Movies

This is a list (with links to Internet Movie Database entries) of movies (including those made for television but excluding documentaries) I have seen which are about monarchs and other royalty of the past thousand years. Generally I have excluded movies about living royalty except for The Queen which is too important to omit. I have also listed a few movies which are not primarily about royalty but whose royal supporting roles are particularly well done.


Isabel (2012)
Superb and addictive drama of the life of Spain's great Queen Isabella (1451-1504) (Michelle Jenner), the first season of which covers her life from adolescence until her accession as Queen of Castile in 1574, focusing on her struggles with her essentially well-meaning but indecisive and uninspiring half-brother Enrique IV (1425-1474) (brilliantly portrayed by Pablo Derqui). The entire cast deliver outstanding performances that completely transport the viewer into the 15th century, and no monarchist will fail to be moved either by Isabel's steely determination and passion for justice or by the stalwart devotion of those who are loyal to her. While I thought it was unfortunate to lose the fact that Ferdinand (Rodolfo Sanchez, eleven years older than Jenner) was actually younger than his wife, and some crowd scenes are not entirely convincing, these are minor quibbles, and I can't wait for Season 2! The series (official site) is available for free with English subtitles in North America on Drama Fever.

Hyde Park on Hudson (2012)
Bill Murray is great as President Roosevelt, whose 1939 visit from King George VI and Queen Elizabeth forms the centre of this drama based on an FDR mistress's secret diaries, but I was less convinced by the other characters especially Olivia Colman as the Queen who (with the writers) turns her into a shrewish, fussy snob--about as unlike the real, warm, fun-loving Queen Elizabeth as she could have been, even unfavourably comparing her husband in private to his recently abdicated brother, which anyone who knows anything about Queen Elizabeth's post-abdication views of "David" would know she never would have done. The actual Queen Elizabeth tended to view challenges and unfamiliar things (like hot dogs) as an Adventure; that's probably why she lived to be 101. The "Queen Elizabeth" depicted in this movie would have worried herself to death several decades before 2002. Samuel West, though like Colin Firth totally lacking anything resembling the real King's gaunt features, is somewhat more suitable as King George VI, but while the look and feel of the 1930s is captured convincingly this is not a film for those who like royalty depicted with a reasonable degree of accuracy.

A Royal Affair (2012)
This visually lush and compellingly acted Danish film concerns the ill-fated relationship of Denmark's British-born Queen Caroline Matilda (1751-1775) (Alicia Vikander), sister of King George III, with the progressive Dr Johann Struensee (1737-1772) (Mads Mikkelson), physician to her eccentric (though perhaps not literally insane) husband King Christian VII (1749-1808) (Mikkel Boe Følsgaard). (For more see my blog.)

Farewell, My Queen (2012)
As a French-speaking but visibly foreign German surrounded by French actors and actresses who is the same age as the real Queen at the time of the Revolution, Diane Kruger was an inspired (and apparently sincere) choice for the role of Marie Antoinette, and royalists will find the loyalty of her fictional servant Sidonie (Léa Seydoux) touching. However the film makes too much of Marie Antoinette's friendship with Gabrielle de Polignac (Virginie Ledoyen) and too little of the Queen's by-then-deepened sense of religious, maternal, and political duty, with the King (Xavier Beauvois) reduced to a nonentity, as if nothing had changed since the early years of their marriage. It's hard to go wrong with the set when one has been allowed to film at Versailles, but the film overall is rather forgettable as royal period dramas go.

W.E. (2011)
I have to admit that I was not predisposed to like this movie [why did it ever occur to anybody that it would be a good idea for Madonna to make a movie about Wallis Simpson (1896-1986) (Andrea Riseborough) and Edward VIII (1894-1972) (James D'Arcy)?], but I don't think my prejudice was unjustified. This is an odd and tedious film, frequently and disconcertingly interrupting the historical narrative [which it tries to make bold and daring by having Anne Boleyn...er, Natalie Dormer portray Queen Elizabeth (1900-2002) as a humourless snob] with a parallel modern plot which is dull when not indulging in gratuitous shocking scenes of domestic violence that only contribute to making this movie unpleasant to watch in every way. It's true that I'm not a fan of the historical Wallis or Edward either, but somehow I doubt even viewers more inclined to give them the benefit of the doubt will find W.E. worthwhile.

Anonymous (2011)
The theory that the Earl of Oxford (1550-1604) was the real author of the plays and poems of William Shakespeare (1564-1616) is flimsy enough without adding royal incest to the mix, but Joelly Richardson and Vanessa Redgrave are a great Queen Elizabeth I in this "political thriller" which is satisfying enough as entertainment as long as it is not taken too seriously.

Henri 4 (2010)
Fortunately available with English subtitles in its entirety on YouTube, this is a fine film about one of France's greatest kings, Henri IV (1553-1610) (Julien Bosselier). Towards the end the king's genial interactions with his loyal and grateful subjects--who do indeed have chickens in their pots--are deeply moving, especially if one knows what's coming next. Only complaint: Henri's brother-in-law Charles IX (1550-1574) only lived to be 23, so it was bizarre to cast as him an actor (Ulrich Noethen) who was 51 in 2010. (Why do historical movies so often do things like that?) Nevertheless, highly recommended should you have two and half hours to spare.

The King's Speech (2010)
Colin Firth gives a magnificent and touching performance as King George VI (1895-1952) overcoming his stammer with the help of Australian speech therapist Lionel Logue (Geoffrey Rush) in what may very well become regarded as one of the best monarchical movies ever made. Helen Bonham Carter is also wonderful as Queen Elizabeth (1900-2002). (See my full review here.)

Robin Hood (2010)
Ridley Scott's latest medieval epic has little to do with the traditional Robin Hood legend and even less to do with actual history, but looks spectacular and includes a fine performance by Eileen Atkins as Queen Eleanor (1122-1204). (See my blog for more.)

Princess Kaiulani (2009)
Q'orianka Kilcher stars as the courageous heiress to the Hawaiian throne (1875-1899) whose eloquence impressed Americans but was unable to prevent the annexation of her homeland by the United States. The movie's sympathies are clearly with the Hawaiians and their monarchy, though Sanford Dole seems a bit whitewashed in order to make Lorrin Thurston the sole villain. Not a fast-paced film, but a beautiful and moving one.

The Young Victoria (2009)
Emily Blunt stars in this gorgeous and mostly historically faithful production dramatizing the great queen's early years, produced by Sarah Ferguson and with a cameo by Princess Beatrice as one of her great-great-great-great-grandmother's ladies-in-waiting. (See my full review here.)

The Other Boleyn Girl (2008)
Based on the historical novel by Philippa Gregory, this film (starring Natalie Portman as Anne, Scarlett Johansson as her less famous sister Mary, and Eric Bana as the King) trivializes the issues of Henry VIII's reign ("I have torn this country apart for you," Henry angrily tells Anne. Really? We see no indication of it...) and does not adequately convey the passage of time. Not much to recommend other than the sets and costumes. For a gleefully scathing review see Gareth Russell's blog.

Elizabeth: The Golden Age (2007)
Reprising her role as the title character, Cate Blanchett delivers a stellar performance in this visual feast, but the movie is marred by ponderous dialogue, gratuitous historical inaccuracies, and a transparently Whiggish caricature of Philip II of Spain (1527-1598; acceded 1556) (Jordi Mollà) and Catholicism. Why the filmmakers felt entitled to entirely replace the actual text of Elizabeth I's famous Speech to the Troops at Tilbury, one of the great patriotic orations of history, with feeble inanities of their own creation is beyond me.

The Tudors (2007-10) (TV)
Not much of a television watcher in general, I purchased digital cable solely in order to be able to view this series, and it was worth it. An excellent cast (though I grew increasingly dissatisfied with the choice of Jonathan Rhys Meyers as Henry VIII) brings tremendous energy to a colorful and engrossing period production. Purists may be irked by the merging of Henry VIII's two sisters into one character and other incidents of dramatic license.

The Crown Prince (2006) (TV)
Max von Thun stars as Archduke Rudolf (1858-1889). I found it difficult to sympathize with his character, but I suspect that was more the fault of the actual Rudolf than the actor; in other words, an effective production that rings true, though I didn't think Sandra Ceccarelli quite captured the dreaminess of his mother Empress Elisabeth (1837-1898).

Goya's Ghosts (2006)
This engrossing period film on the rarely dramatized era of Spain during the Napoleonic wars is hard to pigeonhole ideologically, being hard on both the Church and the Revolution, and likely to make partisans of either alternately uncomfortable. Randy Quaid and Blanca Portillo are so convincing as King Carlos IV (1748-1819; reigned 1788-1808) and Queen Maria Luisa (1751-1819) that they might have stepped out of Goya's (Stellan Sjarsgård) portrait.

The Queen (2006)
With a riveting performance by Helen Mirren as Queen Elizabeth II, Stephen Frears's film transcends the republican sympathies of the director and writer to deliver an essentially sympathetic and inspiring inside look at the British royal family's difficult week following the death of Diana, Princess of Wales. (See my full review here.)

Marie Antoinette (2006)
Starring Kirsten Dunst, Sofia Coppola's adaptation of Antonia Fraser's biography offers a stunning rendition of the court at Versailles. (See my full review here.)

Elizabeth I (2005) (TV)
Starring Helen Mirren in the title role, this superbly acted drama focuses on the queen's relationships with favorites Robert Dudley (Jeremy Irons) and Robert Devereux (Hugh Dancy). Mirren's rendition of the Speech to the Troops at Tilbury, perhaps the best ever filmed, is particularly memorable.

The Virgin Queen (2005) (TV)
Anne-Marie Duff's performance and make-up convey the aging of this much-portrayed monarch more convincingly than any previous version.

Kingdom of Heaven (2005)
Ridley Scott's epic captures the spectacle but not the spirit of the Crusades, trivializing religious motivations and promoting an anachronistic agnostic pluralism. Edward Norton portrays Baldwin IV (reigned 1174-85), the leper King of Jerusalem.

The Libertine (2004)
John Malkovich portrays an authentically tolerant King Charles II in this compelling if necessarily unpleasant drama of the decline of the debauched Earl of Rochester (Johnny Depp).

Charles II: The Power & the Passion (2003) (TV)
Rufus Sewell brilliantly captures the character of Britain's King Charles II (1630-1685; acceded de jure 1649 / de facto 1660) in this excellent BBC drama.

To Kill a King (2003)
While the movie's sympathies are clearly with the "moderate" parliamentarian Sir Thomas Fairfax (1612-1671) (Dougray Scott) [as opposed to the presumed "extremes" of Cromwell (1599-1658) (Tim Roth) and Charles I (1600-1649) (Rupert Everett)], a royalist viewer's convictions are unlikely to be shaken, given the depictions of Roundhead tyranny and the admirable portrayal of Fairfax's royalist wife Anne (Olivia Williams). Cromwell's anachronistic liberal speech to the crowd following the King's execution is only the most obvious deviation from history.

Henry VIII (2003) (TV)
Ray Winstone delivers a credible performance as England's most notorious king (1491-1547; acceded 1509) in this enjoyable miniseries.

The Lost Prince (2003) (TV)
Stephen Poliakoff's drama is a well-acted and beautifully designed account of the short, sad, life of Prince John (1905-1919), youngest son of King George V.

The Lion in Winter (2003) (TV)
Andrei Konchalovsky's remake, starring Patrick Stewart as Henry II and Glenn Close as Eleanor, is respectable, even affecting at times, but somehow lacks the original's sense of authentically carrying personalities across eight centuries.

Luther (2003)
Starring Joseph Fiennes, this biopic absurdly whitewashes the founder of Protestantism, trying to turn him into a modern champion of religious freedom, but includes somewhat more believable portrayals of Elector Fredrick the Wise of Saxony (1463-1525) by the late Sir Peter Ustinov and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (1500-1558) by Torben Liebrecht.

The Last Samurai (2003)
A powerfully moving tribute to Japanese traditionalists, loyal to their young Emperor Meiji (Shichinosuke Nakamura) even as they courageously battle his modernized army.

Bertie and Elizabeth (2002) (TV)
I've seen this, but forgot to add it to this page at the time and don't remember it very well, so here's a review by another American monarchist blogger.

Napoléon (2002) (TV)
Interesting but (perhaps inevitably) jumpy and superficial A&E biopic of the legendary French emperor (1769-1821; reigned 1804-1815), a parvenu and usurper but nevertheless a key figure in royal history.

The Emperor's New Clothes (2001)
Ian Holm makes the deposed emperor Napoleon Bonaparte almost endearing as he fictitiously escapes from St. Helena to Paris but must come to terms with obscurity rather than restoration.

Victoria and Albert (2001) (TV)
Victoria Hamilton and Jonathan Firth star as Britain's longest reigning monarch (1819-1901; acceded 1837) and her beloved husband (1819-1861) in this lavish, sentimental, and quite believable depiction of their marriage.

Juana La Loca (Mad Love) (2001)
Excellent Spanish drama of the life of Fernando and Isabel's daughter Queen Juana of Castile (1479-1555), from her marriage in 1496 to the death of her husband King Felipe in 1506.

The Affair of the Necklace (2001)
This account of the scandal which contributed to the French Revolution tries unsuccessfully to create sympathy for the countess whose scheming destroyed the reputation of the innocent Queen Marie Antoinette (1755-1793).

L'Anglaise et le Duc (The Lady and the Duke) (2001)
This controversial film is the first French movie ever to depict the Revolution in an unambiguously negative light--a must-see for monarchists. A Scottish royalist living in revolutionary France is torn between her loyalty to King Louis XVI (never depicted) and her affection for his disloyal cousin the Duc d'Orleans (1747-1793).

Suriyothai (2001)
This heroic portrayal of a Siamese princess who sacrificed herself for her country sheds light on the history of a country which still reveres its monarchy today.

Le Roi Danse (2000)
Director Gerard Corbiau captures ancien regime France in all its glory; a must-see for enthusiasts of both the French monarchy and Baroque music. In Louis XIV (Benoît Magimel) the badly behaved genius composer Jean-Baptiste Lully (Boris Terral) found a patron who fully understood the power of the arts and lavishly exploited it to the hilt. (See my blog for more. Available at YouTube in fourteen parts; here is the first.)

Vatel (2000)
Julian Sands portrays Louis XIV (1638-1715; acceded 1643) in this elegant adaptation of the story of the Prince de Condé's perfectionist steward.

Ferdinando e Carolina (1999)
This glimpse into the early married life of King Ferdinando III/IV of Naples & Sicily (1751-1825; acceded 1759) and Queen Maria Carolina (1752-1814) feels appealingly authentic in its earthiness, though occasionally the dialogue (or at least its subtitled translation) suggests a forced attempt to educate the audience, and the movie ends rather abruptly. Be sure to catch the amusingly anachronistic mistranslation of the nationality of the ambassador who comes to call on the young King.

Anna and the King (1999)
This film was banned in Thailand for historical inaccuracies in its depiction of the relationship between Siamese King Mongkut (1804-1868; acceded 1851) and British governess Anna Leonowens, but I enjoyed it.

Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc (1999)
A bit old for the role at 46, John Malkovich nevertheless captures the weakness of King Charles VII (1403-1461; acceded 1422, crowned 1429) in this inaccurate and occasionally annoying drama of the life of France's patron saint (Milla Jovovich).

Joan of Arc (1999) (TV)
Superior to Messenger, this epic stars Leelee Sobieski in the title role and Neil Patrick Harris as a rather Machiavellian King Charles VII.

The Man in the Iron Mask (1998)
Leonardo DiCaprio stars as King Louis XIV of France (1638-1715; acceded 1643) and his fictional twin in this mediocre adaptation of the story by Alexandre Dumas père.

Elizabeth (1998)
Heroic portrayal of England's "Virgin Queen" (1533-1603; acceded 1558) by Cate Blanchett; focuses on the difficult early years of her reign, beginning in the middle of Queen Mary's.

Shakespeare in Love (1998)
I did not like this movie at all, but Dame Judi Dench's Oscar-winning performance as Queen Elizabeth I (the only redeeming feature) warrants its inclusion here.

Mrs. Brown (1997)
Dame Judi Dench (a staunch royalist in real life) is superb as Britain's Queen Victoria in middle age.

Anastasia (1997)
Criticized by some Orthodox royalists, this animated feature on the most famous daughter (1901-1918) of Russia's Tsar Nicholas II makes no attempt to be historically accurate or even plausible, but as a children's film is reasonably entertaining if one's expectations are not too high. In my opinion, children who see this movie should gently be told the sad truth.

Rasputin (1996) (TV)
HBO's biopic on Nicholas and Alexandra's mysterious Friend is better than most movies made for television. Despite the title, it continues the story of the Imperial Family after Rasputin's death and is as much about the Romanovs as it is about their "dark servant of destiny."

A Royal Scandal (1996) (TV)
An amusing and justifiably irreverent look at the disastrous marriage of Britain's King George IV (1762-1830; acceded 1820) and Queen Caroline (1768-1821).

Catherine the Great (1995) (TV)
Catherine Zeta-Jones stars in this colorful but uninspired and unconvincing dramatization of the early life and reign of Russia's most famous ruling Empress.

Braveheart (1995)
An exciting film, but also pernicious, perhaps one of the most damaging and dishonest movies ever made, encouraging Scottish separatism and Anglophobia by promoting lies about Scottish and English history.

Restoration (1995)
Sam Neill does a good job as Britain's pleasure-loving King Charles II (1630-1685; acceded 1660).

Richard III (1995)
I was not convinced by the "updating" of Shakespeare's play to a 1930s fascist England, but Sir Ian McKellan is great as the title character (1452-1485; acceded 1483).

La Reine Margot (Queen Margot) (1994)
This lengthy but fascinating French film set in the 1570s features Isabelle Adjani as Queen Margot (1553-1615), the daughter of the scheming Queen Catherine de Medici and the reluctant wife of King Henri IV of France and Navarre.

The Madness of King George (1994)
Nigel Hawthorne gives a moving performance as Britain's unfortunate King George III (1738-1820; acceded 1760). The original play was called "The Madness of George III," but distributors worried that Americans would think they'd missed the first two.

Edward II (1991)
Strange but compelling modern adaptation of Marlowe's play about medieval England's openly homosexual king (1284-1327; acceded 1307).

Henry V (1989)
Kenneth Branagh is magnificent as one of England's most heroic kings (1387-1422; acceded 1413) in his superb adaptation of the Shakespeare play.

The Last Emperor (1987)
Opulent and engrossing depiction of the unusual life of China's Emperor Pu-yi (1906-1967; reigned 1908-11 and in Manchuria 1934-45).

Lord Mountbatten: The Last Viceroy (1986)
Nicol Williamson credibly captures the difficulty of the situation in which Lord Louis Mountbatten (1900-1979) found himself as the last Viceroy and first Governor-General of India against the vast, complex, and fascinatingly filmed drama of Indian and Pakistani independence. Convincing royal supporting roles include Windy Hiller as his mother Princess Victoria (1863-1950) and Owen Holder as King George VI (1895-1952). Interesting trivia: Janet Suzman, who played Mountbatten's aunt Empress Alexandra in Nicholas and Alexandra fifteen years earlier, plays his wife Edwina (1901-1960) here.

Lady Jane (1986)
An endearing portrait of England's nine-day queen (1537-1554), enjoyable despite silly attempts to attribute modern progressive/egalitarian ideals to Jane (Helena Bonham Carter) and her husband (Cary Elwes).

Peter the Great (1986) (TV)
Maximilian Schnell stars in this enjoyable miniseries profiling Russia's Tsar Peter I. (1672-1725; acceded 1682/89).

Amadeus (1984)
Mostly about the composers Mozart and Salieri, this also includes a good performance by Jeffrey Jones as Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II (1741-1790; acceded 1765/80).

Macbeth (1979)
This production of Shakespeare's tragedy, which undoubtedly would be far more effective on stage than on the screen, is brilliantly acted by Ian McKellen and Judi Dench, though its visually minimalist approach may be tedious for those, like me, who prefer their sets and costumes elaborate and authentic to the era depicted.

Edward and Mrs Simpson (1978) (TV)
This can't be the most memorable miniseries ever, since I ordered it from Netflix thinking I had never seen it before and then realized while watching it that I almost certainly had, though to be fair, my reluctance to sit through the whole thing a second time may have something to do with the fact that Edward VIII (1894-1972; acceded and abdicated 1936) (Edward Fox) is one of my least favorite royal personalities. Nevertheless I'd recommend the thorough and thoughtful production to anyone interested in the period. There's an interesting discussion of it (opinions not necessarily endorsed) here.

Edward the King (1975) (TV)
Timothy West stars in this thoroughly enjoyable and comprehensive recreation of the life of Britain's King Edward VII (1841-1910; acceded 1901).

Fall of Eagles (1974) (TV)
This docudrama of the decline and fall of the three great European empires from the mid-19th century through World War I features excellent performances that often succeed in giving one the eerie feeling that one is observing the real personalities depicted.

Ludwig (1972)
Helmut Berger may have been an excellent choice for Bavaria's "mad" king Ludwig II (1845-1886), but unfortunately his performance, Wagner's music, and the beautiful sets and costumes still do not add up to a truly satisfying movie, which at four hours moves at the pace of a glacier, and which tries too hard to be eccentric itself rather than simply depicting an eccentric character. I hope that someday King Ludwig, who ought to be a period picture director's dream, will inspire something better.

Mary Queen of Scots (1971)
Vanessa Redgrave as the title character and Glenda Jackson as Elizabeth I lead a great cast, though I wish movies about the two queens wouldn't always insist on having them meet (twice in this case) when in fact they never did. I suppose it makes for good drama though. Many of the cast are visibly too old for their roles at the beginning of the film (1558, when Elizabeth was 25 and Mary only 16), but for obvious reasons this ceases to be an issue as it goes on.

Elizabeth R (1971) (TV)
Glenda Jackson stars in perhaps the most dramatically sophisticated adaptation of the life of Queen Elizabeth I. The dialogue, acting, and attention to historical detail are admirable, but I would recommend taking the [quite substantial] series in small doses so as to avoid becoming even more weary of the queen's temper and mood changes than her poor advisors and favorites must have been.

The Tragedy of Macbeth (1971)
Except for the strange and irritating music, Roman Polanski's adaptation of the classic Shakespeare play about Scotland's tormented usurper (reigned 1040-1058) is admirable.

Nicholas and Alexandra (1971)
While not by any means a great movie, the adaptation of my favorite book definitely deserved its Oscars for Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design. The resemblance of members of the cast to the actual historical personages is convincing. Michael Jayston is Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918; reigned 1894-1917) and Janet Suzman is Empress Alexandra (1872-1918).

Cromwell (1970)
Too favorable to the title character (Richard Harris) for my taste, but the great Alec Guinness nevertheless makes Britain's ill-fated King Charles I (1600-1649; acceded 1625) a sympathetic character.

Edward II (1970) (TV)
Ian McKellen delivers a heartrending performance as the pitiable king in this BBC television adaptation of Christopher Marlowe's play.

The Six Wives of Henry VIII (TV) (1970)
I've watched only the Catherine Howard episode, but Keith Michell is perfect as the ailing Henry VIII, perhaps the best such performance I've seen. I wish though that he had been paired with a younger actress; while Angela Pleasence's acting is admirable, at 28-29 she was obviously no teenager, and the youth of the doomed Catherine (1525?-1542) is crucial to the story.

Anne of the Thousand Days (1969)
First-rate drama with Geneviève Bujold as Queen Anne Boleyn (1501-1536) and Richard Burton as King Henry VIII of England.

The Lion in Winter (1968)
Peter O'Toole and Katharine Hepburn are wonderful as King Henry II (1133-1189; acceded 1154) of England and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204).

The Rise of Louis XIV (1966)
Jean-Marie Patte stars as the young Sun King in Roberto Rossellini's admirably realistic depiction of the early years of the great monarch's reign.

A Man for All Seasons (1966)
Sir Thomas More (Paul Scofield) eloquently stands up to King Henry VIII (Robert Shaw).

Becket (1964)
Peter O'Toole shines as King Henry II at odds with former friend Thomas Becket (Richard Burton).

The King and I (1956)
The classic musical, more reliable as entertainment than as history, stars Yul Brynner as Siam's King Mongkut.

Sissi (1955), Sissi: The Young Empress (1956), Sissi: The Fateful Years of an Empress (1957)
An enchanting Romy Schneider portrays the young Empress Elisabeth of Austria (1837-1898) in this beautifully filmed, sentimental but basically truthful trilogy set in the 1850s. Some aspects of the historical chronology are fudged a bit but the personalities are brought to life authentically. One admirable aspect of the movies is that while Sissi's difficult mother-in-law (and aunt) Sophie (Vilma Degischer) is definitely the antagonist, the film wisely does not make her one-dimensional or evil; she has feelings too and is not an entirely unsympathetic character.

The Virgin Queen (1955)
Bette Davis returns as Queen Elizabeth I.

Ivan the Terrible (1944/1958)
In Sergei Eisenstein's two-part epic, Nikolai Chersakov portrays Tsar Ivan IV (1530-1584) as a Strong Leader who Stalin could admire, opposed to the aristocracy and the Church. The Coronation scene is magnificent and the otherwise unkown child actor Erik Pyryev gives an excellent brief performance as the young Ivan, shedding light on why he would grow up so suspicious of the boyars, an experience shared by his successor Peter the Great.

Henry V (1944)
Laurence Olivier masterfully directs and stars as England's legendary warrior king (1387-1422). I especially liked the device of framing the play as an actual production (complete with backstage chaos) in Shakespeare's time, shifting almost imperceptibly from the world of 1600 to 1415 and back again.

The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1939)
Starring Bette Davis as the aging Elizabeth I and Errol Flynn as her young favorite doomed by his pride, this production abounds in color and drama, though the portrayal of Essex as a sort of proto-democrat seems rather anachronistic.

Juarez (1939)
While the title reflects this film's obvious admiration for the short-lived Mexican monarchy's leading republican antagonist, the ill-fated Emperor Maximilian (1832-1867; acceded 1864) and Empress Carlota (1840-1927) are portrayed sympathetically and effectively by Brian Aherne and Bette Davis.

The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938)
Ian Hunter is the mostly absent but heroic King Richard the Lion Heart (1157-1199; acceded 1189) in this exciting drama.

If I Were King (1938)
Entertaining comedy with an amusing portrayal of King Louis XI of France (1423-1483; acceded 1461) by Basil Rathbone.

Marie Antoinette (1938)
Suitably lavish drama of the life of France's tragic queen. (Gareth Russell reflects on the drawbacks of movies about Marie Antoinette, singling out this one as the best.)

Aleksandr Nevsky (1938)
Soviet classic (with score by Sergei Prokofiev) about the valiant Prince of Novgorod (1220-1263) who defended medieval Russia from the Teutonic Knights.

Mayerling (1936)
Competently depicts the ill-fated love affair of Archduke Rudolf of Austria (1858-1889) and Baroness Marie Vetsera.

Mary of Scotland (1936)
Katharine Hepburn aptly plays the tragic Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587; reigned 1542-67)

The Crusades (1935)
Henry Wilcoxon is King Richard I and Loretta Young is Queen Berengaria in Cecil DeMille's epic drama of the medieval conflict between the West and Islam.

Catherine the Great (1934)
Lavish but inaccurate and somewhat boring drama of the early life of Russia's Empress Catherine II (1729-1796; acceded 1762).

Queen Christina (1933)
Greta Garbo delivers an admirable performance as the unique Queen Christina (1626-1689; reigned 1632-54) of her native Sweden.

Rasputin and the Empress (1932)
Not a very good or historically accurate movie, but important for two reasons. This is the film regarding which Prince Felix and Princess Irina Yusopov successfully sued MGM Studios for libel, and it is the only movie that Hollywood "royalty" Ethel (Alexandra), Lionel (Rasputin), and John (Prince Chegodieff, the Yusopov character) Barrymore made together.


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