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Saxophone History

     Saxophone is probably the most expressive instrument next to the human voice. It was created over one hundred and fifty years ago. It was named after its creator, Adolphe Sax. He lived in Brussels, Belgium. His father was an instrument maker and Adolphe learned the how to make instruments when he was very young. At age six, Sax can drill the body of  a clarinet, and later went on to produce some of the finest specimens of flutes, clarinets, and other  instruments, of his time. He also learned to play all the instruments because he had to test them all when he made them.  But one day he decided to create an instrument that bridged the gap between the sounds of the string instruments (such as the violin and viola), the sounds of the wodwinds (such as the flute and clarinet) and the sounds of the brass instruments (such as trumpet and tuba) which often overpowered the other instruments. His goal was for the new instrument to have "the flexibility of the strings, the tonal variety of the woodwinds" and "the power of the brasses." The details of how the saxophone was created  are not known, as Sax did not write about them. But to construct first saxophone he used a cone-shaped brass tube for the body of the instrument and a mouthpiece with a reed of woody material. And the first Saxophone was born, when Adolphe was just twenty years old This first saxophone is a C bass saxophone. It was patented on March 20, 1846 and has since impressed many who have heard it  with its versatility and tonal beauty It was soon used in pieces by many composers of the time. 
Composers in Sax's time were very impressed with the saxophone. Hector Berlioz came to see  the C bass saxophone. He was pleased with the  instrument's unique tone and control of dynamics.  Many other composers have written for it since. Later, Adolphe Sax eventually created 14 different sizes of saxophones, and five remain in use today. They are, from the largest instrument with the lowest sound to the smallest instrument with the highest sound, are bass, baritone, tenor, alto and soprano saxophone. Early in its history, the saxophone was utilized in music for orchestra and band. Composers who used the saxophone in orchestral music include Massenet, Richard Strauss, Bizet and Prokofiev.  To introduce the saxophone into the band, Adolphe challenged the leader of the French Army Bands to a sort of competition against his own band, which (surprise!) included 
Adolphe Sax

saxophones. This "battle of the bands" drew a huge crowd and of course Sax's band won. As a result, the saxophone was added to the French Army Bands and the practice spread throughout Europe and to the United States. But because of the jealousy of rival instrument makers and musicians who did not want to change, the saxophone never became a standard instrument in symphony orchestras. Later on, jazz music created a smaller bore mouthpiece to give the saxophone a very loud sound and one that would not blend in an orchestra. The saxophone can play with a sound as obnoxious as any distorted  electric guitar or with the clarity and sensitivity of a flute. Jazz has use for an instrument that can change tones to go along with different styles, and no other instrument can do that as well as the  saxophone. The saxophone's use is not only jazz, however. It was only conceived to have the instrument play jazz after it was almost eighty years old. Its tone is just as usable in classical music. 
      The saxophone will always be a wonderful instrument, and it is receiving more and more of the recognition it deserves. As a new instrument by any standard, its acceptance will come as more great musicians choose it to play on it. With its mellow tone, the saxophone was ideally suited to jazz music, and soon become more and more popular, by many great saxophonists that were part of the jazz movement. 

This history is taken from various source.

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