen and Francis Duffy’s Wedding. Details of Minnie’s family, the Hughes’s are detailed in Section 10. Hugh and Minnie had 4 sons and 2 daughters. The girls were oldest; Bridget first then Eileen. Dan was the eldest son, then Eddie, Charlie and Hugh was the youngest. (These family members are looked at in the '6th Generation')

Hugh often spoke of his trip to Carlow for the funeral of his uncles’ wife. There was a train strike and he had to stay for a fortnight. He reminisced about the good land and the fine life in Carlow. Hugh had hernia problems and wore a tight belt to support his gut. Hugh did a bit of thatching and repairs every year to maintain the cottage and the byre - the byre was later roofed with galvanise. Hugh didn’t want to move into a new house as it was believed that moving house in old age could shorten one’s days! Hugh wasn’t active in politics but was most definitely a moderate, aligned like the rest of his brothers to the Cumann Na nGael Party, who later became Fine Gael.

Hugh often travelled into town on the horse and cart to get hardware, farming and household supplies – seeds, bags of flower, coal etc. During the years of the War of Independence Hugh was in Monaghan Town and word got out that the Black and Tans were approaching. Hugh hid in a manger and covered himself with hay down at the back of Ben Sherry’s Pub while the Black and Tans passed – they often blamed innocent bystander for any crime or damage or much worse.

During the era of the War of Independence a boycott was called on Protestant shops and on shops which held English stocks. So to avoid the boycott at Patton’s Mill and Hardware Shop in Monaghan Town Hugh travelled to Ballybay to get some timber planed. The mill in Ballybay didn’t have good quality timbers or equipment to carry out the work and Hugh returned home empty handed. His brother Charles F said that he’d have no problem passing the boycotters outside Patton’s and although he was jeered he did just that – for that reason the McNally family were acknowledged as being moderate and friendly to all their neighbours regardless of creed.

Hugh was a full time farmer and he ‘joined’ with his brother Charles at the ploughing season. Rates were paid on the farm – one of the rate collectors at the time was Tom Sherry. Hugh smoked a pipe and bought the tobacco in the local shop or in town. He drank stout, but rarely, it was bought at Christmas – there’d be a dispute among the children as to who would get the chance to draw the cork from the bottle. He would go on his ‘ceile’ to his brother’s house and to his cousins. Hugh had a heavy moustache and shaved with a ‘cut throat razor’. Like all men at the time he wore his good hat, suit, clean shirt and tie going to mass on Sundays, weddings, funerals and the like. He wore an ordinary cap during the week.

Hugh’s second youngest son, Charlie, was once hit in the eye by Master Rafferty, the teacher – Charlie’s eye was closed and couldn’t open it. Doctor O’Gorman was called and said that Charlie was lucky not to have lost his eye. Master Rafferty, whose gravestone is shown in Pictures F, arrived later to see the patient but he didn’t get a very warm reception from Minnie. Hugh went around to the Master a few days later to impress upon him that he did not want his sons to be struck again.

The family played cards, read the Northern Standard – 3 pence in those days, and the neighbours would borrow it and leave it back. The family was on good terms with all their neighbours. At some stage in the early part of the century distant relatives of the McNally’s started writing from America. These people were probably the descendants of the McNally’s who left Loughill in the period before the 1850’s. However the family was busy and preoccupied with the daily work and eventually contact was lost with these relatives.

The cottage was lit by a ‘tilly lamp’ and there were always candles as well. Heating was provided by coal and turfs. The family made mud turf from the boggy area at the bottom of the lane up to Drumacruttin during the war years when coal was expensive. They shovelled out this thick mud into a barrow, then it was all healed out up the field, lines were drawn out and it was allowed to dry – later it was stacked. During the 1950’s the council lowered the road at the bottom of the lane, clearing away the stones on top, then removing the turf below – which the family were allowed to use and then the council refilled the road with good stone.

Hugh Senior made the family beds out of deal pine and they filled their own mattress with straw and possibly feathers. He had a great interest in woodwork. Among other items he made ladders, carts, stools and tables. Hugh had all the necessary woodworking tools of the era, chisels, planes, saws and he kept everything tidy.

The family kept dogs, cows, calves and a horse. There was always a sow or a couple of sows, turkeys and hens. When it came to butchering the pig Michael Fanning of Lisaraw would come up to the house and do the job. He had a clique, an iron bar with a hook on the end and it caught the pig, then Fanning cut the pig’s throat. The pig was washed in warm water, shaved and skinned and then hung by its legs in the loft above the kitchen. Cows were always sold at market.

In the line of crops there was the main field and a few short drills were kept for lettuce, carrots, turnips, cabbage and parsnips. In the main part of the field there were potatoes. There were also apple trees, sweet apples and cooking apples, gooseberry trees and blackcurrant trees. They also grew flax for many years – it was pulled and put into a ‘flax hole’. When this had rotted it was taken out, spread in the field and dried – the stalks or reeds of the flax could be used as firelighters. Once dried the flax was rolled up again and sent to the ‘scutch mill’. Wilson’s had the nearest mill and it was located towards Dunraymond. Occasionally the kids were kept at home to help with the farm work but not that often.

It was Davy Allen, their neighbour in Drumacruttin, who came down the field to tell them that World War II was over. Davy had a wireless radio, he lived with his sister and neither of them would ever drink alcohol.

Minnie was thin and of good height according to her eldest son. She was a good cook, baked home made bread, and there was always plenty of rasher and potatoes. There wasn’t much butter and Minnie would churn occasionally. She worked very hard with both the housework and helping with the farm work. She used to say “I’ve a load of tiredness.” She knitted and sowed – everybody did in those times – the children would thread the needle for her, her eyesight wasn’t great even though she did have reading glasses. She didn’t visit her own family much – she was busy and had no way of travelling long distances. Her family members sometimes dropped in to her house. Minnie believed in keeping good terms with all her neighbours and would visit other houses when there was someone sick. She preferred not to have guest dropping by unannounced.

She kept her children well and always dressed them in the best clothes they could afford. When Minnie was younger she travelled by train from Ballybay to Blackrock Beach outside Dundalk – 15th August was a big day out. She also went to Bundoran and stayed in a hotel called O’Gorman’s. Minnie’s father Tom Hughes was a very industrious farmer and the family had been involved in haulage at one stage. In later years Minnie also travelled back to Bundoran with her son Hugh and she was able to point out places she stayed. On that trip they dropped Charles off in Lough Derg and travelled down to Bundoran and back again. Hugh also brought her to Blackrock.

Hugh died in the summer of 1949. He was clipping the hedge on a Saturday evening and said he felt sick. He said that if he didn’t improve he might not go to mass the next day. He got worse the following day and the Doctor was called and examined the patient. The Doctor said he’d check up on Hugh the following day. However Hugh got worse on Monday, the Doctor was slow coming out – it was a ‘Fair Day’ and it was hard to locate the Doctor. Hugh was brought to the County Hospital in an ambulance. Eddie, who was cycling back from the fair with a Thompson man sitting on the crossbar, met the ambulance as it went down the road. Hugh got a bad turn, nearly dying but he struggled through eventually dying at 2am Tuesday morning – Dan and Bridget were there. His death occurred 7th of June 2 days after Hugh, his youngest sons 15th birthday.

A few years after the death of Hugh in 1949 the family built a new house above the old cottage (see Pictures M). The family moved up to it and lived there until Dan’s marriage to Mary (neé Leonard) in 1964. At this point Bridget, Eddie, Charles and Hugh moved to a house on the Glen Rd.

2.      Charles Francis (Pictures K) was born around 1879 and died in 1950 when he got a stroke and never regained consciousness. His death occurred about 10 months after the death of his eldest brother Hugh. Charles F. was the last McNally to live on the hill in Tonniscoffey where the house stands to this day. It has been said that Charles F. lived a quiet and traditional lifestyle – he kept very much to himself and he socialised mostly with his close family. He would only go to town on necessity – for example to attend mart. In those times local shops provided most standard provisions.

He kept a cat around the house, which was almost wild, and though he had a simple lifestyle he would always put up a good feed of bacon if any of his nephews were working for him on the farm.

Charles F. lost an eye in an accident while breaking stones at Drumacruttin and he was troubled by stomach problems for much of his life. At the time that Charles F. farmed in Loughill, the land was subdivided into many small fields (over 20 in total) and plots – this reflects how land was subdivided in the previous generations. When the land passed onwards to his nephews – Dan and Eddie, many of the hedges and smaller plots were removed to enlarge the fields into 5 larger fields. Much of the land was covered in rushes and some had fallen into disuse – firstly there was not the modern machinery to clear the fields before this period and secondly because Charles had more than enough land to work. Some of the old plots contained rows of potatoes and pits that may well have been abandoned around the time of the famine as well as the remains of what may well have been mud huts and cabins.

Charles F. died very suddenly and had no will made and so the land passed to his nephew Edward through agreement from Patrick and Joe, the deceased Charles brothers. The document relating to this transaction can be seen in Section 19.

3.      Patrick/Paddy was the Creamery Manager where Douglas Glassworks is based now. This crossroads was sometimes referred to as Middlebys Crossroads. Paddy continued working into his mid 70’s, and died on the 20th August 1960 aged 75 years. Paddy had a weak arm which made physical work awkward. As regards the origin of the McNally family Paddy often said to some of his children that he had heard the family may have originated in Tyrone centuries previous. Loads of good pictures of Paddy and his family have survived and they can be seen in Pictures H, I, J and K.

Paddy was a popular man and could always tell a good yarn. He married Elly Brannigan. The Brannigans lived nearby and their father Hughie, was adept on the fiddle which he kept over his fireplace. Elly was one of two sisters - her sister died in her early thirties. Elly died aged over 80 in 1988. She had spent a long number of years in a nursing home before her death. Paddy and Elly had 2 daughters and 4 sons. In age order they were Kathleen, Helen, John, Joe, Dan and Vincie.

§         Kathleen died on the 12th July 1936 quite suddenly.

§         Helen trained for nursing in St Davnets and went to work in England where she married John Hermon on 4th November 1964, and had one son called Gary. Gary himself is married to Denise Wilkins and they have twin boys, Alfie and Shaun.

§         John moved to Oxford, England and worked in the British Leyland/Morris Car factory. He married Kay Connolly from Corcaghan. The couple had a son called Philip. They returned to Ireland after 20 years in England and purchased a shop in Balinode where they operated the Post Office.

John remembers a funny incident in the early 1950’s when his McNally cousins at Drumacruttin had bought a gramophone. John bought a record called “The Gypsy Rover” sung by Joe Lynch (who later played Dinny in Glenroe). He brought it over to his cousins to have the record played and when the lady of the house, his Aunt Minnie heard it, she chased him and the record saying something to the effect that she wouldn’t have gypsies around her house! Incidentally the only record that the McNally’s of Drumacruttin had for many months, and the record to which they learned to dance in the upstairs of the cottage was called “7 Lonely Days”.

John remembers that there were a number of people making poitin in the locality, the Finnegans (cousins of his mothers) and other neighbours being among them. He remembers how Bishop O Callaghan made drinking or brewing poitin a “reserved sin” which meant that to obtain forgiveness one had to go to him directly!

In those days it was normal for people to take the pledge until they were 21 years old but John admits to the odd late night secret excursion to pubs and dances when he was in Dublin with his great aunt, Maggie McAdam.

Similarly at the reception of Eileen McNally’s wedding to Francis Duffy in the White Horse Hotel in Cootehill. On this occasion John (not yet 21) and brother of the bride Hugh, slipped away from the reception into a quiet pub in the town for a few bottles of Guinness.

John thinks that in Monaghan in the 30’s and 40’s arranged marriages were still common and that perhaps the McNally brothers Paddy and Hugh were the benefactors of such initiatives. We cannot be sure of this however it is worth noting that in both cases the men married women over 10 to 15 years their junior.

John and Kay retired from their business around the year 2000 and live in Balinode. John has a number of interests such as hunting dogs, making garden ornaments from moulds and he keeps some rifles for shooting – his still has his father Paddy’s old Carter double barrelled hammer gun. Philip is in the army and married to Annita Irwin and they have two children, Enya and Connor.

§         Joe worked with his father Paddy in the Creamery and with the ESB in rural electrification. Joe had a distinctive scar on his face after swollen glands burst. Later he moved to England where he lived first with his sister Helen and then with his brother John. John helped Joe get a job in the British Leyland Factory. Later when the factory was going badly a number of the staff including Joe, were offered redundancy. John advised Joe to take it - the redundancy offer was good and beside this Joe had run in with a bad crowd in Oxford.

Joe took the redundancy and moved to Northampton where he worked in the Streamline Productions Factory. He later wrote giving an address in Birmingham and John replied – but when they later checked there was no such address and all later efforts to trace Joe’s whereabouts failed. The family followed up many leads. For example there was a Joe McNally in London who gave his original home place as Scotstown, Monaghan but they were unable to make contact with him or trace him any further. Neighbours up the road in Tonniscoffey, the McGlones, swore that they saw Joe after his disappearance on a bus in England. And much more recently Eddie (who was on a trip to America to see his daughter Cora) thought a man who looked like Joe passed him on a street.

§         Dan married Bridge Treanor and the couple lived with Dan’s mother (Elly) in Tonniscoffey. Dan died at the age of 31 on 14th February in very tragic circumstances. He had started a trailer manufacturing business where Glenwood Furnishings is now - just off the Ballybay Rd. One snowy evening he had been planning a trip to Rockcorry to get axles and had gone outside. He was later found lying on the street, having died of a heart attack. At the time of Dan’s death the couple had one daughter called Sinead who had just been brought home from the hospital. Sinead is now a nurse and is currently working in Cavan Hospital. Bridge remarried Francis McCague and the couple have a number of children.

§         Vincent married Rita Greenan and they live in Monaghan Town. Vincent was once part of the car sales business Berry and McNally and later sold his interest. They have one son Martin who works in Modern Décor in Monaghan Town.

4.      Joe was the youngest son of Dan and Bridget. He became a teacher eventually settling in Maguiresbridge. It is thought that Joe sat an open exam and in this way was offered his first teaching position. Joe often travelled down on the train to visit his brothers in Monaghan. His brother Paddy would meet him at the Railway Station, they’d do some shopping and have a drink or two in Ben Sherry’s Pub on Dublin Street. Then later that evening Paddy would leave Joe back at the Railway Station and he would return to Maguiresbridge.

Joe used to say that the RUC in Fermanagh would knock on their door late at night and demand to see the boys in the family, take them outside, question them and generally hassle them. Upon hearing such stories Joe’s brother Paddy would start slagging Joe about giving the McNally’s a bad name and insinuating that perhaps Joe’s boys were mixed up in a bad crowd down the north. Of course there was no truth in this, but it seems that Paddy enjoyed winding Joe up.

Joe married Mary McGowan (see Pictures K and L), who was from Kinlough, Donegal, in the 1920’s. Joe and Mary had 2 sons and a daughter. Mary died young on the 11th March 1935 aged 33 years and is buried in the old Latlurcan graveyard. In order of age the children were Dan, Mary and Charles. Joe died on 2nd March 1966 aged 78 years and is buried in Maguiresbridge, just behind St Mary’s Church in the Graveyard.

§         Dan was born on 22nd of July 1929. He married Mary Bourke (born in Limerick) on 18th April 1960. Dan died in September 2002 in England. The couple had two children – Joseph born 14th Oct 1961 and Mary born 4th November 1962. Joseph lives on the Isle of Wight and is married to Sharon and they have one son called Kieran.

§         Mary (Pictures L) married Kevin Sreenan and the couple lived in Dublin. Kevin was in the army. Kevin died in November 2002 and was buried in Lisnaskea. Mary died of cancer aged 51 years on 20th November 1981. Kevin and Mary had 2 boys, one of whom, Kevin (Jnr) who died in his twenties. The other son was called Gerry, he works in London in the civil service. He is married to Nuala.

§         Charlie was born in 1932. He worked as a comedian and compere, working throughout Ulster. Charlie had a sudden heart attack in 1987 and he died aged at the age of 54. Charlie married to Nuala McKenna from Cloghar and they lived in Lisnaskea. They had 3 children John, Anne Marie and Bébhimn. John married Veronica McGrory and they have 1 child called Charlie. Anne Marie married Martin Noctor and they have one son called Sam and they are living in Dublin.

 

 

 

Section 8: The 6th, 7th and 8th Generations

Here are listed the children of Hugh and Minnie/Mary (neé Hughes) McNally of Drumacruttin. The four boys – Dan, Eddie, Charlie and Hugh can be seen in Pictures L. The whole family, including mother Minnie, can be seen in the final picture, showing Eileen and Francis Duffy’s wedding.

 

Brigid McNally: Glen Rd, Monaghan

Brigid lived at Drumacruttin and moved up into the new house where she looked after her mother Minnie, until she passed away. When Dan married Mary Leonard she moved into the house on the Glen Road where she lived with Eddie, Charles and Hugh who were all working locally. Eventually the boys all married and moved out to their own homes and Bridget remained on in the house. She worked for Charles and Sheila as a seamstress carrying out alterations for customers.

 

 

 

Eileen McNally &  Francis Duffy (RIP), Romanny, Monaghan

 

Eileen, born 14th November 1925, was the second girl oldest in the McNally family. She went to Tappa National School until the age of 14. After finishing school she worked on the family farm and also on her Uncle Charlies farm in Loughill, tying corn and putting in spuds.

Eileen met her husband Francis in 1945 at the Farmer’s Union Dance in Ardaghy. She continued working on the farm at home until 1949 when she went to Newtownards with a neighbour – Lizzy Allen. Eileen worked as a cook in Dixon’s. Dixons owned Hallmark Seeds.

She married Francis Duffy on the 19th September 1955 and moved to Romaney where she lived with Francis and his parents. Eileen was the first of her siblings to marry and the wedding photo is the very last picture in this booklet.

Francis and Eileen had seven children.

Catherine: Eddie Whelan; Paul and Orla

Rita: Michael Carney; Niall and Shane

Sheila: (RIP 1970) age 10 years

Michael and Ann Gargan; Adrian, Conor, Laura

Brendan and Carmel McCarron; Ciaran, Mark, Pauric

Noel and Ann Marie Cadden; Darren, Aoife, Conal

Patrick and Cait Canavan

 

 

 

Dan McNally &  Mary Leonard (RIP), Drumacruttin, Monaghan

 

The first son of Hugh and Mary (Minnie) McNally, Dan was born on 15th March 1928 in the house at Drumacruttin. Dan and his five siblings were reared on the land where potatoes, carrots, cabbage, oats and corn formed the stable diet. The land however was of bad quality and the returns were poor. Throughout the years of the war, everything was rationed and there was no money to even get the rations!  

 

At the tender age of four Dan followed his sisters Eileen & Bridget to Tappa school some one and half miles from Drumacruttin. Tappa National school educated approximately 60 pupils who were divided between 2 classrooms: Miss Connolly taught infants, first and second class and Master Rafferty taught the big boys and girls. Mary and Hugh worked hard to provide the money required to pay for the school heating. Dan made his first holy communion at the age of 7 and was confirmed a few days later. 

 

A big lad for his years Dan together with his siblings assisted on the farm with general farming chores throughout the summer holidays – gathering spuds, tying corn, feeding the livestock – cows, hens, sows, turkeys. 

 

It was understood from an early age that Dan would not be proceeding on to second level education.  Rather, he like many of his peers would remain at home and work on the farm. Dan’s father suffered ill health and help was sorely needed on the farm. And so in 1942 at the age of 14 Dan left formal education.  Dan was the only pupil in his class to sit and get the primary school certificate – a certificate he still has in his possession some 61 years later!

 

In 1949 at the age of 70, Hugh McNally Snr. passed away and Dan and his brother Eddie took over the running of the farm. In 1953 a new house at Drumacruttin was built and Dan has lived here for most of his life. Dan and Eddie purchased their first tractor in 1955 changing the operating of the farm from horse to mechanical power. It wasn’t long before the boys started working on neighbouring land when a need was identified for land drainage in the Monaghan area. The brothers seized the opportunity and set up in business as drainage contractors.

 

And so began McNally brothers drainage contractors and a career on the country that would span a lifetime. In the early days work was limited by one tractor and such was the demand for land drainage that Dan and Eddy purchased a second machine.  Most of the work was concentrated in the Monaghan/Cavan area. The boys carried on ‘working the land’ in this manner for a number of years when the drainage market became crowded and competition made it difficult to earn a living solely from land drainage. It was around this time that the brothers McNally decided to seek alternative business ventures.

 

In 1962 Dan purchased his first digger – a JCB - one of the first of its kind to come into the country. This was followed by the purchase of additional machinery as demand increased. Limited finance necessitated the purchase of second hand machinery. Second hand machinery was prone to breakdowns however and required frequent repairs at Leonard’s forge in Ballybay.

 

Competition again forced a business rethink and in 1971, identifying a market in waste disposal, Dan bought a new tractor and a waste disposal unit and set up McNally Waste Disposal. After a couple of years Dan replaced the tractor with a lorry complete with waste disposal unit. The lorry increased the speed and productivity of the waste disposal operation. Over the following years the number of both lorries and bins were increased as business demand continued to grow. Again with a limited future in the waste disposal field Dan turned to cranes. In 1971 he purchased his first crane – a 6 tonne hydrocon lattice jib crane and expanded and developed the business in this area.

 

It was in Ballybay during one of his regular ‘machinery repair trips’ that Dan met Mary Angela Leonard. It had been reported that Dan was known to frequent the Leonard household even when repairs were not necessary! The daughter of a blacksmith, Mary was often present in the kitchen of St Patrick Street where Dan went to discuss business with Ownie Leonard. It was about 4years however before romance blossomed in 1962 when Dan and Mary started stepping out. The courtship lasted 2 years and 9 months to the day. Dan proposed in August and the couple were married on 31st December 1964.  The couple enjoyed a honeymoon touring around Ireland before returning and settling in Drumacruttin. 

 

In 1965 Dan suffered a heart attack which forced him off the land and into bed where he was confined for 6 weeks. Co-incidentally Dan’s heart attack coincided with the installation of the phone at Drumacruttin. The first phone call made on the phone was to the doctor! The doctors of the day advised that Dan leave the manual land work to men in better health. Dan thus gave up his position behind the wheel and assumed a role in the office where he worked as managing director of McNally’s Plant Hire until his retirement in 1996. At the age of 69 Dan handed the business over to his sons Hugh and Cathal. Although not active in managing the business Dan is still on hand to this day assisting and advising when and where required. 

 

After a long fight with cancer Mary passed away in December 1989. Dan himself has suffered some ill health over the years but thankfully he enjoys relatively good health today. He enjoys walking, socialising and he is a great story teller – recalling facts and details that would put even the most youthful mind to shame! He is dearly loved by his ever extending family.

 

 

Dan on Ward from Ardaghy, harrowing and tractors.

"Him and I would've run about together and he said did I want to give him a days harrowing and I started off. He arrived into the field and I was heading off down to the hedge, of course we talked and laughed and smoked and all that. I headed off down the field with 2 horses and a wee harrow, ye know what a harrow is? He followed me fhhiisssst down past me and swung around at the bottom and back up again (I was still going down) and he down past me, back up and down past me again and back up again and I was heading near the foot of the field.

He had a harrow twice the size of the once I was pulling with the horses and twice, ten times as effective because it was travelling at a speed and it was cutting up all the ground.

I got back up. I couldn't stick it, you'd get it into your head that you were doing nothing. He'd do more in ten minutes that you'd do in all day. And that happened about every house then. And that’s the way tractors came in. There was talk that the land was wet and heavy and the tractor was no good but when you saw the tractor out you bleddy well had to have it.

There was no sense in the story because the wee tractor wasn't heavy at all and you could only work the horse for 7 or 8 hours in a day or you'd kill the poor bugger, you weren't too bad yourself, you weren't carrying any weight. What was I saying about the tractor? Aye you had to get the tractor no matter whether your land was good because everyone had a tractor and every mans goal, no matter what he had been saying about the tractor was to get one as quick as possible and in the space of 3 or 4 years there wasn't a horse left in the country. Blacksmiths and saddlers and them fella's who had made their living out a horses were left high and dry. That quick! It completely failed!"

 

At those times every 3 or 4 town-lands had their blacksmith and he shod the horses. The blacksmith in the area was McEntee.

"McEntee past Tappa School and a lane called Tappa Lane and up there. That mans dead 40 years. This was the real blacksmith who shod horses, made ploughs and grubbers, done little bits of metal work. It was a quere skill now, amazing what a man with a hammer could turn out. A trade that died out. God, the tractor over took it."

 

But was the tractor any good?

"Ye did the work quicker and do more of it and do work on the country. If we had a had a tractor 5 years earlier we could have earned the price of it on the country, before everyone had it."

 

Bed Bugs in the 1930’s and 1940’s……

Dan and Eddie were woken late one night by the noise of a rat crawling and scratching around the floor. The story goes that the boys killed the rat with a rod, leaving the dead rat in the bin, and returned to bed. Later that very night the boys were woken again – this time a second rat was eating the first. Needless to say the second rat joined the first very shortly after.

 

2nd Hand Appliances

"Sure there wasn't a fridge for a long time till we got electric, no running water… I remember radio here. Your father and Charlie had saved up for a while, they were taken for a ride, Jim McGeough said that the one you's are getting 'ill not give ye's any trouble, Ferguson Tractors was out at the same time. Damn the ould thing, it was lousy, in and out of town twice a week, it was damn near as big as that television. It never worked. Ye'd be listening to an ould match of a Sunday and the bucken thing would jack up. Same goes to this day, sure if I bought something 2nd hand, begod before I'd have it home there'd be something wrong with it."

 

Dan on Hughie, Old man Owens and land sales.

"The only farmer about this house was your father. If he had a been farming he'd a been a successful farmer. He had an interest in cattle and all that. Eddie and I had seen too many hard times, money scarce, cattle not well enough to sell.

"Old Man Owens, a first cousin of my Grandfather was an auctioneer. I remember him at auctions cause he was a man of 80 years of age."

He had some sons and daughters, one of whom became a doctor and another an auctioneer (died young).

On how a particular piece of land was sold and paid for: "There was a bit under the table and a bit over it.."

The land below the Ballybay Road with the rushes is not actually Dan’s land as has often been suggested by people to him. "They'd think that bog is ours! Its not. That rushy spot doesn't belong to us. 'Why don't ye dump on the land in front of your house?' I says God, I can't do that. 'Aye ye'd dump on some other mans!' I would surely dump on some other mans if I could get away with it but the man that owns that would hardly let me away with it! Nobody could believe that I didn't own it. It belongs to Gibsons."

When Eddie bought the farmhouse at Raconnell Dan bought the 36 acres of lands at Tonniscoffey from him. That purchase cost Dan £600 at the time.

 

On his uncles Joe and Paddy:

"They were sensible men and they were decent men. Ye'd have to say that cause both Joe and Paddy could have said that we'd have to get money out of this (Charles F’s death in 1950) and many other uncles would have, but they weren't that kind. They were glad to see someone taking it and of course they were like myself, they seen nothing only hard work in the land."

 

Dan and the Monaghan Bombing

See the section below on Eddie McNally

 

Dan and Mary’s Family

Hugh and Mary Sheridan; Daniel, Conor, Adam, Ewan

Oonagh and Sean McGurn

Ann and Joseph McGeever

Cathal and Geraldine Kearns; Emma, Liam

 

 

 

 

Edward McNally &  Bernadette Hughes, Raconnell, Monaghan

 

On the 27th August 1930 Edward McNally was born at the humble settings of Drumacruttin, Drumraymond, County Monaghan. His father was a farmer while his mother was a busy housewife attending after her six children. Eddie gained his education at Tappagh National School and he stayed there until he was 14 years old. The education system in Ireland at that time was basic and harsh. Failure to comprehend things quickly often lead to a slap from a stick. When he was  14 years old, Eddie left school, as was the practice at the time. The majority of people did not continue their education beyond this age and gained the rest of their education at the university of life.

 

Eddies First Job

His first job on leaving school was in Wilson flax mill in Dunraymond scotching flax. Evenings were spent working on the farm and doing chores around the house. When he was 16 he obtained his next job, in Glenmore Quarry. It was this early experience with quarrying that was going to stand him to him in later years. In the quarry, Eddie and others loaded stones by hand and shovel onto a horse and cart where they were then transported to a diesel engine crusher. Eddie travelled to work on a bicycle, which was a 15-mile journey from his house. Work started at 8 am and finished at 6 pm. For all this work Eddie received £2.50 a fortnight. When he was 17 years old, Eddie’s father died and he started to work full time on the farm. Eddie farmed 36 acres and had 4 sows, 10 pigs and 4 cows at the time. Shortly after his father’s death the family built a new house were Dan his brother currently resides.

 

Socialising

Like any fellow his age, Eddie had to socialise. Different nights of the week, Eddie and his brothers would cycle to dances in the surrounding parishes of Carrickroe, Corcaghan, Ardaghey and Tullycorbet. With money being scarce and with the power the Catholic Church had in the Country, alcohol consumption was limited at these events. This did not prevent the brothers however from still having a good time. It was at one of these dances in Emyvale that he was to meet his wife to be, Bernadette Hughes in 1960.

 

The Railway Sleepers Job

When Dan and Eddie brought a tractor between them the seeds were sown for the brothers main occupations in life, the plant hire business. The two brothers went and got work “on the country” with their tractor. They also preformed physical tasks around farms such as digging shores in land by hand. In the 1950’s the two brothers obtained the job of lifting the railway line between Monaghan and Dundalk. It took six months to do this job. The heavy sleepers were prized out of the ground by a crowbar and then physically lifted onto a trailer. The trailor when full, would carry 120 sleepers. They were then brought to the nearest train station where they were lifted onto a goods train by hand to be brought to Dublin.

 

In 1960 Eddie bought a Track Marshall dozer for £2,200. With no foreseeable income to be raised on the farm, the time had come to branch out on his own. He drove his dozer on the country mainly working for farmers and cleaning up land by taking out ditches. Two more dozers were to follow before he bought his first Caterpillar machine from McCormick McNaughton in Dublin in 1965. It cost £3,000 and was the first Caterpillar machine of the twenty he was to purchase to the present day.

 

After proposing to Bernadette Hughes in 1963 in Dublin, Eddie bought Raconnell House at public auction in 1964. It comprised of 46 acres of land and a two-storey house with farm buildings. It was bought for £4,500 giving the previous owners in excess of £500 profit after having purchased it 12 months previously. With his business expanding, Eddie needed to have a place to store his machinery. In 1972 he bought a site on the Monaghan Cootehill Road. He built a large machinery store on it in 1974. Dan and Eddie were fortunate not to lose their lives in the Monaghan bombing of 1974. They sustained injuries but considering their location in relation to where the bomb detonated, they were lucky to be alive.

 

Expanding the Business

In 1971 Eddie purchased a D8 dozer bulldozer. This was the first machine of this size in Counties Cavan and Monaghan. This machine now allowed him to work on bigger construction jobs. Work was carried out in quarries and construction sites across the Counties of Monaghan, Louth, Cavan, Meath and even Dublin. By the late 1970’s Eddie had 12 men employed and had a considerable number of machines. He had 4D8’s, 3D6 bulldozers, 2 loading shovels, a D5 bulldozer, a dumper, a DAF tractor unit and low loader. By the early 1980’s however a recession started to appear in this line of work. Oil became expensive and work became scare as Government grants etc were no longer available. Eddie now had to change his career and for a long time considered setting up a concrete plant at his shed on the Cootehill Road.

 

The Quarry

Then in 1980 a quarry belonging to Murphy and Reid was advertised for sale. Eddie purchased the quarry in 1981 for £162,000. Twenty-two years on he is still quarrying there today. He employs 10 people and has 14 machines. The quarry has supplied numerous construction sites and roads over the years. So from starting to work in a quarry at 16 years old, Eddies life has come full circle with him now the owner of one. Eddie and Bernadette McNally have four children Mary, Cora, Kevin and Pearse.

 

Edward McNally is a hard workingman who, like his brothers, started off in humble surroundings. It is because of their decency and hard work that the McNallys are regarded in such high esteem not only in Monaghan but also across the country. Hopefully the younger generation can keep this concept alive.

 

Eddie and Bernadette’s family:

Mary and Tadhg Murphy; Amie, Tim, Alice

Cora and Ruairi Fahy; Niamh, Macdara, Cormac

Kevin and Margaret Mohan; Marie

Pearse

 

The Monaghan Bombing, 17th May 1974

On Friday, 17th May, 1974, 33 people died and over 250 were injured in the Dublin and Monaghan Bombings. The blame for the bombings was apportioned to the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF). Both Dan and Eddie McNally were in Greacon’s Pub in Church Square at the time the car bomb exploded outside the bar.

Dan and Eddie met up on the evening of the 17th of May. Work had just finished and they decided to have a few drinks before heading home. Dan’s wife Mary was expecting Cathal at this time. They had intended to go into Jimmy’s Bar, located on Mill Street, but upon seeing the car of a certain gentleman with whom Eddie did not want to meet, they decided to head around the corner and have a drink in Greacon’s Bar, Church Square. Greacon’s wasn’t a pub that Dan would have drank in often before that day. They went in to Greacon’s, stood at the bar and ordered drinks. The lady serving behind the bar was Margaret White and Eddie was talking to Thomas Campbell on his right.

They were just getting their second drink when the car bomb exploded. Someone who visited the bar the next day could say that amidst the rubble and chaos at the scene, Dan’s beer bottle was still standing at the bar where they had been. There was a deafening explosion and the ground seemed to drop from under their feet and bounce back up – at this point one of Dan’s shoes came off. The two men were knocked against the bar by the force of the bomb but they remained standing. They stood in a daze while the dust and debris in the air settled. When they could see enough to make their way out they climbed out the window and staggered onto the footpath. The body of Jack Travers was lying on the ground.

The tale of John Travers is particularly tragic. John had gone to the public payphone past Greacon’s Bar. He had heard about the Dublin Bombing earlier in the day and he had gone to ring his girlfriend, a Doctor, who was working in Dublin at the time. His girlfriend was fine and it was when John made his way out of the phone booth and back past Greacon’s that the bomb exploded killing him.

People had started to move towards the scene and when a car, driven by John Morgan, pulled up, Eddie was ushered into the front passenger seat and Dan into the back seat. Dan could see the blood gushing from a deep gash at the back of Eddie’s head. They were taken straight up to Monaghan Hospital.

Dan needed stitches to the face and back as a result of glass and other flying debris. He was kept in Monaghan Hospital for two weeks. Eddie’s heavy bleeding from the back of his head, possibly a punctured artery, was dealt with immediately in Monaghan Hospital. Later that evening Eddie and Thomas Croarkin, another gentleman who was in the bar at the time of the explosion, were sent to hospitals in Dublin. Eddie was taken to the Eye and Ear Hospital in Dublin where he remained for three weeks. Thomas Croarkin later died due to the injuries sustained.

Eddie’s eye was badly damaged and like Dan he suffered from several wounds caused by flying material. However both Dan and Eddie made good recoveries from their injuries and they considered themselves very fortunate to have survived the blast when others around them died.

 

Hugh McNally was in the sitting of his house on the Clones Rd when the bomb exploded and the windows shook with the force of the explosion. Later the clothes that Dan was wearing at the time of the explosion were given back. The jacket was slashed in threads from the debris and shrapnel in the air.

 

Below are details of those killed as a result of the bomb. 

John Travers (aged 28)

Margaret White (aged 44)

Thomas Campbell (aged 52)

Patrick Askin (aged 53)
George Williamson (aged 73)
Archibald Harper (aged 72). He died 21 May 1974.

Thomas Croarkin (aged 36). He died 24 June 1974.

 
 
Charlie McNally (RIP, 1984) & Sheila Lynch, Clones Rd, Monaghan

 

Charlie McNally began his career in the drapery business when he was sixteen. He served his time in Patsy McKenna’s shop from 1949 until 1952. He then spent a short time in Lennon’s of Cootehill and Foxes in Cavan. He came back to work in Patsy McKenna’s in 1955 and remained there until 1961.

Charlie opened his clothes shop in rented premises on the 19th May 1961. Louis Ronaghan later ran a paint shop from the same building.

In 1964 Charlie bought number 6 Dublin Street. He bought the shop from a Connolly man. He also bought out the ground rent from a Doctor O.C. Ward who worked in town.

Charlie and Sheila bought the shop in the Diamond in 1973. It was bought from the McManus family. Mrs Gibbons (neé McManus) ran a ladies clothes shop in the premises. They purchased the ground rent for a nominal sum from Lord Rossmore.

The building was owned before that by Harold Swan. He was an auctioneer and also owned the Northern Standard Newspaper. The shop was once the front offices of the paper.

 

Charlie and Sheila’s Family.

Ursula

John

Donal

Niall

Clare

 
 
Hugh McNally & Mary Murtagh, Clones Rd, Monaghan

 

Hugh was born in 1934 – he was originally to be called Thomas but his parents decided to change this on the way to the Church. Hugh went to Tappa National School. Mrs Connolly and Master Rafferty were the teachers in that school. None of the McNally children have many fond memories of school – the teachers believed in the regular use of the cane. Hugh did one year in the Technical School which was situated on the Glen Road in Monaghan.

 

Blackberry Picking and Rabbit Hunting

Hugh, Charlie and some of the others often went blackberry picking in the late summer and early autumn. A full bucket of blackberries could earn you up to 3 shillings. The land where McDonnells Commercials is situated was overgrown and full of berries.

The boys also went rabbit hunting and had a ferret for going down into the rabbit warren. They had wire that would snare and choke rabbits but once they ended up snaring their own chicken. They sold the berries and rabbits to Dunraymond Stores. The shopkeeper used to sell barrels of berries on to the army and he must have had a market for rabbits as well.

 

Kerr Brothers

“I started to serve my time in September 1949 in Kerr Brothers of Corby Rock as a cabinet maker. I went down on the horse and cart with Dan and he went in to see could he get me in and the boss (Sam Kerr) come walking out to the horse and cart and talked to me and said I could start on Monday morning. You worked 6 days a week till 5. Starting time was at 8.30 I think.” Dan was working on the land at home at that time.

Hugh rode the bicycle into work and at dinner time rode into town to have his dinner. He mostly ate in Donnelly’s Restaurant where Rock’s is now. “You got a good diner for 7 and 6 a week.” At this stage in his apprenticeship he was only earning 7 shillings and 6 pence per week so his meals cost him his full wage packet. By the time his first pay rise came which brought his wages to over 12 and 6pence per week, the price of meals had also risen to 12 and 6!

“Kerrs had a generator and a big engine to make power, once the engine went off the lights went out. At that stage there would have been about 16 or 17 working in Kerrs”

 

Who did Hugh work with and what was it like?

“There was a brother of Jimmy McElvaneys worked alongside me, Michael McElvaney and there was Benny Kernahan, Freddy Meehan, Joe Hall, John Sam Berry, Nelson Berry, Willie Thompson. You were tailing behind machines and one thing and another. You worked alongside a qualified cabinet maker for a few months and did sand-papering and rough-work and then you got a bench of your own. I worked in the machine shop on and off when there’d be men off. Then it happened to be that there was a scarcity of machinists and I would’a worked a couple of years in the machine shop”

Kerrs had a machine shop, bench shop, spray shop and fitting area. They made solid oak, bedroom and dining furniture. They worked with veneers such as walnut but mostly solids. They furniture was stained in a technique known as ‘stookying’, where a heavy paste was rubbed into the wood with rags to fill the open grain. “It was heavy work and slow but they were using spray guns just as we are now.” Much of the spraying technology stayed the same for another 50 years before the widespread adoption of spray lines in furniture factories. A lot of the furniture was beech and was stained in oak. Some young men entered the business to become spray men or machinists.

 

The Ford 500

During his time in Kerrs, Hugh purchased his first car, it was a blue Ford 500 van, (number ZJ 605). Hugh travelled to Dublin on the train to see about buying a van but he bought it second hand from Brian Daly from Lough Eglish. Very few people had cars at that time. Insurance and the license were easy to get. There was no test, just filled in a form. “There was a chap down the road from me, Willie Thompson, he was serving his time too, I’d give him a lift.”

When he changed the van to a car he was able to do some hackney work on a Sunday, “bringing some ould fellas to mass in Monaghan.”

None of the other family members had a car at this stage. So, was Hugh’s occupation better paid than the farmer or tailor?

“Oh well, you were getting money every week where the farmer mightn’t be getting it  till every month. It was that you were getting paid every week. It was a better paid job than a mechanic.” At this stage Charlie was serving his time as an apprentice tailor and although he started on higher wages than Hugh, the cabinet maker finished with more money.

 

Outside Work

“When you came home you’d  always be doing the chores around the house taking in the cows, milking them, through the summer months. In the winter time you’d be coming home and sitting in the corner. You wouldn’t be doing anything much.”

Hugh made pieces of furniture at home and sold them onwards long before he set up business on his own. He might make armchairs and bring them to a man who would upholster them for him. Once he had his van he could deliver the pieces.

“Played cards in the house at home and draughts all right. A place you’d go to every year would be to Croagh Patrick and to Lough Derg. It was all hard work I suppose. You went to Lough Derg fasting, you were on it for 2 nights. You travel by your own car or by bus. There’d be buses going to Lough Derg and Croagh Patrick and them places.”

 

Dancing

“You might go to a dance on a Friday night, and to town on a Saturday night and, course there was always a dance on a Sunday night too. Ye danced in Swan Park in Monaghan, St Macartans in Park Street. Ye went dancing across the border a good bit, in Keady and Armagh. Ye’d ride your bike to the dance in Monaghan but once ye got the car you were fit to travel to different places, Urbleshanny, Clara, Emyvale; well Emyvale was a fairly popular spot at that time, dances a couple of nights a week.” Some halls were privately owned and some were parochial halls, show bands provided the music.

“Then the Carnival would run for 3 weeks in Scotstown. It was just a big marquee out in the field and people danced in it. There’d be a good band playing, good show band, maybe 10 or 11 on stage, a different show band every night. It it’d be all old time dances that time, waltzes, Siege of Ennis, Walls of Limerick, quick steps and slow fox trots. There’d be no drinking at the Carnival except ye went to the pub before hand and then went in. You paid at the door. If I took a car load with me I’d get in free. There would be chaps on the door, but I never saw too much trouble. There were ceile bands in the likes of St Macartans. But why did the dancing come to an end? “Well I suppose when the hotels came on the market with the bar open, the hotels seemed to take over, them parochial halls and all the people quit going to them.”

 

Holidays and learning to swim

“You’d go up to Blackrock, Dundalk, an odd Sunday if the weather was good and that. But when it come that I had money, I’d always go to Bundoran, mostly Bundoran in the summer time, it was two weeks holidays ye’d have that time. The factory would be closed for two weeks and you might stay at home for the first week and go off the 2nd week.”

Hugh couldn’t swim, “ye’d never go into the water at all, there was a fear on ye to go into the water, which was a mistake, at that time, ye could a had great sport if ye could been fit to swim. There wouldn’t be that many swimming, there’d be the odd one. It wasn’t till the swimming pool was built in on the Clones Rd that I learned to swim. I learned just the year before in St Davnet’s Swimming Pool. I was fit to pass myself.”

In 1963, Hugh, Eddie, Charlie and Bridget moved from the new house in Drumacruttin down to the Glen Road when Dan got married. “I lived there for a right few years till ‘70. I didn’t move into me own hose till I was married.”

Hugh stayed in Kerrs till 1956 when the business was sold to a wood turner. “They offered me a job at the time but there were going to change the equipment in it and they were waiting on machinery and I was walking about. I got the chance of a job in Grahams Factory in Monaghan so I took it, rather than be waiting, I had been waiting a month at that stage. Grahams was a grand factory to work in. I always worked at the bench. Kevin Finlay worked across the floor from me. He worked in the Corby Rock for a few years too and left it, moved to Grahams’s. It was him that got me the job. He knew that the Corby Rock was sold like, and that I was out of work at the time. Kevin got me the job there."

 

But why did they decide to set up on their own?

“Well I think really what put us to leave was that work was scarce on and off and nearly ever Easter, when it come to Lent, the place would be closed down for a few of weeks, shortage of work like. We felt that we should have a go at setting up on our own. And we started looking for a place to rent.”

The land at Latlurcan where the factory was established was owned by a builder who went into liquidation. “I approached the bank cause they had it in the paper for sale and at that time there were looking for 700 for it, Irish Pounds, that was a lot of money at that time. I had talked to Kevin about it and we decided two weeks later that we’d go in and buy it. So when we went in, the bank manager had retired and it was with the auctioneer, Paddy Mooney. So went then to Paddy Mooney and made arrangements to meet on a Saturday  evening and bought the place for £1,100. We gave our notice and set up, our first delivery went out in June 1962. We moved the entrance further down the road, planning permission wasn’t as strict at that time.”

At a later date Hugh (who is called Hughie at work by all his colleagues) and Kevin bought lands from the Bishop. The business expanded over the years and the company experienced huge growth when they started to sell to the UK – at the time manufacturers in the UK couldn’t supply their own market. In the 70’s and 80’s McNally & Finlay teamed up with Neesons of Milltown and Sherry Bros of Scotstown in advertising and design projects. Eventually McNally & Finlay and Sherry Bros developed the joint brand name – Rossmore Furniture. They market the brand together and use the same designer. However the respective companies maintain independence in all other ways.

The company’s portfolio of products has grown from a range of mahogany dining room furniture to bedroom, dining and occasional furniture in mahogany, teak, cherry, oak, pine and maple. As 2003 is drawing to a close McNally & Finlay is facing its toughest period of business ever as they try to compete with low cost imports coming from Eastern Europe and Asia.

Most recently the business experienced a devastating tragedy with the untimely death of 53 year old Bertie Hamilton of Braddox, Co Monaghan. Bertie worked as the Production Manager and he was returning from business in Romania when he was killed in a roadside accident just outside Ardee. The accident occurred on Thursday the 20th of November 2003. Bertie was hugely popular with all the staff and was widely acknowledged in the local industry as one of its most progressive and honest members.

In all his time employed in McNally & Finlay Bertie used to say that he only ever argued with Hugh once, though neither men can remember what was the argument was about! Bertie and his family were always highly regarded; it was Seamus McDermott, Careers Advisor at the Technical School in Monaghan, who told Hugh that Bertie would make an excellent apprentice. Hugh called out to the Hamilton’s home late one evening, met Bertie and his father and Bertie started at the factory the following Monday morning.

Bertie is fondly remembered by all in McNally & Finlay and in the industry at home and abroad. On behalf of every McNally who had the pleasure to meet Bertie may we extend the deepest condolence to Bertie’s wife Olive, and children Alan and Mandy.

 

Times with John McNally

“Me and John run about to dances together. John was serving his time in the Co-op stores in Ballybay and he took a notion of going to England. He’d come home on the August holidays. One time he came home on a big motorbike and me and him went to Butlins for a week. We had crash helmets too. I remember him saying only for the crash helmet he would have been killed going into Belfast, the front tire on his motorbike bursted and he went in under a lorry and the lorry got stopped in time. He skidded. He wasn’t a bit the worse for it, he counted himself lucky not to have been killed. Butlins was a great place, sure there was dances during the day and sure I was mad dancing that time. There’d be dances from 4 to 6. There’d be a local band playing, there’d be a good crowd in at that dance, good ballroom, the best of chat, sure when you’re young ye’d have a powerful time. He had a huge big motorbike, every place you’d stop all the people would be out around it looking at it. A big windscreen on it. A big mansion of a thing.”

 

Land

“Any piece of land that ever went up for sale, it was always sold at a big price, there were always people who could rake up the money to buy it no matter that there wasn’t even a living in the land. And mind you they wouldn’t be borrowing the money because you couldn’t borrow money. Banks just wouldn’t give you money.”

 

Charlie’s Motorbike

“Charlie had the motorbike for a while too. I remember having it going in to a dance in the Swan Park. Well it might’a been the pictures I went to but when I was coming back out and I come on ahead up to Dan’s lane and I took the corner too sharp, I didn’t slow down well enough, turned a bit quick and I nearly went through the hedge on the other side. I didn’t go off her, but it was a dangerous bloody machine. I didn’t have much time for it, sure it’d leap from under ye. It was one of these machines were you could be doing 60 and you wouldn’t know you were doing 30. Sure ye’d come out of Monaghan in a few minutes.”

 

Emigration

“At that time they were going thick to England. A lot of my pals would have gone to England and never come back. Ah well a lot came back alright too. But sure a group of young fella’s going to England sure they’d be slapping about and drinking and you’d be surprised the way some fellas went, they’d be drinking and they wouldn’t have a schilling at the end of the week. A lot of them wouldn’t be eating their food. Dan (brother) would have always said that if ye stayed at home and worked you could do better, like it’d be mad to go to England, he was always the wise head. He said he never seen anybody gaining anything and when they did go away they’d always this ‘ould love to come back and if they come back they were all knocked about and their pals were gone and they didn’t settle either. Then you take America, you take Uncle Eddie, a gentleman of the highest, a very nice man, he’d always invite you out to stay in his house on holidays. Invite you out and tell ye he’d pick you up at the airport or the boat, He’d give ya a dandy time if you went. He’d be delighted to see ya. But we never went, first and foremost ye hadn’t the money and second you never travelled much.”

 

The McNally/Crooked Nose Story:

Hugh’s youngest child Dermot was watching his father in the bathroom shaving one morning. Dermot, who was aged about 4 or 5 at the time, pointed at his fathers nose and asked why it was crooked. Was it from a rough football match or a drunken brawl in a pub? Hugh’s response to Dermot’s question was something to this effect.

Hugh recalled an incident as a child when he was watching his father (who was called Hugh also) shaving using a cut-throat, a small sharp blade. Hugh Senior was shaving at a small mirror hung on a wall outside the cottage - the daylight provided the best light for shaving. Hugh asked his father why he had a crooked nose. His father replied that when Hugh was as old as he was that he would have a crooked nose too.

 

Hugh and Mary

Mary Murtagh was born and reared 3 miles outside Carrickmacross. She trained for nursing in London and then returned to Belfast where she did midwifery. She then took  up a position in Monaghan General Hospital. Hugh and Mary met at a dance in the Swan Lake Monaghan and married three years later.

 

Hugh and Mary’s Family

Hilda and Ciaran McGloin; Ben Dermot, and Adam Kieran

Sandra and Anthony Smyth

Kieran

Nuala and Adam Smyth (to be married December 30th 2003)

Angela

Laura

Dermot

 

 

 

Section 9: The McAdam Connection, Coravilla, Tullycorbet

Bridget McAdam, as previously mention, married into the McNally family in 1877 when she wedded Dan McNally – the couple lived in Drumacruttin.

Bridget’s father was Patrick. It was a big family: Patrick and Bernard,  and 5 girls including Bridget (who was the only one who married), Catherine, Maggie (the youngest and she became a teacher, living in Dublin), another was a nun and Rose (who witnessed Bridgets wedding certificate) who worked in a clothes shop.

One of Bridgets brother’s Patrick, married, and had 4 boys, Packie, Phil, George and Brian, and one girl, Sissy. Phil was Packie McAdams (Modern Décor) father.

Bridgets other brother Bernard married and had 1 son and maybe 5 daughters.

 

 

 

Section 10: The Hughes Connection, Legacurry, Tullycorbet.

Tom Hughes married an Ellen Duffy (originally from Doohamlet). They had 4 boys and 4 girls. They were James, Willie, Eddie, Tommy who was the youngest, Rose Anne, Lizzie, Emma Rita and Minnie (Mary) who married into the McNally family.

Minnie (Mary) married Hugh McNally in the 1920’s.

Lizzie married Packie Murphy who lived near Swans Cross.

The other sister, Emma Rita got married to a James Kearns.

Rose Anne Hughes married Paddy Smith (Mrs 'Peters' parents)

 

Dan McNally spoke about some of his uncles on his mothers side:

"James Hughes couldn't live in the country because he was allergic to something about the house. At 12 or 13 the doctor said he'd have to get away to the seaside, that he'd never survive. He ended up in the Allingham (Bundoran). He went down there and had great health, he didn't know himself."

But his health remained a problem so that he never got to return home.

·         "He come back to see all and was only through the door he started choking. Asthmatic attack!"

·         "His father got sick and he came to see him and the same story, he had to run and get the train."

·         "His father died but he never got as far as the funeral and had to go back."

James stayed in Bundoran till he got the chance to go to America, he lived in New York.

 

Eddie Hughes: went to America as well and lived in New York. He had a daughter Mary who married John Sheehan. They adopted two children – Joe and John.

 

Willie Hughes: was the 4th Battalion (Mid Monaghan), Tullycorbet Vice Commandant in the War of Independence. This information is recorded in “Unsung Heroes of the War of Independence in Monaghan”. According the book, notable actions that involved the Tullycorbet unit were the “Burning of Rockcorry RIC Barracks”, “Burning of the Belfast Breadvan” and the “Raid on the Mail Train in Glaslough”. He farmed at their home. He died aged 34 when according to Dan, he “Took appendix and died. They took down the surgeon and Doctor from Dublin for to operate on him in the wee thatched house. He died anyhow. A big able fella he was too"

 

Tommy Hughes: Farmed the land in Legacurry and he married Sissy, a sister of Packie and Phil McAdam. The couple had 2 sons, James and Eddie and 2 daughters Mary and Rita. Rita was the only one to marry, she married an Irishman living in England.

 

“Been to Ballybay”

James Kearns was married to Emma Rita Hughes. They were living in Tullycorbet, and one evening James made the trip into Ballybay for a drink in one of the local pubs. He sometimes got a lift but quite often would have walked the couple of miles. It was dark when he reached Ballybay and as he walked up the street a man passed him on the street. James realised that the man he had passed was his wife Emma Rita's brother James/Jimmy, who had gone to live in the states years beforehand. When James got home he told Emma Rita who dismissed the suggestion that it was her brother because he was in New York, had not been home in years and furthermore had not written to say he was coming back.

 

What was not known till later was that at that time James/Jimmy Hughes, having taken ill in New York, was lying unconscious with his family at the bedside in his home. He died shortly after but at one stage he awoke and said to the families' confusion, "I've just been in Ballybay" or words to that effect. It was later that the news of his death reached Ireland and the words he said on his deathbed were reported, much to the surprise of Emma Rita and her husband.

 

 

Section 11: The Rackwallace McNally Connection

Owen Murphy, originally from Ardaghey, but now living in London contributed all the information for this section. While conducting his research he came in contact with Dan McNally from Drumacruttin who was able to direct him to the location of Loughill.

Murphy carried out detailed research into his family history. He researched every person who married into his family and he looked at their ancestors. He discovered that a great aunt (or thereabouts) of his married a McNally from Rackwallace. Murphy did extensive searches of records to discover the whereabouts and origins of the “McNally’s” of Rackwallace and he came to the conclusion that there was a connection with the McEnallys of Loughill / Loughnalong.

Murphy suspected that one or more of the McEnallys listed in the surveys of the 1820’s may have moved to Rackwallace some time before the survey of the 1820’s. His suspicions were given further strength by the reappearance of the name Dan (which appeared in the survey for Loughill) in each generation of the Rackwallace McNally’s.

There were four generations of “Dan McNally’s” in Rackwallace, the first died in 1865 but he had among his children a son called Dan.

This Dan (who died in 1891) married and had several children. There was a Mary who married a Flanagan from Kilnacran, there were two daughters who went to New York, Frank worked as a barman in Belfast, Barney who worked in Lanacshire Metal and of course a son called Dan who stayed on the land in Rackwallace.

The third Dan (who died in 1920) married Ellen Sherry of Cornahoe, Tullycorbet. The couple had 3 sons, Gerry and Paddy moved to Missouri and finally the fourth and last Dan of Rackwallace.

The fourth and last Dan McNally of Rackwallace was known as “Big Dan” and he died at the age of 80 in 1997. Owen Murphy met regularly with “Big Dan.” Big Dan reported that his mother had told him that they were somehow related to Bishop Charles McNally who was Bishop of Clogher in the 1840’s and 50’s. However neither Big Dan nor Owen Murphy were ever able to prove this claim due to a lack of records.

 

 

 

Section 12: Bits and Pieces

These are bits and pieces of taken from various history and record books. In most cases they refer to various McNally’s from all over Co Monaghan and further afield. No claim of connection is made but it may be possible.

 

McNally

(The next two texts are extracted from Irish surname directories)

MacNally, MacAnally and Nally all share the same original Irish origins, in the two Irish names Mac an Fhailghigh, "son of the poor man", and Mac Con Uladh, "son of the hound of Ulster". As might be expected, the latter name is almost entirely confined to Ulster, in particular to that part of the modern province originally called Uladh, the south-east, including most of what are now counties Armagh and Monaghan. Today, the anglicised versions of the name remain very common in these counties, with the "Mac-" forms in the majority. Outside Ulster, the principal origin of the name is in north-west Connacht, in counties Roscommon and Mayo, where it is said that the name was adopted by the descendants of Norman settlers. The most common form in these counties is the simple "Nally". In 1890, McNally was concentrated in counties Antrim, Armagh and Monaghan, (MacNally was among the 20 most common names in Monaghan in 1970) while Nally was almost exclusive to Roscommon and Mayo. Traces of the family are found in the placenames of the north and west, with Ballymacanally in Magheralin parish in Co. Down, Cahermacanally in Killursa in Co. Galway and Tanmacnally in Ematris in Co. Monaghan. Occasional variants of the name have included MacAnnuly, MacAnnulla, Knally and Manally. One extremely prominent bearer of the name was the Reverend David Rice MacAnally (1810-1895), a sheriff and Methodist preacher who is said to have weighed more than 360 lb. Ray McAnally (1926-1989) was one of the most gifted Irish actors of his generation. He was a member of the Abbey company from 1947 to 1963 and later pursued a very successful film career, appearing in such films as The Mission, Shake Hands with the Devil, We’re No Angels, and Billy Budd. Dermot Nally (1927 - ) was one of Ireland’s most influential civil servants this century, acting as secretary to the government from 1980 to 1993, negotiating Irish entry into the European Monetary System, heading the team which negotiated the 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement.

 

Mac an Fhailghigh Mac Anally, Mac Nally, Nally: an-líonmhar: Cúige Uladh (Mac Nally); Aontroim (Mac Anally); Connachta (Nally). Bhain an chlann le Oirghialla. Failgheach .i. duine bocht. Meascadh, uaireannta, le Mac Con Uladh. Ceapann de Bhulbh go raibh baint ag an sloinne seo le De Paor i gConnachta - ciallaíonn Paor "bocht", chomh maith.

MacAnally Quite numerous: Antrim etc. Ir. Mac Con Uladh, Cú Uladh, hound of Ulster. However the Irish name Mac an Fhailghigh (poor man) belongs to Oriel so there may be a confusion here. See also Nally.

MacInally Very rare: Belfast. Ir. Mac an Fhailghigh, son of the poor man or, Mac Con Uladh (hound of Ulster). MacLysaght considers the latter appropriate to Ulster. See also Nally.

MacNally Very numerous: mainly Ulster, also Connacht and N Leinster. Ir. Mac an Fhailghigh, from failgheach, a poor person. The name is associated with Oriel where they also went under Mac Con Uladh, which may be in part correct for that region

Nally fairly numerous: Galway-Mayo-Roscommon, Midlands. Ir. Mac an Fhailghigh (poor man). Woulfe says it was adopted by Anglo-Normans in Connacht. See also Mac Nally and Mac Anally.

Knally: A principal Irish name in Co. Westmeath (Rathconrath barony) in Petty’s "census" of 1659.

 

The usual form of this name in Irish is Mac an Fhailghigh, the derivation of which is obscure (in modern Irish failgheach means poor man). These words are pronounced approximately MacAnally and this is quite a common alternative form of the name in English. In Connacht, where the name is found in Mayo and Roscommon, the prefix Mac is usually dropped, the simple form Nally being in use. Woulfe says that the family is of Welsh or Norman origin and that - settled in Co. Mayo - they acquired the Gaelic name now borne by them. This may be true of the Mayo Nallys; but it is certain that in Ulster, where the name is chiefly found, it is often used as an English synonym of the Gaelic Mac Con Uladh, I.e. son of the hound of Ulidia (eastern part of Ulster). In this connexion it is worthy of note that the majority of modern bearers of the name MacNally or MacAnally (outside the two large cities of Dublin and Belfast) are found in Counties Armagh and Monaghan, which are in East Ulster, and this was the case in 1659 when Petty's census was taken.
 
Monaghan in the 1600’s

(From P & J Murnane 1999, At the Ford of the Birches, The History of Ballybay, its People and Vicinity) This extract from the above book is included simply because of its mention of the Gaelic name Mac Con Uladh, from which the name McNally in South Ulster is thought to derive.

“MacMahons in the Barony of Cremorne held onto their lands in the Period 1606 to 1640. The most important MacMahon was Colla MacBryan MacEver MacCon Uladh, a man whose love of possesions and land proverbial. Colla was grandson of Ever, the ‘Captain of Farney’. By 1641 he owned all the land previously owned in 1606 by his grandfather Ever, by Colla, Rory and Colla MacColla, Art MacRory and Hugh MacEver and all their freeholders.”

“Colla MacBryan MacEver MacCon Uladh went on to play an important part in the Rising of 1641 and a price was ‘placed on his head’ by Cromwell and it seems likely that he moved to the continent and died there.”

 

Ballybetaghs

21 Ballybetaghs existed in Co. Monaghan under the old Gaelic system of the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. Each Ballybetagh encompased an area of land just as parishes do now. However despite research there is no agreed map showing the exact location of these areas. In 1591 it was recorded that 8 & ½ Ballybetaghs including Ballyleck, Ballymcegowne  and one called Ballyvickenally were awarded to freeholders under Ross Bane McBrian McMahon in and it is thought that these lands lay in the parishes of Drumsnat, Tyholland, Tullycorbet and Monaghan. According to historians the ‘vickenally’ (coming from the Gaelic plural of McNally) within Ballyvickenally suggests that the name McEnally was common in this Ballybetagh.

 

Hearth Money Rolls

(From ‘DC Rushe 1921, History of Monaghan for 200 years; 1660-1860’)

A tax of two shillings on every hearth and fire place was known as Hearth Money. The Hearth Money Rolls contain the names of inhabitants who were liable for tax and the amount payable. The Rolls indicated wealth and rank and were a source of family history.

The Hearth Rolls were a list of taxpayers in every county and the Rolls were created during the 1660’s and were abolished in 1792. They do not show all households but those which had a permanent hearth within. Several McNally’s are mentioned in these lists.

·        1663: Barony of Cremorne, Parish of Clontibret, Downs, Patrick McNally

·        1663: Barony of Cremorne, Parish of Aughnamullan, Mullanagore, Owen McNally (Outside Rockcorry)

·        1663: Barony of Cremorne, Parish of Aughnamullan, Drumhillagh, Edward McNallowe (Outside Ballybay)

·        1663: Barony of Monaghan, Parishes of Kilmore and Drumsnatt, Stranooden, Art McEnallee and 1665 Art McEnallow

·        1663: Barony of Monaghan, Parishes of Kilmore and Drumsnatt, Ballagh, Henry McEnally (near Togan Waterworks)

·        1663: Barony of Monaghan, Parish of Tedanowght (Tydavnet), Mullanarockan and the commons of Tydavnet, Cuchonacht McEnally and 1665 Cuhonat McNally

·        1663: Barony of Dartry, Parishes of Clones, Drumcru, Hugh McNally (Outside Clones towards Newbliss)

 

According to Denis Carolan Rushe, solicitor and historian, there were several variations in the spelling of the name McNally in Co Monaghan, these included McNellow and McEnallow, all of these variations most likely coming from the Gaelic name ‘Mac Con Ulad’. Other variations of this old Gaelic spelling exist such as Mac Con Alladh, Mac An Alladh etc.

 

Penal Times, Circa 1710 (Livingstone)

Reported shooting of a Father McNally behind Tydavnet cemetery as he said mass.

 

Land Troubles 1763 (D.C. Rushe + Livingstone)

During the Summer Assizes (Trials) of 1763 bills were sent up to the Monaghan Grand Jury against 42 Monaghan Oakboys on charges of high treason. The Oakboys were a group agitating against such matters as the 6 days compulsory labour for men on local roads, as well as against the tithes collected by the established church (Church of Ireland). The list, which was made of both Catholics and Presbyterians included a Michael McAnally.

Coote of Cootehill, Lucas of Castleshane and Dawson of Dawsons Grove were amongst the group of gentry and their agents who subscribed to fund a reward for those who would bring the Oakboys to justice.

Livingstone writes….“However, the task of capturing the wanted men was almost impossible because of the absence of a police force. In more normal times the very people who were being accused were the ones who would have assited the magistrates in law enforcement…And it was with reluctance that juries would convict the yeomen type farmers who lead the Oakboys..in April 1765, 2 of the Oakboys were eventually arrested and tried at the Monaghan Assizes..they were honourably acquited.”

 

(1765/1766) The First McNally Scholar?

Labhras Mac An Alladh (or Laurence McNally), who was most probably a monk or priest, wrote many religious prose tracts including a sermon on the passion of Christ, poetry in Irish and the life of St Kevin and St Ann in Irish, some of which was written in 1765/1766. Much of the original material is stored in libraries in Cork University College, Galway University College and in the Royal Irish Acadamy. An address for Labhras Mac An Alladh was noted as both Ratoath and later Trim both in Co Meath. These could well have been the locations of religious institutions . It is coincidental that Charles McNally, author of the “McNally Memoirs” mentions that his father had in his possession a wooden cross with 1766 inscribed on it the back. Charles notes that it came from a group of monks living near Drogheda at the time but doesn’t specify how or when. Perhaps there could be some connection here between the aforementioned Labhras and the McNally’s of Loughill.

 

1770 Middle Class

The Catholic Middle Class in Monaghan included a John McNally, a merchant.

 

Hugh and James McAnally, 1790

Hugh and James McAnally of Cumerys, Ballybay, were leasing 22 Acres, 2 Roods and 15 perches of farm land and 2 acres of bog from Lord Dawson in 1790. The lease was for 20 years from 1781, with a rent of £7, 3, 1. The town-lands of Cumery, Bowelk and Drumhillagh (which contains a mass rock from penal times) are located beside each other just about 2 miles outside Ballybay. McNally’s have been listed in records on these town-lands from as far back as the Hearth Records in 1663 up to 1870. (Other people leasing land in Cumerys at this time include Owen Ward, Hugh Gorman, Pat Cumiskey and Clerkins.)

 

1796 Parish of Aughnamullen (and Tullycorbet)

A list of persons to whom premiums for the sowing of seed in the year 1796 have been adjudged. Hugh McAnally (2) and Henry McAnally (1) received one wheel.

 

1798 Rebellion

Alexander Stewart was murdered during an arms raid on the home of a man named Boyd of Kilcrow. James Devlin and Daniel Garvey were executed for this offence, accomplices including Joseph McAnally and two brothers named McGuigan having come forward as witnesses for the prosecution.

 
Leonard MacNally

Leonard may have been a solicitor who was based in Dublin. A quote from an Irish Surname Book: “The only well-known character in Irish history, political, cultural and military, of the name McNally is of little credit to it, for that was Leonard MacNally (1752-1820), friend and associate of the 1798 men, who betrayed them to the British Government.”

 

Richard McNally, 1803

Richard McNally was being held in Kilmainham Jail, Dublin in 1803 on charges relating to insurrection. He was also found juilty and jailed for an unspecified offence at a latter date. (National Archives, Bishop Street)

 

The Case of James McAnally, 1811

James McAnally left Ireland for America and lived and traded in New York for some years before his return in the spring of 1811. He filled a boat with merchandise to be sold on his arrival in Ireland, the merchandise included a large quantity of flax seed. The flax seed was sold to distributors but the flax crop failed, perhaps due in part to severe frost in the month of May in the year in question. However the quality of the seed was brought into question and law suits were taken against McAnally and he was made bankrupt. In the National Library on Kildare Street is a petition made by his solicitors against the claims. In this petition many of his fellow traders vouch for his integrity, and it is argued that had he intended to act dishonestly he could easily have sold the seed and dissappeared without trace. The petition notes that if McAnally returned to New York he would surely be imprisioned due to his bad debts arising out of the case – “The Case of James McAnally formerly of New York but now of The City of Dublin, Merchant, A Case of Singular Severity and Distress arising from The Construction of the Laws relative to the sale of Flax Seed in Ireland.”

 

Louisa MacNally, 1820

Louisa MacNally had her first novel, “Eccentricity” published in Dublin in 1820. (The National Library, Kildare Street)

 

Francis McNally, Prisoner of Monaghan Jail, 1824

Francis McNally a licensed spirits retailer of ‘Annayellow’ (probably Annyalagh, Monaghan was fined and jailed in Monaghan Jail for a drinks offence in 1824. A plea for clemency written by McNally and addressed to the Govenor General of Ireland at the time, is stored in the National Archives in Bishop Street.

 

Ednaferkin Primary School, Patk McEnally, 1826/1827

Patk McEnally was the teacher in a fee paying national school in Ednaferkin, near Ballybay with an income of £20. The school was mixed and had 69 Protestants and 36 Roman Catholic. The breakdown was 70 male and 35 female. The school building is recorded as a thatched house with mud walls. The school was sponsored in part by the “London Hibernian Society, and the Kildare Place Society. It is recorded that the “Scriptures Read – authorised version”. This information comes from the “Report of the Commissioners of Irish Education Enquiry” and is stored in the National Library on Kildare Street.

 

Anies Primary School, Patk McNally, 1826/1827

This school was located in a town-land called ‘Anies’ in Dartree. A Patk McEnally was the teacher in the fee paying national school. There were 29 Roman Catholic students, 10 male and 19 female. Total annual income was between £6 and £8. The school room was a rented barn. It is not stated whether the scriptures were read.

 

Edenmore Primary School, James McNally, 1826/1827

James McNally was teacher in a primary school in Edenmore, Donagh, Trough. It was a recently opened primary school, and total income was not stated. There were 24 Roman Catholic students, 18 male and 6 female. It is stated that the “Authorised Version” of the scriptures was read.

 

The struggle for Catholic Emancipation, 1828

The emotive issue of Catholic Emancipation was to the fore in Irish politics in 1828. In a bid to further this cause a Catholic Association was founded in Monaghan and a “Surgeon McNally and Mathew Vallely” were named in a local paper as the main subscribers, each giving 3 guineas each.

 

Ordnance Survey Notes of 1837

Ordnance Survey Notes of 1837  for Tullycorbet record that the children of farmers in the parish marry early, girls at 17 and boys at 19. The average family size was 5. (At the Ford of the Birches, Murnane)

 
Bishop Charles MacNally

(See 1981 Cloghar Record for full article) and (Livingstone Pg 246-254)

·        It is thought that Bishop Charles MacNally was born in 1787 and grew up in Ardaghey. Probably born of strong to middling farmers who could provide a good education by the standards of the day.

·        He studied there under a master who lived with 3 or 4 families in the district. He then went to Mr Collins’s School in Monaghan, then to Granard and then to Murphy’s Acadamy in Dungannon.

·        He entered Maynooth at age 21 and Matriculated in 1808 Logic Class.

·        He received the appointment as Bishop of Clogher 1844-1864. During his time as Bishop he moved the Episcopal seat of the Diocese of Clogher to Monaghan Town. He was involved in the building of St Macartans Cathedral and College. He invited the Louis Nuns to set up a convent in the town.

·        He was a member of the Tenant League and an O’Connellite, i.e. one who supported liberation and equality for Catholics.

 

David Rice MacAnally (1810-1895), who was a Methodist clergyman, educator, sheriff and local preacher, is said to have weighed no less than three hundred and sixty lbs!

 

Most Rev. Dr. John MacNally  (9b. 1871), illustrious Archbishop of Halifax, Canada, was of Irish descent.

 

During the Famine, 1847

Patrick McNally of Killylough, Tydavnet collapsed and died while returning home with a creel of stolen hens. Famine Relief Works were offered to the people by Government Officials as a means of earning money during the famine, unfortunately many of the people were not able to work. According to Livingstone… “It is claimed that dozens of men died on the job while making a cutting at Dunraymond.”

 

Arrivals in New York, 1848, 1849

Included below is a small number of the thousands of McNally’s who arrived in New York to escape the famine. The book from which these names are taken includes 70,000 names in total and hundreds of different ships. Most of the boats in this publication arrived from Liverpool. At this time a steam liner operated from Dundalk to Liverpool and so many of the people below would have originated in the southern counties of Ulster. Ages are given in brackets:

McNalley, Judy (40), James (18), Sarah (12), Jane (9).

McNally, Daniel (18), Labourer.

McNally, James (15), Labourer

McNally, John (25).

McNally, Margaret (46), Edwd (22), Barbara (20), Honera (13), Bridget (11) John (6)

McNally, Patrick (17), Labourer

McNally, Mary (38), Cathe (10), Mary (8), Patrick (6)

McNally, Pat (30), Elzth (12), Mary (19)

McEnally, Alice (26)

McNally, Patrick (21) Cooper, Catherine (20)

McNally, John (21), Farmer

 

Braddocks National School 1848/49

A John McNally appointed teacher from 1848 until 1849 (At the Ford of the Birches, Murnane)

 

Owen and Cathrin McNally, 1851

Much of Irelands census records were lost in the fire in the Four Courts in 1922. However one document relating to a McNally household in Monaghan survived and is kept in the National Archives on Bishop Street (Record Number M 5249, 44). The record relates to the family of Owen and Cathrin McNally of Coranure, Parish of Tullycorbet, Monaghan. They had one son named Pat who was aged 5 at the time the census was completed on 30th March 1851. It is noted that Owen was aged 27 and could read and write, while Cathrin, aged 26, could not read or write. In one line the family name is spelt McEnally and in the next it is spelt McNally!

 

Rev. Thomas MacNally, 1867

Rev. Thomas MacNally A.M.LL.B. – Trinity College Dublin, Curate of St Nicholas’ without and St Luke, Diocese of Dublin, edited and translated “The Apolistical Canons, in Greek, Latin and English” in 1867. (The National Library, Kildare Street)

 

Fenian Insurrection, 20th February 1868

5 men including a John McNally, were involved in the attack on the Carrickmacross Bridewell to release Patrick Traynor who was being kept inside (on charges of murder). The keeper of the jail fired a shot and the Fenians dsipersed.

 

James McNally, 1870

James McNally of Ballybay, shopkeeper and bachelor, died on the 7th May 1870. His estate was left to Bernard McNally of Bowelk, Ballybay, his brother and next of kin. This is recorded in the National Archives, Bishop Street.

 

D.R. McAnally Jr., 1888

D.R. McAnlly Jr had a book published in London in 1888. It was titled: “Irish Wonders, Ghosts, Giants, Pookas, Demons, Leprechauns, Banshees, Fairies, Witches, Widows, Old Maids and other Marvels of the Emerald Isle.” (The National Library, Kildare Street)

 

Belbroid Lingerie Factory, Mill St, 1920’s

Charles McNally who in 1924 was an elected member of London Chamber of Commerce was the proprietor of the Belbroid Lingerie Factory which at one time employed 180 people.

 

A Most Unsavoury Incident:

This is a yarn that was told in the course of the family history research. It described an incident which is said to have happened in Monaghan half a century ago. I have no idea whether it is true or not or to whom it actually refers but it’s worth telling nonetheless.

There was a collection of food for a ‘do’ that was being held in the country and a girl called Deirdre bought or made some cake, unrolled it and laced it with a type of deadly poison. The story goes that the food was gathered and left the night before the ‘do’ in Duffy’s, who were neighbours. By rights no one should have ate the cake till the next day, however the story goes that old Duffy thought that no one would notice a few cakes and so he ate a few of the poisoned cakes. He started feeling ill and fell onto the floor in pains, he later puked up the cakes and rolled over dead on the floor. The dog of the house was under the table in the parlour at the time and it is said that it ate the puke and died too. Deirdre was jailed after the incident.

 

McEnally Street

There is a McEnally Street, Manurewa, Southern Auckland, New Zealand

 

McNally’s Crossroads

An area known as McNally’s Crossroads is located in Cremartin, Co Monaghan and is marked on Ordinance Survey Maps.

 

McNally in the Top 20

The name “McNally” had 303 registered voters in the 2001 Electoral Register making it the 17th most common name on the Register for County Monaghan. In the 1963/1964 Electoral Register the name was ranked 16th with 212 registered voters. The most common names are the likes of McKenna, Duffy, Treanor and Connolly.

 

 

 

 

 


Section 13: The McNally Memoirs

 

C. F. McNally Esq

The College Carlow

June 29th 1890

 

 

Introduction to Section 13: The McNally Memoirs

 

These memoirs were written by Charles McNally, who left Monaghan for England, and eventually came to work in St Patrick’s College, Carlow. Charles was born in 1845 and died in the 1920’s. He wrote the memoirs while sick in 1917.

 

Charles describes his life as a teacher at home and abroad and he refers to his family in Monaghan on several occasions. The information within the memoirs have provided extra family information that was not previously known or recorded elsewhere.

 

The memoirs were written on the reverse side of a science manuscript that he had dated June 29th 1890. In the manuscript he details many scientific experiments and equations that he would have taught during that time period.

 

An extract of this manuscript was edited by the late Bishop Mulligan and included in ‘The Replay’, a history of Threemilehouse and its environs in 1984. It was Bishop Mulligan who organised to bind the handwritten pages and he had the ‘McNally Memoirs’ inscribed on the cover of the book.

 

What follows is the complete memoirs typed up. Since the original memoirs were hand written some of the words were hard to distinguish and so some slight, but unintentional alterations may have occurred during the process.


Good Friday 1917
As I am practically interred since last September and incapable of any serious physical effort without, as the Doctor advised me, endangering the already weak action of my heart, the thought has come into my head to jot down a few remembrances from a career humble and uneventful though it is, which may interest and encourage someone who has to tread the journey of life under circumstances not very dissimilar to those I had to encounter.
 
Should any such read these lines I am about to write, I beg him or her to believe it is no feeling of vanity that prompts me to narrate what to most people must appear very commonplace events, quite uninteresting as is the matter of my narration. I must beseech the indulgence of my readers as regards the form as I can lay no claim to polished diction or lined matter of expression. Very ordinary facts of every day life among a people only middlingly educated. I should have to deal with which, admittedly are no flights of fame or inauguration, in case I had the power or the indulgence in such ideas which I have not.
 
I can lay no claim to distinguished or even genteel ancestry in recent or remote tradition. The only circumstance in my family history in which I take some pride, whether justly or not, is that where I was born and still occupied, no tradition I ever heard of ever referred to previous occupants of the place. ‘The McEnally’s of Lough-Hill’ going back as far as current tradition was the designation of the family for generations which could not be said of any other family in my native town-land, so far as I have ever heard.
 
Why the family stuck to the place was not due to its aspect or fertility for it possesses neither of these qualities so as to bereft attachment to the place, but I suppose the successive occupants knew no better and if they did saw no prospect of obtaining a better home with the economies they at any time could muster. Besides when people were a long time accustomed to a mode of life that secured them against want no matter however difficult the process may be at times, they are unwilling to exchange the uncertain for the certain.
 
This would accrue in someway for the fact that generations of farmers are to be found in their old homes whereas seldom generations of business people remain in the same place for as long as a century, the spirit of adventure being more developed in them. They either ascend the social scale or migrate to large cities or by dissipation and misfortune they lose the means acquired by their fathers and descend into the lapse of human failures, unknown and forgotten. The successful migrants usually ambition for professional lives and the unsuccessful fill our jails and poorhouses and such institutions.
 
None of my family so far as I ever heard progressed beyond the recapitulation of the spade and the plough and though these secured their children from want, my own recollection is that there was no affluence but I would give a world for the return of enjoyment of the simple things provided on festive occasions when I was a youngster.
 
Perhaps it is time to introduce myself to the notice of any reader. I was born on the 25th July 1845 – so said the parish register of Monaghan and baptised by a Father Caulfield, administrator of the Parish of Monaghan.
 
As I knew apt to understand language, I well remember being described as a delicate child from which circumstance I suppose you may infer why I was not sent to school till I was 9 years of age and then taking measles did not return to school till nearly three years later after the death of my father, who I should have said was Hugh and his wife Annie Owens from Tanderagee near Monaghan. My father died 2nd December 1856 at the age of 64 so he must have been born in 1792. His father was Daniel who died early in the 19th century.
 
Tho’ young at the time I remember my father narrating an incident of the troubled times of ’98 when he could not have been more than 6 years of age or thereabouts. He said his father was superintending some workmen when Lord Roden, a terror in the district, came up with a troop of yeomen and asked his father if he was harbouring any rebels and without leave or apology they searched the whole place and finding none for his blood thirsty followers marched off, my Grandfather shouting after him that he ‘was no gentleman’. This is the only reference I remember my father making to those times though his memory must have been filled with stories about the murders and burnings of the period since the rising.

 

I have in my possession a wooden cross which my father said was on beads used by his father and inscribed 1766 and obtained from a community of priests then living in Drogheda. The beads which are very large are in the possession of some one of my family at home.

 

It may be proper here to remark that my schooling commenced late in life. I was able at the time of my fathers wake to read and write better than perhaps I can today due to the training of my poor father on whom may God have mercy. He was a kind person and knew Goffs Arithmetic, the standard, indeed the only one then in use, from cover to cover. His brother Owen was also a fine arithmetician tho’ I cannot speak of his penmanship, but I still possess some of my fathers writing.

 

I hope I shall not be considered egotistical if I say I don’t remember ever being punished for deficiency in these or indeed for anything else during my years in the school. When a complaint was made to the Master about squabbles in the playground or on the way home, if present the Master always asked me for a description of what I saw. This often put me in a insidious position between the contending parties but on the whole my version was accepted and punishment went accordingly.

 

So that at an early age I was accepted as a peacemaker and have no recollection of having an enemy at the school, Protestant or Catholics, male or female, for it was a mixed school as regards religion or genders. Of this too I shall have something to say later on, but for the present will not elaborate.

 

After my fathers death I was sent to Tappa School which I shall have to say more later on. It was about a mile from our place and in a neighbouring parish. The Master was a man named Duffy whom I then and for a long time regarded as a walking temple of knowledge acquired and even inspired. He was a first class teacher for so humble a place and as fine a specimen of physician as I’m likely to see. As a pens man I never saw his equal.

 

At that time there were no copper plate headlines so that he had to write these for those who were in writing classes. He also made and mended the quilt pens and I think steel pens were not then used and these two duties were the first he discharged me in the morning. Then came the hearing or the ‘tasks’ assigned for bigger pupils and punishment for failures followed as a matter of course.

 

For how many years I remained at Tappa National School I cannot say but I afterwards went to Ardaghy School in our own Parish of Monaghan and adjoining the Chapel where we mostly went to mass. Later on I went for a short time to the Monaghan Model School just then built and this finished my career as a pupil. Going to the Model School involved a journey of nearly 5 Irish miles morning and evening, no easy task for a soft child as I always was.

 

May I say here that I did very little work at home, indeed I was never pressed to work and during my school life I think I never did a full days work of manual labour. My two elder brothers were willing workers and so left me little to do and when poor Hugh grew up he impressed them in willingness to work and carefulness about the place.

 

As a student I was of a mediocre type, neither dull or brilliant but what as I afterwards found got on fairly well in life, a bit of a plodder. My experience in after life confirmed me in the opinion that talent without ballast and other qualities akin thereto is a dangerous gift and oftenener than not leads its possessor to intellectual and moral shipwreck. Patient and persistent application will enable young men of moderate abilities to accomplish more of themselves and throughout the whole sphere of effort and progress the most brilliant talent, without these qualities, can never effect.

 

I have spent a good deal more than half my lifetime in the business of education and I can safely assert the failures in life of boys who passed under me was seldom due to want of brains but mainly to want of conduct and character.

 

In summer 1863 I left off going to school and as I had then just turned 18 years of age the problem of my future confronted me. To engage in manual labour to which I was unaccustomed seemed distasteful to me and we had no means to send me to college or any institution where I could get a little better equipped educationally for the battle of life.

 

Just when my mind was filled with these thoughts the news came from Dundalk that Master Duffy, who went there on vacation was drowned while bathing at Blackrock, not without the suspicion that drink had something to do in the matter. He was brought home and interred and shortly after the manager of the school invited candidates for the Mastership of the vacant school. It never entered my head to be an applicant as I was no more fit to properly take care of a school than to captain a ship in the Royal Navy.

 

However neighbours of my brothers Dan and Hugh (for John was only then a youngster) pressed me to try my luck. I went on the day appointed, 11th October, not companioned by anyone and there 12 other candidates to compete against me. My heart went down in my boots for I knew not one in the place except my cousin and uncle. Some of these were monitors in schools and assistants and others, like myself just left school. One of these was my own cousin Edward Owens, the father of Sadie Owens and for years a pupil in the Model School.

 

The examination was conducted by the Manager Very Rev Canon Peter Duffy Parish Priest and the Very Rev Canon P Clifford then administrator of Monaghan. Just a written examination and afterwards oral from ten till four o clock. Assisting the two priests there were two school Masters giving out the papers and pens and afterwards assisting in checking the answers. Many were then strangers to me but afterwards well known to me as colleagues. They were highly classed and the only objection an outsider like myself could take to then was that each of them had an assistant teacher in his own school going in for the post. However at the time I did not know this and if I did it could not make much matter as I had little hope of success.

 

The examination was held in the general School Corcaghan and when the oral part of the examination was going on, all except the candidate under examination retired to the male school upstairs. I was the only one who had no one to talk to me for although my cousin Edward Owens was there he behaved quite distant and aloof to me. His father my favourite Uncle, a most excellent and kind man was there but his anxiety for the success of his son was so great that I was left ‘bird alone’.

 

When the results were totted up we were all called into the examination hall and it was no exaggeration to say that each candidate had pictured on his countenance a look of anxious expectancy, myself I suppose among the rest though my hopes were not sanguine. You could hear a pin drop in the room when the Very Rev Canon got up and announced the decision come to himself and Canon Clifford. He said the answering of most of the candidates was fairly creditable but on the whole they considered that Charles McNally was the best all round and they desired he should come up and take charge of the school rolls.

 

If a bomb were thrown in the place there could not have been greater excitement. Each candidate had his friends and supporters and they were all allowed into the hall to hear the decision. I had no one and to think that a youngster like me, a total stranger from an outside parish should be chosen seemed to come to them as a great surprise. I went up and took charge of the books and of course warmly greeted by the two priests and others, just as I took it for appearance sake.

 

Since that time I have experienced a great many vicissitudes of life but I can safely say that I never felt the same feeling of overpowering joy as I felt then. My condition of mind on that occasion and for some time after can be more easily imagined than described. I started on the journey home carrying my School Rolls and though I had three miles to go I fancy it was never traversed by me in the same time again.

 

As I said earlier in my narrative I left the school a few years previous to this so that returning to take charge of it I was somewhat a stranger to the younger children but the older ones were my former fellow pupils and here it may be the proper place to call attention to the composition of the attendance. At that time it was not unusual to see many boys and girls whose ages ranged from 6 to 25 coming to school and at an earlier period I presume even older persons came to improve their knowledge of the three R’s.

 

The school house was a thatched structure and must have been very early connected with the National Board. There was attached to it about two acres of free land which my brothers turned to some purpose by tillage and a shelter belt which was planted gave it a rather nice appearance. Later Canon Duffy died and was succeeded by a Canon McKenna whom I treasure rather mixed but on the whole unfriendly recollections. By a grant from the board he erected a fine school room which he ordered me in much expense and anxiety and labour.

 

The attendance in the old school imposed so much that an assistant Mistress and two monitors were granted so that it was the leading school in the neighbourhood said. My brother Hugh was one of these monitors and a young man named Clerkin the other. The latter became a District Inspector of Police. The Mistress was a young woman from the Convent, a Miss Darragh of whose after career I know nothing.

 

During the seven years or thereabouts of my Mastership of the School I succeeded in my studies so far as to get classed a step in 1st class. I began of course as a probationer. I worked up through the two degrees of 3rd, the two stages of 2nd class. Had I remained there is little doubt I would have reached the highest stage of the first class. I also got qualified in science so that I could earn a capitation grant in several subjects under the ‘Science and Arts’, South Kensington and for some years earned from thirty to fifty pounds under this head.

 

In 1866, 16th March, my poor mother died and more saintly a woman never lived. Many a sad tear dropped over her and from that day to this she is remembered in my prayers. When I look back and think of all she did to keep the place together I feel pangs of regret that more was not done by her children to help or cheer her, the soul of unselfishness.

 

To go into details of my career as a school Master during 1863 to 1871 would neither afford me pleasure nor my reader much instruction. My salary was small but little or much I gave it for the support of the place. I was never inclined to mix much with my fellow teachers and so earned a reputation for being aloofness. I was indifferent to this.

 

In 1871 two neighbouring teachers Messers Macklin and Brennan talked of going to London and throwing up the schools of which we were not much enamoured. They asked me to accompany them though they did not press me. In summer vacation of that year I  started for London via Liverpool, each carrying what money he had at the time which indeed was not a large amount. We spent a week or so at Dundalk Blackrock, bathing.

 

For weeks preceding this momentous step my mental condition was anything but happy. We agreed to tell nobody of our departure and my brothers who were passionately attached to me noticed as they stated, ‘a load hanging over me’. I prayed fervently for guidance but felt ashamed to break up the agreement to go together. I gave no notice to the Manager or Inspector of my intention to leave and it was some time before the public were aware that we were gone. All sorts of rumours of course were started but we were far away and did not know or care what was said of us.

 

This secrecy weighed heavily on me because hitherto my doings were an open book to the members of my own house and ever since it is the same because as I hold that in a family there should be no secrets. As Walter Scots says, ‘Where there are secrets there is something wrong’, he had sad experience of that in his momentous affairs.

 

The week I spent at the ‘Rocks’ was like the time allowed to a convicted criminal to prepare for death. The day of departure came and for the first time in my life I put foot on deck on the Dundalk to Liverpool Steamer. Before we reached the bar I was sick almost to death and out in mid sea I felt so sick that I cared not whether I was thrown over the balustrades into the sea. Never a more helpless being went on board ship and had I  anticipated what I endured I would have been on my way to Lough Hill instead of Liverpool.

 

Nearing land again however the nausea faded and when going up the platform to Liverpool I felt I could eat my breakfast. We went to some place which I afterwards learned was the Maid Of Eire Hotel and I think it did justice to whatever was offered to us. We slept in Liverpool that night going to the theatre in the mean time. That night I made my first acquaintance and happily my last with a nasty insect called bugs. I slept little and that little through sheer exhaustion.

 

The following day we took our departure from Little Bay Station for London and I cannot recall when we arrived there or where, I mean what station, but I suppose Houston. We went to lodgings in a fashionable part of London near Brighton and Horn Square and Lords Cricket Ground. The lodgings had been previously at Secap and Holsley Street, Number 9 where we remained for longer than was pleasing or financially suitable to me for in the end my funds were running low and pride would not let me write home for more.

 

I may say that Macklin and Brennan had been previously in London attending lectures under the Science and Art Department. For months before our final decisions to abandon our schools and go to London they filled my mind with prospects of getting great pay with chances of promotion. Though I had my doubts it was only when I arrived there that I discovered the reality of things. The very first day after my arrival there I commenced as did the other two to answer advertisements. Day after day was spent in writing applications and answering to the very few replies we received.

 

Each of us was busying his own console and returning in the evening foot sore and tired. I’ve talked over the experience of the day. Sometimes we went to the theatre but in the end when funds were getting low, we or I at least was getting pretty despondent. Brennan was the first to get employment. What it was did not transpire but Macklin said he was working in the docks.

 

This was a great come down to men who thought that positions and high salaries were going a begging and who left jobs at home with far better salaries than we could get

in London or throughout England for most of our replies were from places scattered throughout England, Scotland and Wales. I could fill pages describing our experiences in leaving and returning to our lodgings each day hungry and weary and sad of heart.

 

Nearly our first investment was to procure a guide to London and the suburbs and my copy which I still preserve gives evidence of the many times I had to consult the map attached thereto, my experience of the monuments in the city, a combination of public buildings, streets, squares, parks and gardens. It came in the end confusing and perplexing to such a degree that often places I was in yesterday was perfectly strange to me the next day. So to a person like myself accustomed to serial life the noise and bustle of London was simply awful and deafening what with the noise of trains underground and over ground cabs and buses and innumerable vehicles. Any imagination pictured the place as a sort of hell intolerable to live in except or a few hours in the night when traffic somewhat abated.

 

As I said before Brennan gave up the answering advertisements and probably as Macklin believed undertook some kind of manual labour. Macklin gave up west and went down to Somerset House and paid up to be allowed to enter for examination for writership in the Civil Service in which he succeeded. Thirty shillings a week was attached to this but the service of writers could at times be dispensed with on short notice. Afterwards they got permanent appointments and even then the appointment was more secure than ordinary engagements being really a branch of the Government Civil Service. Macklin was sent to the Custom House Solicitors Department where he remained till his death but I shall have to say more on this here later in my narrative.

 

I was then the only one unprovided and I may scarcely say that poor McNally was not very comfortable in mind but God is good. On the day Macklin received word of his success a letter came to me from a Dr Dukes, Manor House College, Holloway North offering me an appointment to his school as assistant Master at £50 per annum and room and board. I had it in my mind following Macklins example to prepay to a writership but this seemed better as lodgings and board were costing us over £1 per week.

 

I entered on my duties immediately but on the very first day a serious difficulty arose. It never occurred to Dr Dukes to ascertain my religion, but on finding that I was a Catholic he said that he could not keep me as his school, partly a boarding school and partly a day school, was a private one composed entirely of Protestant boys mostly the boys of wealthy merchants and the boarders a more important class still, and all of them bitterly anti Catholic. He had all his means invested in the school and of course could not let it be known he was employing Catholic Masters. What was to be done?

 

I may say I tried other schools previously but was rejected on the grounds of religion or tried Catholic Schools but the pay offered would not have afforded sustenance and clothing. To return to lodgings and renew my search for employment was not a slight prospect. Dr Dukes however, who was a liberal minded gentleman, made a suggestion that I should keep quiet until something turned up and he would allow me residence and board in the college and pro rate pay. Of course I accepted the offer and made no disclosure of my religious beliefs as it was not necessary.

 

I entered on my duties and was so satisfactory with the boys and all with whom I came in contact with about the place that I was a favourite before long. I had very little to do with the boarders or the parlour boarders as they were called and they were a mixed lot indeed. They were under no discipline at all. Some of them were French, some Greek, some Italien, Peruvian, Brazilian some from Spain and all of them there to learn English and English methods. They paid over £100 per annum but the board was excellent and the Masters dined with them and associated with them during the evenings when we had music and long games of cards. ‘Belgique principally and Whist’ occasionally.

 

The diet was over good for me till I got accustomed to it. Meat in the morning, meat at luncheon and joints for dinner and meat after theatre at 11.30pm. Great formality at all these meals, Dr Dukes at head of table smiling gently, Mrs Dukes at foot of table with her white gloves and most of the young gentlemen in English costumes. I should say I am describing dinner.

 

Afterwards a conversation might start in French, diverse off to Italien or Spainish and Michael Paporiton was apt to break off to Greek, his native language. The other assistant Masters I think knew French and I of course knew only English imperfectly and so I kept silent till they turned on English which was really what they were all anxious to acquire and wished to hear us speak commonplace.

 

 My pronunciation of English was not the best and so I was rather disadvantaged in these conversations however I was careful not to make myself prominent and I got on well but the prospect before me was not very cheering. I used to go out in the evenings and visit High Gate Chapel where I prayed I think  fervently for a change.

 

Tho’ the three comrades were in the City of London I only saw Macklin once and Brennan not at all during my stay there. The struggle for life is so keen there that acquaintainships count for nothing and friendships for very little. I learned this very shortly after going there. Next door to Messeur French where I was lodging, I saw preparations for a funeral and I asked Mrs French who was dead. She said she did not know although they lived next door to each other for 6 years. She did not know their name and they were an important family. I wondered at this but she said that no one troubled themselves about who lived in this or that house. Near relatives might be living for years in streets not far apart from each other without meeting.

 

My aloofness from Macklin and Brennan was mainly my own wish as I did not to spend money which was likely to happen if one met often in the City. My inclinations were far different from theirs tho’ perhaps in the end they got on as well as I did. Of this I shall say more later on as I met them in 1877 when going in for matriculation in London University and on another occasion which I cannot accurately recall when visiting London. I should have said that Macklin had a brother Henry in a large shop in London who I did not see.

 

Manor House College, Halloway was originally a large mansion situated in a beautifully  wooded district a few miles outside the City proper I should think that when it was built and occupied as a private house. Behind it were large fields and in front a nice lawn separated from the Holloway Road leading to Highgate by a high railing, like that around the Carlow Grant House. The house was so far distant from the road that our sleep was not disturbed by the terrible noise of the traffic. When I returned in about 6 years the City had crept up to within a few feet of the College and I expect by now has gone beyond where the Manor House stood. Indeed during my stay Highbury Park was laid out beyond the College and rows of mansions were built around it and all these well within the City at this time.

 

Early in my experience of the Manor House School I came to the conclusion that I was educationally too poorly equipped to hope for a position better than the one I left at home and besides the Manager of the school I vacated appointed the post to my dear brother Hugh as Master hoping that I would return which I never did or never intended to do.

 

In London unless you make something a speciality you have no chance of getting on and even then you must work up gradually until you become a necessity wherever you are situated in addition to having your character established. Necessity has no tolerance in London. In all the various methods of life there from the top to the bottom you can observe some special excellence and without this you must remain at the bottom of the labour ladder, a hewer of wood and a drawer of water.

 

One morning Dr Dukes sent a messenger to the school room asking me to meet him in the parlour. I went. He was after reading in the London Times an advertisement for a Master in a Catholic College in Ireland with salary £50 per year. I answered it and shortly afterwards was visited by one of the Passionate Fathers from Highgate who was after arriving from Maryland where there were conducting a mission. He was a Superior, the Very Rev Vincent Grogan and a native I think of somewhere near Carlow. He told me Dr Kavanagh had been talking to him about procuring an English Master. My application had already gone to Carlow and a poor record it was to secure me the position!

 

Father Grogan must have reported favourably for in a few days time a wire came saying ‘come on at once’ to which I replied that I would hasten to settle matters here. Dr Dukes was easily settled and my first and last demand from home was to send me £10 as I had little or no money to pay my way to Carlow of which I knew nothing except it was a town on the River Barrow. I bought a ring, an overcoat and a watch as up till then I had no watch strange as it may appear to people now when every servant boy has a watch and chain. I paid £6 at a big jewellers in the Chapside and what the ring cost I cannot remember. I discovered afterwards it had a Free Masons Emblem on the stone and so discarded it before wearing it long.

 

It was not pride or foppishness that prompted me to squander my little money on a ring but everyone in London from the little counter boy up wears a ring which they consider more an article of dress than either a collar or a tie. In the parks you would see men with elbows out of coats and boots and clothes disclosing cracks and chinks that had gone beyond the power of darning wearing rings and other jewellery. I also purchased from an old German a leather portmanteau for what I cannot remember but it was a bad investment.

 

I took my departure from London and arrived at North Wall early next morning sick and weary, the quiet of Dublin Streets compared to London was striking. I arrived in Carlow at about 6 o clock. I was located in the visitors room, ‘Mayors Room’, so called I heard from a Mayor who committed suicide there years gone by. I lodged there for about 6 weeks until located in room 16 on same corridor where I lived for years.

 

The rooms are differently numbered now and the halls are occupied differently from what they were then. Indeed all is very much changed and there is not one alive now who could describe the transformations that took place in Carlow College during my residence there except myself and Monsignor Murphy. He I am sure took too little notice of these things and so I am the sole survivor of those who occupied the place close on half a century ago and from whom I learned the traditions of the College from days of Andrew Fitzgerald and Dr Thorton its first president down to the time of my entering the institution. Professor Edward Kehoe entered as a boy in 1830 and had acquaintances of Dr Fitzgerald and Dr Doyle, JKP, and from him I learned the traditions of the place, oft repeated without alteration of the narratives so that reliance could be placed on his statements which threw a wonderful light on the condition of things then as compared with the present.

 

Perhaps I should have given earlier my first impression of Carlow College where I spent the better part of my life. On entering the gate leading from the Town I beheld a long yellow building having a painted shrine mounted with three lay statues, St Patrick in the centre and what the others were I cannot remember nor does it matter as they have disappeared long ago.

 

I met Dr Kavanagh who accompanied me to the Mayors Room and later the Butler James Maguire brought me dinner and afterwards stimulants of which I partook very sparingly. I must say that Dr Kavanagh made me feel ‘very much at home’ and during the nine or ten years he remained President he was my warm and courteous friend. He was a gentleman whom you would pick out of a crowd by his appearance and bearing, tall thin with a sharply chiselled countenance, you could not help noticing him. In conversation he was precise and refined without the least affectation but even his most intimate friend I think could not approach him being so as to make him a familiar. Soubriance was not his distinguishing characteristic.

 

As a host it would be hard to find his equal. Whether he was dining the aristocracy which he often did or the lower ranks of the middle class he was equally at home. Every guest was noticed making everyone feel happy. Vulgarity in language or behaviour was skewed by him and no one would venture in his presence to utter a phrase tending in that direction. Altogether there was something unique about him, he was a clean thinker and had the fine ability of expressing himself in the tersest and choicest language without effort or appearance of declaration.

 

From the foundation of the College it consisted of an Ecclesiastical and lay Department, the latter occupying the Southern wing and the former the Middle and Northern wing being called the new building. When I entered the place there were the President, the vice President Dr Burke commonly called Eddie Willie, Dr Murphy, Dr Neville, Fr O Riordan, Fr Hoey, the two deans. The lay men called by common courtesy ‘professors’ were then O’Connell Legaque, Henry Wolsey, Mons’ Montpenitier a French man, and myself who replaced a Mr Headen.

 

The opaniate Mr O Donnell, who lived outside and familiarly known as ‘Lordy Mae’ was regarded as one of the lay staff and a rare character he was. He had only one eye, was a confidant of every boy and student of the place, was most irregular in his habits and yet was still never late for classes or guilty of anything that could be punished by the authorities. Lordy Mae was a regular bundle, as broad as he was lofty always fussy but never out of humour. He could I think imbibe a great deal but I never heard of him making a show of himself as he was careful not to drink much till as his work was done and then only occasionally when kindred spirits met.

 

I think there was one other lay professor whom I can’t recall as I had reason to remember.  Mr Crossley an Englishmen who afterwards became an Inspector of Schools informed me that it was a ‘custom’ of the lay staff for each new professor to give what he called a ‘spread’ to his colleagues, a piece of information not very palatable to me as any funds were then very low, or as we used to put it, ‘there was little or no corn in Egypt’. However I had to put the best face on matters I could. I said I was willing to do what was usual tho’ I thought then and do so still that the excuse made of procedure would be more becoming and hospitable. I suppose it was invented to try the financial standing of the new man.

 

Crossley who was adept at catering undertook to procure at my expense and arrange the feast, the quantity and quality being mainly left to his discretion. Chicken and ham and pies and other necessaries were ordered and he cooked at the confectioners down the town where Walsh the vet now lives.

 

My room was well stocked with eatables and drinkables for some time after as the order was generous for our small party of which Lordy Mae was one. Speeches were made, songs sung and a regular carouse till far into the night. Mae was the only one drunk and how to get him out of my room was the puzzle. Crossley hit on a device which succeeded admirably. He filled a tumbler with whiskey, well watered, and led him into an empty room with a chair to sit on. He followed the drink like a little poodle dog and was got asleep sitting in the chair the next morning with his great beige coat around him. This was my first convivical experience in Carlow College.

 

I said I thought there was one other lay professor who I could not remember was at my banquet. He drank more than all the others put together but showed no signs of inebriety. Crossley would stuff himself with a pie but drank little or none. Lordy Mae could eat and drink but the French man was moderate all round and a model to be imitated. He had translated most of Shakespeare into French but left the College shortly after I went there.

 

The lay professor was also Prefect of Studies, a middle aged gentleman called Daniel O’Connell Legaque. He was nephew or grand nephew of the ‘Liberator’ and he and 5 other brothers had been educated in the College. Their father was a Major Legaque who lived at a place called near Forestbridge called Barrowmanse and was Resident Magistrate for the County Carlow. Dan as we called him was the most remarkable man I ever met as regards habits of punctuality and as an example of unselfishness. For years the study hall of Carlow never saw him later in the morning than 7 o clock and all through the days and years he was never absent, never late, pacing the hall during the hours of study. He had a power of control over boys that was wonderful and beneficial to them I have no doubt in after years.

 

Though the salaries of the lay professor were small, they by an unwritten law were expected to keep up the appearance of respectability. They wore silk hats and travelled second class railway, any departure from this was considered beneath their dignity. They never entered a public house. When seeking refreshment instead they went to the hotels.

 

Silk hats used to accumulate in my wardrobe to the extent of half a dozen, and often some young priests, who are still on the ministry in the Kildare Diocese took and wore an odd one of my cast offs. I didn’t begrudge them to anyone as they were an encumbrance in my little establishment. Black clerical coats too were usually worn by us but finally the hard hat and half jacket replaced the longish clerical garb and we were like ordinary lay men.

 

I think I made it clear that by my narration that I was poorly equipped educationally to become a Professor in a College of the standing of Carlow. Dr Kavanagh however had an exaggerated notion of my abilities and was always pressing at me to go in for a degree in the London University.  At that time every subject of the curriculum was compulsory and a 65% was necessary for first honours division and to pass at all a respectable knowledge of each subject.

 

Greek, Latin and French were the obligatory subjects of which I knew absolutely nothing. Later on I believe Greek was made optional but not in my time. Imagine a man of my age having to teach from 8 to 9 in the morning, from 10 to 12, 1 to 3 and in the evenings from 6 to 7 not mentioning to learn the Greek alphabet along with Latin and French of which I knew nothing!

 

Reader please pause over this. I had no instruction for pride would not let me make known to anyone the extent of my ignorance of these three languages. All my colleagues were College trained men and of course knew these subjects to a greater or lesser extent. Some of them profoundly read in them but all very well acquainted with them as class subjects, when students and afterwards as Professors. The Natural Philosophy, English, Mathematical subjects were well within my reach but to acquire a knowledge of these languages to enable me to write Greek, Latin, French and translate in addition to the prescribed text books passages from strange authors was a task that few would undertake with the amount of work I had to perform. I dare say no one who ever reads this will comprehend the difficulties I had to encounter and how far I succeeded.

 

How I proceed in my studies I am not able at this interval of time to state accurately but I remember that I mastered the grammar of the languages with a degree of studiousness that few students I should say would have the patience and application to acquire. The Latin grammar first then Greek and French last. During my evening walks I always carried my grammar and when I reached a quiet road or a laneway crammed over it again. Next I took to the study translation and I confess I made all the use I could of translations.

 

As years went on my range of authors was very numerous and I studied a considerable portion of some of them, Caesars ‘Caloues Viplehouets, Horace, Cicero’s Halla Jacitus and some minor author selections were studied by me to an extent that surprises myself now to think of. I liked the Greek very much, the collection of words seeming to me more natural than in the Latin especially ‘Jacitus’. The French I acquired easily and had a French news paper which I could in the end read with ease as well as French novels.

 

In the summer of 1877 I went over to London University to try my hand at Matriculation and came out high in the First Division while many who had all the advantages of Classical Training only took a Second Division or a mere pass. Of course I got a medal for this which I preserve.

 

It was then my troubles began. Dr Kavanagh said I would have no trouble in passing First Arts and kept hammering at me to go on. It was then that I studied the authors referred to and so good was I at translation that some of the priests were not my superiors. I could render an unseen passage into choice English, that gave the sense wonderfully near the best of the translations.

 

My chief defect was in the matter of pronunciation not having a Master to direct me when learning. O’Connell Legaque failed to pass Matriculation and so did Rowley the Professor of Latin and French and I heard Father Coyle also failed as did many others who are now distinguished as Priests and lay men. When I was prepared to go forward for First Arts Dr Kavanagh left to be Parish Priest of Kildare and having no one to urge me on when he left, though I continued to study the Classics, I did not follow the London University Programme but studied just as fancy led me.

 

Besides the Intermediate Cert imposed a lot of work on those who were engaged in it and of course additional studying of the subjects prescribed. As an inducement for further effort each Professor was allowed Result Fees for each subject he got his students to pass in which came to a good sum in my case as I had many subjects. Also from the commencement of the Act in 1879 I was appointed Centre Superintendent Of Examinations which for 9 or 10 days brought me about £20 and the outing was always very pleasant to me. This continued till about 1909 when I ceased to be appointed.

 

During 30 years I acted as Superintendent, I came in contact with nearly every important town and district south of Dublin as the Commission seldom appointed me twice to the same school or college. I was appointed twice to Blackrock College and twice to the Town Hall of Kingstown but to different colleges or centres in all other cases so that I could write a fair description of the towns and neighbourhoods of close on 20 of the most important towns in Munster, Leinster and part of Connaught. Indeed I made it a point to jot down a few notes during my ramblings which are somewhere about in my books and being written on the spot they must be more interesting and accurate than what is written from memory.

 

Though the peroid assigned for the examination extended nearly a fortnight many days were altogether vacant so that I could drive or walk out miles in the country on the vacant days. In this way I studied a good part of Cork, Kerry and Clare.

 

The most pleasurable part of these Superintendentships, to me at least, was the outings they afforded to my dearest wife who looked forward to these exams just as a youngster would look forward to the occasion. We invariably took the two boys with us even when one of them had to be drawn about in his pram.

 

The Intermediate Commissioners were very considerate to me as they mostly appointed me to a seaside centre or to one that could easily be reached from our lodge on the Irish coast. Several years we lodged at Kingstown while I was employed at Blackrock or the Town Hall or the City. I was apt to be home with the least delay to walk out with her and the children or dine about the suburbs. The same applied at Tramore when I was engaged in Waterford and Tramore and same in Cork and Limerick and Wexford. I used also do Superintendent at the Royal University.

 

In 1883 I was at Lullabey Jesuit College when John Bacon, now secretary of University College matriculated and along with him Mr Johnson, now Judge Johnson. When Dr Dennis Jasmin matriculated at Earls Court Terrace, Royal University, Sir James Creed Meredith got me appropriated as Superintendent under the Royal University and was my great friend afterwards. I cannot say so much of the Junior Secretary, now Sir Joseph McGrath. Though I should expect friendly treatment from him as a Carlow man, my recollection of his behaviour to me is not of the pleasantest. Far different my colleague W J Wishton MA BL, he invariably invites me to his residence when I meet him and used to do the same with poor Alice.

 

As I was appointed as Superintendent from the announcement of the Intermediate in 1879 and continued to hold that post for close on thirty years, my recollections might have some interest for students and Superintendents of the present day.

 

I was first appointed to Blackrock College and had for colleague Rev J Boyce Protestant Curate and Mr Kilhead, Master of Santry School. The examinations of 1879 were conducted under very primitive conditions. Students were mixed up so no Superintendent could say for whom he was responsible. The answer books were not enclosed in an envelope as now. It was only in 1881 that this idea was carried owing to the indiscretion of a Superintendent who made a speech after the examination had concluded and assured the authorities that all their boys passed well as he had examined their answers before returning them to the office.

 

After this report the Commissioners decided to enclose each students answers in a separate envelope which was to be sealed by the student. In 1880 there was some order as compared to 1879. Both these years I was lodged and feasted at the College as if I was a priest. Rev Reff was then President and his kindness to me could not be described. Indeed it was hinted that this hospitality was given for a purpose. I believe it was not so and as a matter of fact very little favour could be shown the student beyond ordinary courtesy which every student was entitled to. A Superintendent who allowed or who was unable to detect collusion should not be appointed as Superintendent of examinations. I think there are many such who though acting in conscientiousness were not experienced on the various expedients which dishonest students resort to when under examination.

 

As regards the devices resorted to by students during my lengthened experience as a Superintendent I could write pages and pages without exhausting the matter. It often struck me that if students of the ‘Cogging Class’ devoted half the ingenuity they displayed in obtaining assistance by unfair means to the preparations of their lessons and the studying of the questions when under examination the results would be far more favourable to themselves and to their masters. No school is completely free from this dishonourable behaviour but where the Master and authorities impress an honourable or even decent tone on their students the Superintendent will have little trouble in singling out the odd black sheep from the flock and locating him in a place where he is not within reach of temptation and is made aware he is under observation.

 

In some schools the practice of ‘Cogging’ is not seriously condemned by the Masters, if the student can only escape detection. Strictly perhaps they have some grounds for this course of conduct as the business of a Superintendent in addition to his many other duties is to prevent collusion of every kind. Where he fails in doing this he shows his unsuitability for the post.

 

Students are very quick in discriminating the character of the Superintendent in this respect and where by the lascity of the latter they have good reason to suppose that unfair methods can be resorted to with impunity a grave injustice may be done to a student who by proper supervision would never think of giving or seeking help while under examination. It may seem strange but it is my recollection that Ecclesiastical Students were the worst offenders in the matter of ‘Cogging’ and the most persistent in denying it.

 

Perhaps I should elaborate on what I afterwards learned of Macklin and Brennan who remained in London. In 1877 I visited Macklin at the Solicitors Department of the Customs. He was boss of his own department having a number of clerks under him and a reception room for his own accommodation with a liveried servant to wait on him. The prospect of my going on thru University shamed him to enter as an evening student at University College and later as a law student obtaining the BL Degree. He went circuit for some time but I should say was not a success however his salary was then £800 per year so that he was not badly off. Besides he was allowed to prosecute under the Department for which I presume he was paid.

 

Page Missing, perhaps begins to discuss Brennan

 

Some years ago he wrote from London saying he was a member of an Irish Literary Society and that he and a body of London members were to be touring Ireland. I met him at Wrynnes Hostel (now closed down) and spent a few days with him. He seemed to be independent and said his children were settled in life. He and his party left Dublin without my seeing them on their departure and altho’ I wrote to his address in Clapham London I never heard from him since and probably never shall. He said he was a GP for his district but in my failing state of health I think I shall not trouble finding him out. If there be a reunion of friends on the other side of the grave as we all hope I may look him up as he was a friend worth knowing and gifted with an amount of unselfishness not often found nowadays.

 

In case there be anyone who read these pages for so far and found interest therein perhaps they would like something in addition to my own personal history however commonplace it may seem to those accustomed to experience or read of stirring life events by land or sea. From the time I entered Carlow College in 1871 till my marriage in 1888 I spent my Xmas and summer vacations with my brothers where I was born. The summer vacation lasted for about 2 months and Xmas about 1 or less. I need scarcely say I would not have returned so regularly to the old home only I found it more appreciable than anywhere else.

 

My brothers and I were mutually attached to one other and my coming home to them was to me an occasion of very great pleasure and joy. If my coming home was a source of delight to them and me, my going away was anything but pleasant. Never a departure without grief manifesting itself often with suppressed sobs and tears and often I reached Dublin before I was in a mood to carry on conversation with anyone.

 

It is an old saying that marriage makes changes and in my case there was no exception to the rule though on the few occasions I afterwards did return to the old ‘home’. My natural softness of disposition overcame me when departing perhaps never to return. I do not think there are many so impressionable as I am. Even a kind word almost melts me to tears and momentarily chokes my powers of speech. In this respect I am quite a baby and cannot restrain or harden myself against the senile influence of kindness.

 

During my residence at home while on vacation I spent my time in company with my brothers especially with my brother John who never left home but was always doing something on the farm. I used to drive the cows in summer time to be milked by an old woman named Mary McCawley and a girl called Mary Duffy, niece to John Duffy late District Inspector of Police. The farmer was an Irish speaking woman who I think knew her catechism only in that language. She came somewhere from near Castleblaney where Irish was then spoken by all the old people. I don’t now remember what happened to her but I think she died about the place. She was willing, honest and truthful and remarkably clean in her habits and whatever she put her hand to was done well and required no overlooking.

 

In the evenings I was frequently invited to spend some time with old neighbours who always showed great friendship to me. Among them were two Protestants, Bell and Armstrong at whose houses I spent many a happy hour. Thomas Bell was a man the likes of whom I never met in real life. Tho’ an elder in his Chapel he was liberal and charitable beyond anything which I could ever express as ever imagine. His photo as well those of his son and three daughters are in my album. His wife who was very handsome died young as well his little daughter Martha.

 

The Armstrongs were a different type, Tory to the hearts core. The eldest of the family Sarah Jane, was however very friendly to me. And I on my part was rather attached to her. She was talented and the last I saw of her was accompanying me to the Gaeity Theatre, Dublin. She died shortly after.

 

END

 

 

 

 


Section 14

 

Dated 14th day of March 1892

 

Thomas Smyth – 1st part

 

John Thos Brady – 2nd part

 

And Hugh McNally – 3rd part

 

Assignment

 

D. Carolan Rushe, Sol, Monaghan and

8 Anglesea St, Dublin

 

 

This indenture made this fourteenth day of March, one thousand, eight hundred and ninety two between Thomas Smyth of Cooke near Darlington in the County of Durham in England Gentleman of the first part, John Thomas Brady of Drumacruttin in the County of Monaghan, farmer of the second part and Hugh McNally of Tonniscoffy in the County of Monaghan, aforesaid National School Teacher of the third part.

 

Whereas by Indenture of Mortgage bearing date the twenty-first day of November, one thousand, eight hundred and ninety made between the said John Thomas Brady of the one part and the said Thomas Smyth of the other part in consideration of the sum of sixty pounds by the said Thomas Smyth paid to the said John Thomas Brady.  The said John Thomas Brady as Beneficial Owner sold assigned, transferred and made over unto the said Thomas Smyth his executors administrators and assigns.  All that and those that farm of land in the town-land of Drumacruttin aforesaid therein and hereinafter more particularly mentioned and described to hold the same with the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Smyth, his executors, administrators and assigns. 

 

Subject to a proviso for redemption of said premises therein contained on payment by the said John Thomas Brady, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigned unto the said Thomas Smyth of the sum of sixty pounds with interest for the same after the rate and at the time therein mentioned. And whereas the said sum of sixty pounds is now due and owing to the said Thomas Smyth but all interest for the same has been paid to the date of these Presents. And whereas the said John Thomas Brady has agreed with the said Hugh McNally for the rate to him of the said farm and premises at the price or sum of one-hundred and ninety-five pounds subject as hereinbefore and hereinafter mentioned and it has been agreed that the said sum of sixty pounds be paid off to the said Thomas Smyth out of the purchase money and that he shall join in those Presents in manner hereinafter appearing.

 

Now this indenture witnesseth that in pursuance of the said agreements and in consideration of the sum of sixty pounds to the said Thomas Smyth this day paid by the said Hugh McNally at the request of the said John Thomas Brady (the receipt whereof he the said Thomas Smyth doth hereby acknowledge) and of one hundred and thirty-five pounds this day paid to the said John Thomas Brady by the said Hugh McNally (the payment and receipt respectively of which said sums of sixty pounds and one hundred and thirty-five pounds making together the said purchase money of one hundred and ninety five pounds the said John Thomas Brady doth hereby acknowledge he the said Thomas Smyth as Mortagee by the direction of the said John Thomas Brady as  Beneficial Owner doth hereby sell assign transfer and make over and he the said John Thomas Brady as such beneficial owner as aforesaid doth hereby sell assign transfer make over and confirm unto the said Hugh McNally his executors administrators and assigns.

 

All that and those that farm of land in the town-land of Drumacruttin aforesaid containing about twenty three acres Irish Plantation measure held under Lord Rossmore at the yearly rent of twenty two pounds hereditaments and premises situate in the Barony of Monaghan and the County of Monaghan together with all the tenant right estate and interest of him the said Thomas Smyth as such Mortagee as aforesaid and of him the said John Thomas Brady as such Beneficial Owner as aforesaid in out of or upon the said premises or any part thereof.

 

To hold the said premises with the appurtenances thereunto belonging unto the said Hugh McNally his executors administrators and assigns subject to the said rent.

And the said John Thomas Brady hereby agrees to pay all rent, taxes, and other outgoings due on or payable out of said farm and premises up to the first day of November one thousand eight hundred and ninety one.

 

And the said Hugh McNally hereby for himself and his assigns covenants with the said John Thomas Brady that he the said Hugh McNally his executors administrators and assigns will pay all future rent and taxes and keep the said John Thomas Brady his executors administrators and assigns indemnified against all actions and claims on account of the non payment thereof.

 

In witness whereof the parties aforesaid have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals the day the day and year first herein written.

 

Signed Sealed and Delivered by the said Thomas Smyth in presence of Francis Patrick Crook, Miner, advisors clerk to Mageo, Wm Jennings, Solicitors, Bishop Auckland Durham.

 

Thomas Smyth, John T Brady, Hugh McNally


Section 15

 

Dated 8th Day of May 1893

 

McNally with McNally

 

Agreement

 

D. Carolan Rushe, Solicitor, Monaghan

 

The Rev’ Geo. McMeel, Very Rev’ Canon L. J. O Neill and Rev’ P. J. Lynch named and appointed in within Submission hereby extend the time for making of our award thereunder to the 29th day of June 1893

 

Dated this 20th May 1893

 

Signed

Geo. McMell Adm., L. J. O Neill P.O., P.J. Lynch C.C., Witness Joseph F. Timolley

 

 

Whereas certain disputes and differences have arisen are are now subsisting between Daniel McNally, John McNally and Hugh McNally all of Tonniscoffey in the County of Monaghan, Farmers, regarding their respective interests and rights in the farm of land in Tonniscoffey aforesaid on which they at present reside and the farm in Drumacruttin recently purchased from John Thomas Brady and the stock, crop and cattle at present on same and the household goods furniture etc in the house in Tonniscoffey in which they at present reside and also the share to which each is entitled of the profits (if any) made thereout same having been worked on the partnership principle for the past number of years and in order finally to end said disputes and differences they have mutually agreed that all matters in controversy between them, touching or concerning their respective interests and rights in the said farms and the stock, crop and cattle thereon and the furniture and other effects in the said house and the farming implements etc on the said farms and also their respective share of the profits made since the said partnership was entered into shall be submitted and referred to Rev. Geo. McMeel of Monaghan RC Adm, Very Rev. L.J. Canon O Neill of Clones Parish Priest and Rev P.J. Lynch C.C. of Monaghan aforesaid all in the County of Monaghan Arbitrators named and appointed to arbitrate and award of and concerning all such differences whose award in the premises shall be binding final and conclusive.

Now this agreement witnesseth that the said Daniel McNally, John McNally and Hugh McNally do hereby submit and refer all matters in difference and controversy between them concerning their respective rights and interests in the said farms in Tonniscoffey & Drumacruttin and the stock, crop, cattle, farming implements thereon and the household furniture and effects in the said house and also their respective shares of the profits (if any) made out of said farms etc and also touching any and all other matters of what nature or kind soever now in difference and controversy between them to the arbitrament and award of said Rev. Geo. McMeel, Very Rev. L.J. O Neill & P.J. Lynch to arbitrate and award of and concerning the same so as the said award be made in writing and published under their hands ready to be delivered to the parties or either of them on or before 22nd day of May 1893 but if the said Arbitrators shall not make and publish their award by the time aforesaid it is agreed that they shall beat liberty and they are hereby authorised to nominate and choose a third person as an umpire between the parties of and concerning the premises whose Award shall be binding final and conclusive with and upon the said parties provided he shall make and publish his award in writing under his hand on or before the 29 day of May 1893 and said Arbitrators and Umpire are and is authorised and empowered to call and receive in evidence all couchers, receipts, books of account, letters, deeds, will, processes, decrees and all other documents of what kinds soever in the hands power custody, a procurement or control of any of the said parties touching the matter so referred as aforesaid and each of the said parties hereby undertake to produce before and leave with the said Arbitrators or Umpire all vouchers, receipts, books of account, bonds, bills, notes, deeds, wills, processes, decrees and other documents or evidence of what nature or kind soever in his hands, power custody, procurement or control touching all or any of the matters so referred if necessary in the judgement of the said Arbitrators or Umpire for enabling them or him to Judge and decide concerning the premises if and when shall be thereto respectively required by the said Arbitrators or Umpire.

And it is further agreed that the said Arbitrators or Umpire shall have power from time to time by any memorandum endorsed hereon and signed by the said Arbitrators or Umpire to enlarge the time for making their or his award as often as they or he shall deem fit.

And that they or he shall be at liberty to proceed exparte if any of the parties hereto shall refuse or neglect to attend.

And the parties hereby mutually agree to observe, perform and keep the award of the said Arbitrators or Umpire.

And it is further agreed that the costs of the said reference and award and all other costs, charges and expenses incidental thereto shall be in the discretion of the said Arbitrators or Umpire who shall direct and ward by and to whom and in what manner, time and place the same shall be paid.

And further that the said Arbitration or Umpire shall be at liberty to go into parol as well as written evidence and to examine the parties or either of them and such other witnesses as they or he shall think fit on oath of affirmation.

In witness whereof the parties hereto have hereunto set their hands this 8th day of may 1893.

 

Witness present when signed by

John McNally, Daniel McNally

and Hugh McNally.

Joseph J Timolley, Solicitors Assistant,Monaghan

 

John McNally, Daniel McNally, Hugh McNally

 

END


Section 16

 

Dated 28th Day of June 1893

 

McNally with McNally

 

Award of

Very Revd Laurence. J. O Neill, Revd George McMeel and Revd P. J. Lynch

herein

 

 

D. Carolan Rushe, Solicitor, Monaghan

 

I hereby certify that the value of the property disposed of by written award does

not exceed £750 stg. Dated this 26th June 1893,

D Carolan Rushe Solicitor, Monaghan

 

To all to whom these presents shall come we the Very Rev. Laurence J O Neill P.P. of Clones, the Rev. George McMeel Adm of Monaghan and Rev. Patrick J Lynch C.C. of Monaghan aforesaid all in the County of Monaghan send greeting whereas by an agreement in writing between Daniel McNally, John McNally and Hugh McNally bearing date the 8th day of May 1893 reciting that certain disputes had arisen between the said Daniel McNally, John McNally and Hugh McNally concerning their respective rights and interests in certain farms of land hereinafter more particularly mentioned and described and the stock and chattels thereon.

 

And that for the purpose of ending said disputes and differences all such matters were referred to the arbitrament and award of us the said Very Rev. Laurence J O Neill, the Rev. George McMeel and Rev. Patrick J Lynch as also all other matters touching the management and profits of said farms and all other matters of what nature or kind soever in difference and controversy between them provided such award be made and published on or before the 22nd May 1893.

 

And whereas by endorsement on said agreement date 20th May 1893 the time for publication of said award was extended to the 29th of June 1893.

 

Now know ye that we the said Very Rev. Laurence J O Neill, the Rev. George McMeel and Rev. Patrick J Lynch having taken upon ourselves the burden of the said arbitration and having duly heard and considered all the allegations and evidence of the said respective parties of and concerning the matters in difference and so referred as aforesaid do make and publish this our award in writing of and concerning the matters so referred to us and do hereby award that the said Daniel McNally is to have the portion of the farm in Tonniscoffey at present occupied by him together with the bog attached thereto the dwelling house thereon and the appurtenances thereunto belonging containing about 12 ½ Irish acres and all the stock, crop, goods, chattels and farming implements therein and thereon subject to the annual rent of £11-proportion of the yearly rent of £31 to which the entire farm in Tonniscoffey of which this forms part is liable and he is also to have the exclusive use and ownership of the bog.

 

And we hereby also award that the said John McNally is to have the remainder of the said farm containing about twent three Irish acres subject to the annual payment of £20 proportion of the said rent of £31 per annum to which the entire farm is liable and the said John McNally is to pay and contribute all arrears of rent due out of the portion of the farm to be occupied by him and we do also award that the said John McNally is to have four of the cows at present on said portion of said farms and also all the farming implements and furniture thereon (save a cart harness and a table which we award to Hugh McNally) and we also award him the dwelling house in which he at present resides.

 

And we hereby award to the said Hugh McNally all that farm of land in the town-land of Drumacruttin recently purchased from John Thomas Brady and all the stock crop and building thereon with the appurtenances and we also award him the said horse, cow and calf, one table, and said cart and harness at present on the farm hereinbefore awarded to John subject to the payment of all rent and arrears due thereout and subject to the payment of all debts incurred by or in consequence of the purchase of the said farm in Drumacruttin.

 

And the said Daniel McNally and John McNally are to pay their respective shares of the rent of the farm in Tonniscoffey punctually and if either party make default such party is to be liable for all costs loss and damage occasioned in consequence thereof.

 

And we hereby further award that the farm known as Traver’s Farm containing about 2 ½ Irish acres situate in Tonniscoffey is to be sold not later than the 1st of February 1894 and the proceeds handed to the said Hugh McNally but in the event of the said John McNally wishing to purchase same on or before said date he is to be at liberty to do so on payment of the sum of £25 to the said Hugh McNally and if the said John McNally does not so purchase it on or before the said date the said Hugh McNally is to be at liberty to retain it.

 

And the costs of this arbitration, award and submission are to be paid equally by the said John McNally and Hugh McNally and all the parties hereto are to carry out the terms of this award (save as to the sale of Traver’s Farm) within seven days from this date and said Hugh McNally is to leave the house of the said John McNally in which he at present resides within seven days from the date hereof.

 

In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names this 26th day of June 1893.

Witness present when signed by

Very Rev. Laurence J Canon O Neill, Rev. George McMeel and Rev. P. J. Lynch.

D. Carolan Rushe, Solicitor, Monaghan

Laurence J O Neill

George McMeel

Patrick J. Lynch


Section 17

 

Form No. 39. SCHEDULE referred to in the order of even date herewith fixing a fair rent.

 

LAND LAW (IRELAND) ACT, 1896

 

County: Monaghan      Record No: 4204        Landlord: Earl of Dartrey

No. of Ordinance Sheets: 13,14                    Tenant: Hugh McNally

 

Date upon which holding inspected: 11th day of November 1903

 

Who attended on behalf of landlord? Bailiff  Who attended on behalf of tenant? Himself

 

1.      Concise Description of the holding…

This holding is worked by two brothers each one having a separate portion. It lies on the two sides of a moderately steep hill, a county road intersects it on one side and adjoins it on the opposite side. It is about 5 miles from market and rail at Monaghan. The land is of a very cold character aspect N’ and S’. Elevation about 540. Water supply sufficient. Fences are good. Is used as tillage. Buildings are a two storied slated dwelling. Low sheds and a thatched shed also on the portion occupied by the tenants brother a thatched dwelling and two ranges of thatched offices.

2.      Is the holding suitably used?…

It is suitably used but in poor condition, it generally requires better cultivation with manuring. A considerable amount of drainage has been made the estimate of which is only for the amount considered at present to benefit the land, a large number of outlets examined and their courses traced. The buildings are suitable, the thatched ones are in very bad order, tho others are in good condition.

3.   Total Tenement Valuation:                                                                              £39-5. 0

Total Standard Amount of Rates on Holding:                                               £4-19. 9

4.      If tenancy has been purchased since 1870, give date and amount of purchase.

No evidence of any such sale.

5.      The several classes of grass and tillage land to be specified….

Cold clay: 51 acres

Peaty clay: 4 acres

Marshy bottom: 1 acre, 2 roods, 0 perches

Waste by road: 3 roods, 5 perches

Total Area: 57 acres, 1 rood, 5 perches

Total Value £ 28 – 9s

Buildings. Total Value: £5 – 0

Annual sum which should be the Fair Rent of the Holding stated: £33- 9

6.      State improvements made wholly or partly by, or at the cost of the Landlord.

At the hearing of the ease in court a contribution of £3- 10 towards drainage in 1879 was claimed by the Landlord and adjudged to be his property we now allow rent on this amount at 5%. This is shown in part 7.

7.      Nature and character of each such improvement

Drainage 400 perches

Reclamation 3 acres

Fences suited to holding

Buildings

Total Deduction for Improvements £8-5 6.

 

8.      Fair Rent of the Holding:

£25- 4 0.

 

Dated this 10th day of December 1903

 

To be signed by Legal and Lay Assistant Commissioners

 

 

END

 

 

 

 

 

Section 18

 

 

 

Dated the 15th Day of Dec’ 1919

 

 

John McNally

 

To

 

Charles Francis McNally

 

Assignment

 

 

This indenture made the fifteenth day of December one thousand nine hundred and nineteen between John McNally of Tonniscoffey in the county of Monaghan, farmer of the one part and Charles Francis McNally of Drumacruttin in the County of  Monaghan, farmer of the other part.

Whereas, by an award in writing, dated the twenty sixth day of June one thousand eight hundred and ninety three and made in pursuance of a submission to arbitration therein referred to All that and those the lands and premises in the town-land of Tonniscoffey in the Barony of Monaghan and County of Monaghan containing thirty six acres three roods and thirty perches or thereabouts Statute measure hereinafter more particularly mentioned and described and hereby assured became the absolute property of the said John McNally subject to the payment of a proportionate part of the yearly rent payable in respect of the lands hereby assured and other lands mentioned in said award held as a yearly tenancy under the Right Honourable the Earl of Dartry.

And whereas the said John McNally has agreed with the said Charles Francis McNally for the sale to him of the said lands of Tonniscoffey aforesaid of which he the said John McNally is such owner as aforesaid for the price or sum of one hundred pounds.

Now this indenture witnesseth that in pursuance of said agreement and in consideration of the sum of one hundred pounds paid by the said Charles Francis McNally to the said John McNally on or before the execution hereof (the receipt of which sum the said John McNally doth hereby acknowledge) he the said John McNally as Beneficial owner hereby assigns unto the said Charles Francis McNally his executors, administrators and assigns All that and those that part of the lands of Tonniscoffey in the Barony of Monaghan and County of Monaghan containing thirty six acres three roods and thirty perches or thereabouts Statute measure subject to the yearly rent of sixteen pounds ten shillings and ----- pence being a proportionate part of the entire yearly rent of twenty five pounds four shillings and ---- pence to which the said lands along with other lands not hereby assured are held under the Right Honourable the Earl of Dartry as a yearly judicial tenancy.

To hold the same with the appurtenances unto and to the use of the said Charles Francis McNally his executors administrators and assigns absolutely subject to the payment of the said yearly rent or sum of sixteen pounds ten shillings and ---- pence portion of the said entire yearly rent of twenty five pounds four shillings and ---- pence and also subject to the statutory conditions incidental to the said tenancy so far as the same relate to the premises hereby assigned.

And the said Charles Francis McNally for himself and his assigns covenants with the said John McNally that he the said Charles Francis McNally his executors administrators or assigns shall henceforth pay the said rent or any rent which may hereafter lawfully be substituted therefore and observe and perform the said conditions and keep the said John McNally his heirs executors administrators and assigns indemnified against all actions expenses claims and demands on account of the same respectively.

And it is hereby certified that the transaction hereby effected does not form part of a larger transaction or of a series of transactions in respect of which the amount or value or the aggregate amount or value of the consideration executes one hundred pounds.

In witness whereof the parts aforesaid have hereunto set their hands and affixed their Seals the day and year first herein written.

Signed sealed and delivered by the said John McNally and Charles Francis McNally in the presence of Matthew R. Landers Monaghan solicitor.

 

 

END

 


Section 19

 

 

Dated this 7th day of December 1951

 

Charles F. McNally decd Tonniscoffey

 

To

 

Patrick McNally & Anors

 

To

 

Edward McNally

 

 

Assignment and Release

 

Messrs Lardener and Co., Solicitors, Monaghan.

 

THIS INDENTURE made the seventh day of December one thousand nine hundred and fifty one between Patrick McNally of Tonniscoffey, Dunraymond Post Office in the County of Monaghan, Farmer, of the First part, Joseph McNally of Maguiresbridge in the County of Fermanagh, Principal, Elementary Teacher of the Second part, Mary McNally of Drumacruttin, Dunraymond Post Office in the County of Monaghan, Widow of the Third part, Bridget McNally of said Drumacruttin, Spinster of the Fourth Part, Eileen McNally of Newtownards, County Down, Spinster of the Fifth Part, Daniel McNally of said Drumacruttin, Farmer of the Sixth Part, Edward McNally of said Drumacruttin, Farmer of the Seventh Part, Charles McNally of Monaghan in the County of Monaghan, Shop Assistant of the Eight Part and Hugh McNally of Corby Rock Furniture Factory in the County of Monaghan, Carpenter if the Ninth Part.

WHEREAS Charles F. McNally late of Tonniscoffey, Dunraymond Post Office in the County of Monaghan, Farmer and Bachelor died intestate on the 27th March, 1950 possessed of a farm of land in the town-land of Tonniscoffey more particularly mentioned and described and intended to be hereby released and assigned and stock in trade furniture and effects therein and thereon.

And whereas on the 28th day of August, 1951 Letter of Administration of the personal estate and effects of the said Charles F. McNally were granted to Patrick McNally party hereto.

And whereas the parties hereto are the next of kin of the said Charles F. McNally deceased and whereas it has been agreed that the parties hereto of the First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eight and Ninth parts shall assign, transfer and makeover and release unto Edward McNally party hereto of the seventh part all their and each of their estates and interests of in and to the said lands of Tonniscoffey and of all other property of which said Charles F. McNally deceased was owner at the time of his death in consideration of the natural love and affection which each of them bears for the said Edward McNally and in consideration of his paying to the said Patrick McNally for his own use the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds and in consideration of his paying the costs of and incidental to the Grant of Administration intestate and of the preparation and completion of this Deed of Release and Assignment and of his paying the debts and funeral expenses of the said deceased.

Now this indenture witnesses that in pursuance of the said agreement and in consideration of the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds paid by the said Edward McNally to the said Patrick McNally for his own use and of the covenant by the said Edward McNally to the pay the costs of and incidental to the Grant of Administration and the preparation and completion of this Deed and the debts and funeral expenses of the said deceased he the Patrick McNally as such Administrator as a foresaid and as beneficial owner and the said Joseph McNally as beneficial owner and the said Mary McNally party hereto of the Third part as beneficial owner and as guardian of her minor children Bridget McNally party hereto of the Forth Part, Eileen McNally party hereto of the Fifth Part, Daniel McNally party hereto of the Sixth Part, Charles McNally hereto of the Eight part and Hugh McNally party hereto of the Ninth Part each as beneficial owner do hereby assign transfer and make over and release absolutely unto the said Edward McNally all and each of their shares estates and interest in and to all that and those that farm of land in the town-land of Tonniscoffey containing 36 acres 3 roods 27 perches subject to an annuity of £11 . 2. 5. or such revised sum as may be substituted therefore forming portion of the estate of the Irish Land Commission  (formerly Dartry and Windham Record No. S 1828 County Monaghan) to hold the same unto and to the use of the said Edward McNally, Mary McNally, Bridget McNally, Eileen McNally, Daniel McNally, Charles McNally and Hugh McNally do and each of them doth hereby assign transfer make over and release unto the said Edward McNally absolutely all and each of their shares estate and interest in and to the stock, crop, furniture, chattels and effects of the said Charles F. McNally deceased.  It is hereby agreed and declared by all the parties hereto that the lands hereby assigned and released where not and are not entitled to any right of way or other easement over the a joining lands in Tonniscoffey now owned and occupied by the said Patrick McNally.  The said Edward McNally covenants with the                                                      said Patrick McNally, Joseph McNally, Mary McNally, Bridget McNally, Eileen McNally, Daniel McNally, Charles McNally and Hugh McNally the parties hereto of the First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eight, Ninth Parts that he will pay the lawful debts and funeral and testamentary expenses of the said Charles F McNally deceased and the costs of and incidental to the administration of the said estate and of the preparation and completion of this deed and will save harmless and keep indemnified the said Patrick McNally, Joseph McNally, Mary McNally, Bridget McNally, Eileen McNally, Daniel McNally, Charles McNally and Hugh McNally from and against all claims and demands on account of same and any part thereof.

And it is hereby certified that the transaction hereby effected does not form part of a larger transaction or a series of transactions in respect of which the amount or value or the aggregate amount or value of the consideration exceeds Five hundred pounds.  And it hereby certified that the said Edward McNally being the person becoming entitled to the entire beneficial interest in the property hereby assigned and transferred to an Irish Citizen. 

And it hereby further certified that the said Edward McNally is a lawful nephew of the said Charles F McNally deceased.  In witness whereof the parties aforesaid have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals the day and year first herein written. 

 

 

We Patrick McNally of Tonniscoffey and Edward McNally of Drumacruttin both in the County of Monaghan being two of the parties hereto hereby certified that the said Patrick McNally and Edward McNally becoming entitled to the entire beneficial interest in the property is related to the persons immediately theretofore entitled to the entire beneficial interest in the property as in the case of Patrick a brother and in the case of Edward McNally a lineal descendant of a brother of the said Charles McNally deceased.

I Edward McNally being the person becoming entitled to the entire beneficial interest in the property am related to the persons immediately theretofore entitled as follows. To Patrick McNally and Joseph McNally as a lineal descendant of a brother and am related to the parties of the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eight and Ninth Parts as a brother.

 

 

 

END

 


Section 20: Bibliography

 

·        The Monaghan Story – by Peader Livingstone (Clogher Historical Society Enniskillen 1980)

·        Shirley. The History of the County of Monaghan, London 1879

·        ‘The Replay’, A Parish History, Compiled by Eamonn Mulligan and Fr Brian McClusky. Published by Sean McDermotts GFC and Printed by R & S Printers 1984

·         At the Ford of the Birches, The History of Ballyboy, its People and Vicinity. Published by Murnane Bro’s 1999 by James H and Peadar Murnane.

·         ‘McNally Memoirs’ by Charles F. McNally, St Patricks College Carlow, Hand written in 1917.

·         Unsung Heroes. The War of Independence in Monaghan. Kevin McGeough 2000

·         Old Assignments and Documents held by Dan McNally, Drumacruttin

·        The Dawson Papers, lodged in the Public Records Office of Northern Ireland.

·        Sutton Index of deaths in the Troubles.

 

Section 21: Pictures

 

On the following pages are all the pictures gathered during the project. Some people in the pictures  were difficult to identify so apologies in advance if any errors have occurred.