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By Nery Castillo & Meera Keshav

Poetry Glossary


        Alliteration- The repetition of a speech sounds, most often constants, at the beginning of words.

        Assonance- The repetition of the same or similar vowel sounds in stressed syllables that end with different constants sounds.

        Consonance- The repetition of constants sounds before and after different vowels.

        End rhyme: A rhyme occurring in the terminating word or syllable of one line of poetry with that of another line, as opposed to internal rhyme.

        Foot: The basic unit in the measurement of rhythm in poetry.

        Imagery: The elements in a literary work used to evoke mental images, not only of the visual sense but of sensation and emotion as well. While most commonly used in reference to figurative language imagery is a variable them, which can apply to any and all components of a poem that evoke sensory experience and emotional response, whether figurative or lateral, and also applies to the concrete things so imaged.

        Intended audience- a group of listeners or spectators.

        Internal Rhyme- Also called middle rhyme, a rhyme occurring within the line. The rhyme may be with words within the line but not at the line end, or with a word within the line and a word at the end of the line.

        Line- A unit in the structure of a poem consisting of one or more metrical feet arranged as a rhythmical entity.

        Metaphor- A figure of speech which makes a comparison between two unlike things, without using the word like or as

        Onomatopoeia- The use of a word or a phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes.

        Personification- A figure of speech in which an animal, object, force of nature, or idea is given human qualities or characteristics.

        Rhythm- The pattern of beats created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables, especially in poetry.

        Simile- A figure of speech using like or as to compare seemingly unlike things.

        Speaker- The voice that communicates with the reader or a poem, similar to the narrator in a work of prose.

        Stanza- A group of lines forming a unit in a poem.