Journal of Applied Animal Research
Volume 20 - No. 2
(Abstracted/indexed in AGRIS Database, Biosis Database, CAB Abstracts,Chemical Abstracts, CURRENT
CONTENTS (AB and ES), Food Science and Technology Abstracts, Indian Science
Abstracts, RESEARCH ALERT, SCISEARCH)
Malt sprouts as a
supplement for forage fed beef cattle
||Marcus E. Creasy, Stacey A.
Gunter, Paul A. Beck and Jeffrey S. Weyers (USA)
Effects of gender and age
on performance and harvest traits of boer × Spanish goats
||M.R. Cameron, S.P. Hart, T.
Sahlu, C. Gilchrist, S.W. Coleman and A.L. Goetsch (USA)
Effect of orally
administered conjugated linoleic acids on behaviors and tissue fatty acid
compositions in mice
||T. Nakanishi, A. Ohgushi, T.
Yamashita, K. Sashihara, T. Takagi, E. Dobashi, T. Kamegai, M. Kasai, T.
Yoshimatsu, and M. Furuse (Japan)
Genetic analysis of
concanavalin – A response in broilers
||M. Nath, B.P. Singh, V.K.
Saxena, R.V. Singh and A.K. Dev Roy (India)
Dry matter, crude protein
and cell wall digestion of total plant, leaves and stems in llano
buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris)
||R. Foroughbackch, R.G. Ramirez,
L.A. Hauad, J. Alba-Avila, C.G. García-Castillo and R. Morales-Rodriguez
Effects of variations in
grass protein fractions and degradation
rates on metabolizable protein allowable milk production
|J.S. Jonker, D.G. Fox, L.E.
Chase and D.J.R. Cherney (USA)
Prevention of muscle and
nerve damage after a prolonged ischemia/reperfusion syndrome: An
experimental animal model
||M. Rocca, N. Nicoli Aldini, R.
Giardino and P. Caliceti (Italy)
Effect of pre-market
feeding of maize residue and concentrate on fattening performance, carcass
trait and market value of grazing Horro cows
||Tesfaye Lemma, Abubeker Hassen,
Mulugeta Kebede, Girma Aboma and Ulfina Galmesa (Ethiopia)
gentamicin in renally-impaired goats following intravenous administration
||A.H. Ahmad and L.D. Sharma
characterization of cancellous and cortical bone in an ovariectomized sheep
||G. Giavaresi, M. Fini, L.
Martini, N. Nicoli Aldini, M. Rocca, P. Torricelli and R. Giardino (Italy)
Factors affecting body
weight of Aardi goat kids in Saudi Arabia
||M. A. Al-Shaikh and H.H.
Mogawer (S. Arabia)
Supplemental value of noug
seed cake (G. abyssinica) and linseed cake (L. usitataissimum)
on growth performance of crossbred (Borana x Jersey) bull and heifer calves
fed on haricot bean straw
||Nega Tolla, Hailu Dadhi and
Temesgen Tadese (Ethiopia)
Evaluation of dry yeast (Saccharomyces
cerevisiae) compounds in the feed to reduce aflatoxin B1 (AFB1)
residues and toxicity to Japanesa quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica)
|K. Çelik, M. Denli, M. Ertürk,
O. Öztürkcan and F. Doran (Turkey)
Fasciolosis and bovine
liver condemnation in Sokoto metropolitan abattoir
Malt Sprouts as a Supplement for
Forage Fed Beef Cattle1
Marcus E. Creasy2, Stacey A. Gunter3,
Paul A. Beck, Jeffrey S. Weyers4
Southwest Research & Extension Center
Department of Animal Science
University of Arkansas, Hope, Arkansas 71801-9729, USA
(Received February 22, 2001; accepted July 16, 2001)
Creasy, M.E., Gunter, S.A., Beck, P.A. and Weyers, J.S.
2001. Malt sprouts as a supplement for forage fed beef cattle. J. Appl.
Anim. Res., 20: 129-140.
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate malt sprouts
as a supplement for beef cattle. In Experiment 1 on 16 February 2000, 30
crossbred heifers (primiparous; body weight [BW] = 440±9.4 kg) and 30
crossbred cows (multiparous; BW=527±9.4 kg) bred to begin calving on 15
February were weighed and body condition scored (BCS). Cows and heifers
were sorted into four groups of 15 stratified by BCS, BW and parity, and
assigned to four 0.81-ha bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon [L.] Pers.)
and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) pastures until 3 May.
Cows had ad libitum access to bermudagrass/dallisgrass (Paspalum
dilatatum Poir.) hay and were fed one of the following supplements
based on: 1) corn (57 %), cottonseed meal (37 %), plus a minerals
supplement (6%; 1.36 kg dry matter [DM] daily) or 2) malt sprouts (95%)
plus a mineral supplement (5%; 1.36 kg of DM daily). In Experiment 2, 120
crossbred yearling heifers (BW=220±5.0 kg) were randomly divided into six
5.1-ha bermudagrass/tall fescue pastures and one of the following three
treatments were assigned (two pastures/treatment); 1) 0.45 kg of ground
corn, 2) 0.50 kg of cottonseed meal and 3) 0.47 kg of malt sprouts/heifer
daily (DM basis; isocaloric rates). Grazing began on 13 June and ended on
the 27 September 2000 (86 days). In Experiment 1, cow BW and BCS,
conception rate, calf birth weight, calving ease, calf BW, total gain and
205-day adjusted weaning weight did not differ (P>0.05) between supplement
types. However, BW, conception rate, calf BW and 205-day adjusted weaning
weight was less for heifers (P<0.05) than for cows. In Experiment 2,
initial and final BW and ADG did not differ (P<0.05) among supplement
types. Based on these experiments, malt sprouts fed to lactating beef cows
and stocker cattle were equal in value to an isocaloric blend of corn and
|Effects of Gender and Age on
Performance and Harvest Traits of Boer × Spanish Goats1
M.R. Camerona, S.P. Harta, T. Sahlua,2,
C. Gilchrista, S.W. Colemanb, A.L. Goetscha
aE (Kika) de la Garza Institute for Goat Research
P.O. Box 730, Langston, OK 73050, USA
bGrazinglands Research Laboratory
USDA, ARS, El Reno, OK, 73036, USA
(Received May 3, 2001; accepted July 31, 2001)
Cameron, M.R., Hart, S.P., Sahlu, T., Gilchrist, C., Coleman, S.W. and
Goetsch, A.L. 2001. Effects of gender and age on performance and harvest
traits of Boer × Spanish goats. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 20: 141-155.
Sixty Boer × Spanish goats were used to determine effects of gender
and age on performance and harvest traits. Wethers, females and males (16.8,
15.6 and 16.9 kg initial body weight, respectively) consumed a high
concentrate diet from 116 to 340 d of age, with harvest at 56-d intervals.
Average dry matter intake for the entire experiment was lowest among genders
for females (674, 534 and 682 g/d; P<0.05) and average daily gain was
greater for males and wethers than for females (119, 89 and 138 g/d for
wethers, females and males, respectively; P<0.05). Dressing percentage was
similar among genders and lowest among ages at 116 d (41.7, 48.5, 49.9, 51.3
and 50.9% for 116, 172, 228, 284 and 340 d, respectively; P<0.05). Internal
fat mass was lower (P<0.05) for males than for wethers and females (5.1, 6.9
and 7.0% empty body weight, respectively) and increased with age (2.3, 5.4,
6.3, 7.7 and 9.9% empty body weight; 0.32, 1.08, 1.60, 2.77 and 4.08 kg at
116, 172, 228 and 340 d of age, respectively). Carcass scores and grades
were similar among genders. Among genders, males had the greatest (P<0.05)
carcass percentages of separable bone (27.1, 27.0 and 29.4%) and lean (50.1,
49.7 and 54.1%) and were lowest in fat (18.0, 19.5 and 12.7% for wethers,
females and males, respectively). Carcasses were having 38.9, 29.9, 27.0,
22.6 and 20.7% bone; 6.7, 18.3, 15.1, 21.0 and 22.4% fat; and 49.4, 48.5,
50.9, 53.9 and 53.8% lean at 116, 172, 228, 284 and 340 d, respectively. In
summary, differences among genders of Boer crossbred goats in performance
and harvest traits were not influenced by age between approximately 4 and 11
mo. However, changes in carcass characteristics differed between 4 and 6 mo
of age more than from 6 to 11 mo; and mass of internal fat increased with
age and was nearly as great as that of carcass fat at each age.
|Effect of Orally Administered
Conjugated Linoleic Acids on Behaviors and Tissue Fatty Acid Compositions in
T. Nakanishi1, A. Ohgushi1, T. Yamashita1,
K. Sashihara1, T. Takagi1, E. Dobashi1, T.
Kamegai2, M. Kasai2, T. Yoshimatsu1, M.
1Laboratory of Advanced Animal and Marine Bioresources
Division of Animal and Marine Bioresources Science
Graduate School of Bioresources and Bioenvironmental Sciences
Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
2Rinoru Oil Mills Co. Ltd.
Nagoya 455-0028, Japan
(Received March 21, 2001; accepted August 1, 2001)
Nakanishi, T., Ohgushi, A., Yamashita, T., Sashihara, K., Takagi, T.,
Dobashi, E., Kamegai, T., Kasai, M., Yoshimatsu, T. and Furuse, M. 2001.
Effect of orally administered conjugated linoleic acids on behaviors and
tissue fatty acid compositions in mice. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 20: 157-170.
To compare the influences of the oral administration of conjugated
linoleic acids (CLA) on behaviors and fatty acid composition of some tissues
with those of linoleic acid (LA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), mice
(8-week old) were orally administered with oils containing high levels of
CLA, DHA or LA for 4 weeks (6 days per week, 0.2 ml per day). Control group
was administered with saline. Behavioral tests such as locomotor activity,
swim test, elevated plus maze test and biting test were done on the
commencement of the study (0 week) and 2 and 4 weeks after treatments. No
significant changes were observed in all the parameters. Oral CLA increased
the liver weight and reduced the epididymal white adipose tissue weight. The
ratio of arachidonic acid to total fatty acids was significantly increased
by LA and decreased by CLA compared with the control, especially in the
liver. Small amounts of CLA were detected in the brain of mice administered
with CLA or LA groups, but not detected in mice of the control and DHA
groups. The level of DHA in the brain was not altered by DHA administration.
It is concluded that oral administration of CLA influenced some tissues but
not behaviours of mice at least after growth.
|Genetic Analysis of Concanavalin_A
Response in Broilers
M. Nath*, B.P. Singh, V.K. Saxena, R.V. Singh, A.K. Dev Roy
Central Avian Research Institute
Izatnagar, Bareilly-243 122, India
(Revised received May 9, 2001; accepted June 16, 2001)
Nath, M., Singh, B.P., Saxena, V.K., Singh, R.V. and Dev Roy, A.K. 2001.
Genetic analysis of concanavalin_A response in broilers. J. Appl. Anim. Res.
To evaluate the crossbreeding parameters in respect to in vivo
mitogen response in broiler, a complete 4´4 diallel design was followed
using four synthetic broiler lines namely Coloured Synthetic Male Line (CSML),
White Synthetic Male Line (WSML), Coloured Synthetic Female Line (CSFL) and
Naked Neck Line (NNL). The in vivo cell-mediated immune
response to the mitogen concanavalin-A (Con-A) was evaluated injecting 0.1ml
of Con-A (1mg Con-A in 1ml of phosphate buffer saline) inter-digitally and
the foot index was calculated. The results indicated that both additive and
non-additive genetic variation attributed to minor genes at many loci is
important for the genetic control of in vivo Con-A response in
chicken. Total non-additive components of variance also showed significant
amount of heterosis in crossbred progenies. Therefore, it may be concluded
that the exploitation of non-additive component of variance is possible for
improvement in cell- mediated immunity in broilers.
|Dry Matter, Crude Protein and Cell
Wall Digestion of Total Plant, Leaves and Stems in Llano Buffelgrass (Cenchrus
R. Foroughbackch, R.G. Ramirez, L.A. Hauad, J. Alba-Avila, C.G.
García-Castillo1, R. Morales-Rodriguez
Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León
Apartado Postal 142, Sucursal F, San Nicolás de los Garza
L.L. 66450, México
1Departmento de Ganaderia
Colegio de Posgraduados, Montecillo, Estado de México
(Revised received March 7, 2001; accepted March 24, 2001)
Foroughbackch, R., Ramirez, R.G., Hauad, L.A. and Alba-Avila, J., García-Castillo,
C.G. and Morales-Rodriguez, R. 2001. Dry matter, crude protein and cell wall
digestion of total plant leaves and stems in Llano buffelgrass (Cenchrus
ciliaris). J. Appl. Anim. Res., 20: 181-188.
To estimate and compare seasonally, the chemical composition and in
situ digestibility of nutrients in total plant (TP) leaves (L) and stems
(S) of Llano buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.), plants were
harvested from a two-ha pasture of Martin, N.L. County, Mexico during fall
(1998), winter, spring and summer (1999). The in sacco technique was
used to measure the rate and extent of digestion of dry matter (DM), crude
protein (CP) and cell wall (CW) of TP, L and S, using rumen cannulated
sheep. Effective degradability of DM (EDDM), CP (EDCP) and CW (EDCW) was
also estimated. Crude protein was significantly higher and CW significantly
lower in summer than in other seasons. Moreover, lignin was significantly
lower in summer than in other seasons. Effective degradability DM, EDCP and
EDCW were also significantly higher in summer. In all seasons, L fraction
resulted with higher nutrient digestion than S fraction. It is recommended
that only during the summer season livestock can graze Llano buffelgrass
because of its high nutritional quality.
|Effects of Variations in Grass
Protein Fractions and Degradation Rates on Metabolizable Protein Allowable
J.S. Jonker1, D.G. Fox, L.E. Chase, D.J.R. Cherney2
Department of Animal Science
Ithaca, N.Y. 14853-4801, USA
(Received March 5, 2001; accepted September 11, 2001)
Jonker, J.S., Fox, D.G., Chase, L.E. and Cherney, D.J.R. 2001. Effects of
variations in grass protein fractions and degradation rates on metabolizable
protein allowable milk production. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 20: 189-196.
Effects of variation of grass forage protein fractions (soluble intake
protein, acid detergent fibre insoluble protein and neutral detergent fibre
insoluble protein), as measured from producer submitted samples over a 12
month period and protein degradation rates (B1, B2 and B3) on metabolizable
protein allowable milk production were estimated with the Cornell Net
Carbohydrate and Protein System Model (CNCPS). A one standard deviation
increase from the average soluble intake protein for grass forage resulted
in a 5-13 per cent decrease in metabolizable protein allowable milk. A 10
per cent decrease in metabolizable protein allowable milk was predicted with
a one standard deviation increase from the average acid detergent fibre
insoluble protein for the grass forage. Up to a 20 per cent increase in
metabolizable protein allowable milk was predicted with a one standard
deviation increase from the average neutral detergent fibre insoluble
protein for grass forage. Metabolizable protein allowable milk was
relatively insensitive to changes in protein degradation rates compared to
changes in protein fractions. Accurate forage protein fraction values are
needed to effectively utilize the CNCPS model.
Prevention of Muscle and Nerve Damage after a Prolonged
Ischemia/Reperfusion Syndrome: An Experimental Animal Model
M. Rocca1, N. Nicoli Aldini1, R. Giardino1,2,*,
1Department of Experimental Surgery
Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute
Via di Barbiano 1/10, 40136 Bologna - Italy
2Chair of Surgical Pathophysiology
University of Bologna
Bologna - Italy
3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
University of Padova
(Received February 9, 2001; accepted October 6, 2001)
Rocca, M., Nicoli Aldini, N., Giardino, R. and Caliceti, P. 2001.
Prevention of muscle and nerve damage after a prolonged ischemia/reperfusion
syndrome: an experimental animal model. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 20: 197-204.
An experimental rat model of limb replantation was developed to
evaluate and compare the efficacy of SOD and mPEG-SOD (native and modified
with polyethylene glycole superoxide dismutase) or PAcM-SOD (polyacriloilmorpholine
superoxide dismutase) in preventing ischemia-reperfusion damage. In
particular, the current research focused on the technical procedure employed
for the study of the newly activated motor end-plates after
ischemia/reperfusion injury. The experiment was carried out on 60 Wistar
rats, randomly divided into four groups, submitted to 4 hours and 30 minutes
of ischemia of the left hindlimb, followed by reperfusion. Results showed a
better limb survival in the mPEG-SOD group (87%) in comparison to other
three groups (p<0.05).
|Effect of Pre-market
Maize Stover and Concentrate on Fattening Performance, Carcass Trait and
Market Value of Grazing Horro Cows
Tesfaye Lemma1, Abubeker Hassen2*, Mulugeta Kebede1,
Girma Aboma1, Ulfina Galmesa1
1Bako Research Centre
P.O.Box 03, Bako, Ethiopia
2Adami Tulu Research Centre
P.O.Box 35, Zeway, Ethiopia.
(Revised received August 4, 2001; accepted August 31, 2001)
Lemma, T., Hassen, A., Kebede, M., Aboma, G. and Galmesa, U. 2001. Effect
of pre-market feeding of maize stover and concentrate on fattening
performance, carcass trait and market value of grazing Horro cows. J.
Appl. Anim. Res., 20: 205-212.
To evaluate the effects of maize residue (stover) and concentrate
supplementation on fattening performance, carcass trait and market value, 21
Horro cows (>12 yr) were divided into three groups and randomly allocated to
three treatments viz. T1: 8h grazing alone, T2: T1+
ad lib maize residue (stover) supplement, T3: T2+
3 kg concentrate/head/day, respectively, in a completely randomised design.
Slaughter weights (SW), average daily live weight gain (ADG) kidney fat and
market value per unit of live weight were significantly (P<0.05) higher for
cows on T3 than those either in T2 or T1. A
significant and positive association was recorded for slaughter weight of
the cows with carcass weight, omental fat and estimated market price of the
cows. Though the highest gross return was obtained from cows on T3,
the net return per Ethiopian Birr (ETB) invested in T3 was lower
than T2. It was concluded that pre-market supplementation with
maize stover and concentrate improves the fattening ability of old Horro
cows. However, the price of concentrate supplement should be reduced to
increase the net return.
Pharmacokinetics of Gentamicin in Renally-Impaired Goats Following
A.H. Ahmad, L.D. Sharma
Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology
College of Veterinary Sciences
G.B.Pant University of Agriculture & Technology
Pantnagar-263 145, India
(Revised received March 24, 2001; accepted August 10, 2001)
Ahmad, A.H. and Sharma, L.D. 2001. Pharmacokinetics of gentamicin in
renally-impaired goats following intravenous administration. J. Appl. Anim.
The pharmacokinetics of gentamicin was studied in goats given a single
intravenous dose (5 mg/kg) of uranyl nitrate for renal impairment.
Gentamicin was injected intravenously (5 mg/kg) on the 7th day after
injection of uranyl nitrate, when the serum creatinine and blood urea
nitrogen concentrations rose significantly. An elimination half-life (t1/2-ß)
of 425 min. was observed. The plasma clearance (Cl) in renally-impaired
goats was 0.3 ml/min. kg. The volume of distribution was 187 ml/kg. The area
under the curve was 16625 µg.min/ml. A dose of 2.5 mg/kg every 24 h was
calculated in renally impaired goats based on the pharmacokinetic parameters
in present study.
Histomorphometric Characterization of Cancellous and Cortical Bone in an
Ovariectomized Sheep Model
G. Giavaresi, M. Fini, L. Martini, N. Nicoli Aldini, M. Rocca, P.
Torricelli, R. Giardino*
Servizio di Chirurgia Sperimentale
Istituto di Ricerca Codivilla-Putti, IOR
Via di Barbiano, 1/10
40136 Bologna, Italy
*Chair of Surgical Pathophysiology
University of Bologna
(Received February 9, 2001; accepted October 10, 2001)
Giavaresi, G., Fini, M., Martini, L., Nicoli Aldini, N., Rocca, M.,
Torricelli, P. and Giardino, R. 2001. Histomorphometric characterization of
cancellous and cortical bone in an ovariectomized sheep model. J. Appl. Anim.
Res., 20: 221-232.
The ovariectomized sheep has been proposed as a model of human
osteoporosis, showing high bone turnover, increased osteoclastic activity,
perforation of trabeculae and endosteal resorption. To improve scientific
knowledge on this large-size osteopenic animal model, 15 crossbred sheep
(4±1 years, 80±5 kg) were divided in 3 groups of 5 animals each: 1) Baseline
Group, where animals were sacrificed at the beginning of the study as
controls; 2) OVX Group, where animals were bilaterally ovariectomized; 3)
SHAM Group, where the operation was simulated. OVX and SHAM animals were
sacrificed 24 months after surgery. A histomorphometric analysis was
performed on cancellous (iliac crest, and 4th and 5th lumbar vertebral
bodies) and cortical (femoral and tibial middiaphyses) bone. In the OVX
Group, results showed generalised and significant resorption of cancellous
bone in the iliac crest and lumbar vertebrae, as well as significant
resorption of cortical bone in the tibia. The cancellous bone of the
vertebral bodies appeared to be more sensitive to the estrogen-deficiency
than the iliac crest and the same can be said for the tibial middiaphyseal
cortical bone versus the femoral one. In conclusion, our results seem
to support the use of an ovariectomized sheep model for pharmacological and
surgical studies on osteoporosis. However, differences in bone reaction to
estrogen-deficiency at different anatomical sites should be taken into
account and do require further investigations.
Factors Affecting Body Weight of
Aardi Goat Kids in Saudi Arabia
M. A. Al-Shaikh*, H.H. Mogawer
Department of Animal Production
College of Agriculture
King Saud University
P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
(Received February 20, 2001; accepted September 17, 2001)
Al-Shaikh, M.A. and Mogawer, H.H. 2001. Factors affecting body weight of
Aardi goat kids in Saudi Arabia. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 20: 233-238.
To study the effects of dam weight, litter size and kid sex on birth
weight and weight gain from birth to weaning, 34 male and 36 female Aardi
goat kids, from 40 dams were reared under identical conditions. Weight gains
at 3, 6 and 10 weeks of age were higher in kids born to heavy than to medium
or light weight dams and there was a strong correlation between dam's weight
and weight gain in respective kids (r=0.41). Litter size significantly
affected birth weights, but neither weight nor average daily weight gain
were affected during subsequent intervals. Male kids consistently had higher
body weights and daily weight gain than female ones. Correlation coefficient
between birth weight and weaning weight was 0.41, which could be used as an
indicator to heavy weaning weight.
Supplemental Value of Noug Seed
Cake (Guizotia abyssinica) and Linseed Cake
(Linum usitataissimum) on Growth Performance of Crossbred (Borana x
Jersey) Bull and Heifer Calves Fed on Haricot Bean Straw
Nega Tolla, Hailu Dadhi, Temesgen Tadese
Adami Tulu Research Center
P.O.Box 178, Ziway, Ethiopia
(Revised received June 20, 2001; accepted July 24, 2001)
Tolla, N., Dadhi, H. and Tadese, T. 2001. Supplemental value of noug seed
cake (Guizotia abyssinica) and linseed cake (Linum usitataissimum)
on growth performance of crossbred (Borana x Jersey) bull and heifer calves
fed on Haricot bean straw. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 20: 239-244.
To study comparative supplemental values of noug seed cake (Guizotia
abyssinica) and linseed cake (Linum usitataissimum) on growth
performance and profitability of young bull and heifer calves fed on basal
diet of Haricot bean straw (HBS), thirty crossbred (Borana x Jersey) bull
(15) and heifer (15) calves were randomly allocated to three treatments of
Haricot bean straw alone, supplemented with either noug seed cake or linseed
cake in a 3 x 2 factorial design for 94 days feeding trial. Both
supplementations had significant (P<0.05) effect on HBS intake. The
interaction between treatment and sex on average daily weight gain (ADG) was
highly significant (P<0.01). Animals supplemented with LSC gained more
weight (34% and 471%) than those supplemented with NSC and the control
group, respectively. Supplementing LSC was less profitable (Eth. Birr. 327)
than NSC (Eth. Birr. 435). Higher PD fraction was observed for animals
supplemented with LSC. It was concluded that despite its cost being triple
of that of NSC, supplementing poor quality basal diet of Haricot bean straw
with LSC can support faster daily live weight gain than NSC but it is not
superior to NSC in profitability.
|Evaluation of Dry Yeast
cerevisiae) Compounds in the Feed to Reduce Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1)
Residues and Toxicity to Japanese Quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica)
K. Çelik1, M. Denli, M. Ertürk2, O. Öztürkcan, F.
Department of Animal Science
Çukurova University, 01330, Adana, Turkey
(Revised received July 20, 2001; accepted August 1, 2001)
Çelik, K., Denli, M., Ertürk, M., Öztürkcan, O. and Doran, F. 2001.
Evaluation of dry yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) compounds in the
feed to reduce aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) residues and
toxicity to Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). J. Appl.
Anim. Res., 20: 245-250.
To study the effects of dry yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) as
adsorbent when given aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on the weight
gain, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, pathological alterations and
serum parameters, 200 Japanese quail chicks were divided into 4 groups in an
experiment lasting 35 days, when the birds were slaughtered. The probiotic
was given in group 1; 0.1 per cent with 100 µg AFB1 added daily
in the concentrate feed; 2nd group was given 0.2 per cent probiotic with 100
µg AFB1, 3rd group 100 µg AFB1 without adsorbent and
4th group served as control. The livers and spleens were swollen and
congested in group 1 and 3. Serum GOT, GPT and ALK.P were elevated in group
3 compared with the probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) groups
(P<0.01). No statistical differences were found between groups in serum AFP
|Fasciolosis and Bovine Liver
Condemnation in Sokoto Metropolitan Abattoir
Department of Veterinary Anatomy
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Usmanu Danfodiyo University
P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
(Received March 17, 2001; accepted July 26, 2001)
Onu, J.E. 2001. Fasciolosis and bovine liver condemnation in Sokoto
metropolitan abattoir. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 20: 251-254.
A nine-year (1991-1999) retrospective evaluation of records was
conducted in Sokoto metropolitan abattoir to assess the prevalence of bovine
liver condemnation due to fasciolosis. A total of 308,999 bovine livers were
presented for examination during the period, of which 6.7 per cent were
infected and totally condemned. The cost of the condemned livers was
estimated to be about N6,389,999.00. The implications of the disease on
cattle production and measures to prevent and control the condition are