Account of Theodore R. Hazen, Jr., Qualifications and Experience.
My grandfather was a millwright. My father at one time constructed
mill dams. I grew up in northwestern Pennsylvania with a love
and understanding for water mills and mill technology. I have
spent years studying mills. I realized when I became interested
in the subject that it was near the end of an era. Books are helpful,
but there were few in local libraries. In reading the books I
had available, I realized they were rarely written by people with
practical experience. I wanted to learn the way the old-timers
had, by hands-on experience. I developed friendships with several
millers and millwrights and gained this knowledge from them about
what had been their lives' occupation. So I learned from millers,
millstone dressers, and millwrights who had learned in the same
A millwright learns his trade as an apprentice. And over time,
he builds his skills to become a master millwright. A good millwright
knows how to go about milling, so everything is right. He puts
love and care into everything he does. A good millwright is a
craftsman who takes pride in his work.
Millwright, Millstone Dresser, Milling Consultant (8/95
Pond Lily Mill Restorations
Major Duties: Master miller, millwright, millstone dresser,
milling consultant, mill restorations, restoration reports, blueprints
and drawings, interpretation and musem program development, web
page construction for Pond Lily Mill Restorations Home Page and
Friends of Pierce Mill.
Technical Duties: Experience in historical preservation
and restoration while working for the National Park Service, Virginia's
Explore Park and by self-employment under the name of Pond Lily
Mill Restorations. I have detailed knowledge of historical structures,
environmental materials interactions, conservation materials and
methodologies. I have done building renovation, dismantling, storage,
and reconstruction. I have done inspection of structures and machinery
with the knowledge of necessary to write restoration, preservation,
museum, exhibit and interpretive planning. I have strong organizational
skills and experience in preparing project completion reports,
documenting preservation and restoration projects along with the
experience, knowledge of early building technology and craft trades.
The Pond Lily Mill Restorations Home Page (4/96 to present)
Web Site Description: Reference information on flour milling,
water power, water wheels, and millstones is presented by Ted
Hazen of Pond Lily Mill Restorations. Included are articles on
Oliver Evans, Fitz, millstone dressing, and the evolution of automated
flour mill technology, as well as excerpts from historical texts
such as "The Young Millwright and Miller's Guide." Mills
and water power are still a practical and environmentally friendly
4-Star Magellan Rating of Pond Lily Mill Restorations Home
Excite Review of Pond Lily Mill Restorations Home Page: "A
gem of a site for all who are interested in the history of flour
mills and the restoration of those that still exist. The Roanoke,
Virginia site is filled with links to related organizations, books,
historical archives and photographs. A surprisingly interesting
See Examples of Work Projects See: Consultation
& Related Mill Work
Consultant on Grist Mill Project (9/98 to 9/2002)
Historical [Maintenance] Construction (winter 1996 to 9/98
Grist Mill Project: Millwright (11/96 to 9/98)
Nineteenth Century Educator [Interpreter] (8/96
Blacksmith Shop: Blacksmith [Interpreter] (1997
Houtz Barn & Blacksmith Shop [Interpreter] (1996
Virginia's Explore Park (the Park Closed & Ceased Regular Operations on November 30, 2007).
Blue Ridge Parkway at Milepost 115, Post Office Box 8508, Roanoke, Virginia 24014-0508
Telephone: (540) 427-1800 Toll Free: (800)842-9163 Fax: (540)427-1880
Former Supervisor in Historic Construction: Allen McGrady,
Historic Structures Supervisor, Telephone extension: 340.
Former Supervisor in Historic Area: Kimberly A. Burnette-Dean,
19th Century Area Coordinator, Telephone extension: 330.. E-mail:
Major Duties: Historical construction and maintenance of
historical structures primarily in 19th century area, including
fencing, gutters, windows, doors, walls, in interpretive, craft
demonstration areas and visitor areas, animal stalls and enclosures.
Construct items for usage in historical areas: desk & stool,
cabinet, sign, steps, porches, wheat cradle, shaving horse, work
benches, etc. Construct items in visitor areas: donation boxes,
store shelving, concession stand. Refinish and repair historical
furniture, redesign Blacksmith Shop (including maintaining and
preserving period bellows), animal care, minor electrical and
plumbing repairs, harvest bark and repair wigwam, use period tools
& nails were visible to public. Do historical research on
grist mill structure (work with family, relatives and community)
and present reports.
Technical Duties: Conduct field survey of grist mill, dismantle
and store grist mill, rebuild grist mill parts, restore millstone
hurst frame, locate and dismantle mill for missing parts for grist
mill, draw grist mill plans, power & flow diagrams, conduct
research & interviews, project outline stages of restoration
and work schedules for grist mill. Appraise donated items, determine
conditions and values, replace worn and missing parts, work with
pattern, foundry and machine shops.
Educational Duties in Blacksmith Shop: Developed outlines
and programs for each presentation to meet the particular age
group and interest level of visitors and school groups. Trained
volunteers as a blacksmith's apprentice. Develop outlines and
programs for future use in the grist mill.
Grist Mill Project Documents:
"Sloan's Grist Mill History Study & Related Information
on the Grist Mills of Franklin County, Virginia, Mill Site Demolition
& History Study," 23 pages text, January 1997.
"Esom Sloan's Grist Mill South Prong Pigg River - Turner's
Creek Area, Ferrum Vicinity, Virginia, Mill Site Field Survey
Notes & Drawings," 16 pages text, 12 sheets drawings,
December 1996 - January 1997.
"Grist Mill Restoration & Site Feasibility Development
Plan, A Mill Site Study for Virginia's Explore Park," 57
pages text, plus maps, illustrations and additional material,
"Beckett's Mill Inspection Report," 5 pages text, September
Blacksmith and Wheelwright Shop Project Document:
"Proposed Changes to Blacksmith and Wheelwright Shop at Virginia's
Explore Park," photographs, tool list, references, 13
pages, June 1997.
Mill Operator [Lead Interpreter - Site Supervisor - Position
Wage Grade 7/9] (9/84 to 6/95)
Peirce Mill, Rock Creek Park
2375 Tilden St., N.W. (intersection of Beach Dr. and Tilden St.)
Washington, D.C. (202) 426-6908
Rock Creek Park, National Park Service
3445 Williamsburg Lane, N.W.,Washington, D.C. 20008-1207 (202)
Former Supervisor: Stephen Strach, former Cultural Resource Specialist. Last know work place:
The American Battlefields Protection Program, a unit of the NPS
located on North Capitol Street, Washington, D.C. (202) 343-4259
or (202) 343-3449. Stephen G. Strach deceased 3, October 2005.
Major Duties: Program Manager, Curator of Molinology, and National
Park Service Bookstore Outlet Manager. Responsible for the
maintenance and operation of a water powered flour mill. Prepared
and presented living history demonstrations to school groups,
instructors, social, civic, university, and special interest groups.
Developed outlines and programs for each presentation to meet
the particular age group and interest level. Trained volunteers.
Prepared work schedules, job orders, maintenance requests, requisitions.
Acted as the mill's safety and fire officer and flood evacuation
coordinator. Prepared press releases, technical reports. Maintained
museum exhibits and artifacts collections. Conducted interpretive
talks, walks, and craft demonstrations. Wore period clothing.
Operated bookstore outlet. Wrote U.S. Public Health Service standards.
Maintained files, records, logbooks, reference materials. Created
visual aids and period tools for interpretive presentations. Wrote
goals and objectives for site. Maintained structure and grounds.
Split fire wood and kindling to heat building during winter months
and shovel snow.
Technical Duties: Miller, Millstone Dresser, and Millwright.
Responsible for maintaining and operating a 19th century flour
mill. Maintains all working components of the mill in an operating
condition including gudgeons, water wheel, main shaft, belts,
sifters, elevators, bolters, and other mechanical parts. Dresses
and balances millstones. Inspects and maintains all mechanical
components daily to insure the smooth and continuous operation
of the mill. Corrected all imbalances and lubricates all mechanical
parts. Effected repairs to all mechanical parts,constructs replacement
parts and machinery when necessary. Advises management of solutions
needed to complete larger repairs, make necessary drawings and
reports. Prepares work orders, requisitions and provides technical
advice. Responsible for general maintenance and repair to mill
building, including carpentry, stone masonry, math, electrical,
plumping and painting. Ability to read and prepare technical diagrams,
blueprints and other structural and mechanical documents to operate
the mechanical systems, to effect repairs to the same, and to
maintain the structural integrity and security of the mill. I
have a practical knowledge of the mechanical operations of 19th
century flour mills and I am able to demonstrate the safe operation
of all moving components of the mill system in processing of grain
into flour. Passes annual U.S. Public Health Service inspections
& maintains health standards for the production of flour and
meal products for the sale to the public.
Experience Summary: Museum Exibit Specialist. I have practical knowledge of milling
practices, nutritional value of grains, general physics and mechanics,
water power, the material culture of a miller and millwright,
and early American agricultural practices. I restored the components
of the four story Oliver Evans automated flour mill, returning
the mill to operation. I wrote manuals, established guidelines,
and standard operating procedures for Pierce Mill.
Park Ranger [Interpreter-Park Ranger position
(second shift, full and part-time as needed 9/88 to 7-90)
National Mall (Lincoln Memorial, Washington Monument, Jefferson
Vietnam Veterans Memorial) Supervisor: Ron Crawford (retired)
Mall Operations, NPS, National Capital Region, Washington, D.
First-person Interpretation [Character Interpreter
Colonial Candle Light Programs (evenings once a month 03/86 to
Old Store House circa 1765
3051 M Street, N.W., Georgetown, Washington, D.C.
Supervisor: Rae Koch (retired), new
Supervisor: Cathy Ingram (deaf)
National Park Service, Rock Creek Park
3545 Williamsburg Lane, NW, Washington, D.C. 20008-1207
Mill Consultant and Millstone Dresser (12-84 to 6-92)
Hazen & Howell Millstone Dressing (subcontractors)
Manitou Machine Works, Inc. (Millwright Tom Rick & Mill Consultant Charles Howell - deceased
- business closed)
14 Morris Avenue, Cold Springs, New York 10516 (closed)
Miller (part-time 6/78 to 12/79 and full-time 1/81 to
F. A. Drake's Mill (Mill owner Harry N. Moffatt & Miller's Helper Clarence Moffatt - deceased
- mill closed)
Drakes Mills, Cambridge Springs, Pennsylvania 16403
Apprentice Millstone Dresser (part-time 5/73 to 12/81)
Roth Milling Company (Master Miller & Millstone Dresser: Paul W. Roth - deceased)
Maple Street, Prospect, Pennsylvania 16052
Miller & Weight Master (full time 8/80 to
Apprentice Miller and Millwright (full and part-time 5/73
Zortman's Flour & Feed Company (Owner Charles L. Zortman & Head Miller Edward Zessinger - deceased)
15 Mill Street, Edinboro, Pennsylvania 16412
Other duties: Weight master, cleaning mill, machinery and structural
maintenance and rebuilding, and interpretation of mill's history
and operation to visitors and school groups. Zortman's Flour &
Feed Company (Charles Zortman Jr., -deceased, miller Ed Zessinger
deceased- master miller Arthur Henry, sr. deceased, Zortman's
Flour & Feed Co. & Keystone Milling Co. - mill torn down
and the area now a public park).
Other Major & Minor Work Experiences
Dispatcher, Order Picker, Material Handler, & Order Processor (Full and part-time
work seasonal since October 2000, and full-time permanent since
August 2004 to July 2007) Personalization Department, Lillian Vernon Corporation,
2400 International Drive, Virginia Beach, VA 23452 Supervisor Regina Smith.
House & Pet Sitter (various times, dates and
a total of 9 years), Washington, D.C., and Virginia Beach, VA Residence
- Louise Meyer; Residence Beton T. Hickock; Residence Ken Valentine,
Gardner & Grounds Maintenance (7 years - part-time), Private
Residence, 2400 Tilden Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20008 Dr. Bernard Jules Sussman.
Gardner & Grounds Maintenance
(part-time), Private Residence, Upton Street, N.W. Washington, D.C.
20008, Anita Lorraine wife of the former late Ambassador of Chile to
the U.S. - deceased.
Guard Rail Installer (2 years), Phillips Construction, Overbrook Drive, Gaffney,
SC Owner Robert L. Phillips - deceased.
Miller, Farmer, Blacksmith & Interpreter (* seasonal), John P. Cable Mill,
Cades Cove, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, TN, Great Smoky
Mountains Association, Gatlinburg, TN Head Miller Pete Tipton - retired. .
Sand Molder, Foundry Casting, & Interpreter (* seasonal), Silver
Dollar City, Pigeon Forge, TN
Bridge Worker (* temporary), Linn Cove Viaduct, Blue Ridge
Parkway, Linville, NC
School District Floor Maintenance (* summer job), Service
Master, Turtle Creek, PA
Oil Well Worker (*), Astro Well Service, Radliff City,
OK Owner -
Installation of Solar Hot Water System (* summer work), Private Residence,
Meadville Street, Edinboro, PA
Radial Drill Operator (*), National Forge Corporation,
Erie, PA Foreman -
Machine Operator-Radial Drills (11 months 2nd shift), General
Electric Corporation, East Lake Road, Erie, PA Foreman -
Insulation Installer (* CETA job), Erie County Housing Authority,
Corry, PA Working Lead -
Highway Worker (* 6 months - CETA Job), Pennsylvania Department of Transpiration
(Penn Dot), Route 6N, Albion, PA Foreman James Diehl.
Volunteer Fireman (2 years) Edinboro Volunteer Fire Department,
Campus Security Aide (* summer job - evenings), Campus Police,
Edinboro State College, Edinboro, PA
Metal Degreaser & Metal Finisher (* 2nd shift), Penn
Union, Route 6N, Edinboro, PA Foreman - deceased.
Painter's Helper & Metal Finisher (*), Le Boeuf Refinishing
Products, Route 86, Waterford, PA Owner Emory Metzler & Supervisor Norman Metzler.
Shipping Department Manager (2 years), Glenn Electric Heater,
Erie, PA Production Manager - retired.
Old Barn & Tree Removal, Construction& Remodeling
(4 years- part-time), Edinboro - Cambridge Spring area, PA Self employment. Undergraduate Assistant in Ceramics Department
(1 semester), Edinboro State College, Edinboro, PA Professors: Donna
Nicholas, Steve Kemenyffy, George Ferguson, & Graduate Student Linda
Receiving & Storeroom Clerk (2 1/2 years), College Storeroom.
Edinboro State College, Edinboro, PA Supervisor Clark C. Potter & Head Storeroom Clerk Earl Hunt deceased.
Student Aide (Summer Job), College Copying Room, Edinboro State College, PA
Janitor & Building Maintenance (4 1/2 years), St. James
Elementary School, Buffalo Road, Erie, PA Head Janitor Charles Joint - deceased.
Hardware & Lumber Yard Clerk (*), Buffalo Road Hardware &
Lumber Co., Buffalo Road, Harborcreek, PA
Television & Radio Repairman (2 years), Sal's Radio &
TV, Camphausen Avenue, Erie, PA Owner Sal Blasko - deceased.
Farm Labor (* part-time & seasonal work), Picking cherries,
apples, grapes, peaches, grapes and strawberries. Grape vine trimming
and tying, fence construction and repair. Barn and stall repair,
and maintenance. Horse care, hoof trimming, and plowing. Cattle,
dairy, pig and hog, chicken, sheep, geese, turkey and sheep raising.
Tobacco harvesting, corn harvesting and haying. Maple syrup and
cider making, feed milling, saw and planning mill worker. A variety
of locations over many years in several states, beginning at a
young age into adulthood.
* Indicates time worked one year or less. This is do to a number
of factors: relocation, new position, season & summer employment,
temporary employment, laid-off, and funding for position ran out.
Flour, Feed, & Grain Miller............240 months.
Interpreter & Educator...................204 months.
Park Ranger.....................................186 months.
Supervisor & Manager....................156 months.
Museum Curator.............................129 months.
Historical Restoration......................228 months.
Web Designer...................................122 months.
Bachelor of Fine Arts [B.F.A.]
Major-Ceramics, Minors- Art History, Drawing, Geology, May
Edinboro State College [now Edinboro University of Pennsylvania],
Edinboro, PA 16444.
Bachelor of Arts [B.A.]
Major - Art History & Museum Studies, May 1981.
[Polish National] Alliance College (last graduation May 7, 1987,
closed June 1987)
The campus has been converted into a minimum-security facility
for women in 1990 by the Commonwealth Pennsylvania, Cambridge
Springs, Pennsylvania. 16403.
Masters of Arts [M.A.]
Masters of Arts [M.A. 60 Credits] in Museum
Studies - Education - May 2003.
Master's Thesis: "Molinology in America and its Interpretation
in Milling Museums."
(Molinology is the "study of mills.") University has closed sometime after 2007.
The Society for the Preservations of Old Mills (SPOOM): Annual
The International Molonogical Society (T.I.M.S.): Lifetime
The International Molonogical Society of America (T.I.M.S.-America):
Society of Workers in Early Arts and Trades (SWEAT): Former member.
The Association for Living History, Farm and Agricultural Museums (ALHFAM): Former member.
American Association for State and Local History (AASLH) former member.
The Pioneer America Society: Association for the Preservation of Artifacts and Landscapes (PAS: APAL) former member.
Coalition of National Park Service Retirees (C.N.P.S.R.).
"A-No.1 At Rest At Last," A Film Review of "Emperor
of the North Pole" (1973), Amazon.com,
"In Memory - Donald c. Wisensale (1911-2002)," the
father of mill restoration, Old Mill News, Winter 2003.
"History of Esom Sloan's Grist Mill," and "Architecture
of Esom Sloan's Grist Mill," Esom Sloan's Grist Mill Is A
Combined Reconstruction/Restoration Project! Virginia's
Explore Park Web Site. http://www.explorepark.org/olhm/19_gristmill.htm
"A Cross Section of a Typical Oliver Evans Mill," diagram
by Ted Hazen, appeared in article; "Life in Early America:
The Legacy of Water Mills," by Patricia O. LaLand, Early
American Life, February 2001.
"Franklin County Master Miller and Millwright will be missed
(William "Bill" Clements, Sr. 1917-2000)," Old
Mill News, Winter 2001.
"Popular Grove Revisited, the Popular Grove Tide Mill,"
Old Mill News, Winter 2000.
Windmills (The Great Architecture Series), by Laura Brooks, (abridged
book review) Amazon.com,
June 1999, (reprinted unabridged version) Old Mill News,
"1840 Carolina Village," (3 part mini-series PBS video
review), Old Mill News, April 1999.
"Manufacturing Water Wheels: A Family Affair for the Fitz's,"
Hydro-Review, August 1997.
"A Flour Mill Sanitation Manual by Robert Mills and John
Pedersen" (book review), Old Mill News, Summer, 1997.
"Wade's Mill, Raphine, Virginia," Old Mill
News, Winter 1997.
"Millstone Dressing - Part 2," Old Mill News,
Summer 1996 reprinted Hampshire Mills Group Newsletter,
"Millstone Dressing - Part 1," Old Mill News,
Winter 1996 reprinted Hampshire Mills Group Newsletter,
"The Hopper-Boy of Oliver Evans," Old Mill News,
"A History of the Fitz Water Wheel Company," Old
Mill News, Winter 1995.
"Origins of Ed & Fred," (original cartoon series),
Old Mill News, Fall 1994.
"Today at Peirce Mill-How it Works" (text and drawing),
Peirce Mill (folder), G.P.O. 1990, reprint 1991, revision
and reprint 1995.
"How Does It Work?" (text and drawing), Peirce Mill
(folder), Parks & History Association, Washington, D.C. 1987,
"Peirce Mill Volunteer Handbook," (Peirce Mill history
& milling technology), Peirce Mill, Rock Creek Park,
Washington, D. C., 1987.
"Milling along Rock Creek," (text), Rock Creek Park,
(folder), Parks & History Association, Washington, D. C. 1986,
"How the Roller Mill Changed the Milling Industry,"
Old Mill News, January 1980.
"Drake's Mill," Old Mill News, January 1979.
"The Flour Mill Book, A collection of Essays on
the Developments of the Flour Milling Industry," 35 chapters,
milling terms, and appendixes, approximately 215,000 words.
"A Practical Milling Guide: A Reference and Information Source
for Beginners," drawn sheets, 1983. SPOOM Archives, Catawba
County Historical Society, Newton, North Carolina.
"The Miller's and Millwright's Secrets Revealed: An Apprentice's
Notebook," drawn sheets, 1984. SPOOM Archives, Catawba County
Historical Society, Newton, North Carolina.
Water system restoration and feasibility study to restore historical
mill to water powered operation (report to restore mill machinery
and install millstones, repair the Fitz Water Wheel, and water
system, photos and drawings) 1979-80.
Mathew's Mill (mill never fully restored - mill owner Walter Mathews deceased - mill
Pennsylvania State Route 31, Jones Mill, Pennsylvania.
Mill restoration and mill operation plan (text and drawings) 1982.
Hamm-Roberts Mill (turbine powered roller mill fully operational,
mill owner Sena Ward deceased - mill closed).
Virginia State Route 601, and South Fork of the Holston River
Sugar Grove, Virginia 24375
Restoration report (text to rebuild dam, sluice box and machinery,
photos, drawings) Spring 1982.
Cox Mill, a.k.a. Saddle Creek Mill, Brookside Mill (mill
never restored - Mr. Cox and cousin (co-owner) not aggree on future funcion of mill - mill never reopened).
South of US Route 58, and Saddle Creek, Independence, Virginia.
Millstone dressing (in process for future mill restoration) Winter
Miller Emily Barton McGuire and Master Millstone dresser Charles Howell
Wye Mill- circa 1664-1671.
Maryland State Route 404, Wye Mills, Maryland.
Millstone dressing demonstration (crafts festival weekend) Summer
Hazen & Howell Millstone Dressing - Master Millstone dresser Charles Howell deceased.
Historic Bethlehem, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.
Millstone dressing (2 pairs of French millstones) Summer 1991.
Master millstone dresser Charles Howell deceased.
Virginia State Route 723, Old Route 50, Millwood, Virginia.
Mill restoration and operation report (text to explain the operation
of their turbine powered roller mill versus the original water
wheel powered Oliver Evans millstone mill of 1858, with photos
and drawings) Summer 1994.
(turbines and roller system later removed-water wheel and millstones
milling system installed)
Pickwick Mill (six story limestone mill built 1858).
Friends of Pickwick Mill Foundation, Winona, Minnesota.
Rehabilitation of original millstones report (drawings and text)
Kirby's Mill (George Day contact person).
Medford Historical Society, 275 Church Road, Medford, New Jersey
Mill restoration project rebuilding hurst frame (with drawings
Graves Mill-circa 1774, burned July 1967, now rebuilt.
(Paul G. Graves-deceased 3 December 2001)
Paul G. Graves, 1220 Graves Mill Road, Lynchburg, Virginia 24502
Millstone installation, adopt a pair of vertical Meadows Burr
Mill millstones to operate horizontally in mill (with drawings
and plans) 1996'.
Anderson Brothers Mill (new water powered mill construction)'
Dr. Charles C. Anderson, M.D.
285 South Airport Road, Farmville, Virginia 23901 (804) 392-9082
Mill consultation (and site inspection) Spring 1997'
Millstone dressing (and site inspection) Summer 1999'
Dellinger Mill, a.k.a. Cane Creek Mill'
Jack D. Dellinger, Bakersville, North Carolina (704) 688-1009
or (828) 688-1009
Mill consultation (site inspection and report) November 1997.
Big Otter Mill, a.k.a. Forbes Mill (mill for sale-mill
now donated to Bedford County Historical Society).
David Cole, Route 122 North, Bedford County, Virginia 24523 (540)
Report of Hunt's Grist Mill (report on operation and machinery
layout, illustrations) April 1998'
Assist college student (Amelia B. Cabral) with writing project.
Hunt's Grist Mill, Old Rehoboth, Massachusetts.
Millstone dressing (2 pairs French Millstones, milling machinery
appraisal) November 1998'
Isaac Ludwig Mill, Toledo Metroparks
13827 US Highway 24 West & State Route 578
Grand Rapids, Ohio 43522-9675 (419) 832-6004 or (419) 832-8934
Steve Dey (Head Park Ranger and contact person)
Ludwig Road, Providence, Ohio (419) 832-6004 Monday-Thursday (419)
Millstone dressing of Meadows Mill, and service mill April 1999,
Montana Plains Bread Company, Steve Coats (owner).
4925 Boonesboro Road, Lynchburg Virginia 24503
(804) 384-1779 (804) 528-8823 (home) E-mail: email@example.com
Mill machinery appraisal (report) September 1999.
Hagee Mill (flour and cider mill).
John and Fran Hagee, 78 Isabella Road, Elverson, Pennsylvania
19520 (610) 942-7605
Restoration plan & report (site inspection, text, photos,
drawings, complete restoration plan, educational, museum exhibits,
grant writing guide, and funding report) August-November 1999.
Barnitz Mill (James Weakley's Mill circa 1768-1772).
Barnitz Mill Road, & Yellow Breeches Creek
Dickinson Township, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania (Deb Westbrook
219 Mountain View Road, Mount Holly, Pennsylvania 17065
(717) 486-7424 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
College Freshman Seminar: Historic Mill Restoration
Fall 2000 (Barnitz Mill). Assist students with their projects.
Site inspection report (site inspection, photos, and restoration
evaluation) August-October 1999.
Linchester Mill, a.k.a. Upper Hunting Creek Mill, Murray's
Mill, Langrell's Mill, circa 1681-82, rebuild 1730, 1870, Linchester,
Caroline County Historical Society, c/o Carol Stockley, Box 247,
Denton, Maryland 21629
The Appraisal for the Hillendale Farm Power Plant (report) December
Hillendale Farm Power Plant, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania.
Robert A. Howard, Anchorage Productions L.L.C.
Box 317, Montchanin, Delaware 19710 (302) 654-2151 Fax: (302)
Site Inspection and Evaluation of the Double Mills on Mockingbird
Pond, Barren Creek, Wicomico County, Maryland. (site inspection,
machinery inventory and restoration evaluation) May 2001.
Double Mills, circa 1880, Mardela Springs, Maryland.
Anne Clay, Preservation Trust of Wicomico County, Friends of Double
P.O. Box 31, Quantico, Maryland 21856 (410) 742-2820
Site inspection and evaluation of a cider mill for restoration,
Nesbitt Mill, circa 1848 grist Mill, circa 1908 cider mill,
Mendham, Chester County, New Jersey.
Peter A. Primavera, President,Cultural Resource Consulting Group
54 Woodbridge Avenue, Highland Park, New Jersey 08904 (732) 985-4380
Site inspection and evaluation of for possible restoration, March-April
Booker's Grist Mill, circa 1780-1830, a.k.a. Thornhill
Mill, Dixon Mill.
H. Evans Thomas, V, P.C.,Attorney at Law
Post Office Box 673, Appomattox. Virginia 24522-0673
(434) 352-9070 (O) 352-3320 (H) 610-5440 (C)
Site inspection and evaluation of for possible restoration, April
Anderson's Mill, circa 1789, a.k.a. Nicholl's Mill, Tanner's
Mill, North Tyger Mill.
J. Ron Guida, R.Ph.
213 Riveredge Drive, Moore, South Carolina 29369 (864) 574-4510,
E-mail: Not available.
Report on the Linchester Mill and the Linchester Mill Pond Water
Power Feasibility Study
(On-site survey and report) March-April 2004
Linchester Mill and the Linchester Mill Pond
Caroline County Historical Society, Post Office Box 514, Denton,
Maryland 21629 (410) 479-2055
Research and Resource Interpreter for Diller-Heishman;s Mill,
project in Carlisle, Pennsylvania to assist Gregory Hanson, Folklore
and Heritage Studies at Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, Arkansas,
To provide Mr. Hanson with research materials, historical and technical
information on Diller-Heishman's Mill, and other mills of the
Pennsylvania Dutch Region of the State. Try and establish the origin of
the Pennsylvania Dutch style grist mill design, and how the design was
communicated from one millwright to another. Research Awards (The
American Folklife Center, Library of Congress), 2009, Gregory Hansen:
for a research project on the vernacular architecture and social
history of Heishmans Mill, a 19th century grist mill located in central
Pennsylvania. August 2009-March 2010.
Provide technical and molinogical assistance to Herb Lapp of Berks
County, Pennsylvania, who is working on an article (and perhaps a
manuscript) about Thomas Livezey (1723-1790) and about Thomas Shoemaker
who sold him a grist mill (actually a merhcant mill) near Germantown in
1747. Thomas Livezey (1723-1790), was a Roxborough merchant miller.
The Livezey Mill, built in 1717 on Wissahickon Creek by Thomas
Shoemaker, and for a long time the largest grist mill in the colony.
Thomas Livezey: Pennsylvania Merchant Miller, Part 1, pages 1-27. July 2008-April 2010.
Worked with Steve Dryden, the Vice President of the Friends of
Peirce Mill who is writing a manuscript on Peirce Mill: Two Hundred
Years in the Nation’s Capital, 2009, 112 pages.
Providing historical information on my 11 years experiences as the
miller, and my background knowledges as to the history. Providing
contemporary personal, and historical photographs, drawings, and
paintings, etc. Friends of Peirce Mill, 4305 38th Street, N.W.,
Washington, D.C. 20016 October 2007-December 2008.
Historical Operation of Water Powered Mills in the State of Pennsylvania, and the Middle Atlantic States,
by Theodore. Hazen of Pond Lily Mill Restorations. Part of "Dammed If
We Do, Dammed If We Don’t: The Environmental and Preservation
Effects of Mill and Lowhead Dam Removal," Thursday, May 15th, 2008,
8:30 AM to 12:00 PM; Commonwealth Keystone Building.
Protecting Pennsylvania's Historic Resources, Heritage Partnerships
Conference XXX, May 12th to the 16th, 2008, Keystone Building,
Ted Hazen is mentioned as a millwright and a mill consultant
in an article entitled, "Rodent-Proof Your House, Use these
techniques to keep your household vermin-free," by Barbara
Pleasant, Mother Earth News, October/November 2004, Issue Number:
206, reprinted "Rodent-Proof Your House, Use these techniques to keep your houeshold vermin-free," Grit, April/March 2007, .
Ted Hazen is mentioned as a mill consultant in an article entitled,
on dams: History vs. nature. Removing or saving the barriers is
workshop focus," by Tom Avril, Inquirer Staff Writer,
Philadelphia Inquirer, Friday, January 30, 2004. (web site contains
an abridged version).
a plan for a Renaissance theme park in Northern Virginia, Culpeper
County. Develop plans for a replica of a 16th century boat or floating
Hungarian Mill that will educate the public on the laws of agriculture
during the Renaissance period. Work with the parks creator Claire
Schuler since January 2004 to the present.
Ted Hazen is mentioned several times as a mill restorer, Virginia
millwright and preservation consultant in an article entitled,
with the Flow, Historic dams are being razed or altered to allow
fish to spawn. Is there another way? Dam Time, Free the
water but respect the past," by Wayne Curtis, photographs
by Chris Hartlove, Preservation, the magazine of the National
Trust for Historic Preservation, Washington, D.C., July-August
2003, pages 28-33.
Ted Hazen is quoted and Pond Lily Mill Restorations Home Page
is mentioned in David Larkin's new book: "Mill:
The History & Future of Naturally Powered Buildings,"
Hardcover, 256 Pages, Universe Publishing, November 2000 ISBN:
0789305011 Author: David Larkin, Photographer: Paul Rocheleau.
The counterpart book to the "Barn: The Art of a Working Building."
David Larkin is a renowned editor, author and book designer whose
previous titles include Frank Lloyd Wright: The Masterworks, Shaker
Built, Barn and Farm. (2000)
Author's Award & Medallion, Hydro-Review (1997)
Authorized Service Representative, Millstone Dresser and
Millwright (8/1994 to present)
Meadows Mill Company, Inc.
1352 West D Street, Post Office Box 1288, North Wilksboro, North
(800) 626-2282, (336) 838-2282 E-mail: email@example.com
Historic Mill Restoration Conference (restoration of historic
mills and millstone dressing classes) Newlin Grist Mill Foundation
Newlin Grist Mill, Glen Mills, Pennsylvania (July 1994)
Colvin Run Mill's Historic Mills Symposiums (restoration,
maintenance, millstone dressing and interpretation classes) Fairfax
County Park Authority
Colvin Run Mill, Great Falls, Virginia (1985 and 1987)
Certificates for completion of National Park Service classes
in Interpretation and Park Operations. Interpretation classes;
Interpretation of historic structures; Interpretation for children
and special populations; NPS brochures; and the American colonial
experience. Historical restoration, and preservation. Defensive
driving, fire and safety, and bookstore management classes, etc.
Various dates and locations. National Park Service Training Center,
Storer College, Harper's Ferry, West Virginia: Prince William
Forest Park, Triangle, Virginia: National Capital Region, NPS,
1100 Ohio Drive, S. W., Washington, D.C., and Catoctin Mountain
Park, Thurmont, Maryland (field trips and classes also held at
George Washington's Birthplace, National Colonial Farm, St. Mary's
City, Colonial Williamsburg, and Jamestown).
Diploma - A.O.M. Correspondence Course in Flour Milling
- Milling Science.
Association of Operative Millers, Leawood, Kansas (1984)
Regional Reporter and Cartoonist of "Ed & Fred,"
Old Mill News (since July 1983)
Certificate (machine operator-drills)
Machine Operator Training Program
General Electric Corporation, Erie, Pennsylvania (1980)
Completion of James W. Parker Middle School Art Student Teaching.
Grade point system: pass-fail. Final grade "passing."
Edinboro Middle School, Pam Zagarella-Ostrander cooperating middle
school art teacher.
Edinboro State College, Edinboro, Pennsylvania (Fall 1977)
Teaching Assistant in the Ceramics Department
Edinboro State College, Edinboro, Pennsylvania (Spring 1972)
Certificate in Commercial Art, Illustration & Design
Famous Artist's School, Westport, Connecticut (1972)
1st Place Award, Design and Model for a Visual Arts Center
Erie Area High School Seniors and the Erie Council for the Arts,
Academy High School, Erie, Pennsylvania (1969)
"Scouller Grist Mill and The Mills along
16 Mile Creek in North East, Pennsylvania," industrial archeological
study (text, drawings, photos, maps and plans), summers 1971 and
Sponsor Jean Cantrell-deceased, Erie Book Store, Erie, Pennsylvania.
"Keystone Mills, Edinboro, Pennsylvania," reconstruction
and restoration study (text, photos, drawings and plans, diorama
model) to rebuild the mill for a proposed Bicentennial Project,
"F.A. Drake's Mill and the History of the Development of
the Mill Community, Drake's Mills, Pennsylvania," restoration
and mills study (text, photos, drawings and plans, mill model),
Also authorized by mill owner Harry N. Moffatt to use the
name "Pond Lily Mill Restorations," and to incorporate
their flour sack logo into my new companies logo.
Mr. Hazen is a Master Miller, Millwright, Millstone Dresser, Mill
and Milling Consultant, and Molinological Specialist,. Mr. Hazen
has dressed millstones and acted as a milling consultant on a number of
mills. He was a close personal friend of the late Charles Howell,
master miller, master millstone dresser and millwright, and the late
Emily Barton McGuire, miller, molinologist, tool collector, and
librarian. Together they dressed millstones and traveled to investigate
many mills primarily in the Middle Atlantic States, along with
collecting molinological material.
Mr. Hazen shares his knowledge with others as an author of articles and
cartoons in the publication OLD MILL NEWS. Mr. Hazen has attended a
number of mill restoration conferences, symposiums, and mill society
conferences. He has been member of the Society for the Preservation of
Old Mills. Mr. Hazen is a lifetime member of the International
Molinological Society, as well as others. He has been employed in a
number of operating mills, both commercial and public.
Mr. Hazen is America's Leading Authority on the Restoration, Operation,
Interpretation and Preservation of Historical Grist and Flour Mills.
His web site Pond Lily Mill Restorations is treasure chest with
articles about mill history, milling tools, millstones,
historical preservation, you name it (even rodent control). Ted Hazen
supplies his extensive knowledge, illustrated information on the
history and technology of flour milling in America, and the restoration
of water powered mills, with numerous bibliographies. It
encourages research, preservation and restoration of historical water
powered mills. "The efficient miller," says Mr. Hazen, "is a man
whose main interest is the preservation of old mill technology, and the
interpretation of grinding corn, wheat and other grains." His extensive
web site is the most complete source of "free" information on milling
David J. Plunkett
Head Restoration Engineer at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire,
United Kingdom, Retired.
Board of Directors Eling Tide Mill, Totton, Southampton, United
20 Selwyn Drive, Yateley, Hants GU46 6QF United Kingdom +44 (0)1252
Federal government administrator, retired
Former Volunteer at Pierce Mill
2916 Upton Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 20008-1151 (202) 244-4482
Art Education Professor, retired, Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
2509 Packard St Apt B, Ann Arbor MI 48104 734-302-4033
Robert A. Howard
Engineering Curator, Hagley Museum & Library, retired
Former consulting engineer curator for Peirce Mill
Howard Company, Anchorage Productions,
Box 317, Montchanin, Delaware 19710 (302) 654-2151
William F. Foshag
Aeronautics engineer with the Smithsonian, retired, Smithsonian
Institution, Washington, D. C.
Heishman's Mill, 1206 Creek Road, Carlisle, Pennsylvania 17013-8933
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Copyright 2001 by T. R. Hazen