Background Work Related Skills of Theodore R. Hazen
Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities:
While I was an employee with the National Park Service at Rock
Creek Park in Washington, D.C., I completed National Park Service
training courses in park operations and interpretation. I have
a background in milling operations, history, maintenance and construction.
Please see my resume and internet web site for further details.
I developed interpretive programs while working at Pierce Mill
for various ages and interests for the broad spectrum of visitor.
I had also developed a variety of related programs that would
fit into the site theme. While at Pierce Mill I worked with the
VIP coordinator recruiting, training and overseeing park volunteers
performing a variety of interpretive, maintenance and operational
functions for Pierce Mill and grounds. I had written the volunteer
handbook for Pierce Mill. I ensured that safe milling practices
were followed along with maintaining U.S. Government health standards
for the production of a foodstuff.
Then while I was a Blacksmith at Virginia's Explore Park I also
performed the same function to train and ensure safe working practices
of volunteers. The age group of volunteers at Virginia's Explore
Park was generally much younger compared to Pierce Mill.
While I was an employee of the National Park Service at Rock Creek
Park in Washington, D.C., I worked both indoors and outdoors and
often in conditions of no heat during the winter months, and under
adverse conditions of darkness, dampness, closed in spaces, slippery
conditions, cold, heat, wet, snow and ice. I have worked for years
doing physical work that requires lifting and moving heavy items
such as 100 to 200 pound sacks of grain along with other heavy
objects. I have worked safely and effectively moving large and
heavy objects such as milling machinery and millstones. I have
a valid state of Virginia's driver's License and have held a government
driver's license. I have worn Class A (ranger) and Class B (maintenance),
and worn and made period historical costumes. I have worked for
years on weekends, holidays and spent long hours doing overtime.
I have the ability to research, synthesize, develop background
materials, and interpretive materials using historical documents,
secondary sources, interviews and non-traditional sources. When
I became employed at Pierce Mill in Rock Creek Park, in Washington,
D.C., the mill had been broken down and closed for a number of
years. I had to start over again from scratch with new research
and gathering related historical materials. There was no educational
or interpretive program in place. I spent much time trying to
correct misconceptions, errors (even in spelling of Pierce), contradictions
found in a variety of sources. I have long been an advocate of
"show-me" where you found that bit of information in
print before you present that material to the public.
When I worked for Virginia's Explore Park, I wrote a history of
Slone's Grist Mill which had been purchased, disassembled and
moved to the park. I interviewed as many people and relatives
that I could find that would have knowledge of the grist mill,
from the people and families who owned and operated it, to whose
lives were effected because of it, along with searching for any
historical photographs. I wrote and assembled a number of documents
where none existed before. Upon request I can furnish copies of
various restoration reports, studies, appraisals and histories
I have written. Some excerpts of these documents are today found
in my web site on the internet.
I have the ability to prepare and present thematically based
interpretive programs and curriculum-based education programs.
During most of my college years I was an art education student.
I successfully completed my high school student teaching of art
education, along with taking education classes in college. At
Pierce Mill I developed and presented curriculum based educational
programs to all grades and general interpretive programs presented
to the general public. I continuously developed new programs and
reworked old ones. I developed interpretive programs for a variety
of ages and special interest groups while being the mill operator
at Pierce Mill in Rock Creek Park, in Washington, D.C. I always
kept in mind what was the main theme for the site. I had also
developed a variety of related programs that would fit into the
site's sub themes which was ultimately connected to the site's
During the period that I filled in as a park ranger on the National
Mall when they were short handed. I presented interpretive programs
at the Lincoln Memorial, the Washington Monument, the Jefferson
Monument, and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Each site has its
own very different physical space and theme impact upon the visitor.
I would work during the day time at Pierce Mill and evenings on
the National Mall. I would never know ahead of time which site
I would be sent to and often I would be moved around during a
shift as needed.
At Virginia's Explore Park I prepared and presented interpretive
programs and curriculum-based education programs in farming and
blacksmithing to visitors and school groups. Because of my special
knowledge I developed outlines and lesson plans for future use
in their new grist mill.
I have the ability to establish, manage, and maintain partnerships.
When I became employed at Pierce Mill in Rock Creek Park, in Washington,
D.C., I worked to establish partnerships within the staff of Rock
Creek Park and other parks within the National Capital Region,
regional county parks, academic institutions, the cooperating
park association, suppliers, milling societies, and park neighbors.
I always kept in mind the chain of command and kept my superiors
informed of my actions. I performed this function while the park's
position of VIP Coordinator was filled and at times vacant. I
also developed relationships with neighboring embassies in the
area. I worked closely with the cooperating association operating
their bookstore outlet, managing their employee who was stationed
at the site, and assisting their staff members in writing and
drawing site folders from donated funds accounts. I also worked
with Harpers Ferry assisting writing and drawing site folders,
and with the Historical American Building Survey when they drew
Pierce Mill. I worked with the park's maintenance staff, the historical
preservation unit out of Williamsport, and with other historical
mills in the Washington, D.C. area. I maintained a working relationship
with media and publicity offices within the park, region, cooperating
association and with local news media. I also worked closely with
local colleges to integrate our program into their areas of academic
studies. An example of this was working with a geologist of Washington,
D.C., in conjunction with his college classes that dealt with
the effects of the stream upon the valley of Rock Creek. Both
within the National Park Service and Virginia's Explore Park,
I presented programs to VIP's, and provided media information
to television, film and print productions.
I have the ability to function as a work leader, i.e., recruit,
train, and coach volunteers and co-workers who present interpretive
programs and operate equipment. I was a Shipping and Receiving
Manager at Glenn Electric Heater in Erie, Pennsylvania. I supervised
several employees and worked closely with the production manager
to meet daily shipping quotas. At times I would assist in the
manufacturing shop to complete items for shipment the same day.
When I became employed at Pierce Mill in Rock Creek Park, in Washington,
D.C., I recruited, trained and coached volunteers and co-workers
in the presentation of interpretive programs and the safe operation
of equipment. One of the important concerns was to function alone,
with a building full of visitors, school groups, special events
and while machinery was operating on various floor of the mill.
Then at times the main important concerns were to work together
as a team and to always remember visitor and staff safety.
When I was a blacksmith at Virginia's Explore Park I worked with
co-workers in my particular historical area (working together
as a team with other teams in other areas) and with volunteers
(children) training them to function as blacksmith apprentices
in a blacksmith shop. I products items to be sold in the Park
Souvenir Gift Shops.
I have the ability to develop and write manuals, guidelines, and
standard operating procedures. When I became employed at Pierce
Mill in Rock Creek Park, in Washington, D.C., I wrote a volunteer
handbook, established health guidelines for operating the grist
mill to produce a foodstuff, and set the standard operating procedures.
I wrote goals and objectives for the site. I developed an operation
and maintenance manual for Pierce Mill. I established the day
to day operating standards of the mill for visitors and school
groups. This had to take into consideration the wear and tear
on the milling machinery; the amount of time it took to prepare
and repair the equipment each day to operate; the amount of time
it took each day to clean the mill to maintain the health standards;
the sales and amounts of ground flour and meal needed to maintain
the cooperating associations inventory. I developed and implemented
flood evacuation procedures for Pierce Mill for times when Rock
Creek flooded the tail race, water wheel, wheel and gear pit and
basement of the structure. They incorporated U.S. Public Health
Service health standards for the production of flour and meal
products in the aftermath clean up and visitor safety considerations.
When I was employed at Pierce Mill in Rock Creek Park, in Washington,
D.C., for the 11 years I was in charge of the National Park Service
Bookstore outlet of Parks & History Association. I was responsible
for monthly inventories and daily-regular inventories of flour
and meal products to insure their safe sale to the public. The
different types of products varied with grain availability but
at times it ranged from a dozen products to 45 products. We also
sold other interpretive and souvenir items such as books for various
levels of interest in milling and rural crafts, children's books,
toys, cookbooks, cast iron cookware, post cards and empty flour
sacks. I was also responsible for part-time student employees
and their training, record keeping, interactions with the public
and visitor safety. I ordered books and searched out new items,
and took care of daily, monthly accounting of sales and money.
I attended all of the available cooperating associations classes
in bookstore outlet operations for employees and managers. While
I was employed with the National Park Service, I took classes
in NPS operations, Interpretation classes, local and colonial
history, fire fighting and sign language. I also attended all
available classes, conferences and seminars in historical and
mill restoration and operations. I also designed folders, brochures
and wayside exhibits.
I have the ability to work effectively with basic mechanical equipment,
to operate simple machines, and to troubleshoot problems. I have
worked in a number of positions where we used mechanical equipment
beginning with shop classes in junior high and high school. In
college as an art educational student . I produced items in a
woodworking shop, jewelry and metallurgy shop, sculpture shop,
printmaking, photography, and ceramics shop.
I have worked with machine shop machinery in factories and with
highway construction and maintenance. I have worked in both commercial
and historical mills both in private operation and open to the
public. Both in mills and factories, I worked with out of date
archaic machinery. When it would break down, you had to made your
own replacement parts.
When I became employed at Pierce Mill in Rock Creek Park, in
Washington, D.C., I spent 8 months reconditioning the old equipment
to get the mill to operate once again. The mill had been broken
down for a number of years. Some of the machinery had not operated
in 5 years, some of it had not operated in 30 years and other
parts of it had never operated. Over the years I was employed
there I built new equipment, operated simple and complex machinery,
some of which was hand operated and also powered by water. I repaired
machinery for immediate problems and made management aware of
long range problems. I made as many repairs that I could myself
and wrote reports to advise management of solutions needed to
complete larger repairs, and to make necessary drawings and reports.
I prepared work orders, requisitions and provides technical advice.
I have experience and expertise in flour milling. I have ground
hard and soft wheats, blended and tempered and conditioned wheat,
and have produced whole wheat flour, graham flour, all purpose
flour, unbleached white flour, cake and pastry flour, bread flours,
wheat cereals and bran. I have ground rye and produced whole rye
flour, rye meal, light and medium rye flours, bohemian rye flour,
rye cereal and bran. I have ground oats and produced oat flour,
oat meal and bran. I have ground corn and produced corn meal,
corn flour, corn grits, and corn bran. I have ground barley and
produced barley meal and cereal. I have ground buckwheat and produced
buckwheat flour, buckwheat cereal, buckwheat grits and buckwheat
hulls. I have ground rice and produced rice flour and rice grits.
I have produced various pancake mixes and bread mixes, etc. I
have also ground soy beans, green peas and millet. I know it takes
much more knowledge and experience to grind wheat than corn. Where
I grew up in northwestern Pennsylvania, a staple of milling was
to grind buckwheat flours. I also know that you first learn the
ins and outs of milling something easy like corn then move into
I have experience and expertise in millwrighting and millstone
dressing. I first learned millstone dressing from the late Harry
N. Moffatt of Drakes Mills, and the late Paul W. Roth of Roth
Milling Company. I have dressed millstones at Pierce Mill, and
with the late Charles Howell in a number of mills and have done
millstone demonstrations. I have dressed millstones on my own
in Meadows Mills, various other types of mills with natural and
made made millstones and in conventional mills using various types
of millstones. I have worked in several mills doing the millwright
work and in a number of other mill restorations and new construction.
I have built and have rebuilt milling machinery from the ground
up, everything from bins, chutes, elevators, conveyors, bolters,
rebuilt millstones, pulleys, wooden gears, water wheels, and other
types of machinery and equipment. I have drawn plans for others
to build various parts and worked with other people rebuilding
mills. I have done site inspection reports to complete restoration,
museum and exhibit planning, and interpretive programing including
drawings, photos, and models.
I have an art education background. In college and working in
parks I planned and implemented exhibits, graphics, folders, wayside
exhibits, displays and museum model construction. I went to college
to become an art education teacher, and I have completed my high
school portion of my student teaching. I have worked in 5 historical
theme parks and National Parks. I have taken the National Park
Service classes in interpretation, interpretation of historic
sites, and park operation. I was responsible for maintaining Peirce
Mills historical collections artifacts, tools, records, site planning,
goals and objectives. I also created and planned folders, wayside
exhibits, and public programing and events. I have interpretation
as a park ranger, miller, blacksmith, farmer, living history,
walks, talks, crafts demonstrations and have used things like
puppets. I have supervised and trained employees and volunteers.
I have experience in historical preservation and restoration while
working for the National Park Service, Virginia's Explore Park
and by self-employment under the name of Pond Lily Mill Restorations.
I have detailed knowledge of historical structures, environmental
materials interactions, conservation materials and methodologies.
I have done building renovation, dismantling, storage, and reconstruction.
I have done inspection of structures and machinery with the knowledge
of necessary to write restoration, preservation, museum, exhibit
and interpretive planning. I have strong organizational skills
and experience in preparing project completion reports, documenting
preservation and restoration projects along with the experience,
knowledge of early building technology and craft trades.
Please look through my web site:
Lily Mill Restorations Home Page http://www.angelfire.com/journal/pondlilymill/index.html
There is much of what I have written found listed on my resume
along with much of my art work and drawings. The purpose of the
web site is to provide information that "mills and water
power are still a practical and environmentally friendly alternative
technology." This I hope will generate 99% good will and
information for those looking for research material. Its purpose
is not to sell products or necessarily a service but to provide
information and assistance for individuals interested in mills.
Theodore R. Hazen
Return to Home Page
Copyright 2001 by T. R. Hazen