|Austria-Hungary||Emperor Franz Joseph I||18 Aug||1830||2 Dec||1848|
|Liechtenstein||Prince Johann II||5 Oct||1840||12 Nov||1858|
|Montenegro||Prince Nikola||7 Oct||1841||13 Aug||1860|
|Greece||King George I||24 Dec||1845||30 Mar||1863|
|Denmark||King Christian IX||8 Apr||1818||16 Nov||1863|
|Belgium||King Leopold II||9 Apr||1835||17 Dec||1865|
|Romania||King Carol I||20 Apr||1839||20 Apr||1866|
|Sweden & Norway||King Oscar II||21 Jan||1829||18 Sep||1872|
|Ottoman Empire||Sultan Abdul Hamid II||22 September||1842||31 August||1876|
|Spain||King Alfonso XIII||17 May||1886||17 May||1886|
|Bulgaria||Prince Ferdinand I||26 Feb||1861||7 Jul||1887|
|Germany||Emperor Wilhelm II||27 Jan||1859||15 Jun||1888|
|Serbia||King Alexander I||14 Aug||1876||6 Mar||1889|
|Monaco||Prince Albert||13 Nov||1848||10 Sep||1889|
|Portugal||King Carlos I||28 Sep||1863||19 Oct||1889|
|Netherlands||Queen Wilhelmina||31 Aug||1880||23 Nov||1890|
|Luxembourg||Grand Duke Adolf||24 Jul||1817||23 Nov||1890|
|Russia||Emperor Nicholas II||18 May||1868||1 Nov||1894|
|France||President Émile Loubet||31 Dec||1838||20 Dec||1899|
|Italy||King Victor Emanuel III||11 Nov||1869||29 Jul||1900|
|Switzerland||President Ernst Brenner||9 Dec||1856||1 Jan||1901|
|United Kingdom||King Edward VII||9 November||1841||22 Jan||1901|
King Leopold II of Belgium, King Alfonso XIII of Spain, President Felix Fauré of France, President of Switzerland, King Carlos I of Portugal, King Christian IX of Denmark.
Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria-Hungary, King Oscar II of Sweden & Norway, Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, King Umberto I of Italy, Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany.
Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire, King George I of Greece, King Alexander I of Serbia, King Carol I of Romania, Prince Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, Prince Nikola I of Montenegro.
Queen Marie Henriette of Belgium, Queen Maria Cristina of Spain, Queen Olga of Greece, Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom, Queen Amalie of Portugal, Queen Louise of Denmark.
Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary, Queen Sophia of Sweden & Norway, Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia, Queen Margarita of Italy, Empress Augusta Victoria of Germany.
Queen Emma of the Netherlands, Wilhelmina Queen of the Netherlands, Queen Nathalia of Serbia, Queen Elisabeth of Romania, Princess Marie Louise of Bulgaria, Princess Milena of Montenegro.
(Eighteen ninety-seven was the year of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, as 2012 was the year of Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee. So the reign of Queen Victoria at this time was analogous to the reign of Elizabeth II today, 115 years later. A man who turned 34 in the year of Victoria's Diamond Jubilee would have been born in 1863, as I having been born in 1978 turned 34 in the year of Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee.)