of spring and beauty,
of completion and perfection.
It is a symbol of Love
and metamorphosis of passion~
Rosa spinosissima is also known as ~Our Lady's Rose~ or the ~Burnet Rose.~ According to legend, in Glastonbury, England, Joseph of Aremethia, a rich man who provided the tomb for the burial of Christ, built the first Christian temple of the Virgin Mary. The temple was destroyed during the Reformation but a rose grew on the spot, blooming all winter and is known as the Burnet rose.
Lychnis coronaria or ~Our Lady's Rose~
The word ~Lychnis~ comes from the Greek word for ~lamp,~ meaning ~flame.~ It is said that in medieval times, a lordsman on a journey had to pass through woods where he knew thieves would be waiting for him. As he entered the woods he knelt down to pray. As he prayed the Virgin Mary came and placed a garland on his head that was so bright that all the wood shone. Finishing his prayers, he proceeded through the woods, unaware of the glorious crown on his head. When the thieves saw the roses they stood aside, allowing him to pass unharmed.
Rosa is also known as ~Our Lady's Rose~
According to legend the Virgin Mary was surrounded with red roses and white lilies as she ascended into heaven. The appostle Thomas, who had not been present when Mary died, refused to believe that this had happened and asked that her tomb be opened. When it was opened it was found to contain only lilies and roses.
Rose of Jericho
~The Resurrection flower,~ Anastatica hierochuntica also known as the ~Rose of the Virgin,~ ~ Holy Night Rose~ and ~Mary's Rose~
It is believed to have first bloomed at the Birth of Christ and closed its blooms at the time of the Crucifixion, and reopened at the time of the Resurrection. It also sprang up to mark the spot at each place where the Holy Family rested during their flight to Egypt.
It is the only species of the genus Anastatica, of the mustard family Brassicaceae, native to western Asia. This small, gray plant curls its branches and seedpods inward in the dry season, forming a ball that opens only when moistened. In this form, it can be stored for years. The ball rolls with the wind like a tumbleweed. When moistened, it spreads into a fernlike plant as much as 30 cm (1 foot) wide and bears minute, white flowers.
Under the Rose
European cathedrals built in the 12th century incorporated the rose window as an architectural scheme. Roses were carved into the ceilings of council chambers pledging all present to secrecy, or sub rosa, ~under the rose~ which means ~In strict confidence.~ Roses were later carved on ceilings for the same purpose. Beautiful wood carvings of roses can be also be found in old churches.
Aphrodite presented a rose to her son Eros, the god of love, which became a symbol of love and desire. Eros was said to have bribed Harpocrates, the god of silence, with the rose to prevent him from revealing the love affairs carried on by Venus. Thus the rose also became the emblem of silence and secrecy.
The rose was also sacred to Bacchus, god of wine. At banquets for the gods, wealthy Romans would lie on couches spread with rose petals. They wore garlands of roses and chaplets of roses crowned their heads. Reclining on their beds of roses, they ate, drank, and gossiped. Anything said ~under the rose~ was ~sub rosa.~ This Latin expression is still a common way of describing something to be kept secret.
Queen Elizabeth I is said to have worn a rose behind her ear, copied from the Spanish, which was a subtle way of expressing that the wearer ~heard all and said nothing.~ Some say the expression was started during the time of the War of the Roses in 15th century England.
The Gift of Love
The rose is a central part of some wedding ceremonies held at a church in Tarzana, California. The minister presents a red rose to the bride and groom. The couple then exchange roses, giving to each other the symbolic gift of love as their first gift, as husband and wife. At the end of the ceremony, they are advised to resolve any conflicts they may have in the years ahead by presenting each other with red roses. Many couples maintain this tradition throughout their married lives, presenting each other with one rose for each year of marriage on every anniversary. This practice of presenting anniversary bouquets of small red roses called ~tussie mussies~ arose in Victorian times.
The King of Sweden, sent his wife (Sweden's Queen), Silvia Sommerlath, one dozen yellow roses every day during a four-year romance. That added up to 1,461 dozens. . . or 17,532 roses.
One of the most famous rose gardens was planted by Empress Josephine at the Chateau de la Malmaison in France in 1804. She married Napolean Bonaparte in 1796. Love of roses made her finance expeditions to gather roses from far and near and within 10 years, her garden had every species of rose then known. Josephine died in 1814, leaving massive debts and the gardens went downhill. Today only a few bushes of Souvenir de la Malmaison, a Bourbon-developed by hybridizer Charles Deluze, and some ramblers along garden walls are all that remains.
The park in Reuil-Malmaison, the place where Josephine is buried, has a statue of her...with a single rose in her hand. ~Souvenir de La Malmaison~ a rose, is named in tribute to Empress Josephine's garden at her Chateau de la Malmaison. It is also called the ~Queen of Beauty & Fragrance~
Rose Pictures & Paintings
The earliest known picture of a rose is a fresco on a wall in the Palace of Knossos in Crete, which dates back to the sixteenth century BC.
The oldest painting in the world depicts a five-petaled pink rose.
From ~The Rose, by Madison Mallone~
~Herbier Colorié ~ is an anonymous three volume, 18th century manuscript with many beautiful paintings of roses. The 300 full-page illustrations of plants are painted in dark, colors on paper, watermarked 1742. The accompanying manuscript Latin inscriptions are dated 1777 suggesting that the text was added later.
A hand-colored woodcut image from the third Passau edition of the ~Herbarius latinus~ was published from 1486 -1487.
The most famous painter of roses was Pierre Joseph Redouté, commisioned by Josephine to record all the the roses of Malmaison. Pierre Redoute ~1749-1840~, a Belgian, studied botany in Kew Gardens and painted over 6000 watercolours of flowers. His famous book entitled ~Les Roses~ was published in 1817. Marie Antoinette was his patron and a book called ~The Man Who Painted Roses~ celebrated his work. It was the roses of Malmaison and Josephine, that gave Redoute everlasting fame.
The mistresses of the French kings were also very fond of roses. Madame de Pompadour is recorded in many paintings holding a rose. Her favourite rose was said to be the violet hued Belle de Crecy
Her successor as Louis XV's mistress was Madame Du Barry who it is said loved roses even more, decorated her bedroom lavishly with them.
~From: Rose Gardens: Their History & Design, by Jane Fearnley-Whittingstall~
The first printed florilegium, or picture book, devoted to roses, ~A Collection of Roses~ was published in London from 1796 to 1799 written by Mary Lawrance.
Pliny the Elder recorded 32 different medicinal uses for the rose as early as the first century A. D.
A herbal, book by Leonhart Fuchs ~De historia stirpium commentarii insignes~ was published in Switzerland in 1542.
Another work with text and pictures is Henry C. Andrews' ~Roses~ published in 1805 and 1828.
~Beauties of the Rose~ by Henry Curtis was published in two parts in 1850 and 1853.
Shakespeare, refered to roses more than 50 times in his writings. A dark pink rose, ~William Shakespeare~ is named in his honour.
~For Love of a Rose~ by Antonia Ridge is the story of the breeding of the famous ~Peace rose~ which was smuggled out of occupied France to the United States in 1945.
Fairy tales Beauty and the Beast, Alice in Wonderland, carry themes of roses.
The rose inspires fashion, interior design, sculpture and architecture. It is the design theme for countless patterns of silver, china, wallpaper, carpet and clothing.
Ancient Greeks wrote poetry about roses in 600 B.C. The rose has a symbolism that dates back to the times of Sappho writer of ~Ode to the Rose.~
Poets of all ages have used it as a metaphor for true beauty. There are thousands of love poems extolling the purity of the white rose and the red rose as an emblem of passion or death. According to poets, the rose stands for womanly perfection and the mysteries of love. Of all the flowers on earth, none have been so woven in the hearts of men in history as the rose and it is undeniably the best-known symbol of beauty and love.
Anacreon a Greek poet in the sixth century B.C. wrote....
When the sea created the beautiful, dew-sparkling Venus,
the earth, in its part, gave birth to this lovely plant,
a masterpiece of nature,
majestic on her thorny column,
this immortal flower.
First Rose Breeder
George Washington, the first President of the United States of America was also the first rose breeder. He had his own garden at Mt. Vernon,Washington and filled it with his own selections of roses. He named one of the varieties after his mother and it is still being grown today.
World's Largest Rosebush
~Lady Banksia Rose~ is the World's Largest Rose Tree, is located in the Rose Tree Museum in Tombstone, Arizona USA. It is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the World's Largest rose tree and was planted from a slip from another rosebush in the late 18th century. When in full bloom, this rosebush has more than 200,000 white roses. The original plant came from Great Britain.
World's Oldest Rosebush
The oldest living rose-bush, is outside a cathedral in Hildesheim, Germany. Documentation proves it has been there since A.D. 815. During World War II, the bush caught fire from Allied bombs dropped nearby, but the root system was undamaged and the bush still flourishes today. ~From The Rose, by Madison Mallone~
World's Oldest Rose
The oldest known rose in the world is rosa canina or ~Dog Rose.~ Hanover in Germany has one that was planted in the 9th century. In the Middle Ages it was commonly used in folk remedies for chest problems, and the hips were popular as a sweetmeat.
There are no blue roses. Development of a blue rose may not be possible because the pigment (delphinidin) which is responsible for the color blue in flowers is not present in roses. The closest anyone has come has been lavender roses.
Sterling Silver, comes closest to a blue rose
Reine des Violettes
Black roses are actually dark red or maroon in color. The petals of many of these dark red roses tend to sunburn easily. To see that a rose is not truly black, hold it up next to a piece of black construction paper. To make a dark red rose appear blacker, put its stem in water that has black ink in it. Below is a list of some black roses mentioned
The Green Rose R. chinensis viridiflora is the oddest China rose in existance. The flowers of the green rose don't have normal petals, but have leaves for petals. These petals are green streaked with reddish brown. The blooms seem to last forever, both on the bush and as cut flowers. The blooms have no stamens or stigmas and are sterile. It grows to about 3 feet tall and is not an attractive rose.
The Peace Rose
The Peace Rose is also known as: ~Beke~, ~Fredsrosen~, ~Gioia~, ~Gloria Dei~, ~Mme A. Meilland~, ~Mme Antoine Meilland~. It was introduced in 1945, by Francis Meilland, of France as a Hybrid Tea Rose.
At the age of 23, Francis Meilland, hybridized this rose in 1935, known at the time only as #3-35-40. In 1939, as war began in Europe, it was smuggled out of France. For over five years, Meilland had no knowledge of what happened to the rose. It survived under three separate names, ~Gloria Dei~ (Germany), ~Gioia~ (Italy), and ~Mme. A. Meilland,~ in memory of his mother.
Conrad Pyle, to commemorate the end of World War II, named the rose ~Peace.~ The rose was christened by the Pacific Rose Society exhibition in Pasadena on the day Berlin fell on April 29, 1945.
Celebrating its 50th anniversary, the Peace Rose is truely ~the rose of the century.~ It was the only AARS award winner in 1946.
World Peace Rose Garden Memorial
The first city with a World Peace Rose Garden Memorial dedicated to women, children and families to live in love and peace is Sacramento. The Memorial Garden features a multiple heart-shaped garden of over 1,000 different roses. Plaques engraved with the names of those dedicated in the garden and Children's Inspirational Peace Messages are found throughout the garden. It is a project of International World Peace Rose Gardens, a Sacramento based non-profit foundation dedicated to establishing symbolic rose gardens throughout the world for peace.
Longmont Memorial Rose Garden
The Longmont Memorial Rose Garden is in Longmont, Colorado. It was started in 1945 by the Longmont Lions Club and is dedicated to veterans of all wars. In 1952 the garden was placed on the National Recognition Listing and became an All-American Rose Selection Public Garden. There are about 1,400 rose bushes in this garden.
Veterans Honor Rose
On May 27, 1999, a rose called the Veterans' Honor Rose was dedicated to America's veterans as a tribute to the men and women of the armed forces. The Veterans' Honor Rose is dark red hybrid tea rose.
Rose in Music
4,000 ++ songs have been written about roses including:
Everything's Comin' Up Roses
I Didn't Promise You a Rose Garden
Moonlight and Roses
My Wild Irish Rose
Mighty Like a Rose
Only a Rose
Red Roses for a Blue Lady
Roses are shining in Picardy
Rose of Tralee
Rose of Washington Square
San Antonio Rose
Second Hand Rose
Tis the Last Rose of Summer Left Blooming Alone
The Days of Wine and Roses
To a Wild Rose
When You Wore a Tulip and I Wore a Red, Red Rose
Yellow Rose of Texas
Princess Diana will always be remembered as England's Rose.
Check out the Diana, Princess of Wales Rose
Yellow Rose of Texas was a folksong handwritten in 1836. The lyrics tell of a black American who left his sweetheart, a yellow rose and yearns to return to her side. Yellow was a term given to Americans of mixed race in the olden days and Rose was a popular feminine name in the 19th century.
In 1858, the first copyrighted edition of the song published in New York, received worldwide popularity. As the American Civil War began, it was used as a marching song by soldiers. But since it referred to and was to be sung by a black American soldier, some of the song's lyrics were changed.
In 1864 with the end of the war nearing, a fourth verse was added to reflect the dismay of General John B. Hood's retreating Confederate Army after a disastrous Tennessee campaign. Historical records tell us the song's original title was ~Emily, the Maid of Morgan's Point.~
Today, the heroic acts of the young woman from New York are commemorated by the members of the ~Knights of the Yellow Rose of Texas~ each April 21 at San Jacinto.
St. Patrick's Day honors the death of Ireland's St. Patrick. Around 460 A.D. Ireland, once enslaved St. Patrick, set him free. His good works and passing are celebrated in many ways. On this day men present their beloveds, a gift of a cut rose. In keeping with ]Irish tradition the rose colors may be any of the fiery bright colors in brown, orange, scarlet, gold, yellow or bright pink. Some take a white rose and put green food coloring on it, following the tradition.
The most popular rose holidays in the U.S. are Valentine's Day, Mother's Day and Christmas. The single biggest sales day for ~The World's Favorite Flower~ is Valentine's Day. Mother's Day is second. The language of love is still the rose and accounts for about 40% of all Valentine's Day gift sales. Red roses are the color of choice on Valentine's Day.
In 1978 the rose was honored by the U.S. Postal Service with its stamp. It's a first class stamp that features illustrations of two award-winning roses.
French postage stamps were issued in honor of the 8th International Conference on Heritage Roses, held in Lyon, May 27 - June 1, 1999. These stamps were first sold at that meeting.
Mary Rose was named to commemorate the recovery of the flagship of King Henry VIII from the Solent after four centuries. The Mary Rose is the only 16th century warship on display in the world. Built between 1509 and 1511, she was a favourite of King Henry VIII. Mary Rose sank accidentally during an engagement with the French fleet in 1545.
The world's largest active wooden sailing vessel, is the HMS Rose, Rose is a full-rigged ship, a replica of an 18th century Royal Navy frigate that cruised the American coast during the American Revolution. It was built in Lunenburg. Nova Scotia and is operated by the non-profit "HMS" Rose Foundation.
The City of Roses
Portland Oregon, USA is the ~City of Roses.~ The world famous International Rose Test Garden is located here, as well as a number of public and private rose gardens. Portland also hosts one of the largest rose festivals in the world and the single largest celebration in the Pacific Northwest i.e. the Portland Rose Festival.
Different legends tell us how the city got it's name.....~City of Roses.~
According to one legend, around the 20th century, a man named Leo Samuel, founder of Oregon Life Insurance Co., would hang scissors on the branches of rosebushes infront of his house, which was an invitation for passersbys to snip and walk away with a rose.
Another legend claims that the city received its name when 50,000 'Madame Caroline Testout' roses were planted along city streets in the early 1900s.
According to the most popular tale, Georgiana visited a rose show in England in 1888 and the next year she and her husband, invited the entire city to their home. Georgiana asked everyone to bring their best roses for judging. The event became Portland's first official rose show. A few years later, in 1902, the Portland Rose Society was born, and today it holds the honor as the oldest exclusive rose organization in the United States.
Pasadena, California, U.S.A., is home of the Tournament of Roses Parade and Rose Bowl Game. It's more than a century old celebration of flowers, music and sports unequaled anywhere in the world. This Tournament is America's New Year Celebration.
The site of the Rose Theatre , the first Elizabethan theatre on London's Bankside where Shakespeare had his first plays performed was re-opened to the public in early April 1999 after 395 years. The Rose Theatre was also the venue for the plays of Shakespeare's famous contemporary, Christopher Marlowe.
The Texas Rose Rustlers
The Texas Rose Rustlers is an organization Dedicated to the Collection and Propagation of Old Roses. They are a group of old rose enthusiasts from Central Texas and the Houston area who search for surviving old rose specimens.
Rose quartz, is one of the prettiest varieties of quartz. Rose quartz is used as an ornamental stone and as a gemstone. It is found in Madagascar, India, Germany and USA but most of it comes from Brazil.
The Desert Rose Adenium obesum is a shrubby plant with star-shaped flowers. Desert Rose is also the name given to crystalline concretions, which grow in sediments during the process of turning into rock. The crystals grow from a central point, and when the rock weathers, the "roses" emerge. Calcite forms these particular roses. Barite, celestite, and the clear variety of gypsum called selenite also form roses.
Rosewood is the commercial name for the wood of several tropical trees native to Brazil, Honduras, Jamaica, Africa, and India. It is reddish purple and often streaked with black resinous layers. It is used for making ornamental furniture, musical instruments, and handles. The most important commercially are the Honduras rosewood, Dalbergia stevensoni, and the Brazilian rosewood, D. nigra
65 Roses is what little children suffering from cystic fibrosis call their disease. This is the true story of how the term ~65 Roses~, standing for Cystic Fibrosis, came to be: Mary G. Weiss became a volunteer for the CFF in 1965, after learning that her 3 little boys had CF. Her duty was to call organizations, seeking financial support for CF research. Mary's 4-year-old son, Richard, listened to his mother as she made the calls. He later told his Mom, that he knew what she was working for. Mary hadn't told her son what she was doing or that he had cystic fibrosis. She asked him to tell her what she was doing and he said, "You are working for 65 Roses," Mary was speechless. She went over to him and hugged him. He could not see the tears running down Mary's cheeks as she stammered, "Yes, Richard, I'm working for 65 Roses."
The appeal and beauty of the rose has stood the test of time and is the only flower that is understood universally.
to crawl into my web!
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