C N P 23:1-44. Weekly and annual. Q 24:1-9. Repetitions from Exodus. O 24:10-23. Episode of blasphemer. N P 25:1-55. Sabbatic and jubilee. O 26:1,2. Repetitions from Exodus.
P R T1 1,2. General charge. U1 3. Seventh day (sabbath rest). T2 4. General charge. S V1 5-8. Passover. W1 9-14. Unleavened bread. V2 15-21. Pentecost. W2 22. Harvest. V3 23-25. Trumpets. W3 Atonement. V4 33-36. Tabernacles. R T3 27,28. General charge. U2 28-43. Seventh month. (Booths.) T4 44. General charge.
1 And the LORD (Yahaveh) spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, 'Concerning the feasts of the LORD (this was their primal name; but in the day of Christ's rejection they had become "feasts of the Jews". John 5:1; 2:13; 6:4; 11:55), which you shall proclaim (cause to be publicly heard) to be holy (= set apart) assembly (or a calling together), even these are My feasts.
3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest (see Ex. 16:23), an holy assembly; you shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
4 These are the feasts (thus marking the sabbath offering as distinct. Feast = Heb. appointed seasons) of the LORD, even holy assemblies, which you shall proclaim in their seasons.
5 In the fourteenth day of the first month (April 3rd. See Ex. 13:4; 23:15; 34:18. Deut. 16:1) at evening (sunset) is the LORD'S passover. (Jesus became our passover upon His death on the cross, which is April 3rd to be observed every year by the Solar calendar, not the lunar calendar which is of Satan. We are children of the Light, not darkness)
6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread (note the exception in v.17, and see the note there) to the LORD: seven days you must eat unleavened bread.
7 In the first day you shall have an holy assembly: you shall do no laborious work therein.
8 But you shall bring near an offering made by fire to the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy assembly: you shall do no laborious work therein.' "
9 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
10 "Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, 'When you are come into the land which I give to you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then you shall bring a sheaf of the first-fruits (the Antitype is Christ, the first-fruits. 1 Cor. 15:23) of your harvest to the priest:
11 And he shall wave (see Ex. 29:27) the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the next day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
12 And you shall prepare that day (all these offerings were without leaven. Cp. v.17) when you wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering to the LORD.
13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals (about 1 gallon) of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire to the LORD for a sweet savor: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin (about 1 quart).
14 And you shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that you have brought an offering to your God (Elohim): it shall be a statute for ever (see v. 21; 3:17; 6:18:22; 7:34; 10:9,15; 24:8,9. Ex. 12:14; 29:28; 30:21. Num. 18:8,1119. Jer. 5;22, &c.) throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
15 And you shall count to you from the next day after the sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven weeks shall be complete: (Cp. Matt. 28:1. Luke 18:12. Hence the name "feast of weeks" in O.T. Ex.4:22. Deut. 16:10,18. 2 Chron. 8:13.)
16 Even to the next day after the seventh week shall you number fifty days (hence the name Pentecost. May 23rd. See Acts 2:1; 20:16. 1 Cor.16:8); and you shall offer a new meal offering to the LORD.
17 You shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals (about 1 Gal.); they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven (this exception is made because the antitype is not Christ, but human kind, and not without sin. "They that are Christ's", 1 Cor. 15:23. ); they are the first-fruits to the LORD.
18 And you shall bring near with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering to the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savor to the LORD.
19 Then you shall prepare (same as "offer" in v. 12) one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the first-fruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
21 And you shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy assembly to you: you shall do no laborious work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
22 And when you reap the harvest of your land (in the Antitype = "the end" or the remainder. 1 Cor. 15:24), you shall not make clean riddance of the corners of your field when you reap, neither shall you gather any gleaning of your harvest: you shall leave them to the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.' "
23 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
24 "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'In the seventh month, in the first day of the month (September 22nd), shall you have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy assembly.
25 You shall do no laborious work therein: but you shall bring near an offering made by fire to the LORD.' "
26 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
27 "Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement (see Ex. 29:33): it shall be an holy assembly to you; and ye shall humble yourselves, and bring near an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
28 And you shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God.
29 For whatsoever person it be that shall not be humbled (put for an outward sign of it) in that same day, he shall be cut off (see 7:20) from among his people.
30 And whatsoever soul it be that does any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.
31 You shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
32 It shall be to you a sabbath of rest, and you shall humble your souls: in the ninth day of the month at evening , from evening to evening, shall you celebrate your sabbath." (See Ex. 16:23)
33 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
34 "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'The fifteenth day of this seventh month (September 29th, Christ's Birthday. December 25th is the day of His conception) shall be the feast of tabernacles (= booths. Heb. sukkoth = a lodge in a garden) for seven days to the LORD.
35 On the first day shall be an holy assembly: you shall do no laborious work therein.
36 Seven days you shall bring near an offering made by fire to the LORD: and on the eighth day shall be an holy assembly to you; and you shall bring near an offering made by fire to the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and you shall do no laborious work therein.
37 These are the feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day: (The law is our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ [Galatians 3:24]. The sacrifices were types of the supreme sacrifice Christ would make on the cross. Christ became the sacrifice for one and all time. God doesn't want your burnt offerings; He wants your love.)
38 Beside the sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which you give to the LORD.
39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep a festival to the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. (Again, our subject is the feast of tabernacles. This was a joyous time when God's children celebrated the harvest of the land.)
40 And you shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice in the presence the LORD your God seven days. (With these boughs and branches they were to build booths, or small houses, in which they were to dwell 7 days. Here we see another example of the palm being symbolic of the protection and care God provides His children.)
41 And you shall keep it a festival to the LORD seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: you shall celebrate it in the seventh month.
42 You shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths:
43 That your generations may know that I made the sons of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.' "
44 And Moses declared (according to verse 2) to the sons of Israel the appointed seasons of the LORD. (God brought His children out of bondage in Egypt. He will bring many that love and serve Him out of bondage today. Do you place your trust and faith in Him? Do you believe He will provide your every need? Look to the palm as an example. Jesus Christ sustains life to all that believe on Him. He will feed you and provide your every need.)