P X 1,2. The sabbatic year. Y 3-7. The 6 years. X 8-13. The jubilee year. Y 14-55. The 49 years.
1 And the LORD (Yahaveh) spoke to Moses in mount Sinai (see note in title "Leviticus"; not out of the tabernacle), saying,
2 "Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, 'When you come into the land which I give you (see 14:34), then shall the land keep a sacred sabbath to the LORD.
3 Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather in the fruit thereof;
4 But in the seventh year (1444-1443, 1st Sabbath year) shall be a sabbath of rest to the land, a sabbath for the LORD: you shall neither sow your field, nor prune your vineyard.
5 That which grows of its own accord of your harvest you shall not reap, neither gather the grapes of your vine unpruned: for it is a year of rest to the land.
6 And the sabbath (put for the fruits of the 7th year) of the land shall be meat (put for food of all kinds) for you; for you, and for your servant, and for your maid, and for your hired servant, and for your stranger that sojourns with you.
7 And for your cattle, and for the beast that are in your land, shall all the gain (or profit, as in vv. 12,20; not in vv. 16,26,27) thereof be meat (food of all kind).
8 And you shall number seven sabbaths of years to you, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be to you forty and nine years. (7 x 7 = 49. 7 = spiritual perfection, so 7 x 7 is spiritual perfection intensified.)
9 Then shalt you cause the trumpet of the jubilee (= a curved horn of jubilee, i.e. of loud or joyful sound. 1st jubilee; the last at the Nativity [the 29th) to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement (see Ex. 29:33) shall you make the trumpet sound throughout all your land.
10 And you shall set apart the fiftieth year, and proclaim (= cause public notice to be given) liberty throughout all the land to all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubilee to you; and ye shall return every man to his possession, and you shall return every man to his family.
11 A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be to you (1401-1400 B.C., 1st Jubilee): you shall not sow, neither reap that which grows of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of your vine undressed.
12 For it is the jubilee; it shall be holy (set apart) to you: you shall eat the increase thereof out of the field.
13 In the year of this jubilee you shall return every man to his possession.
Y Z1 14-19. Goods. A1 20-22. Case of want. Z2 23,24. Land. A2 25-28. Case of poverty. Z3 29-34. House. A3 35. Case of poverty. Z4 36-38. Money. Z4 39-41. Case of poverty. Z5 42-46. Bondage. A5 47-55. Case of poverty.
14 And if you sell anything to your neighbor, or buy anything of your neighbor's hand, you shall not overreach one another:
15 In proportion to the number of years after the jubilee (the estimation of value regulated by nearness of the jubilee. So our estimation of value of earthly things governed by our sense of the nearness of Christ's coming) you shall buy of your neighbor, and according to the number of years of the fruits he shall sell to you:
16 In proportion to the multitude of years you shall increase the price thereof, and according to the fewness of years you shall diminish the price of it: for according to the number of the years of the fruits does he sell to you.
17 You shall not therefore overreach one another; but you shall revere your God (Elohim): for I am the LORD your God.
18 Wherefore you shall do My statutes, and keep My judgments, and do them; and you shall dwell in the land in confidence.
19 And the land shall yield her fruit, and you shall eat your fill, and dwell therein in safety.
20 And if you shall say, 'What (a lesson for us.
God's "I will" the answer to our "what?") shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we shall not sow, nor gather in our increase:'
21 Then I will command My blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for three years.
22 And you shall sow the eighth year, and eat yet of old fruit until the ninth year; until her fruits come in you shall eat of the old store.
23 The land shall not be sold forever (in perpetuity): for the land is Mine (cp. Ex. 15:17. Isa. 14:8,25. Jer. 2:7. Ps. 10:16; 78:54), for you are strangers and sojourners with Me.
24 And in all the land of your possession you shall give a repurchase for the land.
25 If your brother be brought low, and has sold away some of his possession, and if any of his next of kin (see Ex. 6:6) come to buy it back, then shall he buy back that which his brother sold.
26 And if the man have no one to buy it back, and himself be able to buy it back;
27 Then let him count the years of the sale thereof, and restore the overplus to the man to whom he sold it; that he may return unto his possession.
28 But if he be not able to restore it to him, then that which is sold shall remain in the hand of him that has bought it until the year of jubilee: and in the jubilee it shall go out, and he shall return to his possession. (The 12 loaves of ch. 24 were a witness as to the People; the jubilee [ch. 25] as to the Land.)
29 And if a man sell a dwelling house in a walled city, then he may buy it back within a whole year after it is sold; within a full year may he buy it back.
30 And if it be not bought back within the space of a full year, then the house that is in a city that has walls shall be established for ever to him that bought it throughout his generations: it shall not go out in the jubilee.
31 But the houses of the villages which have no wall round about them shall be counted as the fields of the country: they may be bought back, and they shall go out in the jubilee.
32 Notwithstanding the cities of the Levites (cp. the 48 cities, Num. 35:1-8. Josh. 21:1-8), and the houses of the cities of their possession, may the Levites buy back at any time.
33 And if one of the Levites should not buy back, then the house that was sold, and the city of his possession, shall go out in the year of jubilee: for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the sons of Israel.
34 But the field of the suburbs of their cities may not be sold; for it is their perpetual possession.
35 And if your brother be waxen poor, and his has have become shaky (or become feeble) with you; then you shall relieve him: yes, though he be a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with you.
36 Take you no usury (is a charge on money) of him, or increase (is a charge on goods. These were the definitions of the authorities of the 2nd temple): but revere your God; that your brother may live with you.
37 You shall not give him your money upon usury, nor lend him your victuals for increase.
38 I am the LORD your God, which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan, and to be your God.
39 And if your brother that dwells by you be waxen poor, and be sold to you (cp. 2 Kings 4:1); you shall not compel him to serve as a bondservant:
40 But as an hired servant, and as a sojourner, he shall be with you, and shall serve you to the year of jubilee.
41 And then shall he depart from you, both he and his children with him, and shall return to his own family, and to the possession of his fathers shall he return.
42 For they are my servants, which I brought forth out of the land of Egypt (note the 4 occ. of this expression in these 2 chapters: 26:13, brought out to be free men [in relation to the Egyptians]; 25:42 [in relation to fellow Israelites]; 25:38, to be inheritors; and 25:55, to be Yehovah's servants): they shall not be sold as bondmen [are sold].
43 You shall not rule over him with rigor; but shall revere your God.
44 Both your bondmen, and your bondmaids, which you shall have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall you buy bondmen and bondmaids.
45 Moreover of the sons of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them shall you buy, and of their families that are with you, which they begat in your land: and they shall be your possession.
46 And you shall take them as an inheritance for your sons after you, to inherit them for a possession; they shall be your bondmen for ever: but over your brethren the sons of Israel, yeou shall not rule one over another with rigor.
47 And if a sojourner or stranger wax rich by you, and your brother that dwells by him wax poor, and sell himself to the stranger or sojourner by you, or to the stock of the stranger's family:
48 After that he is sold he may be bought back again; one of his brethren may redeem him:
49 Either his uncle, or his uncle's son, may buy him back, or any that is near of kin to him of his family may buy him back (cp. Neh. 5:8); or if he be able, he may buy back himself.
50 And he shall reckon with him that bought him from the year that he was sold to him to the year of jubilee: and the price of his sale shall be according to the number of years, according to the time of an hired servant shall it be with him.
51 If there be yet many years behind, according to them he shall give again the price of his redemption out of the money that he was bought for.
52 And if there remain but few years to the year of jubilee, then he shall count with him, and according to his years shall he give him again the price of his redemption.
53 And as a yearly hired servant shall he be with him: and the other shall not rule with rigor over him in your sight.
54 And if he be not bought back in these years, then he shall go out in the year of jubilee, both he, and his sons with him.
55 For to Me the sons of Israel are servants; they are My servants whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.