H² e¹ 1-4-. Command. f¹ -4. Appearing of Yehovah promised. e² 5,6-. Obedience. f² -6. Appearing of glory promised. e³ 7-23-. Command and obedience. f³ -23,24. Appearing of the glory of Yehovah.
28th March, 1490 B.C.
1: And it came to pass on the eighth day (i.e. the day following the 7 days of consecration.), that Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel;
2: And he said to Aaron, “Take you a young calf for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering, without blemish, and offer them (as an admittance offering) before the Lord (= before the entrance of the tent of the meeting [1:5,11]).
3: And to the sons of Israel you shall speak (Aaron now to give the orders about the sacrifices), saying, ‘Take you all a kid of the goats for a sin offering; and a calf and a lamb, both of the first year, without blemish, for a burnt offering;
4: Also a bullock and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the Lord; and a meal offering mingled with oil:
for to day the Lord will appear to you.’ ” (i.e. manifest Himself in a special manner.)
5: And they brought that which Moses commanded before the tent of the assembly: and all the congregation drew near and stood before the Lord.
6: And Moses said, “This is the thing which the Lord commanded that you all should do:
and the glory of the Lord shall appear to you.”
7: And Moses said to Aaron (showing that Aaron did not take this honor upon himself. Heb.5:4,5), "Go to the altar, and prepare (Heb. ‘âsâh, to make ready a victim for sacrifice: to make a victim a specific offering. Hence, to offer. First occ. in Ex. 10:25, sacrifice. Then Ex. 29:36,38,39, offer &c.) your sin offering (ancient Jewish interpretation refers this "calf" v.8 to the sin of the golden calf. The People's share in that sin is referred to in v.15. Cp. Ex. 32:35: "they made the calf which Aaron made" Ex. 32:14), and your burnt offering, and make an atonement for yourself (see Ex.28:33. Cp. Ex.28:14), and for the People: and prepare the offering of the People, and make an atonement for them; according as the Lord commanded.
8: Aaron therefore went to the altar, and slew the calf (see v.7. Aaron slew this himself, like any other offerer, as it was for his sin [1:5].) of the sin offering, which was for himself.
9: And the sons of Aaron brought the blood to him: and he dipped his finger in the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar, and poured out the blood at the bottom of the altar:
10: But the fat, and the kidneys, and the flap above the liver of the sin offering, he burnt (as incense) upon the altar; as the Lord commanded Moses.
11: And the flesh and the hide he burnt (down) with fire outside the camp.
12: And he slew the burnt offering; and Aaron's sons presented (= caused to be delivered, Heb. Hiphil of mâz’a only here vv.13,18. 2 Sam. 3:8. Job 34:11; 37:13. Zech. 11:6) to him the blood, which he splashed round about upon the altar.
13: And they caused to be delivered the burnt offering to him, with the pieces thereof, and the head: and he burnt (as incense) them upon the altar.
14: And he did wash the inwards and the legs, and burnt (as incense) them upon the burnt offering on the altar.
15: And he brought the People's offering (see v.7), and took the goat, which was the sin offering for the People, and slew it, and offered it for sin, as the first. (See v.8. He accordingly burnt it "outside the camp", for which he was reproved by Moses [10:16-20.])
16: And he brought the burnt offering, and offered it according to the manner. (= ordinance, cp. the same word in 5:10)
17: And he brought the meal offering, and took an handful thereof (Heb. filled his hand thereof, i.e. installed himself therewith. Here we have Divine explanation of consecration. Cp. Ex. 28:41), and burnt it (as incense) upon the altar, beside the burnt sacrifice of the morning.
18: He slew also the bullock and the ram for a sacrifice of peace offerings, which was for the People: and Aaron's sons caused to be delivered to him the blood, which he splashed upon the altar round about,
19: And the fat of the bullock and of the ram, the rump (= the fat tail), and that which covers the inwards, and the kidneys, and the flap above the liver:
20: And they put the fat upon the breasts, and he burnt (as incense) the fat upon the altar:
21: And the breasts and the right shoulder Aaron waved for a wave offering (see Ex.29:27) before the Lord; as the Lord commanded Moses.
22: And Aaron lifted up his hand toward the People, and blessed them (i.e. according to the precept in Num. 6:24-26. Cp. Deut. 10:8; 21:5), and came down (does not imply "steps", which were forbidden Ex. 20:26. Probably = the margin or edge. See Ex. 27:5) from offering of the sin offering, and the burnt offering, and peace offerings.
23: And Moses and Aaron went into the tent of the assembly, and came out, and blessed the People (this joint blessing is given in the Chaldee version of the Pentateuch. "May the word of the Lord (Yehovah) accept your sacrifice with favor, and remit and pardon your sins."):
and the glory of the Lord appeared to all the People. (According to the promise in v.4)
24: And there came a fire out from before the Lord (see 10:2, and cp. 1 Chron. 21:26 and Gen. 4:4. Judg. 6:20,21. 1 Kings 18:38. 2 Chron. 7:1,2. See Lev. 6:13), and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat: which when all the People saw, they shouted, and fell on their faces. (Cp. 2 Chron. 7:3.)