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Mesopotamian City-States

Names of the City-States

The word 'Mesopotamia' is in origin a Greek name (mesos `middle' and 'potamos' - 'river' so `land between the rivers'). 'Mesopotamia' translated from Old Persian Miyanrudan means "the fertile crescent". Aramaic name being Beth-Nahrain "House of Two Rivers") is a region of Southwest Asia. Constant migration and 'Cultural Diffusion', or the process where an existing culture adopts the traits of another and the two eventually merge into a new culture, caused a strong central government to fail to develop in Mesopotamia. The dominant political unit was the 'City-State', a small area surrounding a large, complex city. The capitol [City-State] of the Mesopotamian Civilization was Ur - Uruk [3500 BC]. There were a number of city-states in Sumer; you can see them listed above. A city-state was made up of the main city (sometimes even more than one city), other towns and settlements, and surrounding lands. Each city-state was an actually an independent kingdom but sometimes one would dominate the others. The Sumerians have invented, among other things, the calendar, the plow, the wheel, and writing. The early Sumerian city-states may even have practiced some kind of democracy, but over time they became monarchies. Some Christian scholars believe that Mesopotamia, or present-day Iraq, was actually the Garden of Eden! They say it is because there are great similarites between the Book of Genesis and Sumerian mythology. Sumerian cities were usually shaped rectangularily, surrounded by high walls. Inside the city gates were wide avenues used for religious processions or victory parades. The largest buildings were ziggurats, temples for the gods and goddesses. constant migration and 'Cultural Diffusion', or the process where an existing culture adopts the traits of another and the two eventually merge into a new culture. As a result, a strong central government failed to develop in Mesopotamia. The dominant political unit was the 'City-State', a small area surrounding a large, complex city. The capitol [City-State] of the Mesopotamian Civilization was Ur - Uruk [3500 BC].

Links for You to Look Through

Build a ziggurat!
Even more links for Mesopotamia
Read it through & through
Free downloadable game
Research notes on the development of city-states
The history of Iraq and the Akkadian Empire
Everyone's favorite encyclopedia, Wikipedia!
History and DBA
My personal favorite!
My website's city-state info
My website's architecture info
My website's warfare info
My website's invention info
My website's Mesopotamian rulers info
My website's society info
My website's pictures

Email: zeinab93@gmail.com