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Steps in the writing process

Prewriting- The first stage of the writing process in which you view your options and pick an idea that fits you. You then do research or just get information depending on which type of writing it is.

Drafting- This is the second stage of writing. Here you actually write out your first copy based on the information or outline prepared in prewriting. This helps you to also organize your ideas.

Revising- In order to proceed to this step you must have already written and set aside your paper for a small time. You then reread it to figure out what is wrong with it and to improve the organization.

Editing/Proofreading- The real English begins here; grammar and spelling. You read through your paper to make sure it is grammatically correct and if there are any spelling errors. NOTE: If there are errors, FIX THEM!!

Publishing /Presenting- Public Speaking, everyone’s dreaded fear. Either that or you get it published.



Here are a couple ways of brainstorming for ideas:

For a couple of minutes jot down any topic that comes to your mind because it is probable you know something about the topics.

If doing a research paper pick topics that are of interest to you and that do not bore you.

Get an audience or class to tell you their random ideas to see if you like any.

Read other material of the particular writing style to see what type of things work and what doesn’t.


Tips for revising

Get other people to read it of course.

read it out loud to see if it flows and doesn’t sound out of order.

Wait a while before each time you read it so that it seems kind of new to you and you don’t already have it memorized.

Cut out the paragraphs and move them around to positions in which they fit best.

read slowly. for god’s sake understand what you are reading.


Tips for Editing

read (not really read) it backwards to just check for the spelling of words individually.

again get other people to check it.

Use a freakin dictionary; everyone makes mistakes

read each sentence aloud to actually hear it.

check for words that sound the same ore that are almost written the same. I.e. there, their, they’re


Types of Writing

Persuasive- Expresses a writers opinion and tries to make readers agree with it, change their minds, or even take action. It uses strong, reliable, evidence to support their claims. To write this type of writing it is best to chose a topic that you personally feel passionate about. If you feel passionate about it then you will try to write it better and your opinion/objectiveness will be more obvious. You have to chose information that supports your opinion and follow the writing processes.

Narrative- It basically tells a story. Novels, Short stories, bio’s, memoirs, etc, are all considered narrative writing. Start with a plot and work from there. Some people also just begin to write about things and keep going. This all depends on your interests and style of writing.

Descriptive- This, by the name, uses the writing to paint a picture for the intended audience. The details are precisely chosen so that the reader con see what the author sees. First write down every single little detail you know about your topic so that you don’t forget any. Once you have these follow the writing process and describe your topic carefully and above all correctly.

Expository- Many others fall into this category. It “explains and compares.” Compare and contrasts; how-to’s, processes, and view of problems are some of the writings included in this category. First, know exactly what type of writing it is you want/ have to write. Then, make some charts or list of steps and work from there. This and the other writings are fairly easy, so don’t worry.

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