A Monarchist's Guide to the World


Section I: Current Monarchies


Section II: Countries whose Monarchies have been Abolished

A. Former Monarchies with generally acknowledged claimants
CountryMonarchy EstablishedMonarchy AbolishedPretender(s) to the ThroneBornReigned or Inherited Claim
Afghanistan 19191973 Prince Ahmed Shah Khan, son of King Zahir Shah September 23, 1934July 23, 2007
Albania19281946 Prince Leka, grandson of King Zog IMarch 26, 1982November 30, 2011
Austria18041918 Archduke Karl, grandson of Emperor Karl IJanuary 11, 1961July 4, 2011
Brazil 18221889 Dom Luiz Gastão, great-great-grandson of Emperor Pedro II

Dom Pedro Carlos, great-great-grandson of Emperor Pedro II

June 6, 1938

October 31, 1945

July 5, 1981

December 27, 2007

Bulgaria 18791946 King (Tsar) Simeon IIJune 16, 1937August 28, 1943 - September 15, 1946; Prime Minister (as Simeon Saxe-Coburg) 2001-05
Burundi c. 15301966Princess Rosa Paula IribagizaMarch 20, 1934May 1, 1977
Central Africa 19761979Crown Prince Jean-Bedel Bokassa IINovember 2, 1975November 3, 1996
China 1523 B.C.1912Prince Hengzhen19441977
Czech Republic (Bohemia)11981918(see Austria)
Egypt 19221953 King Ahmad Fuad IIJanuary 16, 1952July 26, 1952 - June 18, 1953
Ethiopiac. 1000 B.C.1975Prince Zere YacobAugust 15, 19531975
France843
1804
1852
1792
1848
1870
Louis Alphonse de Bourbon, Duke of Anjou

Prince Henri of Orléans, Count of Paris

Prince Jean-Christophe Bonaparte, Prince Napoléon

April 23, 1974

June 14, 1933

July 11, 1986

January 30, 1989

June 19, 1999

May 4, 1997

Georgia10081801
(annexed by Russia)
Prince Nugzar Bagration-GruzinskyAugust 25, 19501984
Germany 18711918 Prince Georg Friedrich of Prussia

Also see German Ruling Families

June 10, 1976September 25, 1994
Greece 1832
1935
1924
1974
King Constantine IIJune 6, 1940March 6, 1964 - December 8, 1974
Hungary 1000
1918(see Austria)
Iran 550 B.C.1979Crown Prince Reza Pahlavi, son of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi

Mohammed Hassan Mirza II [Qajar]

October 31, 1960

July 18, 1949

July 27, 1980

May 5, 1988

Iraq 19321958Prince Ra'ad

Prince Sharif Ali bin AlHussein

February 18, 1936

1956

October 18, 1970

Italy 18611946Crown Prince Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples, son of King Umberto II

Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta, Duke of Savoy, great-great-grandson of King Vittorio Emanuele II

Also see Italian Ruling Families

February 12, 1937

September 27, 1943

March 18, 1983

Korea, North and Korea, South 9181910
(annexed by Japan)
Yi Haewon

Yi Won

1919

1962

July 16, 2005
Laos19491975 Prince Soulivong Savang, grandson of King Savang VathanaMay 8, 1963c. March 1980
Libya 19511969 Prince Muhammed al-Hasan ar-Rida al-Senussi, grandnephew of King Idris I October 20, 1962April 28, 1992
Lithuania19181918Prince Inigo von Urach, grandson of Wilhelm, Duke of Urach (1864-1928) who was elected King Mindaugas II in 1918 but never assumed the crown.April 12, 1962
Maldives11531968 Prince Muhammad Nur ud-din, son of Sultan al-Hasan Nur ud-din Iskander IIMay 1969
Mexico 1822
1864
1823
1867
(Count) Don Maximiliano de Götzen-Iturbide, great-great-great-grandson of Emperor AugustínMarch 2, 1944August 8, 1999
Montenegro10771918
(annexed by Serbia)
Prince NikolaJuly 7, 1944March 24, 1986
Nepal 17692008 King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah DevJuly 7, 1947November 7, 1950 - January 8, 1951; June 4, 2001 - May 28, 2008
Portugal11391910 Prince Duarte, Duke of BraganzaMay 15, 1945December 24, 1976
Romania 18781947King Michael IOctober 25, 1921July 20, 1927 - June 8, 1930; September 6, 1940 - December 30, 1947
Russia 8621917Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna, great-great-granddaughter of Tsar Alexander IIDecember 23, 1953April 21, 1992
Rwandac. 13501961King Kigeli V1935July 25, 1959 - January 28, 1961
Serbia 18781945 Crown Prince Alexander II, son of King Peter II of YugoslaviaJuly 17, 1945November 3, 1970
Tunisia17051957Prince Muhammed Bey19281996
Turkey12991923 Prince Bayezid OsmanJuly 23, 1924September 23, 2009
Vietnam 9391945Prince Bao Thang, second son of Emperor Bao DaiSeptember 30, 1943July 28, 2007
Yemen 19181962 Prince Ageel bin Muhammad al-Badr1973August 6, 1996

B. Former Associate Monarchies (were associated with the British crown unless otherwise indicated)
CountryDate of IndependenceDate of Break with CrownLocal Monarchies
Fiji 1970 1987 Queen Elizabeth II remains "Paramount Chief."
Gambia 1965 1970
Ghana 1957 1960King of the Ashanti: Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II (born May 6, 1950; acceded April 26, 1999)
Iceland 1918 1941 (Denmark)
India19471950 Sikkim: British Protectorate 1816, Indian Protectorate 1950, annexed by India 1975. Claimant: Chogyal Wangchuk Namgyal, 13th Maharaja (born April 1, 1953, inherited claim January 29, 1982).

Also see Wikipedia: Pretender: India

Ireland 19221949
Malawi 1964 1966
Malta 1964 1974
Mauritius 1968 1992
Myanmar (Burma) 19371948
Nigeria 1960 1963Emir of Kano: Ado Bayero (born July 25, 1930; acceded 1963)
Pakistan 1947 1956
Sierra Leone 1961 1971
South Africa 1910 1961King of the Zulus: Goodwill Zwelithini (born July 14, 1948; crowned December 3, 1971)
Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 1948 1972
Trinidad and Tobago 1962 1976
Uganda 1962 1963 Traditional kingdoms abolished 1966; restored 1993 for ceremonial purposes.

KingdomSovereignBornAcceded
AnkoleKing Ntare VIJanuary 10, 1940November 20, 1993
(coronation subsequently "nullified" by Ugandan government)
BugandaKing Muwenda Mutebi IIApril 13, 19551993
BunyoroKing Iguru1993
Busoga(Vacant since death of King Henry Wako Muloki)(September 1, 2008)
Toro King Rukidi IVApril 16, 1992September 12, 1995


Section III: Countries Republican since Independence or Lacking Claimants


Sources:
Almanach de Gotha (1999)
The World Almanac and Book of Facts (1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003)
Almanach de Bruxelles
The Royal Ark
Wikipedia: Pretender

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