B2 J 1. Yahaveh's command to Moses. K L1 c1 2-7. Ability. Personally. d1 8. Inability. " M1 e1 9,10. Clean. Beasts. f1 11-13. Unclean. " L2 c2 14,15. Houses. Property. d2 16-25. Fields. " M2 e2 26. Clean. Beasts. f2 27. Unclean. " L3 c3 28,29. Devoted. Property. d 30-33. Tithes. " J 34. Yahaveh's command to Moses.
1 And the LORD (Yahaveh) spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, 'When a man shall make a special vow, the souls shall be for the LORD by your estimation.
3 And your estimation shall be of the male from twenty years old even to sixty years old, even your estimation shall be fifty shekels of silver (about 3 oz.), after the shekel of the sanctuary.
4 And if that soul be a female, then your estimation shall be thirty shekels. (a little less than 2 oz.)
5 And if it be from five years old even to twenty years old, then your estimation shall be of the male twenty shekels (about 1 1/4 oz.), and for the female ten shekels (a little more than 1/2 oz.).
6 And if it be from a month old even to five years old, then your estimation shall be of the male five shekels of silver (a little more than 1/4 oz.), and for the female thy estimation shall be three shekels of silver. (a little less than 1/4 oz.)
7 And if it be from sixty years old and above; if it be a male, then your estimation shall be fifteen shekels (a little less than an ounce), and for the female ten shekels. (a little more than 1/2 oz.)
8 But if he be poorer than your estimation, then he shall present himself before the priest, and the priest shall value him; according to his ability that vowed shall the priest value him.
9 And if it be a beast, whereof men bring an offering to the LORD, all that any man gives of such to the LORD shall be holy.
10 He shall not alter it (= change for the better), nor change it (= change for the worse), a good for a bad, or a bad for a good: and if he shall at all change beast for beast, then it and the exchange thereof shall be holy.
11 And if it be any unclean beast, of which they do not bring near a sacrifice to the LORD, then he shall make the beast stand before the priest:
12 And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or bad: as you, o priest, value it, so shall it be.
13 But if he will at all redeem it, then he shall add a fifth part thereof to your estimation.
14 And when a man shall set apart his house (i.e. his own house, and what was therein) to be holy to the LORD, then the priest shall estimate it, whether it be good or bad: as the priest shall estimate it, so shall it stand.
15 And if he that set it apart will redeem his house, then he shall add the fifth part of the money of your estimation to it, and it shall be his.
16 And if a man shall set apart to the LORD some part of a field of his possession, then your estimation shall be according to the seed thereof: an homer (about 8 bushels) of barley seed shall be valued at fifty shekels of silver. (About 3 oz.)
17 And if he set apart his field from the year of jubilee, according to your estimation it shall stand.
18 But if he set apart his field after the jubilee, then the priest shall reckon unto him the money according to the years that remain, even to the year of the jubilee, and it shall be abated from your estimation.
19 And if he that set apart that field will in any wise redeem it, then he shall add the fifth part of the money of your estimation to it, and it shall be assured to him.
20 And if he will not redeem the field, or if he have sold the field to another man, it shall not be redeemed any more.
21 But the field, when it goes out in the jubilee, shall be holy (= set apart) to the LORD, as a field devoted (denotes a total and complete separation, which does not admit of redemption); the possession thereof shall be the priest's.
22 And if a man set apart to the LORD a field which he has bought, which is not of the fields of his possession;
23 Then the priest shall reckon to him the worth of your estimation, even to the year of the jubilee: and he shall give your valuation in that day, as a holy thing to the LORD.
24 In the year of the jubilee the field shall return to him of whom it was bought, even to him to whom the possession of the land did belong.
25 And all your estimations shall be according to the shekel of the sanctuary: twenty gerahs shall be the shekel. (A little more than 1/2 oz.)
26 Nevertheless the first-ling of the beasts, which should be the LORD'S first-ling, no man shall sanctify it; whether it be ox, or sheep: it is the LORD'S.
27 And if it be of an unclean beast, then he shall redeem it according to your estimation, and shall add a fifth part of it thereto: or if it be not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to your estimation.
28 Notwithstanding no devoted thing, that a man shall devote to the LORD of all that he has, both of man and beast, and of the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed: every devoted thing it is most holy to the LORD. 29 None devoted, which shall be devoted of men, shall be redeemed; but shall surely be put to death.
30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD'S: it is holy to the LORD.
31 And if a man will at all redeem anything of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof.
32 And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passes under the rod (the custom of counting was for the animals to pass through a small opening, and to be counted with the rod as they passed. Every 10th one had to be taken and marked; and not to be chosen. This custom is referred to in Ezek. 20:37, i.e. once more claimed and marked as belonging to Yehovah), the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.
33 He shall not search whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.
34 These are the commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai. (Cp. 1:1.)