1: Likewise this is the law of the trespass offering: it is most holy. (See 6:25 & Ex.3:5)
2: In the place (i.e. the north side, cp. 1:11) where they kill the burnt offering shall they (= the people who bring them) kill the trespass offering: and the blood thereof shall he sprinkle round about upon the altar.
3: And he shall bring near of it all the fat thereof (Heb. kârab, for these regulations see 3:3,4,8,9); the rump, and the fat that covers the inwards,
4: And the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the flanks, and the flap that is above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away:
5: And the priest shall burn (i.e. as incense) them upon the altar for an offering made by fire to the Lord: it is a trespass offering.
6: Every male among the priests shall eat thereof: it shall be eaten in the holy place (or court): it is most holy.
7: As the sin offering is, so is the trespass offering: there is one law for them (see 6:27,28): the priest that makes atonement therewith shall have it. (See Ex. 29:33)
8: And the priest that offers any man's burnt offering, even the priest shall have to himself the skin of the burnt offering which he has offered.
9: And all the meal offering that is baked in the oven, and all that is dressed in the frying-pan, and in the pan, shall be the priest's that offers it. (Except the memorial part, 2:4-10. Cp. 1 Cor. 9:13,14. Gal. 6:6 is based on this principal.)
10: And every meal offering, mingled with oil, and dry, shall all the sons of Aaron have, one as much as another.
11: And this is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which one shall offer to the Lord. (I.e. specific and fuller directions given to the priests, additional to those given to the People in 3:1-15. So in the law of the sin offering 6:24-30, p. with 4:24-31; the law of the trespass offering 7:1:1-, cp. with 5:1-13. It will be noted from the Structure that the peace offering comes before the sin offerings; but here, in "the law" of the offerings, the peace offerings comes last. This because it has to do with the communion of the oferer; and this follows at the end of all, to show that this communion is based on, and must flow from, a full knowledge of all that which the type for-show. Not until we have done with our sins and ourselves can we delight in Christ. See 6:8. Cp. Col. 1:12-14.)
12: If he offer it for a thanksgiving (for special mercies received, is enumerated in Ps.107. This is the sacrifice alluded to in Heb. 13:15), then he shall offer with the slain sacrifice of thanksgiving unleavened cakes mingled with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and cakes mingled with oil, of fine flour, fried.
13: Besides the cakes, he shall offer for his admittance offering leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanksgiving of his peace offerings.
14: And of it he shall offer one out of the whole admittance offering for an heave offering to the Lord, and it shall be the priest's that splashes the blood of the peace offerings.
15: And the flesh of the slain sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten the same day that it is offered; he shall not leave any of it until the morning. (In he second temple, limited to midnight.)
16: But if the slain sacrifice of his admittance offering be a vow, or a voluntary offering, it shall be eaten the same day that he offers his slain sacrifice: and on the morrow also the remainder of it shall be eaten:
17: But the remainder of the flesh of the slain sacrifice on the third day shall be burnt with fire. (Heb. sâraph, is used of burning up, or rather down, the sin offering, because nothing ascended up to God in that offering.)
18: And if any of the flesh of the slain sacrifice of his peace offerings be eaten at all on the third day, it shall not be accepted, neither shall it be imputed to him that offers it: it shall be an abomination, and the soul that eats of it shall bear his perverseness (for punishment).
19: And the flesh that touches any unclean thing shall not be eaten; it shall be burnt with fire: and as for the flesh, all that be clean shall eat thereof.
20: But the soul that eats of the flesh of the slain sacrifice of peace offerings, that pertain to the Lord, having his uncleanness upon him (see 11:8-44; 15:1-33), even that soul shall be cut off from his people. (This phrase variously translated, occurs in Hebrew, 6 times in Lev. here, 7:21,25,27; 19:8; 23:29. Cp. the other phrase "...from My presence". See 22:3.)
21: Moreover the soul that shall touch any unclean thing, as the uncleanness of man, or any unclean beast, or any abominable unclean thing (= anything an abomination to the Lord, some codices have "unclean reptiles"), and eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which pertain to the Lord, even that soul shall be cut off from his people.' "
22: And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, (Indicating explanations and restrictions in vv.22-27, additional to those given in 3:17.)
23: "Speak (used only of the non-savor offerings, see 5:14, "Yahaveh called and spoke regarding the sweet savor offering", 1:1) to the sons of Israel, saying, 'You all shall eat no manner of fat, of ox, or of sheep, or of goat.
24: And the fat of the beast that dies of itself, and the fat of that which is torn with beasts, may be used in any other use (e.g. making candles, &c.): but you all shall in no way eat of it.
25: For whosoever eats the fat of the beast, of which men offer an offering made by fire to the Lord, even the soul that eats it shall be cut off from his people.
26: Moreover you all shall eat no manner of blood, whether it be of fowl or of beast, in any of your dwellings.
27: Whatsoever soul it be that eats any manner of blood, even that soul shall be cut off from his people.' "
28: And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
29: "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'He that offers the sacrifice of his peace offerings to the Lord shall bring his admittance offering to the Lord of the sacrifice of his peace offerings.
30: His own hands (i.e. the owner or offerer) shall bring the offerings made by fire to Yehovah, the fat with the breast, it shall he bring, that the breast may be waved for a wave offering before the Lord. (See Ex. 29:27.)
31: And the priest shall burn the fat upon the altar: but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons'.
32: And the right shoulder shall you all give to the priest for an heave offering of the sacrifices of your peace offerings. (See Ex. 29:27.)
33: He among the sons of Aaron, that offers the blood of the peace offerings, and the fat, shall have the right shoulder for his part.
34: For the wave breast and the heave shoulder have I taken of the sons of Israel from off the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and have given them to Aaron the priest and to his sons by a statute for ever from among the sons of Israel. (i.e as long as the priesthood lasts.)
35: This is what pertains to the anointing of Aaron, and of the anointing of his sons, out of the offerings made by fire to the Lord, in the day when he presented them to minister to the Lord in the priest's office;
36: Which the Lord commanded to be given them of the sons of Israel, in the day that He anointed them, by a statute for ever throughout their generations.
37: This is the law (37 & 38 sum up chapters 1-8) of the burnt offering (1:3-17 and 6:8-13), of the meal offering (2:1-16 and 6:14-18), and of the sin offering (4:1-35 and 6:24-30), and of the trespass offering (5:1-13 and 5:14-19 and 6:1-7 and 7:1-10), and of the consecrations (6:19-23), and of the sacrifice of the peace offerings (3:1-17 and 7:11-21, 28-36);
38: Which the Lord commanded (subject to “if” in Lev. 1:2) Moses in mount Sinai, in the day that He commanded the sons of Israel to offer their admittance offering to the Lord, in the wilderness of Sinai.’ ”