European Heads of State, 1902

CountrySovereignBornAcceded
Austria-Hungary Emperor Franz Joseph I 18 Aug 1830 2 Dec 1848
Liechtenstein Prince Johann II5 Oct1840 12 Nov 1858
MontenegroPrince Nikola 7 Oct1841 13 Aug 1860
Greece King George I 24 Dec 1845 30 Mar1863
Denmark King Christian IX8 Apr 1818 16 Nov1863
Belgium King Leopold II9 Apr 183517 Dec1865
Romania King Carol I 20 Apr1839 20 Apr 1866
Sweden & Norway King Oscar II21 Jan182918 Sep1872
Ottoman EmpireSultan Abdul Hamid II22 September184231 August1876
Spain King Alfonso XIII 17 May 188617 May 1886
Bulgaria Prince Ferdinand I 26 Feb 1861 7 Jul 1887
Germany Emperor Wilhelm II 27 Jan 1859 15 Jun1888
SerbiaKing Alexander I 14 Aug18766 Mar1889
Monaco Prince Albert 13 Nov 1848 10 Sep 1889
PortugalKing Carlos I28 Sep186319 Oct1889
Netherlands Queen Wilhelmina 31 Aug 1880 23 Nov 1890
Luxembourg Grand Duke Adolf24 Jul 1817 23 Nov 1890
Russia Emperor Nicholas II 18 May 1868 1 Nov 1894
FrancePresident Émile Loubet31 Dec183820 Dec1899
Italy King Victor Emanuel III11 Nov186929 Jul 1900
SwitzerlandPresident Ernst Brenner9 Dec18561 Jan1901
United Kingdom King Edward VII9 November184122 Jan1901

1896

King Leopold II of Belgium, King Alfonso XIII of Spain, President Felix Fauré of France, President of Switzerland, King Carlos I of Portugal, King Christian IX of Denmark.
Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria-Hungary, King Oscar II of Sweden & Norway, Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, King Umberto I of Italy, Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany.
Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire, King George I of Greece, King Alexander I of Serbia, King Carol I of Romania, Prince Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, Prince Nikola I of Montenegro.

Queen Marie Henriette of Belgium, Queen Maria Cristina of Spain, Queen Olga of Greece, Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom, Queen Amalie of Portugal, Queen Louise of Denmark.
Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary, Queen Sophia of Sweden & Norway, Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia, Queen Margarita of Italy, Empress Augusta Victoria of Germany.
Queen Emma of the Netherlands, Wilhelmina Queen of the Netherlands, Queen Nathalia of Serbia, Queen Elisabeth of Romania, Princess Marie Louise of Bulgaria, Princess Milena of Montenegro.

(Eighteen ninety-seven was the year of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, as 2012 was the year of Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee. So the reign of Queen Victoria at this time was analogous to the reign of Elizabeth II today, 115 years later. A man who turned 34 in the year of Victoria's Diamond Jubilee would have been born in 1863, as I having been born in 1978 turned 34 in the year of Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee.)

European Sovereigns
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