ALHARITH KURDISH NETWORK
We started this network to serve
all the people around the world to know more about the Kurdish Question
and how it can be solved within the Islamic brotherhood between the Kurds
and their brothers the Arabs,the Turkish people and the Iranian nations.
Kurdistan, region in south
western Asia, encompassing sections of south-eastern Turkey, northern Iraq,
and western Iran, and smaller parts of Armenia and north-eastern Syria.
Its name means “Land of the Kurds” and the area has long been inhabited
by a Kurdish majority. Kurdistan is perceived as a nation state by the
Kurdish people, though it is not recognized as a self-governing political
Geographically, Kurdistan is a
predominantly mountainous region, and the terrain has had a strong impact
on the Kurdish economy and culture. The entire area is in an active seismic
zone, with frequent earthquake activity. Mountain ranges include the Taurus
Mountains in Turkey and the Zagros Mountains and Elburz Mountains in Iran.
These mountains are interspersed with plateau and hills, most notably the
eastern Anatolian Plateau. Mount Ararat, in eastern Turkey, is the region's
highest peak, reaching 5137 m (16,854 ft). Kurdistan contains the watershed
of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, both of which originate in Turkey.
Major lakes include Lake Van in Turkey and Lake Urmia in Iran. The region's
climate ranges from hot, arid summers to bitterly cold winters.
In the early 1990s Kurdistan had
an estimated total population of about 26 million, comprising about 13.7
million inhabitants in Turkey, about 6.6 million in Iran, about 4.4 million
in Iraq, and about 1.2 million in Syria, and a small number in Armenia
and Azerbaijan. Most Kurds live in small villages, although the number
of urban residents is increasing. Major cities in the region include Mosul,
Kirkuk, Irbil, and As Sulaymaneyah in Iraq; Sanandaj and Saqqez in Iran;
and Diyarbaker in Turkey. The Kurds are organized in numerous clans, tribes,
and tribal confederations. The majority are Muslims, mostly of the Sunni
sect; a small percentage are Shiites. The remainder are mainly Cult of
Angel believers, an ancient Kurdish faith. Many Muslims are also followers
of Sufism. The primary language of the Kurds is Kurdish, an Indo-Iranian
language that includes a number of different dialects.
THE IRAQI PEOPLE