(The Day of Atonement.)
C Q 1,2. Times for entering within the Vail (Neg.) R 3. For himself alone. S 4. Garments put on. T¹ 5. Two goats and ram (people). U¹ 6. For himself (bullock). T² 7-10. Two goats (people). U² 11-14. For himself (bullock). T³ 15-22. Two goats (people). S 23. Garments changed. R 24-28. For himself and people. Q 29-34. Time for entering within the Vail(Pos.)
1: And the Lord (Yavaheh) spoke to Moses (see 5:14) after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they brought near strange fire before the Lord, and died; (The priesthood had slipped. This caused God to put in the "Day of Atonement")
2: And the Lord said to Moses, "Speak to Aaron your brother, that he come not at any time (i.e. not just at any time) into the holy of holies (see Ex. 3:5) within the veil before the mercy seat (Fig., noun used as some other part of speech, noun, "mercy", used as an adjective. See Ex. 25:17), which is upon the ark; that he die not: for I am accustomed to appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat. (See Ex.25:22)
3: With this shall Aaron come into the holy of holies: with a young bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering. (These blood rituals are no longer in effect because Christ fulfilled them and nailed them to the cross. We are to use them as types to teach us of the type of sacrifice of Christ.)
4: He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle, and with the linen turban shall he be attired: these are holy garments; therefore shall he bathe his flesh in water (see 14:9), and so put them on. (The linen to be taken in a spiritual sense to us today as in the N.T. It symbolizes your righteous acts, which are the fiber of the linen you wear in the eternity. God wants kind after kind. Don't mix [hybrid] what He has created)
5: And he shall take of the congregation of the sons of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering. (The Day of Atonement is 5 days before the Feast of Tabernacles)
6: And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make an atonement for himself, and for his house. (See Ex. 29:33)
7: And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the Lord at the entrance of the tent of the assembly.
8: And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the Lord, and the other lot for the scapegoat (Heb. for 'Azazel. This "for" looks like a personality answering to "for Yavaveh". If it is the Evil one who is meant, then it is for his defiance. It is the goat of departure = Satan. All the sins of the world that Christ takes away, are put on Satan.).
9: And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the Lord's lot came up (i.e. out of the bag containing the Urim and Thummim. No other means of taking Yavaheh's lot, or judgment. See Ex. 28:30), and offer him for a sin offering. (= "make him [the sin offering]". 2 Cor. 5:21. Heb. 'asah. Here looking forward to the time where Christ Himself would be offered)
10: But the goat, on which the lot came up to be the scapegoat (see v.8,22), shall be presented (= be made to stand) alive before the Lord, to make an atonement with him (Heb. "for him", see vv.16,18. The scapegoat was not made to make atonement, but atonement was made for it. Hence he was to be "let go" free. See v.22), and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness. (Or desert. Same one Satan tempted Christ in. Symbol of abode of all evil things [Isa. 13:21; 34:14. Matt. 12:42. Luke 8:27; 11:24. Rev. 18:2.] 'Azazel probably the personification of all that is "great and terrible" there [Deut. 1:19; 8:15. Jer. 2:6].)
11: And Aaron shall bring the bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make an atonement for
himself, and for his house, and shall kill the bullock of the sin offering which is for himself: (This, to get his own act together before he comes close to the holy of holies.)
12: And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the Lord (only fire from the bronze altar of burnt offering, where atonement had been made, could be used for kindling the incense on the golden altar in the holy place. See 10:1,7. All other fire was "strange fire"), and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the veil: (Cp. Rev. 8:3-4)
13: And he shall put the incense upon the fire before the Lord, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is upon the testimony, that he die not:
14: And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward (Messiah in Jerusalem. Sin totally done away with "IF" you believe on Him); and before the mercy seat shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times. (#7 = spiritual perfection.)
15: Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the veil, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat: (Symbolizes the blood of Christ on the altar = the cross.)
16: And he shall make an atonement for the holy of holies, because of the uncleanness of the sons of Israel, and because of their rebellion in all their sins (or, revolt. Heb. pâsh‘a. Sin against lawful authority. Often rendered transgression [Ps. 51:13. Prov. 28:21. Isa. 43:27]. In Prov. 10:12 the action of love or mercy shown stands in strong contrast to this character of the sin): and so shall he do for the tent of the assembly, that remains among them in the midst of their uncleanness. (They fell so short they had to have the Day of Atonement for Him [God] to associate with them [and us].)
17: And there shall be no man (privately. Heb. ’âdam [without the article] = human being. This effectually disposes of all priestly pretensions now, while the Anti-type [Christ] is "within the veil". See Heb.4:14; 6:20; 9:24.) in the tent of the assembly when he goes in to make an atonement in the holy of holies, until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself (it always starts at the top), and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.
18: And he shall go out to the altar that is before the Lord, and make an atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about.
19: And he shall sprinkle of the blood upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow (see Ex.3:5) it from the uncleanness of the sons of Israel.
20: And when he has made an end of reconciling the holy of holies, and the tent of the assembly, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat:
21: And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat (this for solemnity; only here, on this occasion), and confess over him all the perverseness of sons of Israel (note the 4 "alls" in vv.21,22. To emphasize the completeness of our deliverance from sins, and their entire removal), and all their rebellion in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat (quite a load, sins will depart), and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man (i.e. Christ. He is the only "fit Man" to do so. See Heb. 9) into the wilderness:
22: And the goat shall bear away (as in Isa.53:4) upon him all their perverseness to a land not inhabited (Heb. "a land cut off"): and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness. (Nature has a way of cleansing itself. God created this earth so that it would regenerate and refurbish itself. Sins belong to Satan because he started it all in the first earth age, and even now if you let him.)
23: And Aaron shall come into the tent of the assembly, and shall put off the linen garments, which he put on when he went into the holy of holies, and shall leave them there:
24: And he shall wash his flesh with water in the holy of holies, and put on his garments, and come forth, and offer his burnt offering, and the burnt offering of the people, and make an atonement for himself, and for the people.
25: And the fat of the sin offering shall he burn (as incense) upon the altar.
26: And he that let go (= he that leads the goat to, or for, 'Azazel) the goat for the scapegoat shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward come into the camp.
27: And the bullock for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy of holies, shall one carry forth outside the camp (cp.6:11. Heb. 13:11); and they shall burn (down) in the fire their skins, and their flesh, and their dung.
28: And he that burns them (down) shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp.
29: And this shall be a statute for ever to you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month
(26,27 Sept.), you all shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all (Heb. = "do no manner of work". This legal expression occ. 5 times, #5 = grace, in the Petateuch, but is differently rendered. See 23:3,28,31, Num. 29:7. Work on the Sabbath day incurred stoning: on this day excommunication), whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourns among you:
30: For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you all may be clean from all your sins before the Lord.
31: It shall be a Most holy Sabbath of rest to you (see Ex. 16:23), and you all shall fast your souls, by a statute for ever.
32: And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and whom he shall consecrate (= install, see Ex. 28:41. Lev. 9:17) to minister in the priest's office in his father's stead, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen clothes, even the holy garments:
33: And he shall make an atonement for the holy of holies, and he shall make an atonement for the tent of the assembly, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.
34: And this shall be an everlasting statute to you, to make an atonement for the sons of Israel for all their sins once a year." And he did according as the Lord commanded Moses.